PSYCHOLOGY (PSY 111T)
GROUP PROJECT: CHANG’AA - THE DEADLY KILLER.
PRESENTED BY: ANGELA OMONDI & KEVIN CHAVERA
CHANG’AA: THE DEADLY KILLER.
Chang’aa is a popular alcoholic drink commonly found in Kenya and it was once illegal, but was recently legalized. According to online encyclopedia Wikipedia, the literal meaning of chang’aa is ‘kill me quick.’ It is a clear liquor which announces itself with a fierce burn and an after taste of soil when consumed. Chang’aa is distilled from grains like maize and sorghum. Other additives that are usually added to the drink during its preparation to make it have a more lasting effect on the drinker are the ones which make it lethal. This paper will discuss the reasons why people drink chang’aa, its effects and finally propose possible solutions to avert the effects of chang’aa drinking. 2. Reasons why people drink Chang’aa.
People drink chang’aa because of a number of reasons, which are often intertwined. According to the Kakuma News Reflector, “Belinda”, who owns a chang’aa brewery in Kakuma Refugee Camp, observes that people drink chang’aa in order to keep themselves busy and reduce the stress of life. She also notes that people who drink chang’aa are usually hopeless towards their lives. Korogocho is one of the sprawling slums in Nairobi and the ‘Grogon den’ is one place where drinkers usually assemble to have their fill. Michael is one such drinker, and he says he knows chang’aa is dangerous but it is all he can afford. He further admits that he likes to drink and needs chang’aa because he has a lot of problems. He drinks in the morning before he goes to work and when he leaves, he feels the drink has given him courage to do anything. People also drink chang’aa out of despair and hopelessness. During a parliamentary debate on Thursday, 24th June 2010 regarding The Alcoholic Drinks Control Bill, a Member of Parliament, Gitobu Imanyara, remarked that on any weekend if you go to...
...bomoh to get a fatal concoction. He then gives it to Mrs. Edwards by saying that it is a home brew and it causes the estate owner to die.
- Relationship among neighbours – this theme can be seen through Ongs and Rajahs family where both of them have been neighbours for a long time and they are having a peaceful life within these all years. Although they are quarrelling due to the goat and the flowers, however, it does not bring any consequences to their relationship.
- Love between grandfather and grandson - Mat Don loves his grandson, Arnie very much. Although Arnie was bedridden because of unknown illness, Mat Don still takes good care at him. Mat Don feels very sad after Arnie’s death. He visits Arnie’s grave every day and he keeps the grave free from weeds and always with a small bunch of fresh flowers placed on top. He also plan to kill Mr Edwards after he realizes that his grandson’s death is mostly related to the chemical and he thinks that Mr Edwards should have the same ending with his grandson-die and suffering in pain.
- We must maintain good relationship with the neighbours.
- We must love our youngsters no matter in what situation our youngsters are in.
- We must follow our religious rules.
- We must be wise in taking decision.
- Moral theory
-in home brew by Shirley dissayanake, the characteristic of mr Edwards and...
...the number three is present a lot. When all three witches chant “Double, double toil and trouble;/Fire burn, and cauldron bubble” (4.1. 10-11) for their spell they repeat the statement three times, making it more and more evil. In addition, the potion that they are brewing required certain parts of some animals; twenty-seven to be exact. A large multiple of three, this symbolizes the great evil that is in the cauldron as well as the capacity for evil of the three witches.
To further characterize the witches, Shakespeare uses cruel and unusual imagery when describing the ingredients of the potion which parallels the witches’ evilness themselves. Each piece of the potion has something wicked about it and is used by to create a horrible brew that is used for their evil work. When depiction part of the potion, the first witch describes the “Toad, that under cold stone,/ Days and nights has thirty-one;/ Swelter’d venom sleeping got,/ Boil thou first i’ the charmed pot!” (4. 1. 6-9). Here, Shakespeare implants an evil creature into the potion. It was believed at that time that if a toad was found under a stone, it was poisonous and dangerous to others. In the play this toad had been sitting under a stone for thirty-one days meaning that it has become extremely potent and an evil addition to the potion. The witches are portrayed as evil because they have taken a deadly animal and are using it for their mysterious deeds. Later on, we can see the evil within the...
...TROUBLE BREWS AT STARBUCKS
This assignment is based on a Starbucks case study. The questions that are answered in this assignment are aimed at providing a clear understanding of the Starbucks, which was a Wall Street darling. The issues highlighted include; the targets that was behind the launching of the Starbucks by Howard Schultz, the positioning of the Starbucks in terms of price, promotion, product and distribution. The assignment will also give an overview of the definition of the target market by Starbucks, its positioning after its decline in 2007 and the course of action that resulted in reinvigoration of Starbucks.
The target of the launching of the Starbucks
When Howard Schultz launched Starbucks, its main targets were the competitors and the customers. The Starbucks aimed at gaining dominance of the business in addition to squeezing the small businesses that could not stand the competition. To Starbucks, growth was its mantra. Starbucks was strongly in a race to ensure that national dominance was established in front of the specialty coffee bars that were emerging. In order to ensure that its growth ensured claiming of this category leadership, the strategy focus of Starbucks was based on new products, a connection that was stronger and expansion of the stores locations in not only the United States but also abroad. To support the positioning, there was targeting of the new products for distribution to grocery stores,...
People say that Canada lacks a unique identity, but Strange Brew took this opinion as a challenge with its extreme, satirical exaggeration of the stereotypical Canadian. Everything from the language to clothing is a Canadian exaggeration. The plot takes a Canadian pastime, beer, and revolves the story around it. What this really shows is the true identifier for Canadians, the ability to be at the butt end of our own joke. From the toque to the skates and all the Canadian stereotypes in between, scratch Strange Brew and it bleeds red and white.
From the fist moment Bob and Doug McKenzie open their mouths Canadian language rushes out. “Hoser”, “take off”, and “Eh” are just a few of the endless Canadian slangs and saying uses again and again hammering home the distinct Canadian language. Another distinctly Canadian use of language is the acsent they speak with. The lengthening of vowel sounds with the rounding of “O’s” and the flattening of “A’s. Working in combination with the use of the Canadian slang, the character speech becomes saturated with culturally distinct Canadian language. The last uniquely Canadian feature of their language is its personality and how its delivered. Over all the speech is polite and friendly even in the high stress parts of the movie. All of those parts combine make truly, yet lightly exaggerated, Canadian speech.
The plot itself could only...
...Big Sky Brewing Company was established in 1993 in Missoula, Montana. Neal Leathers, Bjorn Nabozney, and Brad Robinson were the founders. According to the Big Sky Brew website, Brad and Neal had been home brewers in Michigan since the mid 1980’s. They both moved to Missoula, Montana where they fell in love with the Bayern Brewing Company and were very impressed with their lagers. They met Bjorn at the sporting goods store that they temporarily worked at. Bjorn had found out that they were home brewers and wanted to try some. He thought it was so good that he gave them the idea to start up a small town brewing company just like Bayern, since he had his bachelor’s in finance he would take care of the business aspect of the business. From there the business was established and flourished along with some minor complications. Big Sky Brewing Company’s minor complications dealt with all the business aspects that are needed to help a company run well. Throughout this paper we plan to take a deeper look at the accounting, marketing, distribution, and operations management. While looking over those for important aspects of any business we will provide their strengths and weaknesses, and also solutions to those weaknesses. First of all, the accounting aspect of Big Sky Brewing Company could use some help. According to the Big Sky Brewery case study, one of the major problems in the accounting department is lack of information. All of the balance sheets, income...
...Bootstrapping Backwoods Brew
Paul and Jesse threw their backpacks on empty seats as the train left the New Brunswick, NJ train station. They were headed to their internships at a real estate accounting firm a few towns down the line. Pulling their tickets out of their wallets, they grabbed seats across the aisle from each other. The two university undergraduates had met in an accounting class several semesters ago, but they became closer friends as they shared the train ride back and forth to work twice a week. During these train trips, during lunch breaks, and at school after classes they often discussed their long-term goals and aspirations. Paul, noted, “We would always talk about starting our own business.” They both wanted an independent lifestyle and they felt that starting their own firm was the vehicle that would get them there. As Jesse stated, their goal was to “not have to work for the man.”
Table 1: Backwoods Brew Event Timeline
|YEAR (approx.) |EVENT |
|1993-1994 |Idea for beer company surfaced |
|1994-1995 |Regulation research (e.g., licensing requirements, state sales tax regulations) |
| |Product development...
...A RESEARCH STUDY ON FACTORS LEADING TO INCREASED CONSUMPTION OF ILLICIT BREW AMONG PEOPLE LIVING IN MUGURU VILLAGE
DISTRICT : IMENTI SOUTH
LOCATION : NDAMENE
SUB-LOCATION : MUGURU
VILLAGE : MUGURU
NAME : JACINTA WANJIRU
INDEX NO. : 63153K
CLASS : MARCH 2009
SUPERVISORS : MR. NJIRU
SCHOOL : CONSOLATA SCHOOL OF NURSING, NKUBU
MARKS AWARDED :
STUDENTS SIGN. :
A RESEARCHREPORT SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT FOR THE AWARD OF DIPLOMA IN KENYA REGISTERED COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSE IN CONSOLATA SCHOOL OF NURSING, NKUBU.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
List of Tables
List of figures
List of abbreviations and Definitions
1.1 Problem Stationery
1.2 Justification of the study
1.3 Purpose of the study
1.4 Research objectives
1.4.1 Broad objectives
1.4.2 Specific objectives
1.5 Limitations and delimitations
2.1 Illicit brew toxity
2.2 The new law on illicit brewing.
2.3 Social / economic / health problems associated with illicit brew consumption
Methodology of the research
3.1 Research design
...IN HOMEMADE BREWS, SPIRITS AND RAW MATERILS USED USING UV – VISIBLE SPECTROSCOPY IN NAIROBI COUNTY
Jeremiah O. Masime*, Ruth Wanjau, Charles Onindo Kenyatta University, Chemistry Department, School of Pure and Applied Sciences ABSTRACT
Homemade brews and the raw materials used can be a major source of nitrate and nitrite in human diet. Because of the potential health hazards result in high intake of nitrate and nitrite, determination of these ions content in Homemade brews and the raw materials used. Sources of nitrites include vegetables, fruit, and processed meats The aim of this research was to determine the concentration of nitrite in Homemade brews and the raw materials sampled from eleven stations in Nairobi County - Kenya. So, a total of one hundred and thirty two (132) homemade alcoholic beverages, forty eight (48) water and eighteen (18) raw materials samples were analyzed for nitrite. These were analyzed using, a SHADZU (Model No. UV-2550) UV-Visible spectrophotometer. The measurement was based on ISO Method (N0.6635). The detection limit and analitation limit of nitrite determination were found to be 0.93 µg/ml and 2.82 µg/ml respectively. The recommended maximum contamination levels set by Kenya Bureau of Standards/World Health Organization for nitrate in alcohols is nitrite 0.003 mg/l Data has been analyzed with p value and ANOVA. According to the results, the average of nitrite content in all of the...