The internal migration policy of the
Table of Contents
1Statement of independent work2
3History, Development and Policies5
4.1Meeting in Tampere6
5Living Europe Safely – Work program for the German EU Presidency (1.1.07–30.6.07)8 5.1Fighting illegal migration; preventing visa fraud8
5.3Protecting refugees – expanding cooperation8
5.4Managing legal immigration9
5.5Protecting the external borders – strengthening FRONTEX9 6Austria and migration9
Statement of independent work
I declare that I drew up this paper totally independent and without the help of anybody else. I did not use other sources than indicated and ensure that I made a literal note of those sources I did use.
I’d like to say that this topic lies at my heart, especially because I come from a city in Upper-Styria, which has a major problem with migrants (13.5% migrants, estimated number of unreported cases is almost double the amount). People have prejudices and aren’t feeling safe any more. Crimes and fights increased drastically; most of them actually are racial conflicts. That’s the reason why I’d like to concentrate on this tropic.
First of all I’d like to start with a definition of migration. I looked it up in the dictionary and found this:
The process by which, over a period of time, people living in one area gradually move into another region perhaps some distance away. Such movements occur mainly through the physical transfer of small groups (families and extended families) at a time, the incomers making their new homes in the midst of the existing occupants of the area, although as the migrants become the dominant social group various social tensions may build up.
Since the foundation of the EU, a lot has changed for the European countries. Even though there are still some opponents and critics, we can clearly see that the EU brought a lot of advantages and made the country richer and better to live in. Austria joined the EU in 1995 and now, 12 year later, we can outline the positive, as well as the negative things, that occurred. I’d like to focus on a particularly serious topic, which became a huge problem in the last few years, namely the problem of migration in Europe.
Particularly the middle of Europe (among others Germany, Austria and France), has been a major pole of attraction for migrants, and still is. This is mostly because of the region’s relative prosperity and its respect for human rights and the rule of law.
The European Union and its Member States face enormous pressure from illegal immigration, as people from third-world countries seek to enter the EU, often at risk to their lives and by relying on human smugglers who take advantage of them. The high numbers of desperate boat people from Africa landing on the shores of Southern Europe have shocked European societies. Illegal immigrants are trying to get in; not only via the EU’s southern sea borders, but also at its eastern and south-eastern land borders. People from the poor countries often think that the EU regions are wonderful places to live in, they associate it with paradise. Obviously they have nothing to lose and risk everything to come to Europe, no matter what it takes. Suddenly, when they have made their way to a richer country, they will recognise that it’s not that easy to survive as they have thought. So the only way to get through the day is to deal with some illegal matters. That results in crime, violence, anger and fear, so a huge lack of safety for everybody.
Consequently enough, the EU considers migration to be one of the most visible challenges of globalisation. The EU realised that it’s important to actively design a widespread European migration policy to work together on managing migration and to find a way for Member...
...Migration in EU Member States
Is the EUpolicy sufficient considering a constant increase of immigrants in Europe?
Table of content
• General European Circumstances
1. How many immigrants are in Europe (Legal/Illigal)
2. rights of immigrants
3. Integration minister
5. Sinus Study
6. Bundesamt for immigration
7. Investigating actual abilities despite poorness
• EUmigration and integration policy
• EU entrance countries
• Situation France
• Situation Netherlands
• Situation Germany
• Situation Italia
• Integration improvement proposals
• Immigration Problems
1. How to regulate immigration flow referring quality and quantity
2. Take a look at Canada’s integration policy
• Integration problems
1. How to encourage a “we” between locals and immigrants
2. Lack of awareness of foreign cultures
3. Lack of appreciation of work or/and working skills
4. Analyzing national integration programs
5. Check transparency and feasibility of nation education systems for immigrants
6. Influence on national
a. Stern: wie gefährlich ist der Koran; schwarzes cover ;
b. Splitting instead of concilitating
c. Create national fear
d. Ehrenmord v.s Familiendrama
EU COHESION POLICY
C O N T E N T
1. Introduction 2
2. The Lisbon Treaty – A Union for the 21st Century 3
3. The EU institutional framework: legal framework and main bodies for the EU cohesion policy 5
4. The Funds 8
5. Grouping of the Member States and its regions in the Fifth report on economic, social and territorial cohesion (2010) 15
6. Cohesion policy in the Multiannual Financial Framework 2007-2013 and in MFF 2014-2020 proposal 19
7. Conclusion: impact and future of the EU cohesion policy 23
From Regional policy to Cohesion policy:
Achieving the goals of
economic, social and territorial cohesion in all EU regions
The European Union's regional policy, today also referred as EU cohesion policy, seeks to reduce structural disparities between EU regions, foster balanced development throughout the EU and promote real equal opportunities for all.
The EU Cohesion policy, or in other words EU regional policy, is basically a tool for increasing the welfare of EU member states and to increase equality between them and between regions...
...INTERNALMIGRATION IN INDIA
Migration is a process of social change where an individual, alone or accompanied by others, because of one or more reasons of economic betterment, political upheaval, education or other purposes, leaves one geographical area for prolonged stay or permanent settlement in another geographical area.
Migration of persons within national borders is far greater in magnitude than migration across international borders and has enormous potential to contribute to economic prosperity, social cohesion and urban diversity.
Internalmigration is an essential and inevitable component of the economic and social life of the country, given regional imbalances and labour shortages, and safe migration should be promoted to maximize its benefits.
Causes of MigrationMigration in India is mostly influenced by Social Structures and pattern of development. The development policies by all the governments since Independence have accelerated the process of migration. Uneven development is the main cause of Migration.
Added to it, are the disparities, Inter regional and amongst different socio-economic classes. The landless poor who mostly belong to lower castes, indigenous communities and economically backward regions constitute the major portion of Migrants.
In the very large...
.... Reasons of Migration
It would never be an easy decision for a person to leave his country of birth and look for
his fortune elsewhere. There are a number of reasons why migrants leave their countries.
These so-called push factors exist in the poorer or conflict-weary regions of the world
and some of them are defined as:
• dissolution and disintegration of multicultural states, accompanied by religious
and ethnic conflicts;
• increase in natural disasters, the progressive destruction of major ecosystems
and the associated global warming as a result of the industrial economic system
• discrimination on various grounds;
• political instability and wars, continuing armed conflicts (including civil wars);
• economic situation;
• uncontrollable population growth; vast differences in population and economic
• impoverishment, as a result of failing social welfare systems (EUROPOL,
In turn, there are accompanying pull factors that make some countries target for
• shortage of manpower;
• comprehensive social security;
• positive economic situation;
• democratic systems of government, political and social stability;
• historical links;
• common languages;
• existing communities;
• expectations (EUROPOL, 2004).
There are a number of reasons of migration. For instance Castles defines
migration taking place due to environmental degradation and explores links...
Environmental policy is one of the most important of EU legislation. The EU is the leading authority in this area with up to 80% of UK legislation on environmental affairs estimated to come from the EU.
However, critics of EU environmental policy question the efficiency of some measures, arguing that the cost of complying with these regulations leaves European business uncompetitive, especially in the face of increased competition from countries such as China and India, which do not have such strict environmental rules. How the EU's environmental policy generates business opportunities for EU companies in the EU members' states? Firstly, to understand these phenomena, we are going to explain the history of environmental policy and to see the different changes about the enlargement of the European Union. Secondly, we talk about the EU's environmental policy generates business opportunities for EU companies in the new EU. Thirdly, Turkey is one of the accession countries.
I - Environmental policy of the European Union
Environmental policy is a relatively recent EUpolicy area. Environmental protection was not mentioned in the Treaty of Rome (1958), and it was not until 1972 that the first of a series of...
... Internal and external policy of KZ
Kazakhstan is a secular democratic, lawful and social state. The Constitution declares the principle of a unitary state with a presidential form of government.
A president of the RK is the Head of State, its top official, who defines domestic and foreign policies of the country and represents Kazakhstan within the country and in international relations. He is a symbol and guarantor of the people’s unity and state power, the freedoms and rights of citizens. Under the constitutional law, the President is elected based on the universal, equal and direct elective franchise, through a secret vote for a term of the seven years.
The Parliament of KZ is the supreme representative body of the country, which performs legislative functions. The Parliament consists of 2 chambers: the Senate and the Majilis, which operate on a standing basis. The Senate is made up of deputies who are elected, two from each region, the cities of republican importance and the capital of the country at a joint meeting of deputies of representative bodies from these administrative units. Deputies are elected on an indirect elective franchise, through a secret ballot. Half of the deputies elected are reelected every two years. Seven deputies of the Senate are appointed by the President of the country for the term of the Senate’s authority. The last convocation was elected...
...of your product in both Italy and Denmark. I will guide you through your legal rights under EU law in order to eliminate these complications, or to at least comprehend them.
Facts of the case
As the product contains fat busting molecules it must be sold only through registered dietary clinics. This rule was made by the Italian government as it believes it contains the potential for abuse from young people with eating disorders.
Can the Italian government limit the sale of your product to its registered dietary clinics?
The rule stipulated in article 34 of the TFEU, is that there shall be no quantitative restriction or measures having equivalent effect on imports between member states. Article 36 however allows countries to apply restrictions on imports on grounds of public health. These rules have further been clarified through case law, in the Cassis de Dijon judgment1 and the Keck judgment2. The Cassis De Dijon judgment brought about two concepts, the first being that in-distinctively applicable measures can be justified if proportional to protect public health. The other concept it brings about is mutual recognition, the idea that if a product is lawfully manufactured and sold in one member state, then it should be recognized in any other member state. The Keck judgement stipulated that the selling arrangements of a state are not in breach of EUinternal market law, as long as they affect the sale...
...monetary policy in the euro area and in the US. Of course there are differences between the two areas, but there are also important similarities. This comparison can help us understand the reasons behind their differences and may provide some useful insights into the institutional implications for euro area monetary policy in the future. I will structure my remarks around three themes: the policy goals of the two monetary unions, their organization, and the monetary policy decision-making process in each system.
Goals and philosophy
Let’s begin by comparing the goals or mandates of the Eurosystem and the Federal Reserve System. In Europe the primary focus of monetary policy is to maintain price stability. In contrast, the Fed has multiple objectives for monetary policy. Their goals are to achieve maximum employment, stable prices and moderate long-term interest rates. An important explanation for their different mandates can be found by looking at their economic histories.
In Europe, monetary union is the most recent step in an ongoing process of political and economic integration. The hyperinflation experienced in the first half of last century in some European countries, in particular in Germany, has played an important role in ensuring that European monetary policy is focussed on price stability.
Their experiences in Europe contrasts with those in the...