The French Revolution and Human Rights Paper
The French Revolution and Human Rights happened during the period of 1789- 1794. It can be argued with similar or different aspects on equality, rights, freedom, and politics. The French Revolution began with absolutism, which you rely on one ruler. During this period of time many middle class and peasant people, also known as the third estate. Disagreed with how the government was doing things. For example nobles and clergy had more say and control over the third estate. This caused retaliation with the different classes, which started the national assembly, tennis court oath, and much more. These events were detrimental to the whole revolution and the making of the declaration of rights of men and citizen. The Estate General set up a meeting with all the estates too discus solutions for financial problems, but the third estate disagreed and formed the National Assembly. Which are government legislatures and due to this started the French Revolution. With that Equality, Rights, Freedom and Politics take a dramatic change and the country of France shapes its self into a democracy. Equality is something that can be argued because it really impacted France during the French Revolution, Equality is the state of being equal. There wasn’t much equality before the revolution due to the control of nobles and clergy. Mainly the middle class had no say in government but they wanted to change that. Also rights were limited to men and women, these rights would soon change due to the fact that the majority of the countries population was middle class or peasants and this would soon start conflicts. They were caused by the estate general that would soon give the third estate 2 votes over nobles and clergy, which they consisted of two percent of the county. For everyone to be equal in a society that everyone is fighting about there is going to be changes, such as in the book they state only citizens are given the political...
...unprecedented acuity the evils and flaws of human society in their day” (Tignor, Adelman, Aron, Kotkin, March and, and, 621) and sought to change the worldview of their generation both socially and politically. Those intellectuals believed that by sharing an aspiration to spread knowledge, human judgments could resist ignorance. Today, the ideals of those Enlightenment thinkers have become the foundation of many, if not all human societies. The Enlightenment had a great impact on the world, especially on Europeans who were customary to old practices of fixed social hierarchies, in which the king held absolute power. The knowledge gained from this intellectual movement brought about many changes in society. Minority groups such as women “gained confidence in their own worthiness---to create art, to write books, to observe the world accurately, and perhaps even rule their states” (Tignor, Adelman, Aron, Kotkin, Marchand, and, 619). The Enlightenment also paved the way for a newer approach towards the concept of humanrights. Human beings were granted certain individual rights known as their “natural rights” that was always convenient by law.
Before the FrenchRevolution, European cultures were restricted by “two major institutions: the Catholic and Protestant churches and the dynastic court systems” (Tignor, Adelman, Aron, Kotkin,...
...What is human nature? Are humans self-interested and savage or are we socially conscious and kind? The people of the FrenchRevolution give us an answer to these questions. The FrenchRevolution was a time of rebellion and revolution and provided an immense change to the country of France. The revolt was started by drought, rising prices, and increasing frustration with the government by the citizens of France. The rebelliousness followed the previous age of Enlightenment. Enlightenment philosophers such as John Locke and Thomas Hobbes searched and discovered new ideas about the nature of people and the role of government. Locke believed that every man was born with natural rights and will behave well as long as they have these. Hobbes on the contrary believed that we are all savage creatures who use violence to get our own way. Through events such as The Declaration of the Rights of Man and The Tennis Court Oath, John Locke’s understanding of human nature can be judged as more accurate than that of Thomas Hobbes.
The actions that the French people took during the Tennis Court Oath mirror Locke’s beliefs about humanity. In the Tennis Court Oath, the Third Estate challenged the awful monarchy of King Louis XVI by a pledge that they would not leave the tennis courts of Versailles until a new constitution that would...
...Many women were involved in the uncertainty of women's rights during the FrenchRevolution between the years of 1789 and 1804. Exploration of the unfolding struggles of France managed to turn my head in the direction of woman's rights more than once in my discovery. Perhaps because of the persistence of the women during this time period and their straight forwardness in their mission, was I so determined to see a positive progression in the fulfillment of their needs. "Even during a revolutionary time like this, equal rights for women seemed out of reach. Women had to struggle for a position in the revolution" (Ajaibu 2001, 1).
One of the main women involved in the FrenchRevolution was Olympe de Gouges. Olympe de Gouges is how one would recognize her, but her birth name was Olympe Gouze. Gouze, the daughter of a butcher, and a part of the lower class found prostitution as her occupation. Gouze was very bright and her enlightened views were bound to change the future, which they seemed to. She continued prostitution until she was thirty-six and respectfully became a playwright. After the death of her husband, Gouze moved to Paris and changed her name to Olympe de Gouges. Upon arrival, de Gouges proposed a new French theater that would only show women's plays (Ajaibu 2001, 1). "In 1788 Olympe started creating her pamphlets and petitions...
...Notes: The FrenchRevolution - Application of the Fever Model World History, Culture, and Geography
Incubation Stage: Causes Social Inequality - three estates •Three estates
•First Estate (upper __________________) - 1% of population,
•Second Estate (__________________) - 2-3% of population,
paid no taxes, taxed peasants
•Third Estate (___________________________, peasants,
workers) - paid up to 1/2 of income in taxes Enlightenment Ideas/American Rev.
•Belief all men should have ________________________
•Right and just to remove unjust ___________________ •___________________________ for all •United States Dec. of Independence and Constitution
King Louis XVI •Weak leader
•Preferred personal interests, _________________ authority •Incapable of _________________ action
Economic Crisis •French economy __________________________
•______________, Louis XVI lifestyle •________________ not taxed •Crop ______________________ •Debt - 1/2 budget goes to ________________
•Bourgeoisie begin _____________________ King
Why is it important that this group is speaking up?
Moderate Stage - Symptoms •Estates General called, Third Estate demands reform ___________________ by others
•National __________________ declared (June 20, 1789) •___________________ stormed (July 14, 1789) in response to
king mobilizing Swiss troops Declaration of the Rights of Man and...
Throughout history the frenchrevolution led an extreme impact on the french society even till this day. There were many causes for the frenchrevolution but the 2 things that mostly fed into it were the unfairness of the first and second estate and the crude treatment that the two gave to the third estates. Due to Louise XVI's absolute monarchy he had complete power over the french government and people making it harder for the lives of the third estate until the national assembly got involved restricting Louis's power to a limited monarchy, although he was still powerful enough to delay new laws. Since Louis misused his power some of the people took it upon themselves to make things right. Its was difficult for Louis to rule since he was bored with affairs of the government so it caused France to nearly go bankrupt.
The first and second estates were heavily unequal to the citizens (third estate) even since the middle ages. a great amount to all of the power and wealth was with the nobility and the clergy. the peasants had to pay most of the taxes and had little to no political, social, or economic rights. the reasons for the frenchrevolution for...
In the late 1700’s, France went through a period of time that changed their country drastically. The FrenchRevolution was how France changed the way their government was and how their people lived.
Before the Revolution started in 1789, the French used a political and social system called the Old Regime. The Old Regime was the same as “Absolute power.” Absolute power is when the government controls everything that goes on. In the early 1700’s before the Revolution, the French kings had absolute power. King Louis XVIII started this way of government and it was kept going by King Louis XIV. The Kings had control over establishing judges, taxation, appointing new bureaucrats and the government. They also followed the divine right, which is a political and religious doctrine of royal right to rule. It states that a monarch is subject to no earthly authority, taking away the right to rule directly from the will of god.
During this time period, France was divided into three estates. The first estate was made up of all clergy members. These members include people such as priests, preachers, pastors and other religious professionals. The second estate was made up of nobility. Nobility are the people who have more privileges and control then everyone else. The third estate, which made up nearly...
Alec Nielsen4/25/14History 113Women in the FrenchRevolution
Like most places in the world, until recently, women were considered an extension of their husband or father. They were given none or little rights both socially and politically. During the Frenchrevolution spanning from1789-1794, most social groups went though great changes from the nobles of the second estate, to the common man of the third. The revolutionary changes experienced by women in France were insignificant compared to most other social groups around them; their place in society stayed relatively stagnant. Revolutions often change things for everyone and the Frenchrevolution is an example of change at its minimum, at least for women. Most men and women agreed with Rousseau and other thinkers from the Enlightenment that women belonged in the private sphere of the home and therefore had no role to play in public affairs. Most of France's female population worked as peasants, shopkeepers, laundresses, yet women were defined primarily by their sex and marital status, not by their own occupations.As the Revolution of France gave every man passive citizenship that lived there, women were not considered passive or active citizens (Coffin, 553). All 17 articles of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen did not apply to women as they do not qualify...
...Declaration of the rights of Man & the Citizen in the Reign of Terror
Fueled by the Enlightenment ideas, the Frenchrevolution from 1789 – 1815 is an event of great international importance. Not only did it mark the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte, who became one of the greatest emperor in the world history, but also marked the destruction of the Old Regime. This was when France changed from a monarchy to a republic, the first French Republic. This was the revolution that brought change in the structure of the society. The revolution, led by the middle class, meant the end of the tyranny of the King and the aristocracy and marked the rising of the working class. It marked the end of an era. But most importantly, in a world where absolute monarchy was still prevailing, and where the divine right of the King and the power of the nobility were still prevailing, the FrenchRevolution brought about a rebellious attitude.
This was a rebellion towards the old traditions which, later, started to spread the ideas of equality all over France and eventually all over Europe. This was the period when various philosophical ideas were starting to prevail all over Europe and the French republic was attempting to maintain order and peace within the country, amidst a lot of violence and bloodshed. One of the documents that stand out from this period is...