People from different generations, walks of life and backgrounds have all contemplated death in comparable ways. Some people choose to look to the afterlife as a means of explanations of the mystery that is death. Others look at the science behind death and gather as much information as possible on what happens. In The Death of Ivan Ilyich by Leo Tolstoy and Death Be Not Proud by John Donne we can identify two ways in which both of these writers deal with and view death, through metaphors and personification. Metaphors have been used throughout history to compare things we don’t quite understand to things we can recognize and accept. Both John Donne and Leo Tolstoy used metaphors in their works to explain their thoughts about death. In Death Be Not Proud John Donne first compares death to rest or sleep in line 5 when he says “from rest and sleepe, which but thy pictures bee.” Donne is saying that death is a more powerful version of sleep, one that rest and sleep can only faintly imitate, that death is the real deal. In The Death of Ivan Ilyich the biggest metaphor Tolstoy uses in his explanation of death is the comparison between death and “a sack” in chapter 9, page 50, when he says “it seemed to him that he and his pain were being painfully pushed into a long, narrow, black sack, pushed in deeper and deeper and yet could not be pushed right through.” In both of these quotes we do also see elements of religion in their explanations. In the first we can look at Christian teachings and compare the time between “death” and Judgement Day as a period of “sleep” from which the Christians will be woken up from and let into Heaven. In the second we can look at Ivan’s relationship with God. Once Ivan falls through the sack then he has regained consciousness and woken up from his sleep, and begun talking to God with the realization that he did not live his life in the way he would have wanted to. Human relationships with others and the object around...
...In Leo Tolstoy’s novella The Death of IvanIlyich, a man becomes conscious of the true pleasures in life only an hour before his demise. The protagonist develops a feeling of inadequacy when he longs to belong in that which he does not. IvanIlyich copes poorly with his inferiority complex by being self-deceptive and excessively materialistic. He wishes to resemble a higher social class and misrecollects the definition of authentic happiness during his pursuit.
IvanIlyich acquires an inferiority complex because of his socioeconomic status and consequently overcompensates by obsessing over his house and finances. The issue is deeply rooted in his childhood: “[…] from the earliest age he had this quality of being drawn […] to the most highly placed people in society, of adopting their manners, their views of life, and of establishing friendly relations with them” (9). It is for this reason that IvanIlyich seeks the most (externally) prominent feature of the social class: material success. However, one cannot merely join a class in which one must be born into—Ivan is unable to realize that he can only become an archetype at best. No amount of following allows him to gain a true sense of belonging, hence his persistent feeling of inferiority. Ivan’s ideal image of his content self is thus skewed and centralized on materialistic...
The death of IvanIlyichIvan is the protagonist in the book The Death of IvanIlyich. He attends law school and later becomes one of the senior magistrates in the state. He marries Praskovya, a woman who does not love him, which makes Ivan to distance from his family and gets committed to his office work. He works with so much pride and only considers his personal concerns. He moves up the ladder and occupies top positions; however he fails to get the position of a presiding judge in the university. This makes him so furious that he resigns and moves, with his family, to get a better paying job than the previous. He gets a decent job and buys a luxurious house, where he moves his family. Unfortunately, he seriously injures himself while furnishing the new house. The injury causes serious pain and an illness that makes him resign his new job, and he eventually dies. The paragraphs below discuss Assumed Consensus in Ivan’s world, as well as, how conforming to Assumed Consensus, eviscerates meaning in his life.
Ivan’s world is full of assumed consensus. Firstly, vanity takes over his life, and unreasonable beliefs, as well as, envy overcome his life, which makes him believe that his position in life is not smart enough. This makes him sad, and he never enjoys life even when he succeeds. Secondly,...
In his novel, The Death of IvanIlyich, Leo Tolstoy expresses his opinions regarding the abstract idea of “family”. Tolstoy seems to be looking at what it is to be a family through somewhat biased eyes. He never really had a solid family of his own, having at a young age experienced both his parents passing, which leads me to believe that not all of Tolstoy’s lessons should be taken as verbatim. It is obvious through his previous publications that Tolstoy has always harbored a somewhat pessimistic outlook on the idea as a whole, and he continues to stress this point by describing the life and hardships of one IvanIlyich. The famous quote from his previous novel, Anna Karenina, gives us an insight into Leo Tolstoy’s overall outlook on what it is to be a family. He doesn’t seem to understand the merit of a traditional familial system as he regards all healthy familial relationships as boring or similar. Through the quote, he attempts to instill in his readers a sense of intrigue and understanding when it comes to unhealthy, dysfunctional families. Tolstoy generally makes his view of family very clear through his writing, leading me to believe that he is trying to pass some sort of message or teaching on the subject to his readers. This message, encapsulated in a majority of Tolstoy’s writings, is that family is imperfect and dysfunction inevitable.
Though it is fairly obvious that Leo...
...The Death of IvanIlyich
The Death of IvanIlyich, by Tolstoy, is the story of a man who is faced with suffering and death in which no one seems to believe him. He’s a common man with common dreams. He’s not extraordinary in any way. IvanIlyich is a good literary protagonist. His character goes though ups and downs, is well rounded and relatable.Ivan married Praskovya Fedorovna. Ivan doesn’t appear to be in love with her. She is attractive, has money, a good social standing and he really has no objection to her, “…the marriage gave him personal satisfaction, and at the same time it was considered the right thing by the most highly placed of his associates” (Lawall). This is a relatable piece of life. This may have held more truth back in this era, but it’s not that far off today either. Many people marry for reasons other than love.
Ivan had a good job and was very happy with it despite being passed over for a promotion at one time. He was said to be a gentleman and was admired by his peers. When things were good, they were good. And when they weren’t, well, they just weren’t. “His wife, without any reason – de gaiete de coeur as Ivan Ilych expressed it to himself – began to disturb the pleasure and propriety of their life. She began to be jealous without any cause, expected him to devote...
...The Death of IvanIlyich
Throughout Ivan’s entire life all he seemed to live for were his material possessions and his status within the world he lived. Regardless of what life he had before his very eyes, he went about trying to live a life that didn’t belong to him. Because of this, He always blamed his wife for not being good to him, when in reality he was the one that was not truly being good to himself. He always seemed to go for what would impress the social order, rather than what would lead him to happiness. If Ivan would have gone with his own feelings in the first place, he probably would not have become a lawyer, and would not have ended up in the stressful job he had to deal with now. Actually this job by itself may have been the cause of his distressed life as a whole.
Throughout the entire story I noticed Ivan was trying to lead two different lives at the same time. Ivan is simply the same as any other average person in the middle class. Although, Ivan convinces himself that he is in the upper class of the social order. It seems as if Ivan only works so that he might become higher in society and attain a higher salary, not because he wants to secure the well being of his family. Because of this lack of admittance of his social status, this might have made him a bad family man and a worse lawyer. If he had only admitted that there is no way to...
...The Death of IvanIlyich: Leo Tolstoy - Rebirth by Death
Leo Tolstoy was a great humanist. Evolution of human character was a subject
of his close attention. The main personage of the story "The Death of IvanIlyich" is ordinary official who conduct his life according to a strict social
code, never deviating from what was rule d by society, by his pleasure, by
materialistic motives, but never by conscience. His contact with his wife and
children was limited and shallow because he didn't find pleasure in this. His
life satisfied him when he was healthy, but when he faced with death his
loneliness overwhelmed him. After the accident which starts his long dying IvanIlyich realized that his life, though he has been successful and has always done
the proper things, is all false. He understood that his life was meaningless.
As his illness progressed, IvanIlyich felt increasingly the need to be loved.
Only in front of death he knew what real feeling is. IvanIlyich felt real
empathy and pity from peasant Gerasim and son Vasya. His moral misery was worse
than physical. The result of this was that IvanIlyich in dying became the
individual that he never was in his typical life. He understood that his notion
about his decent and helpfulness...
...The story begins with the colleagues of IvanIlyich learning about the death of their friend. Then, the story suddenly switches to a flashback that encompasses most of Ivan Ilyich’s life. It shows many of the decisions he made, why he made them, and how those decisions played out in his life. His life became materialistic and lacked any sort of emotion in it. Then, a small incident brings about his untimely death. Toward the end of his life, he is forced to come to terms with a fact that death is inevitable. When he accepts that, he sees that despite the fact that he lived his life the “proper” way in society, he had not had much of a life at all. Upon seeing the proverbial light at the end of the tunnel, he dies.
Tolstoy gives a quick stab of satire, by making it painfully apparent that no one seems to care about IvanIlyich when he dies. Ilyich’s colleagues, upon hearing about his death, admit it is a shock, but they quickly turn their attention to this new opportunity for promotion. Ivan Ilyich’s wife is not much different from the colleagues. She has very little interest in the fact that her husband is dead and cares more about her own misfortunes.
I think Ivan was floundering because the flashback of Ilyich’s life begins with this line. “Ivan Ilyich’s life had been most simple and most ordinary...
...Primarily speaking, the necessity of death penalty has been the prolonged clamour of victims' immediate family and relatives of these predators who demoralize and disrespect the life of their preys. A plea for justice has always been the battle cry of these innocent victims who impatiently wait the verdict of this bureaucratic delayed justice system. Moreover, some of these convicts are generally given life imprisonment which in the long run can be granted with parole; years after repayment, vengeance is once sought after by these criminals. Though this humane world has been able to give a glimmer of hope for these prodigal sons to repent for the acts committed, the financial backwash should also be taken into consideration. The need to construct more prisons and jails is growing in leaps and bounds and the hungry stomachs of these people have long been siphoning our economic budget. On the long run, the taxes we pay are feeding these lackadaisical convicts more than the benefits we accumulate
For what we pay.
The first established death penalty laws date back to the Eighteenth Century B.C. in the Code of King Hammurabi of Babylon, which codified the death penalty for 25 different crimes. The death penalty was also part of the Fourteenth Century B.C.'s Hittite Code; in the Seventh Century B.C.'s Draconian Code of Athens, which made death the only punishment for all crimes; and in the Fifth Century...