The Forum for the Future of Higher Education
Curtis J. Clark
HE530: Higher Education Organization & Governance
The “Forum for the Future of Higher Education” presented four major issues that higher education currently face to its conference participants. The issues included; increasing enrollment, budget cuts, expansion of distance learning programs, and institutional accountability. These issues challenge and confound institutions of higher education, especially with the looming budget cuts that they face. This paper will examine the effectiveness of; leadership, decision-making, funding, distance learning, and accountability. Organization and Governance
Governance is a process that permits people to work together (Birnbaum, 1988). When the institution’s governance structure serves its purpose it will encourage those involved to make a difference. If an institution aspires to be productive the principles of organization and governance should be employed. This will enable the respective institution of higher education to operate effectively. Some principles to incorporate in this model are; leadership, structure, and decision making.
Leadership should be treated as something identifiable, tangible, measurable, and efficacious (Birnbaum, p.22, 1988). The study of leadership is more difficult in colleges and universities than in other settings because of dual control systems, conflicts between professional and administrative authority, unclear goals, and the other unique properties of professional, normative organizations (Birnbaum, p.22, 1988). In particular, the relationship between those identified as leaders and those whom they presume to lead is problematic (Birnbaum, p.22, 1988). Colleges and universities need leaders and managers who can turn their visions into reality (McDade, p.1, 1988).
Decisions regarding budgets, curriculum, athletics, and student programs make leaders an essential part of higher education institutions. In higher education, there is a strong resistance to leadership, as it is generally understood in more traditional and hierarchical organizations. It may be more appropriate in most institutions to think of faculty as constituents rather than as followers (Birnbaum, pp. 22 -23, 1988).
In higher education structure is essential to achieve institutional effectiveness. The operation of higher education implements a system to operate institutions. “A system is an organized whole that has two or more interdependent parts (or subsystems) and is separated from its environment by a boundary” (Kast and Rosenzweig, 1973, as cited by Birnbaum, p.30, 1988). Systems are hierarchal; they are made up of smaller systems and are themselves parts of larger systems (Birnbaum, p.30, 1988). Tight and loose coupling are two types of systems used to describe how institutions of higher education are ran. Tight coupling is a systematic relationship between two or more components in which there is little or no “slack in the relationship (Alesch and Holly, p.3, n/d). Loose Coupling refers to connections between organizational subsystems that may be unimportant, or slow to respond (Weick, 1976, as cited by Birnbaum, p.38, 1988). Loose coupling is often been attacked as merely a slick way to describe waste, inefficiency, or indecisive leadership and as a convenient rationale for crawling pace of organizational change (Birnbaum, p.39, 1988). The decision making process is a vital component in the realm of higher education. When decisions are not made for the betterment of the institution, it may cause a divide in the organizational structure. In addition, the institution may experience a turnover in faculty and administration due to the lack of organizational structure. Typically, the constituents who make decisions on behalf of the institution, are; senior level administrators, presidents, and the board of...
History of Technology in HigherEducation
September 7, 2012
History of Technology in HigherEducation
We are living in the time of the information boom. Never before has information been so abundant and easy to find. To many students it seems like a hassle to search for information on a computer. Could you imagine finding all of your information by flipping pages of books, magazines, and news papers in a library? “Technology is treated as a tool to help accomplish a complex task rather than a subject of study for its own sake.
The Magic Lantern
The first technological tools use in the classroom was the Magic Lantern in 1870. The magic lantern projected images that were printed on glass plates. The first college to use the magic lantern Leipzig, Germany is became renowned as a center of magic lantern technology, including its use in science education (Smith, 2011). Oil lamps and candles served as light sources for the magic lantern. Leipzig had a special amphitheater called the Spectatorium. It seated up to 400 students and had several lanterns to display images from. The first professors to use magic lanterns in America were Hugo Münsterberg at Harvard and E.B. Titchener at Cornell (Smith, 2011). The magic lantern and the kymograph were the two most essential and cost-effective instruments. The lantern, was estimated, would be used 60 times in an academic year of 35...
...INDIA'S GROWTH THROUGH ADVANCEMENT IN EDUCATION SECTOR
*Research scholar,sri Venkateshwara university,gajraula
**Supervisor, Maharaja agarsen college,Delhi university.
Education in India today is nothing like it was in Pre-Independence and Post-Independence Era. Education System in India today went through a lot of changes before it emerged in its present form. Presenteducation system in India is also guided by different objectives and goals as compared to earlier time. Present system of education in India, however is based around the policies of yesteryears. After independence, it was on 29th August 1947, that a Department of Education under the Ministry of Human Resource Development was set up. At that time the mission was the quantitative spread of education facilities. After, 1960’s the efforts were more focussed to provide qualitative education facilities. The present research focus on steps through which our indian education system had gone through. The basic moto of this research is to show that india has done serious efforts in education nd has shotremendous development but it is still lacking in comparison with developed nations. This study is an effort to suggest some measures for its improvement.
Education in every sense is one of...
HigherEducation, or Higher Priced Education?
The Marriam-Webster online dictionary defines highereducation as “education beyond the secondary level; especially : education provided by a college or university.“ It's no secret to modern students that a highereducation is necessary to advance in their professional life. There is always a cost to advancement and that cost can sometimes create a glass ceiling that is difficult for people in certain social strata to break through. The rising cost of highereducation and its requirement for jobs creates a conflict for people in lower economic brackets. While the social value of highereducation is difficult to argue against, the problems associated with affording highereducation are very real social problems that must be considered.
In Western society we have goals we are expected to achieve. At a very early age we begin preparing our children for school. There is no law demanding that children attend a specific school, nor that upon entering adult life they pursue highereducation. Children can be home schooled or attend any school of their parents' choosing. However, having a degree of some kind gives one many advantages in America. One who possesses...
Highereducation in the present world has a very long history. Highereducation has deep roots in the early sixth century when first monastic schools were started in Europe which later developed to the famous European university in Bologna during the period between 1088 and 1090. This is the origin of highereducation with all present systems of highereducation borrowing much from this first intuition and system of highereducation. Until early 20th century, highereducation institutions and particularly universities and high level colleges catered only for the elites in the society. Though in this time basic education was enough to secure an individual a well-paying job, the costs of securing a place in the institutions of highereducation as well as maintaining the costs for the period of a given course locked out the middle income earners as well as the poor. Statistically, by the start of 20th century, 3 per cent of the world population had enrolled in universities and other colleges offering highereducation programs. This number was much concentrated in the European continent...
HigherEducationHighereducation is the key to new worlds. In past decades, college education was seen as a privilege which few had access to. Nowadays, it has become a culminating stage in people’s life. Highereducation has proved that it has a monetary value, as the salary of a person with a college education is higher than that of a person with a high school education. Some people have sold the idea that a highereducation is a waste of time and money, and that such education should only be offered to a limited group of people. However, what make these people believe they have the power to decide what others should do or not do with their lives? In my opinion, everyone should pursue a highereducation because it would help to reduce monopolization of wealth and power, it would allow people to exercise their freedom and create more opportunities in their lives.
Monopolization of wealth and power could be reduced by highereducation. As long as the wealthy and powerful people keep the knowledge from those who are hungry of it, the economy will remain the same. As Linda Lee recalls from Caroline Bird:
“College doesn’t make people intelligent, ambitious, happy, liberal or quick to learn new things. It’s the other way around....
TOPIC: TECHNOLOGY AND HIGHEREDUCATION COHORT 10
NAME: Mohammed Farhaan Khaleel
STUDENT NO. : 1425841
Course: MBA/Set 2
This essay is about the role of Technology in HigherEducation. As we all know technology is advancing day by day and it has a huge impact on our everyday life. What is Technology? Technology is organized knowledge for practical purposes. . [Herschbach, D. (1995, January 1). Technology as Knowledge: Implications for Instruction]
(Mesthene, The role of technology in society, 1969).
Sophisticated technology is making the human life more simple, efficient, effective, accurate and time saving. It has a huge impact on HigherEducation as well and plays a major role in enhancing the education system. According to the survey of the Economist Intelligence Unit 2008, almost two –thirds (63%) of survey respondents from the public and private sector says that technological innovation will have a major impact on teaching methodologies over the next five years. “Technology allows students to become much more engaged in constructing their own knowledge, and cognitive studies show that ability is key to learning success,” says New York City-based Queens College vice-president of institutional advancement, Susan Henderson. There has been a massive increase in online degree programmes and distance learning in the...
...The Crisis in HigherEducation:
The Economic Outcome of HigherEducation and Its Sources
The amount of people attending any form of highereducation is exceptionally higher than ever before, but the rate of completion has stayed stagnant for the past thirty years.1 The accessibility of highereducation has never been this easily attained but the obvious financial aftermath questions whether highereducation is worth the losing of the opportunity costs. For-profit schooling systems as well as the alternates as to how big universities leak money out from their students demonstrates the declining importance and the overall meaning to obtain a college education. What students are trying to get out of college has changed over the past decade. The price of college has gone up 152 percent since 25 years ago and, at this rate, will only increase as time passes2. The significance of what it meant to have a college education has declined over the last past decades. The underlying root to the highereducation crisis has to do with its continuous decline in value. Colleges, big universities, and for profit colleges invest in the economic side of education rather than prioritizing the students. Due to quickly rising tuition and the increase in...
...Highereducation in the next 10 to 15 years
With the advancement in technology and computer science, the world is being globalised. We can access influx of information in a few seconds, chat with our family and friends far away at any moment with the help of technology. Obviously, the wave of this technology has greatly affected the teaching and learning process till now and will do wonders in the future as well. Just two decades ago, we didn't have devices like iPods, iPads and tablet PCs. These new devices have revolutionized our generation. Various useful softwares like upgraded CAD (Computer Aided Design), computer languages, animation softwares and other new tools signal the advent of new and amazing future, more advanced than the present.
In today's context the growing popularity of liberal arts education indicates that this type of education will be adopted worldwide replacing the traditional system of selecting a major for a degree and knowing stuffs related to the particular major. The special feature of liberal arts education is that it imparts knowledge on a diverse range of subjects such as science, history, business, management, education, psychology, languages, vocational training, and etcetera. Liberal arts education creates a jack of all trades, a well-rounded individual with the knowledge on everything, on successful living. The growing importance of...