American history is plagued by three differently focal schools of thought: Progressive, Neoconservative (consensus), and New Left. Because each represents a different time in history, the historical data is interpreted differently. Such is the case for immigration during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Due to the time in which these schools of thought came to be, ideas are carried off from one decade to another. The New Left is possibly the most influential school of thought in that it acknowledges everything stated in the latter two, while it also brings up new concepts.
Predominantly in the period of 1910- 1945, Progressive historians were basically influenced by the Progressive movement. Ideals of these historians, obviously, have to deal with the fact that progress was inevitable and the United States was well on its way with progress. During the Progressive movement (1900s to about 1920s) there existed a nativist feeling amongst native-born U.S. citizens. Consequently, there were historians during the era that inherited such feelings. For instance, in Immigrants and Their Children, Niles Carpenter expresses such ideas. He clearly states that "Americanization is a matter of social and political, as well as biological assimilation" (Carpenter 250). In other words, race was something that was taken seriously by politicians and sociologists of the time. Also, it implies that scientists were concerned with the interracial marriages for it would basically contaminate what was American.
In Immigrants and Their Children, Niles talks of "Americanizing" these foreigners. In doing so, he goes on to explain that they could be divided into two groups: "old" immigrants and "new" immigrants. The idea of "old" immigrants having a better chance of being Americanized is understandable. The longer that they have been here the more adapted they are to the way of life. On the other hand, "new" immigrants have a harder time because they come to America with a certain vision in mind; simply put, they come with the idea that the United States is the "land of Opportunity", where there is a better chance of improving ones economic and social conditions. This ties into another one of his statements in that immigration takes much of its importance from its relation to the economic development of the United States (Carpenter 296). Because he explores the fact that immigration is a result of the economic well being of the United States, he introduces the concept that there will obviously be social conflict between the immigrants. This is often typical of a progressive historian because most concentrated on conflicts between social classes.
The particular chapter that I read does a good job in explaining the difficulties in which immigrants faced when they were applying for their citizenship. He comments on the fact that while "old" immigrants might have had a likelier chance of receiving their citizenship, there were still many requirements. Such include literacy tests, the educational, residential, and other requirements, which the conditions under which they live and work often render extremely difficult of fulfillment (Carpenter 250). Because of course he is a Progressive writer, he concerns himself with the matter of immigrant labor. According to him, not only does immigrant labor force influence the country's productive capacity, butt it is also intimately bound with the problems of labor. Even though he thoroughly explains himself in the matters of immigrant labor and citizenry, he fails to acknowledge specifics such as the happenings of certain immigrants.
Neoconservatism is considered another major school of thought in the interpretation of historical information. This type of historical information is due largely to the fact that it is similar to the way of thinking before the Progressive school of thought. Neoconservatism, or Consensus, dominates the time period of the late 1940s early 1960s, roughly. The...
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Schools of Thought
There were three major philosophies that existed in ancient Chinese times; Legalism, Daoism, and Confucianism. Each philosophy had different ways of thinking/beliefs that influenced their followers’ ways of life. Although these schools of thought may have been successful in ancient Chinese times, would they succeed in a democratic government in today’s society?
One school of thought that would not flourish in today’s world is Legalism, founded by Han Feizi. Legalist ideas were built around the belief that only strict laws enforced by a powerful ruler would ensure order in society, and that “The ruler alone possesses power”. It is evident as to why these principles would not work in a democratic government because a democracy is a government by the people for the people, and no single being has total control. Han Feizi also believed that people act out of their own self-interest (One for all) and not to good examples (All for one). Although in today’s society we like to stick to the morals that you put the group over the individual, many people will still act out of greed and put themselves first. But our country would never prosper if everyone always acted out of just purely self-interest and be greedy all the time. The Legalist ideologies concerning self-interest completely contradicts the Confucians’, which...
Schools of Thought Worksheet
December 17, 2014
Schools of Thought Worksheet
Ecology is the science that studies living beings in relationship with biotic and abiotic environments. (Desjardins)
Environmental Justice is being defined as a pursuit to equal justice and equal protection under the law for all statues and regulations without any type of discrimination based on socioeconomic status, ethnicity, and/ or race. (Rajzer, 1997)
Environmental Science is a study on the interaction of living and non-living elements in the surrounding environment with emphasis on the impact of humans and these elements. (College)
Ethics consists of the general beliefs, values, attitudes, or standards that guide to a responsible behavior. (Desjardins, Environmental Ethics)
Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) are plants, animals, and other living things created through genetic engineering. It means they take the DNA from different species, plants, animals and create cross breading that in normal circumstances wouldn’t occur in nature or in traditional cross breeding. (Green America)
Renewable Energy is a source of energy that flows from on-going natural processes such as wind, flowing water, geothermal heat flows, biological processes and most common solar energy. (Science Daily)
Sustainability basically creates and helps maintain effective habitats in which...
...describe and explain the human mind and behavior began. The first school of thought, structuralism, was advocated by the founder of the first psychology lab, Wilhelm Wundt. Almost immediately, other theories began to emerge and vie for dominance in psychology. The following are some of the major thought that have influenced our knowledge and understanding of psychology: Structuralism, functionalism, behaviorism:
Structuralism was the first school of psychology, and focused on breaking down mental process into the most basic component, Major structuralism thinkers include Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Titchner. This school of thought was based on the notion that the object of psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are related. Structuralism explores many aspects of the mind; thought research is mainly concerned with sensation and perception in vision, hearing and touch. Through the method of introspection, or the systematic observation of one’s own conscious experience, subjects were trained and the exposed to different visual stimuli, optical illusion and auditory tones. They were then asked to analyze what they experienced. During the first two or three decades of psychology, structural psychology was the psychology. It provided psychology with a strong scientific identity within the...
...A great topic would be about lonely children. Most young children as early pre-K feel lonely due to one reason or another - due to moving, their friend moving, being a new student, loneliness on the playground during recess time, etc. I think as adults we are quick to say "You'll make new friends" when we send them off to school, but the reality is, they are scared and lonely sometimes. And not all children have friends. What a sad way to go through the beginning stages of your life.
My beliefs were confirmed after reading an article on this website and after looking at questions moms had asked regarding their children not having friends. Please read the article attached if you are interested in this topic. I know there a lot more out there as well. This is the first one I read.I would try to do something other than reading. In my years as a teacher and as a college student, I have found there are really no concrete answers to the reading issues. My opinion is that each child is ready to read at a different age and then once you know this, providing the correct atmosphere is cruical to development. However, a lot of people would disagree. I would try doing something on the high cases of Autism. This seems to be on the rise and if so, education will have to be reformed once more (or at least public ed).well every day people in shcool are getting bullyed so why don't you asks people around the shcool that with...
Being the new individual to join a group is, most likely, an unenjoyable experience. When the group being joined is one in which there is no option to remain distant from, becomes even worse. Specifically, in my life there was the dreaded task of changing schools my junior year in high school. Being forced into a new group of people, a group that one must interact with on a daily basis is a difficult task. However, those that reach out and make sure that the transition goes smoothly, make all the difference.
Transferring schools is always easier said than done. The literal transferring of classes, location, and routine is easy. The transferring of friend groups and extra curricular activities become the difficult part. The classes, in a sense, become the easiest and sometimes the most enjoyable aspect of school; especially, when the awkward communication with classmates exists. This is what happened to me when I first came from a small private school to a large public high school.
The excitement of switching school was what was on my mind, but the reality of how challenging it was going to be, hadn’t set in. The first day I show up, excited to take part in a new world, a new chance to help define who I was a person. The first class starts, roll is called, and then...
...some of the mostinfluential players in the NBA.
Larry Bird was an influential player in his high school and in the NBA from the 1970-1980s. He was born in West Baden Springs, Indiana on December 7,1956. He had a rough childhood because of his dad's drinking addiction his father's suicide in the mid 1970s. He would travel back and forth to school in a town called French Lick, where he excelled at basketball at an early age. Bird was a key component in his high school's basketball team, where he was the leading all-time scorer by the time he graduated in 1974. Larry Bird was drafted by the Boston Celtics with the sixth overall pick in the 1978 draft. The Celtics gave Bird a contract worth $3.25 million over five years. Bird's new contract made him the highest paid rookie in the history of team sports at that time. Bird averaged 21.3 points per game, and averaged 143 steals and 2,955 minutes per season played. He led the Celtics to 3 championships and was also awarded MVP (most valuable player) 3 times. After helping the Dream Team to Olympic glory, Bird announced his retirement from the game of basketball in 1992. Bird ended his career with 21,791 points, 8,974 rebounds, and 5,695 assists; he was elected to the Hall of Fame in 1998. Shortly after his announcement, he became an assistant coach with the Boston Celtics. At the end of his career Bird was making $23 million a...
...The 100: A Ranking of the MostInfluential Persons in History
The 100: A Ranking of the MostInfluential Persons in History
The 100: A Ranking of the MostInfluential Persons in History
The cover of the 1992 edition. Author(s) Country Language Series Michael H. Hart United States English 1st Edition (1978) 2nd Edition (1992) History Non-Fiction Hart Publishing company 1978 1978 Print 9780806513508 644066940 
Subject(s) Genre(s) Publisher Publication date Published in English Media type ISBN OCLC Number
The 100: A Ranking of the MostInfluential Persons in History is a 1978 book by Michael H. Hart, reprinted in 1992 with revisions. It is a ranking of the 100 people who, according to Hart, most influenced human history. The first person on Hart's list is the Prophet of Islam Muhammad. Hart asserted that Muhammad was "supremely successful" in both the religious and secular realms. He also believed that Muhammad's role in the development of Islam was far more influential than Jesus' collaboration in the development of Christianity. He attributes the development of Christianity to St. Paul, who played a pivotal role in its dissemination. The 1992 revisions included the demotion of figures associated with Communism, such as Vladimir Lenin and Mao Zedong, and the introduction of Mikhail Gorbachev. Hart took sides in...
... "hobble" skirt, "lampshade" tunics, "harem" pantaloons are all signature outfits of Paul Poiret. Along with other designers like Mariano Fortuny, Paul Poiret helped to establish what we now call a Classical style and of course, he is one of those designers who define Exoticism. While researching this revolutionary designer I came up with idea of three types of women he designed for: 1) Goddess-like woman in rich colored, empire waisted, beautifully draped dress; 2) Exotic, seductive, slave-like woman in turban and harem pantaloons/hobble skirt. 3) Rich, extravagant Eastern/Japanese woman in fur, velvet, etc. lush fabrics.
Gabrielle Coco Chanel (1883 - 1971) is rightfully called a queen of 20's. She was (and still is) one of the mostinfluential designers of all time. The style that Chanel promoted is considered classic today, not to mention timeless wardrobe essentials as little black dress or Chanel suit. Channel started off by shortening hemlines so that women who now had to work in factories (post WWI) would feel more comfortable. Using unconventional fabrics (at the time) like jersey and tweed she adapted menswear to women needs and actually transformed what a modern woman means. Her woman was independent and strong. She lowered the waistline to upper hips level thus creating an androgynous/boyish silhouette - La Garconne. Combining elegance and practicality she used simple materials to create accessories: for the first time in history...