Ms. Molly Stroschein
PM Challlenge Bloc
30 January 2012
CBA 2012 Final Draft
Only a few weeks ago the “hacktivist” group called Anonymous temporarily disabled nine websites and the FBI’s internal network (Brown), all in response to the fed seizing the file-sharing site MegaUpload.com. This is just one example of the internet standing up for its rights, as has been demonstrated so dramatically by recent online protests or “blackouts.” The government attempting to censor the Internet on copyright grounds is shamefully unconstitutional, not to mention nearly impossible. This essay aims to provide a clear insight into why government censorship of the internet would be in stark violation of citizen’s freedom of speech, freedom of information, would cripple the internet’s security as well as one America’s largest economies.
There is no doubt that when the government censors any content made by anyone, people will likely see it as a free speech violation. However, the question soon arises over the legality of such actions, especially given the lack of jurisdiction around the internet. Not too long ago, as the government was first exploring the notion of “seizing” websites from individuals, they attempted to take down the ISP address linked with a certain YouTube video of a baby happily dancing to a song by Justin Bieber. Clearly unbeknownst to the US government was the fact that this particular video was in the process of becoming viral. In other words, when someone clicked the link to this video their friend had emailed them, instead of the video a page saying that the Department of Justice had taken down the video on copyright grounds greeted them. There are two things undoubtedly wrong with this picture. First, to take down a video which the babysitter of this baby clearly had no intentions of either profiting off of or aiding piracy with, is completely ridiculous. Additionally, the audio quality in the video itself is such...
When printed press, radio and television were developed, they promised to revolutionize public access to a diversity of unaltered information. However, they all faced consolidation and monopolization that restricted their freedom of speech, as they eventually ended up under the indirect control of the government. Today Internet remains the only free, unrestrained mean of communication providing all of its users with a vast variety of information. But for how long? InternetCensorship - the control or suppression of the publishing and accessing information on the Web is round the corner. While governments support that it will decrease piracy, worldwide people are vigorously protesting against SOPA, PIPA and ACTA which amongst others threaten us with restriction of civil rights and privacy.
The original idea of all three laws is to protect intellectual copyright. Firstly PIPA was introduced to the US Senate in May 2011 by Senator Patrick Leahy. Its goal stated that it would have given the US government and copyright holders additional capabilities to restrict access to websites involved in copyright infringement and distribution of counterfeit goods. Secondly, in October 2011 another bill called SOPA was introduced by US Representative Lamar S. Smith. Its full cause stated: “to promote prosperity, creativity, entrepreneurship and...
...UN/ITU proposal that grants a government the right to regulate and censor the internet. Only governments have a voice at the ITU. This includes governments that do not support a free and open Internet; meaning engineers, companies, and people that build and use the web have absolutely no say. The internet should not be censored by government because it impairs the freedom of speech and is highly opposed by it’s users.
It is stated in the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights; Article 19, that: “Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.” (U.N.) and by censoring the internet, they are in direct violation against this resolution. To make matters worse, the two countries leading the discussion are Russia and China; two countries whom oppress their innocent population with regulations on speech and opinion. While one could argue back that regulations and censoring the internet could help prevent “cyber crime” of which the FBI regards these computer intrusions and network attacks to be “The greatest cyber threat to our national security.” (McFeely). Nevertheless, hacking groups, such as Anonymous, have shown they are far more than capable of bypassing...
...Today, internet is the most helpful technology which is used worldwide among the society. It helps us in our everyday life because it is utilised by people of all ages in various aspects of life. Internet is also used to communicate among each other, such as sending emails and messages. Other than that, for example if someone has a distant relationship or even families from other countries, there is also a website called Skype, where we can see and talk to each other through the computer. Facebook is also another website where people keep in touch with others and are able to make new friends. According to the statistics shown from December 1995 to June 2012, there is an increase of approximately 2,400 million internet users from all over the world (Internet World Stats, 2012). This clearly shows that internet has played a big role in helping us in many ways. In recent years, internetcensorship has been a globally discussed topic among governments as well as the public. There are a few of the internet users that want some of the internet information to be censored. Contrary to common belief that internet content can be damaging and should be censored, censorship in the internet should not be encouraged because it impacts the growth of economy, freedom of speech and expansion of knowledge.
In writing this essay I aim to give an insight into one of, if not the most important issue on the Internet today, that of censorship. I will first give a brief outline as to how the Internet came about and how it works, as this is needed to understand how the Internet can or cannot be censored. I will also give reasons why governments and individuals want to censor theInternet, attempts that have been made, and why people are opposed to these attempts at censorship. Lastly I will outline if censorship of the Internet is practicable or achievable and give my own viewpoint.
According to (Kristula 1997) the beginnings of the Internet can be traced back to 1969. APRA (The Advanced Research Projects Agency) a division of the American Department of Defence created a network of four servers called the APRANET. Its purpose was to decentralise information on the network so that in the event of a nuclear war information would still flow over the network. Information passed around it until it reached its destination, it was not necessary to follow any particular route. It is this key point the fact that there is no one place through which all information passes that, as I will explain in more detail later makes censorship difficult if not impossible. The network expanded in size...
...Censorship of the Internet and the Tyranny of Our Government
"To curtail free expression strikes twice at intellectual freedom, for
whoever deprives another of the right to state unpopular views also deprives
others of the right to listen to those views," said Oliver Wendell Holmes,
Jr(Censorship and the U.S. Government 1). I completely agree with Mr. Holmes,
and when the question of censoring theInternet arises, I cringe. Governing the
Internet dominates many debates, censorship leading the fight. The Internet is
the largest and most accessible form of mass media available today. It allows
anyone with a few simple tools to consume, and produce, information and ideas to
hundreds of people at a practically non-existent cost. Numerous factors
indicate censorship of this force is not possible, and not the government's
place. It should be left up to the users to decide what is broadcast. Most
importantly, censorship of the Internet impairs the expression of ideas and
infringes against the First Amendment of the Constitution.
First of all, censoring the Internet as a whole is not possible, so why
even try? Cyberspace is the most decentralized form of communication today
making policing the Internet a virtually futile task. Unlike television or
For centuries governments have tried to regular materials deemed
inappropriate or offensive. The history of western censorship was said to have
begun when Socrates was accused "firstly, of denying the gods recognized by the
State and introducing new divinities, and secondly of corrupting the young." He
was sentenced to death for these crimes. Many modern governments are attempting
to control access to the Internet. They are passing regulations that restrict
the freedom people once took for granted.
The Internet is a world wide network that should not be regulated or
censored by any on country. It is a complex and limitless network which allows
boundless possibilities and would be effected negatively by the regulations and
censorship that some countries are intent on establishing. Laws that are meant
for other types of communication will not necessarily apply in this medium.
There are no physical locations where communications take place, making it
difficult to determine where violations of the law should be prosecuted. There
is anonymity on the Internet and so ages and identities are not known this makes
it hard to determine if illegal activities are taking place in regards to people
under the legal age. As well, it is difficult to completely delete speech once
it has been posted, Meaning that distributing...
ENL 111 5.3
December 9, 2000
Censorship of the Internet
"We should demand that all public schools and libraries install and configure Internet Filters." This statement shows how Jeffery Pollock, a candidate for the 3rd Congressional District seat in Oregon, views the Internet. Unfortunately for him, the one thing that he ranted and raved about was the one thing that gave him an unfair disadvantage in the in the upcoming elections. (Blind Ballots) Cyber Patrol, One of the leading Internet censoring companies and is used in over 17,000 schools in the Untied States, actually blocked his website from potential voters. Needless to say, when Mr. Pollock discovered this injustice, some of his views about Internetcensorship changed. But Mr. Pollock isn't the only candidate whose chances of winning are diminished because of Internet censoring software. In Fact, The two leading school censoring products Cyber Patrol and N2H2 Bess, used in over 40,000 schools and school districts across the nation, also blocked millions of people from viewing Pat Casey's website, Mark Greene's website, and over 37 other candidates' campaign homepages. Most of the millions of people blocked from these campaign pages are also blocked from many pages dealing with gynecology, sex education, racism, gambling, ethics, teen parenting, and the list continues. (Blind...
...Everyone has heard of the Internet and how it is going to help set the world free. The Internet is the fastest growing form of communication and is becoming more and more common in the home. Companies these days do big business over the Internet, and online shopping has grown tremendously in the last few years. For instance, the online auction site eBay sells millions of items every year online. Many companies are making even more plans to expand their business to the Internet. Unfortunately, there have been numerous attempts lately to censor the Internet. If the Internet is controlled, regulated, restricted, or censored it will have harsh effects on its capabilities.
In recent years, America's economy has become increasingly dependent on the need to instantly move large amounts of information across long distances. Computerization has changed everyone's life in ways that were never before possible. The global network of interconnected computers allows people to send electronic mail messages across the world in the blink of an eye and stay updated on world events as they happen; the world has become a much smaller place as a result of this global communication and exchange of ideas. There have also become thousands of online "communities" of people who share common interests through message boards, chat rooms, and electronic mailing lists (Wilmott 106). Right now, the...