The Effect of the Black Death on English Higher Education by: William J. Courtenay is a piece that was easily broken down and ciphered into a well written piece that discredits previous historians’ thoughts. Courtenay is a well known scholar on medieval history, and is C.S. Haskins Professor of Medieval history. His article is a predeceasing article to the book he wrote Schools and Scholars in Fourteenth-Century England. Courtenay’s thesis in the article is that he is trying to prove that the Black Death did not have an effect on higher education, the Black Death actually opened the door to newer students, that would have never had chance to go to a university the opportunity to do so. The author takes his article and breaks it down into three written verses on the topic; The Oxford University Population before and after 1348: The Quantative effect, the issue of Qualitive decline, and The University and society; the response to the Black Death. First Courtenay states that there is no stable population, and that because of this anyone could get in to a university. One of the main reasons for this was that people were scared of the plague, and students since they had no permanent residence at their school could quickly leave, and since most of them were from rural towns, they had no major affliction by the epidemic. The plague had a positive effect on the universities, people that could regularly not attend college could now do so, since students were leaving, now spaces were open for students form various back grounds to actually get a degree, and many new minds, and brilliant minds were now actually attending the universities. Courtenay uses the Theological Faculty and staff of Oxford to help prove his thesis; he does so since they are the most noted to actually document on the epidemic, which he uses as a primary source. “There is no evidence that the Black Death took more than an additional five to ten percent” (Courtenay, page 56). This is speaking of the...
Mr. Don Godfrey
English Comp I
10 November 2014
Throughout recorded history, there have been many pandemics that have dealt devastating blows to the human population. Smallpox, Cholera, and Spanish Influenza, are all examples of deadly diseases that have killed millions of people, but perhaps the most infamous of these is what many know as “The BlackDeath.” This pestilence ravaged Europe destroying entire towns, tearing apart families, and spreading fear like wildfire until it finally ended. This was a dark time in history, a time that left many questions open for speculation. During the time of BlackDeath, people had no way of knowing what this disease truly was, how it came to Europe, what caused it, or how to cure it. Today, we have answers to all of these questions, allowing us to combat this disease that still affects people across the world.
The BlackDeath is not a name of a disease, but rather a specific outbreak of a disease called plague. Plague is a disease that is caused by a bacterium called Yersinia Pestis (“Plague: Ecology and Transmission”) Yersinia Pestis is a bacterium that is most commonly found in rodents and other small mammals. When transmitted to humans, the subsequent disease, plague, takes hold (“Plague: Ecology and Transmission”). The disease has three forms, all of which are deadly in...
April 17, y
Around 1339 in northwestern Europe, the population was beginning to outgrow the food supply and a severe economic crisis began to take place. The winters were extremely cold and the summers were dry. Due to this extreme weather, very low crops yielded and those that grew were dying. Inflation became a common occurrence and as famine broke out, people began to worry. The time period of approximately 1339 to 1346 is now known as the famine before the plague (history). These seven bad years of weather and famine lead to the greatest plague of all times. In 1347, endemic to Asia, The BlackDeath began spreading throughout Western Europe. Over the time of three years, the plague killed one third of the population in Europe with roughly twenty five million people dead (bbc.co). The BlackDeath killed more Europeans than any other endemic or war up to that time, greatly impacting the Church, family life, and the economy. These three social pillars were changed forever.
When the plague first reached Europe, people panicked. In hopes of survival, many began to abandon what they had and moved to villages and country sides in hope of fleeing from the disease. “Children abandoned the father, husband abandoned the wife, wife the husband, one brother the other, one sister the other…. Some fled to villas, others to villages in order to get a change...
Freshman English II
29 May 2014
In Barbara Tuchman’s work titled “This is the End of the World: The BlackDeath”, she describes the devastating impact the bubonic plague had on mid-fourteenth century society, economy, and religion. The bubonic plague was a vicious fast spreading terminal disease for which there was no known prevention or cure. The author graphically describes the symptoms of the plague, the most characteristic being the foul odor, severe pain and necrotic swollen lymph nodes (1). Contracted either by contact or airborne transmission, once acquired the victim would die within a very short time period (1).
Tuchman depicts how the bubonic plague ravaged entire towns and countries all across Asia and Europe. Populations became so diminished that the living were unable to keep up with the remains of the victims. At one point Pope Clement VI of Avignon had reported that over 23 million people had perished from this disease (2). An accurate death toll could never possibly be calculated, however, it is said that “a third of the world died” (3).
Tuchman is able to accurately portray the profound psychological effects caused by the plague. This disease seemed to bring out the worst in human nature. Death became such a common occurrence that the disposal of human remains became careless. The disease tested the faith...
Reasons for Not Pursuing a HigherEducation
November 15, 2014
Reasons for Not Pursuing a HigherEducation
Although many people believe you have to have a highereducation; a lot of people do not feel it is necessary to have a highereducation. There are many reasons people choose not to pursue ahighereducation. A few of those reasons include: possible debt incurred, not being guaranteed a higher paying job and success can be achieved without having a degree.
Some people believe that getting a highereducation is worth the possible debt no matter what because they believe they will be making a better life for their families, or they will be guaranteed higher paying jobs. However, a recent report released by Mintel in April of 2014, states the percentage of consumers who think student loans are a good investment dropped from 54% in 2012 to just 20% in 2014. (Andrus 2014) Danielle Andrus stated in 2014, “Mintel surveyed 2,217 Americans 18 and older.” (Andrus 2014)
Even with a highereducation, not everyone can afford their loan payments, because they are so high. “In 2012, the majority of respondents were paying less than $300 a month (79%), and only 21% had payments...
...Highereducation is now a controversial topic. That fancy piece of paper in a frame that we lose sleep over for four years has been victim of heavy scrutiny in recent years. Every side of the argument seems to agree that we place too much importance on it, but the variety of explanations(and potential solutions) can be overwhelming. At the risk of looking like a cop out, I firmly believe, after thorough research, that there is not a sole guilty side. There are multiple factors that play into this.
Peter Thiel, co-founder of Paypal, is one the most outspoken about the subject. In an interview with Sarah Lacy for Tech Crunch, he expresses that, although not a complete lie, highereducation isn't always as beneficial as our society likes to think. We are taught from a young age that the world will be without worries for those who try hard and graduate from a college or university, and that financial hardships will not even be a notion in our minds. Thiel thinks highereducation can be counterproductive in this aspect and Lacy seems to agree with this. “..the idea that attending Harvard is all about learning? Yeah. No one pays a quarter of a million dollars just to read Chaucer,” says the interviewer.
There's this idea that the more you pay for an education or the more prestigious the institution you attend, the better the job and income you will enjoy in the end. Thiel suggest...
Contrast HigherEducation System
North Dakota State
Comparing and contrasting the highereducation system(Japan Vs. USA).
Have you ever wonder who has the better education system between the United States and Japan ? Well, This essay will announce on how the US is similar to Japan highereducation system. It will also compare and contrast three different areas such as student loans, popular fields of study, ages and of students attending highereducation programs.
Japan's highereducation system is broken into two different bodies limited public that is governed by its national and local governments and a private sector that is market driven. Japan has reformed their student loan system through the Independent Administrative Institution. Because of this reform Japan has two type of student loans. The first class loans have zero rate of interest and are academically selective. The Second class loan are interest baring and are not academically selective as the first class loans. Both types of loans could be used for living and school expenses. The United States has several types of student loans that are very different than Japan's because they help cover the fees and helps need based students gain...
Professor Nycole Rochford
The theme of death can be a challenging topic for some writers to master,
however, two such stories in which the authors were successful is conveying the theme
of death without the story being daunting are, No Country for Old Men (Cormac
McCarthy) and A Good Man Is Hard to Find (Flannery O'Connor) . The two authors
convey death in their stories in similar context that are parallel to each other but also
different as well.
The parallel similarities that in both stories is how death actually occurs in these
two stories. Both McCarthy and O’Connor utilize an antagonist who is a type of the story
in which they take the lives of every day human beings that cross the paths of these
almost devilish killers. Anton Chugarh, in No Country for Old Men, is hit man hired to
find a package of money that was taken at a crime scene and in A Good Man is Hard to
Find, a man who is self-proclaimed as The Misfit, escapes from jail and murders a
family in cold blood only because he was looking for some clothes to wear. In these
stories, both of the antagonists seem to have an internal struggle with their murderous
hobby, but only for one bat of an eye lash.
Anton Chugarh has two moments in No Country for Old Men where he appears
to be questioning his morals and his belief of “fate.” The first moment is...
College Level in Korea & Nepal
By Yam Bahadur Khatri
Academic Ph.D. Dissertation Programme Division
Department of the EnglishEducation & Literature of Liberal Arts Sejong University, Seoul, South Korea
QUESTIONNAIRE FOR TEACHERS
This questionnaire is a part of my research study entitled "EnglishEducation at the College Level in Korea, & Nepal" under the supervision of Professor Dr. Kim Sun Bok, Department of EnglishEducation, Faculty of Education, ... ... ... .University, Nepal/Korea. The major objectives of this study are to find out the techniques adopted by English teacher while Research on EnglishEducation at the College Level, to experience the opinion of the teachers towards the TEL and to suggest some feedback implication.
Your cooperation in completing the questionnaire will be of great value to me. Please feel free to put your responses required in questionnaire. I assure you that the response you make will have no harmful effects but useful, and carry out valuable meaning to you as well as others.
Yam Bahadur Khatri
Teachers' Name : Date :
Name of School : Gender:
Number of Students:
Questionnaire for ELT Teachers