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The Algebra of Infinite Justice
by Arundhati Roy
The Progressive magazine, December 2001
It must be hard for ordinary Americans, so recently bereaved, to look up at the world with their eyes full of tears and encounter what might appear to them to be indifference. It isn't indifference. It's just augury. An absence of surprise. The tired wisdom of knowing that what goes around eventually comes around. The American people ought to know that it is not them, but their government's policies, that are so hated. Bush's almost god-like mission- called Operation Infinite Justice until it was pointed out that this could be seen as an insult to Muslims, who believe that only Allah can mete out infinite justice, and was renamed Operation Enduring Freedom- requires some small clarifications. For example, Infinite Justice/Enduring Freedom for whom? In 1996, Madeleine Albright, then the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, was asked on national television what she felt about the fact that 500,000 Iraqi children had died as a result of economic sanctions the U.S. insisted upon. She replied that it was "a very hard choice," but that all things considered, "we think the price is worth it." Albright never lost her job for saying this. She continued to travel the world representing the views and aspirations of the U.S. government. More pertinently, the sanctions against Iraq remain in place. Children continue to die. So here we have it. The equivocating distinction between civilization and savagery, between the "massacre of innocent people" or, if you like, the "clash of civilizations" and "collateral damage." The sophistry and fastidious algebra of Infinite Justice. How many dead Iraqis will it take to make the world a better place? How many dead Afghans for every dead American? How many dead children for every dead man? How many dead mujahedeen for each dead investment banker? The American people may be a little fuzzy about where exactly Afghanistan is (we hear reports that there's a run on maps of the country), but the U.S. government and Afghanistan are old friends. In 1979, after the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the CIA and Pakistan's ISI (Inter-Services Intelligence) launched the CIA's largest covert operation since the Vietnam War. Their purpose was to harness the energy of Afghan resistance and expand it into a holy war, an Islamic jihad, which would turn Muslim countries within the Soviet Union against the communist regime and eventually destabilize it. When it began, it was meant to be the Soviet Union's Vietnam. It turned out to be much more than that. Over the years, through the ISI, the CIA funded and recruited tens of thousands of radical majahedeen from forty Islamic countries as soldiers for America's proxy war. The rank and file of the mujahedeen were unaware that their jihad was actually being fought on behalf of Uncle Sam. In 1989, after being bloodied by ten years of relentless conflict, the Russians withdrew, leaving behind a civilization reduced to rubble. Civil War in Afghanistan raged on. The jihad spread to Chechnya, Kosovo, and eventually to Kashmir. The CIA continued to pour in money and military equipment, but the overhead had become immense, and more money was needed. The mujahedeen ordered farmers to plant opium as a "revolutionary tax." Under the protection of the ISI, hundreds of heroin processing laboratories were set up across Afghanistan. Within two years of the CIA's arrival, the Pakistan/Afghanistan borderland had become the biggest producer of heroin in the world, and the single biggest source on American streets. The annual profits, said to be between $100 and $200 billion, were ploughed back into training and arming militants. In 1996, the Taliban-then a marginal sect of dangerous, hard-line fundamentalists-fought its way to power in Afghanistan. It was funded by the ISI, that old cohort of the CIA, and supported by many political parties in Pakistan. The Taliban unleashed a regime of...
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...Cami Petrides
Mrs. Babich
Algebra Period 4
April 1, 2014
Extra Credit Project
12. When you flip a light switch, the light seems to come on almost immediately, giving the impression that the electrons in the wiring move very rapidly.
Part A: In reality, the individual electrons in a wire move very slowly through wires. A typical speed for an electron in a battery circuit is 5.0x10 to the -4th meters per second. How long does it take an electron moving at that speed to travel a wire 1.0 centimeter, or 1.0x10 to the -2nd?
Part B: Electrons move quickly through wires, but electric energy does. It moves at almost the speed of light, 3.0x10 to the 8th meters per second. How long would it take to travel 1.0 centimeters at the speed of light?
Part C: Electrons in an ordinary flashlight can travel a total distance of only several centimeters .suppose the distance an electron can travel in a flashlight circuit is 15 centimeters, or 1.5x10 to the -1st meter. The circumference of the earth is about 4.0x10 to the 7th meters. How many trips around the earth could a pulse of electric energy make at the speed of light in the same time an electron could travel through 15 centimeters of a battery circuit in 5.0x10 to the -4th meters per second?
For part A, the first step is to put (5.0) to the 10th to the -4th. The numerator would be (0.00050) if someone were trying to put 5.0x10 to the -4th in the form it’s supposed to be in. For the second scientific...
...Name/Student Number:
Algebra 2 Final Exam
Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Simplify the trigonometric expression.
1.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Answer B
In, is a right angle. Find the remaining sides and angles. Round your answers to the nearest tenth.
2.
a = 3, c = 19
a.
= 9.1°, = 80.9°, b = 18.8
c.
= 14.5°, = 75.5°, b = 18.8
b.
= 80.9°, = 9.1°, b = 18.8
d.
= 75.5°, = 14.5°, b = 18.8
Answer A
3.
What is the simplified form of sin(x + p)?
a.
cos x
b.
sin x
c.
–sin x
d.
–cos x
Answer C
Rewrite the expression as a trigonometric function of a single angle measure.
4.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Answer A
Short Answer
5.
Consider the sequence 1,,,,, ...
a.
Describe the pattern formed in the sequence.
b.
Find the next three terms.
6.
Consider the sequence 16, –8, 4, –2, 1, ...
a.
Describe the pattern formed in the sequence.
b.
Find the next three terms.
7.
Consider the graph of the cosine function shown below.
a. Find the period and amplitude of the cosine function.
b. At what values of for do the maximum value(s), minimum values(s), and zeros occur?
Verify the identity. Justify each step.
8.
sinΘ/cosΘ+cosΘ/sinΘ
sin^20+cos^2Θ/sinΘcosΘ
1/sinΘcosΘ
9.
Verify the identity...
...Computer assignment
Name :-
Zain ul abidin
M.C.Qs
1) What’s your age?
2) What’s your highest qualification?
3) Favorite color
MINIATURE DEVICES
What are miniature storage devices?
ANSWER
Definition:
A miniature mobile storage device is a device that allows users to transport digital images, documents or music files to and from computers and other devices.
Examples:
Examples of miniature storage devices include:
Compact flash,
Smart Media
Secure digital
Micro drive
Capacity:
Many types of miniature storage devices are available, with capacities ranging from
16MB to 4GB.
Size:
Most of the devices are no bigger than post age stamp.
Storage devices:
DEVICE NAME
STORAGE CAPACITY
TYPE
Compact Flash
32MB to 4GB
Flash memory card
Smart Media
32MB to 128MB
Flash memory card
Secure Digital
16MB to 1GB
Flash memory card
xD Picture Card
64MB to 512MB
Flash memory card
Memory stick
128MB to 1GB
Flash memory card
Micro drive
1GB to 4GB
Magnetic media
USB Flash Drive
Upto 2GB
Flash memory card
Important points:
These miniature, rewritable media are usually in the form of flash memory cards
Miniature devices are also called as Solid – State Devices.
They are entirely of electronics and...
...Algebra is a way of working with numbers and signs to answer a mathematical problem (a question using numbers)
As a single word, "algebra" can mean[1]:
* Use of letters and symbols to represent values and their relations, especially for solving equations. This is also called "Elementary algebra". Historically, this was the meaning in pure mathematics too, like seen in "fundamental theorem of algebra", but not now.
* In modern pure mathematics,
* a major branch of mathematics which studies relations and operations. It's sometimes called abstract algebra, or "modern algebra" to distinguish it from elementary algebra.
* a mathematical structure as a "linear" ring, is also called "algebra," or sometimes "algebra over a field", to distinguish it from its generalizations.
A variable is a letter or symbol that takes place of a number in Algebra. Common symbols used are a, x, y, θ, and λ. The letters x and y are commonly used, but remember that any other symbols would work just as well.
Variables are used in algebra as placeholders for unknown numbers. If you see "3 + x", don't panic! All this means is that we are adding a number who's value we don't yet know.
Term: A term is a number or a variable or the product of a number and a variable(s).
An expression is two or more terms, with operations...
...Animal Kingdom
The animal kingdom is a taxonomic kingdom composed of multicellular, eukaryotic organisms. Mostly, their body structures become fixed as they develop, yet still some organisms in this kingdom have the ability to undergo metamorphosis. The majority of these organisms are motile, which means they can move on their own and with spontaneity. All animals are heterotrophic, which implies that they depend on other organisms for food. Animals live in places that provide their necessities to survive, called habitats. These basic necessities include food, water, protection from the environment, and appropriate space. In accordance with these necessities, there are a number of survival techniques used by organisms in this kingdom. These techniques can fall within the category of adaptations, which help these organisms adapt to various habitats. This kingdom falls in the domain Eukaryota, and there are nearly 40 different phyla that can be classified under the Kingdom Anamalia. Besides that there are 5 other lower levels in which these organisms can be classified, called class, order, family, genus and species. .
Invertebrates
Invertebrates are apart of the Animal Kingdom and are characterized by their inability to possess or develop a vertebral column. In the world of taxonomy, the word invertebrate is merely a convenient term used to help with this characterization. A great majority of the animal kingdom are invertebrates due to the fact that only 4% of animal...
...
Name: _________________________
Score: ______ / ______
Algebra I Quarter 1 Exam
Answer the questions below. Make sure to show your work when applicable.
Solve the absolute value equation. Check your solutions.
| 5x + 13| = –7
5x + 13 = -7
5x = -20
X = -4
Simplify the expression below.
6n2 - 5n2 + 7n2
6 – 5 + 7 = 8
=8n2
The total cost for 8 bracelets, including shipping was $54. The shipping charge was $6. Write an equation that models the cost of each bracelet.
8 x + 6 = 54 $8.00 each bracelets
The total cost for 8 bracelets, including shipping was $54. The shipping charge was $6. Determine the cost for each bracelet. Show your work
8x+6 =54
8x=54-6
8x = 48
X = 6
Solve the inequality. Show your work.
6y – 8 ≤ 10
5. 6y – 8 ≤ 10
6y ≤ 10 +8
6y ≤ 18
y ≤ 18/6
=y ≤ 3
The figures above are similar. Find the missing length. Show your work.
x = 1.8 in
What is 30% of 70? Show your work.
30 divied by100 = .30
70 times 0.3(30% as a decimal) which will be 21
=21
Simplify the expression below.
-5-8
(16x9)/(21x8)=144/168 divided by 12=12/14=6/7
8. 6/7
Which property is illustrated by 6 x 5 = 5 x 6?
commutative property of multiplication
Evaluate the expression for the given values of the variables. Show your work.
4t + 2u2 – u3; t = 2 and u = 1
4t + 2u2 – u3; t = 2 and u = 1
4 (2) + 2 (1) 2 – (1) 3
8 + 2 – 1 = 1
Solve the...
...
Algebra
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Algebraist" redirects here. For the novel by Iain M. Banks, see The Algebraist.
For beginner's introduction to algebra, see Wikibooks: Algebra.
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The quadratic formula expresses the solution of the degree two equation ax^2 + bx +c=0 in terms of its coefficients a, b, c.
Algebra (from Arabic al-jebr meaning "reunion of broken parts"[1]) is one of the broad parts of mathematics, together with number theory, geometry and analysis. As such, it includes everything from elementary equation solving to the study of abstractions such as groups, rings, and fields. The more basic parts of algebra are called elementary algebra, the more abstract parts are called abstract algebra or modern algebra. Elementary algebra is essential for any study of mathematics, science, or engineering, as well as such applications as medicine and economics. Abstract algebra is a major area in advanced mathematics, studied primarily by professional mathematicians. Much early work in algebra, as the origin of its name suggests, was done in the Near East, by such mathematicians as Omar Khayyam (1050-1123).
Elementary algebra differs from arithmetic in the use of abstractions, such as using letters to stand for numbers that are either unknown or allowed to take on...
...Investigation 2
investigators in action. The ones in the real world do roughly the same work, but they don’t always have dramatic cases to deal with.” This explains the job of a criminal investigator and the job duties will vary depending on what type of crime there is. When it comes to every crime scene, it goes through steps before it is considered solved or unsolved. If it is unsolved, they have tried numerous times to solve the case, but had no leads or no witnesses. The steps are evaluating the case,collecting the evidence,analyzing the forensics, identifying the suspect, if you have a suspect, interrogate him/her, then you bring the case to court for trial and lastly, depending on if the criminal investigators did their job right justice will be served. Most investigators want to put the suspect in jail, but that is not always the case.
I explain the procedures and process of a crime scene investigator because this is what the the show CSI deals with.Though, CSI is not like Law and Order where they interrogate a suspect, go to trial, and show if the suspect goes to jail or not. CSI has added drama and it deals more with investigating the actual crime scene. It is a scripted TV show and you can tell some of the scenes are over dramatic and unrealistic. The episode I watched was when a woman’s throat was slit in a car on the side of the road on a highway. It is about how the team of investigators find out the woman was once a man who underwent a...