The American education system requires that students complete 12 years of primary and secondary education prior to attending university or college. Although admission policies vary from one university to the next, most determine admission based on several criteria, including a student's high school course of study, high school Grade Point Average (GPA), participation in extracurricular activities, SAT or ACT exam scores, a written essay, and possibly a personal interview. University students pursuing a Bachelor's degree are called "undergraduates," whereas students pursuing a Master's or Doctoral degree are called "graduate students." American undergraduate students will say they are "going to school" or "going to college," which means they are attending university. A common question one student asks another is, "What is your major?" This means, "What is your major field of study?" Most universities give undergraduate students a liberal education, which means students are required to take courses across several disciplines before they specialize in a major field of study. Graduate and professional (such as medicine or law) programs are specialized. At the university level, most courses are only one semester long. Each course is assigned a number of credit hours. Credit hours are usually based on how much time is spent in class each week. Most courses are 3 credits. However, some courses may be 1, 2, 4 or 5 credits. All degree programs require students to complete a minimum number of credit hours before graduation. Most Bachelor's degree programs in the United States do not require students to write a final thesis. Selection for admission to a graduate program is based on several criteria. These include completion of a Bachelor's degree, the student's undergraduate coursework, and their GPA. Students are also expected to write an essay as part of their application or submit a writing sample. Most Master's programs require students to have a minimum score on the Graduate Record Examination (GRE), which tests verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, critical thinking, and analytical writing skills. Students continue to take courses at the graduate level. A final thesis is required for most Master's programs. Doctoral students take courses until they have earned enough credit hours to attempt their qualifying examinations, which are usually taken over several days and often include both a written and oral component. After doctoral students pass their qualifying exams, they are advanced to candidacy and can begin writing their dissertation. Before the degree is given, the completed dissertation must be orally defended before the candidate's faculty committee. Because degree requirements can be very complex and vary from one university and department to another, all students should check with their university and department advisors to make sure they are meeting their educational requirements. U.S. Higher Education System
American Institutions of Higher Education | Accreditation | The Credit System | The Grading System
AMERICAN INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION
While characterized by great diversity, American institutions of higher education are classified in general as follows:
A. UNDERGRADUATE STUDY
Community and Junior Colleges: provide a two-year course beyond high school or secondary school. Courses are either “Terminal”, leading to employment, or “Academic”, preparing the student for transfer to a four-year college or university where he/she will complete his/her education. Graduates of junior colleges are usually awarded an Associate in Arts (A.A.) or Associate in Sciences (A.S.) degree.
A Technical Institute: offers a two- or three-year course of training for a semi-professional occupation, such as that of a dental, engineering or medical technician.
Terminal Occupational Education: offers one to three years of study beyond secondary level intended to prepare the student for immediate...
...Essay #1: Education
When it comes to education, many people automatically have a negative reaction; especially when discussing the United States’ educational system. Whether it is grade school or a higher education, most people would agree that something needs to be changed. However, finding the specific “what” that should be changed in the educationsystem is hard, because it’s failure is a combination of many things, rather than one direct problem. As citizens, we know that flaws are expected in any sort of process/system and the educationsystem, being so vast, is bound to have many issues in its own. Authors and scholars from around the world, such as Jonathan Kozol, David Orr, Sir Ken Robinson and many others, help present these flaws to the public through intense persuasive and informational writing/speaking. Data shows that the United States has been and continues to fall behind other countries like Finland, Hong Kong, Canada, Japan, and Korea in typical testing of subjects like mathematics, science, and reading (Husén 455). Standards of education are varying from country to country and this is a direct reflection of differing goals per country on national scale, in terms of education. The United States has seemingly lower overall standards of education, as well as various and less...
2 December 2013
A Problem in the AmericanEducationSystem
In 2010, only 34.8% of all 67,924 college students graduated in four years in California. After high school, many students look towards the future. Whether going into the military, starting work, or beginning life as a college student students make their own choice. College students, however face many struggles through their times in college which leads them to quitting and just abandon their life as a student at a college. College dropouts are a problem in the Americaneducationsystem. This problem will have dire effects on those dropouts as well as other aspects such as financial and health problems. Many factors ultimately push the students off their path to a bachelor’s degree and end their dreams of ever becoming a doctor or maybe even a businessman. Along with those causes, there are serious consequences for those college dropouts.
One effect that happens when a college student drops out of school would be that a huge debt must be paid back and since they dropped out it turn to be a wasted investment. Students looking to go to college, then dropout have no answer to pay the money back which they were hoping to find a career with a college degree they wanted. Students often put a lot of money into college, thus putting them into debt. When the payments are finally too high...
...Patriotism in the AmericanEducationSystem
The debate regarding the education of our children has been going on since the institutionalization of education and will continue as long as we are a liberal democracy full of free thinking citizens. People will always have an opinion and we will, most likely, never be able to please every single person. William Galston and Robert Fullinwider are in full support of teaching a version of history that promotes patriotism and inspires those learning of it to feel a sense of pride and a duty to, in a sense, carry on the mission of the American heroes that have come before us and done great things in terms of the progress for our country. Harry Brighouse is quite different than Galston and Fullinwider in that he believes that by keeping the full truth, gruesome or not, from those that are being educated that we are doing a great disservice to them. I tend to side with Galston and Fullinwider with the feeling that our history needs to be taught in an inspiring sort of way. What benefit do we truly gain by teaching young Americans that yes, in fact, Martin Luther King, Jr. was a great American whose work during the Civil Rights Movement was essential to where we have progressed to as a society today, but he was also an adulterer and plagiarist? By revealing the holes in an American hero’s character we are...
Chinese educationsystem and the Americaneducationsystem
The differences between the Chinese education and the Americaneducation are more obvious in people’s mind, not only to the international students, but also to the native students and some people who study on this. As more and more Chinese students come to America to have bettereducation, we should think about why the Americaneducationsystem is better and how could we change our system to have a new educationsystem in China. These differences have some deeply reason, like the American is the nation which loves freedom. It took long time to make such a big difference between the two educationsystems, and we need longer time to change it. An undeniable fact is that American high level educationsystem is great, it has more freedom, let students make their own choice by themselves, the grade is not everything, students don’t have to study just for the grade, and in Americaneducation, they emphasize use their own skill which they have learned to solve the problem, not only use the way which the teacher told you. In one word, the education...
The American Criminal Court System
June 7, 2014
Some say that crime is increasing, while others argue that crime is decreasing, in any event, it is not stopping and the Criminal Court System plays a crucial part in ensuring the safety of the American people and the communities they live in. The purpose of this paper is to examine and evaluate the development of the different court systems, their purpose and how they interact with each other to keep law and order in America today. This is an explanation of how the early legal codes, common laws, precedents, rules of jurisdiction and interpretation of the law impact the courts of today. In addition, this article will explain the dual court system and what role it plays in today’s criminal court system. Finally, a review of the new concepts in technology and how those concepts will assist in criminal investigations, court proceedings, the apprehension of criminals, as well as the assistance in freeing the thousands of innocent people incarcerated in our prisons today. Finally, an examination of how these new technologies will free the court systems from the overwhelming workloads they face today, so as the court becomes more productive in protecting the public, as well as helping to resolve the challenges the system has faced for...
...The AmericanEducationSystem; Cause for Rebellion
Nov. 29, 1996
If America's Schools are to meet the needs of the twenty first century,
they must be reinvented. It is not enough to try to fix the schools; they must
be reconstructed in both fundamental and radical ways. The school system must
be restructured. The future of the American public school system is
because the maintenance of an informed and productive citizenry is
vital to the future of this country. Historically Americans have strongly
asserted the importance of public schools in a democracy and despite growing
disdain for the perceived value of the school system, public schools remain
central to democracy in the United States.
For more than a century, America's public schools have been an
indispensable source of the country's strength. Public education has allowed
citizens to become productive members of society by providing them with the
skills and knowledge necessary for the labor force. Schools prepare students to
be literate, informed and reasoning citizens. According to Philip Schlechty,
author of Schools for the twenty-first century, "Public schools are the ties
that bind this pluralistic society into a nation. Our Nation's thirty-sixth
president, Lyndon B. Johnson, also believed that there is no institution more...
...SEKE DISTRICT EDUCATION
FORM ONE PLACE SYSTEM
Student no MIG008
Supervised by: Mr Mataga
This project documentation is submitted in partial fulfilment for the requirement of the Diploma in Management Information Systems
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Harare metropolitan province is under ministry of primary and secondary education which specialises in educating every child in Zimbabwe without considering race and or disability. The ministry is currently using a traditional way of enrolling form one pupils. This system is creating unnecessary increase in parent’s expenditure. Parents have to travel from one school to the other searching for form one places for their children.
Most of the schools even charge a non refundable 20dollars as entrance test fee per child. The ministry is now going through a phase of change from the above mentioned old system to the new system. The system will improve the current working conditions, increase efficiency and convenience and also lessen the tiresome of hoping from school to school in search for form one places. The new system will record all the boarding and day form one places for all schools in the Harare metropolitan province, name of the schools, fees to be paid, locality, subjects being offered, school facilities being offered, school structure and...
...The AmericanEducationSystem provides an equal opportunity for all children in the United States to get a quality education. Although it is not completely uniform across the country, with every state making its own guidelines, everyone is still presented with a chance to attend a public school from kindergarten through twelfth grade. This enables all children with an education to advance further in life. For giving everyone that opportunity this system should be praised, but in the system it also has many flaws. The lack of proper funding for schools, retirement of many quality teachers, and the rise of Internet schools to name a few. But in the upcoming paragraphs I will focus mainly of the over emphasis on testing and how it affects the schools. Too much testing, and putting too much value into the tests has created a problem in which many teachers now strictly teach to the materials on the test, creating better scores, but decreasing overall knowledge.
Compared with many foreign countries, we perform worse on many subjects on the tests. This is for a number of reasons. One reason is that in some other countries, only the smarter children pass on from grade to grade. So for example in twelfth grade in one country, o
Also we separate our children into different levels of classes, this hurts the test scores as well because some students do not receive the same quality...