Essay on The Geography of Afghanistan - 4223 Words

TOP ESSAY WRITING SERVICES REVIEWS


Rank
Service
General
Prices

1
  • Since 2008
  • Free revisions
  • Money-back guaranty
  • Up to 5% for the first order. Up to 15% for the orders starting from 2nd

from $9.97/pp

visit site

2
  • Since 2009
  • Free title page, revisions
  • Discount policy
  • Satisfaction guarantee
  • More than 100 000 orders delivered

from $9.97/pp

visit site

3
  • Since 2010
  • PhD holding authors only
  • SMS notifications & VIP support
  • Discount policy

from $22/pp

visit site

4
  • Since 2010
  • 24/7 support team
  • More than 500 writers
  • Money-back guaranty
  • Up to 15% discounts

from $9.97/pp

visit site

 

StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes

Products

About

@2017 studym.wressy.com

Exclusive

  1. Home >
  2. Essays >
  3. The Geography of Afghanistan

The Geography of Afghanistan

Only available on StudyMode Open Document Save to my library

Please sign up to read full document.

Text Preview Military Geography
Operation Enduring Freedom 2001

Introduction:
Afghanistan is a landlocked country that is located approximately in the center of Asia. It is located within Central Asia, and South Asia, and the Middle East. It is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east, Iran in the south and west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and China in the far northeast. The geography of Afghanistan is considered to be extremely important strategically. Afghanistan being a crossroads between the East and the West, and has been an ancient focal point of trade and migration and with the passage of time the geostrategic location of Afghanistan has made it even more important. It has an important geostrategical location, connecting South and Central Asia and Middle East. Even though it does not have vast treasures of oil and mineral but its close proximity to middle East and Central Asian oil rich states makes it a prime state. Afghanistan has been bearing the brunt of not only the intrastate tribal and civil wars but also suffering from foreign interventions starting from 1979 Soviet invasion and recent US invasion of 2001 carried out with the aim of trampling the Taliban regime and to exterminate Osama Bin Laden and his cell based organization Al-Qaeda.

In order to analyse the military geography of Afghanistan and impact Afghanistan’s geography had on the progress of Operation Enduring Freedom, a closer analysis of Afghanistan’s climate, geography, terrain structure, environment and human interaction, topography, weather challenges, environmental discrepancies should be looked at in detail.

1) Geography:
Afghanistan is a landlocked nation in south-central Asia. Strategically located at the crossroads of major north south and east-west trade routes. Afghanistan is almost the size of Texas. Afghanistan is bordering Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan to the north; China to the east; On the eastern and southern border of Afghanistan lies Pakistan and Iran to the west. It has total area of 250,001 sq mi (647,500 sq km).

Mountains dominate the landscape, forming a terrigenous skeleton, traversing the center of the country, running generally in a northeast-southwest direction. More than 49 percent of the total land area lies above 2,000 meters. Although geographers differ on the division of these mountains into systems, they agree that the Hindukush system, the most important, is the westernmost extension of the Pamir Mountains, the Karakorum Mountains, and the Himalayas.[1]

Greatest part of Afghanistan is dominated by mountainous range. Mostly areas lie at the highest elevation point. The eastern mountainous peeks elevates up to 7000 meters. The Pamir mountains, which Afghans refer to as the 'Roof of the World," extend into Tajikistan, China and Kashmir. The Hindukush Mountain stretches west word to the middle near Kabul. The average altitude of Hindukush is 4500 meters. Transecting the mountains are the high passes, proves to be strategically important network for caravans, including Kotal-e-Salang having the height of 3878 meters, linking Kabul to Northern Afghanistan. A tunnel was constructed in 1964 to reduce the distance between Kabul and Northern Afghanistan. The Salang tunnel constructed with the help of Soviet assistance. This tunnel is at 3363 meters. Before the Salang road was constructed, the most famous passes in the Western historical perceptions of Afghanistan were those leading to the Indian subcontinent. They include the Khyber Pass (,1027 meters), in Pakistan, and the Kotal-e Lataband (2,499 meters) east of Kabul, which was superseded with the construction of road within the Kabul river gorge, the Tang-e-Gharu. This helped in reducing the distance between travel time between Kabul and Pakistan. These roads turned out to be very significant strategically during recent military conflicts and were used for the movement of... Show More

Please sign up to read full document.

YOU MAY ALSO FIND THESE DOCUMENTS HELPFUL

POPULAR ESSAYS

Toyota Unrest Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis Health care Essay Area Essay Economic development Essay Financial ratio Essay Immigration Essay Postmodernity Essay

Share this Document

Cancel Send

Join millions of other students and start your research

Become a StudyMode Member

SIGN UP - IT's FREE

Have a great research document you think will help inspire other StudyMode members?

Share your document

Upload Now

Get full access to more research and tools for only $0.33/day

Upgrade your Membership

GET PREMIUM @2017 studym.wressy.com Legal Site Map Advertise studym.wressy.com, Online Education, Hollywood, CA

More great study tools:


{"hostname":"studym.wressy.com","essaysImgCdnUrl":"\/\/images-study.netdna-ssl.com\/pi\/","useDefaultThumbs":true,"defaultThumbImgs":["\/\/stm-study.netdna-ssl.com\/stm\/images\/placeholders\/default_paper_1.png","\/\/stm-study.netdna-ssl.com\/stm\/images\/placeholders\/default_paper_2.png","\/\/stm-study.netdna-ssl.com\/stm\/images\/placeholders\/default_paper_3.png","\/\/stm-study.netdna-ssl.com\/stm\/images\/placeholders\/default_paper_4.png","\/\/stm-study.netdna-ssl.com\/stm\/images\/placeholders\/default_paper_5.png"],"thumb_default_size":"160x220","thumb_ac_size":"80x110","isPayOrJoin":false,"essayUpload":false,"site_id":1,"autoComplete":false,"isPremiumCountry":false,"userCountryCode":"RU","logPixelPath":"\/\/smhpix.com\/pixel.gif","tracking_url":"\/\/smhpix.com\/pixel.gif","cookies":{"unlimitedBanner":"off"},"essay":{"essayId":36005008,"categoryName":"United Kingdom","categoryParentId":"10","currentPage":1,"format":"text","pageMeta":{"text":{"startPage":1,"endPage":13,"pageRange":"1-13","totalPages":13}},"access":"premium","title":"The Geography of Afghanistan","additionalIds":[3,52,17,18],"additional":["Business \u0026 Economy","Business \u0026 Economy\/Organizations","Literature","Military Sciences"],"loadedPages":{"html":[],"text":[1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13]}},"user":null,"canonicalUrl":"http:\/\/studym.wressy.com\/essays\/The-Geography-Of-Afghanistan-1077130.html","pagesPerLoad":50,"userType":"member_guest","ct":10,"ndocs":"1,500,000","pdocs":"6,000","cc":"10_PERCENT_1MO_AND_6MO","signUpUrl":"https:\/\/studym.wressy.com\/signup\/","joinUrl":"https:\/\/studym.wressy.com\/join","payPlanUrl":"\/checkout\/pay","upgradeUrl":"\/checkout\/upgrade","freeTrialUrl":"https:\/\/studym.wressy.com\/signup\/?redirectUrl=https%3A%2F%2Fstudym.wressy.com%2Fcheckout%2Fpay%2Ffree-trial\u0026bypassPaymentPage=1","showModal":"get-access","showModalUrl":"https:\/\/studym.wressy.com\/signup\/?redirectUrl=https%3A%2F%2Fstudym.wressy.com%2Fjoin","joinFreeUrl":"\/essays\/?newuser=1","siteId":1,"facebook":{"clientId":"306058689489023","version":"v2.9","language":"en_US"}} tracking img