Ⅰ.The definition of education
A. Ancient Greeks
The ancient Greeks, during the Golden Age of Athens, gave us great advances in art, literature, and philosophy. Philosophers such as Socrates(470-399 B.C.), Plato(427-347 B.C.), and Aristotle (384-322B.C.)were responsible for advanced thinking that has affected education up to the present time. Advanced thinking for these Greeks meant that they possessed wisdom far beyond what humans had expected before their time. According to Socrates education is to let people think logically; therefore, he used the dialectical method or logic discussion to cause people to think. His goal was to have a more ethical and moral society.
The Roman Empire spread throughout the known world, where it eventually extended a common religion and a common language with the aid of a common political bond. During the first century B.C., Latin grammar schools developed, Emperor Vespasian (A.D.9-79) made the first efforts towards establishing higher education in Rome. By far the most outstanding educator in Roman times was Quintilian (A.D.35-95). He believed that the purpose of education was to uphold and protect society. He also believed that education could improve society .
C. The renaissance (14th -17th century)
A new revolution of thought began during the 14th century. instead of church dominance education turn to focus on humans and what they could do with art, literature, science, education, and other facets of life. That is to say, the bonds that held people to the church were broken in favor of more secular approaches to life. The renaissance gave the world back the freedom of individual though that has been lost before Europe had settled into Middle Ages.
D. The reformation (16th century)
The reformation grew out of a seed planted in the renaissance. It is true that education benefit a lot form reformation. A priest named Martin Luther (1483-1546) insisted that solely through our faith in God could we be saved,; therefore, education at that time was defined as learning to read and interpret the Bible for themselves.
E. The development of science and reason
At that time both Catholics and Protestants advocated a strict and narrow curriculum, mainly consisting if God’s Holy Word. However, Reformers such as Luther could not control all people’s minds; thus, the individual thinking of Luther had opened the door to questioning traditional ways of thinking. Sir Francis Bacon 91561-1626) was able to popularize the scientific method. From his point of view education should process the growth of scientific inquiry as a discipline. As a result, the causes of our most serious diseases, as well as answers to some of the most perplexing problems in our universe have been discovered or are undergoing analysis. Ⅱ.The aim of education
We find that the aim of education in modern China is full of Chinese characteristics. That may have something to do with our historical events, politics, and society. In 1957, Chairman Mao announced that our aim of education is to develop morally, intellectually and physically in order to become an educated laborer with socialism consciousness. What’s more, we also hear that the aim of education in China is to cultivate the builders and successors of socialism careers. The fundamental task of education in China is to train people. The aim of education we talk about here is the overall vision or regulations of quality specifications of the social individuals that the society makes and that are also the overall goal of our education. The socialistic education purposes should follow the theory of Marxism on the comprehensive development, which enables people to achieve a comprehensive and harmonious development in the moral, intellectual, sporting, and aesthetic. To train socialist builders and successors, these two aspects of our education goals close contact with each other, and they are unified, which is...
...Julia Inokhodtseva 06403
Aims of HigherEducation.
All in all, the main purposes of getting highereducation are getting a desirable position, developing personal skills, respect in society and preparation for future life.
1. The major aim of highereducation is getting a good job because it is necessary for a good position and high salary.
a) good position
b) high salary
These examples show that highereducation is significant for employers to offer one a desirable and well-paid position.
2. Secondly, studying in a university is a challenging, life-enhancing experience for two reasons: students gain substantive knowledge and develop personal skills.
a) students gain substantive knowledge
b) students develop personal skills
The evidence suggests that highereducation will help to improve one’s knowledge within a particular field and individual skills as well.
3. Moreover, getting highereducation is essential nowadays, as without it one will not be respected and with it one can assume leadership roles in community.
a) no respect in society
b) assuming leadership roles in community
In brief, it is quite obvious that today people with highereducation gain more respect within society and are able to...
Student number: 20134571
Science 1 in the Early Years
Assessment: Item 1- Views of teaching and promoting science of young learners
The pedagogy of play can be hard to understand and part of the reason for this is it’s so difficult to explain how children learn by play because play isn’t simply; it is complex. Each child begins their early childhood education with a set of skills and prior knowledge that is influenced by their family, culture and past experiences (Fellows &Oakley, 2010). The past knowledge should become the foundation for developing an understanding of scientific concepts (Duschl, Schweingruber & Shouse, 2007). Children are naturally inquisitive, creative and aware of the world around them (Campbell & Jobling, 2012). Play is an important development tool and an effective way to teach children scientific concepts while using their prior knowledge (Preston, Mules, Baker & Frost, 2007). Learning science through play shows children that science is useful and enjoyable and is a significant aspect of the real world (Bulunuz, 2013). This essay will review teaching science through play, theorists who support play and the way in which the Australian curriculum and EYLF support play pedagogy.
Science and Play
Play pedagogy is a context for learning through which children organise and make sense of their social worlds, as they engage actively with people, objects and representations. Research shows...
...The High Price of HigherEducation
In America's society today, students are expected to follow the path of day care, grade school, middle school, high school and hopefully college. Growing up in America today, the importance of education is stressed starting at the earliest stages of development. In a world with a competitive job market and with citizens who want to make the most money that they can, a college education is key in success. For some students, financing college is not a problem. Money should not be a factor in the student's decision-making process when choosing what school to attend, but unfortunately many people are unable to attend the university of their choice due to the high costs. Working through college is not always the best answer because this can have a negative effect on academic performance with the added stress. It is true that financial aid and loans are available, but it is sometimes much harder to take advantage of these than people realize. Although universities offer many forms of aid in paying for college, the continually increasing prices still make it impossible for many people to afford highereducation, and lowering prices would be effective in increasing the amount of people able to obtain a college degree.
In today's society, the average income for middle class families is $49,500 (Preliminary Estimates). This is only a little more than the...
...AIM OF EDUCATION
The main aim of education is the all-round development of a student. Its purpose is to develop a student into a full, whole and integrated person. Thus, the objectives to be achieved through education and training are many and comprehensive. Education helps in achieving and developing skills, abilities, insights and scientific temper. Besides literary and aesthetic appeal ofeducation, there are utilitarian aspects as well and they are equally important. Educationaims at developing and bringing out the best of a student’s inner personality, without neglecting the outer and material aspects. Education also means that students are made capable of standing on their own feet, to earn their bread and butter. An educated person is supposed to face the challenges of life bravely and successfully. No person can be called properly educated if he or she fails in making a meaningful contribution to the society and country.
The purpose of education is to strike a proper balance between inner and outer emotional and practical aspects of one’s personality and life. If it is not done, it will result in an imbalanced development of a personality. It should help in flowering of both the spiritual and physical potentialities. All- round development means the growth and development of mind, spirit and body. All these are...
...AIMS OF EDUCATIONEducation has been conceived so variously in human history, especially in term of its aims. Chopra (2005) defines the term ‘Aims’ as: “Long-term ambitions which may or may not be achieved, but which provide personal motivation and direction” (p.16). Perhaps more than other aspects of human existence, it is education which lends a direction to human efforts through a certain underlying ‘philosophy’: “a set of ideas about the nature of reality and about the meaning of life” (McNergney & Herbert, 1998, p. 130).
However, aims of education depend on the philosophy that prevails at the time of determining the aims of education. Different philosophies hold different views about the aims of education: “Certain philosophies have created narrow patriots. Others have produced cultured individuals. Some others are responsible for bringing up spiritual men and women” (Shahid, 2001, p. 110). In fact, a philosophy or an ideology serves as a back-bone in determining the objectives or end results of an education system.
Western Philosophy and Aims of Education
If we sift the history of education in the West right from the time of Greeks to the present contemporary era we would come across the following major schools of thought influencing...
In the time I have spent in highereducation, I have noticed that educators generally encounter three categories of students. The first category, about 10 percent of the student population will always succeed because they have the attitude that failure is not an option. The second group, another 10 percent of the population, will inevitably fail, lacking the personal motivation and drive necessary to reach educational goals. Approximately 80 percent of students make up category three. A group full of bright minds that could lean toward either success or failure. This group will most significantly be impacted by changes and improvements in education. The differentiating factor in this group is that each student's response to the same question: "Is investing in my education really worth it?"
Some people are deterred from pursuing highereducation because of the price tag attached. Even though student loans are often available, the idea of repaying student loan debt, with high interest rates and low job prospects is a significant roadblock for many. For students with young families or those who have never considered post-secondary education, it is often much more appealing to take a job out of high school and immediately generate income. These are the students who begin to feel that an education is simply not...
September 20, 2012
Yvette DE La Vega
The Importance of a Good Education 1
Today more people are going back to college in order to obtain a degree of some type. More people are looking for careers and are tired of settling for jobs that they do not like just to get a paycheck. Employers are looking for employee with college degrees in order to present their customer with more qulitified people. A college degree is more importance now than it has ever been. More jobs are being sent overseas today making it harder to find a job, so in order to find a job that will give a person the financial stability they need more adult are returning to college to get their degree.
The Importance of a Good Education 2
The importance of a good education, a good education is the most important thing a person could obtain for themselves. Education is important to us in many aspects of life especially when it comes to your need for personal and social advancement. Education is important because it will open so many different...
HigherEducation, or Higher Priced Education?
The Marriam-Webster online dictionary defines highereducation as “education beyond the secondary level; especially : education provided by a college or university.“ It's no secret to modern students that a highereducation is necessary to advance in their professional life. There is always a cost to advancement and that cost can sometimes create a glass ceiling that is difficult for people in certain social strata to break through. The rising cost of highereducation and its requirement for jobs creates a conflict for people in lower economic brackets. While the social value of highereducation is difficult to argue against, the problems associated with affording highereducation are very real social problems that must be considered.
In Western society we have goals we are expected to achieve. At a very early age we begin preparing our children for school. There is no law demanding that children attend a specific school, nor that upon entering adult life they pursue highereducation. Children can be home schooled or attend any school of their parents' choosing. However, having a degree of some kind gives one many advantages in America. One who possesses...