Terrorism in the modern world
In the modern world, when the developments in civilization and culture are on the increase, the suppression of human beings seems a brutal act. Slaughtering of the people was the order of the day in the ages bygone. In the modern world, this act of brutality is never appreciated by any sensible person. Despite great changes in the world, genocide and massacre are in vogue in the various parts of the world. All such killings are called terrorism. The word terrorism stands for an act which makes a man to terrorise, terrify and horrify and put his life to an end for his illegitimate motive. Terrorism in the modern world has been mocking at human freedom for the last two decades. All the measures to eradicate this evil have failed. The drive and cry against terrorism at length became more loud after the incident of 11th September 2001. This mishap of large-scale killings of innocent people startled and shook whole of the world. America declared war against terrorism. Such kind of move should be supported for the protection of decorum of civilization in the world. One would condemn such an act of barbarianism. The affected country and super power America, in order to bring to book her assumed few culprits, ruined whole Afghan land. To target Al-Quaida' and to catch one person Usama Ben Laden, the USA wiped out life from various regions of Afghanistan. The poor Afghan landscape went on echoing with bombing and missile attacks constantly for three months. In the year 2003, the monster of terrorism ate up Iraq. Uncle Sam turned down all kinds of appeal and protest. In the world of politics, the word terrorism has different connotations. The violation of law and demonstration against tyranny is now-a-days called terrorism. It was labeled as rebellion in the past. It is in fact, neither lawlessness nor rebellion or terrorism. One should call it resistance. This is a cry against state terrorism. The ruling elite wants to impose her will on...
Tibet's fight for survival in the modernworld →
Social, cultural and political factors and the move to Tibetan independence:
The push for Tibetan independence was mainly due to the resilience of the Tibetans who never forgot their own identities.
In 2008, soon after China had won to hold the summer olympics the tension in Tibet began to rise as the Chinese began to struggle with the rest of the world. The denial of human rights was so severe in Tibet that a Tibetan could be imprisoned for mentioning “Free Tibet”, mentioning Chinese oppression or the Dalai lama's name.There was no freedom of the press or freedom of speech.
The cultural revolution of Tibet entailed China clamping down on the Tibetan people, and attempting to remove all religion in a communist way. Although Tibet is in fact a autonomous nation, China has distorted the definition of autonomy and still oppresses Tibet, forcing the people to disown their culture.
In 1965 a museum was opened by Mao and the Chinese, deliberately across from the Potala palace (named after the 5th Dalai lama) to confront the people of Tibet and to cease the thought of struggling against the Chinese dictatorship.
The placement of the museum about the 'Tibetan Revolution' aimed to mock the Tibetans and remind them of how the ancient capital, Lhasa would be turned into a showplace of modern socialism.
This museum presented the culture of Tibet in a damning...
...emerged on several fronts. With the abolishment of slavery several decades ago, most countries have come to acknowledge the importance of human rights and equality. In the aftermath of the World Trade Center attacks, however, efforts in this regard have taken a step back. In the altered security landscape of the post 9/11 era, widespread racial profiling has emerged. Nonetheless it presents itself as an ineffective and unnecessary policing instrument, in the ‘War against Terror”, as it undermines civil liberties and alienates minority populations rather than eliminating security threats. Skeptic’s have argued that the environment fostered by such action is the very same in which these terrorists emerge; and as such act as a counter-productive instrument in neutralizing security threats.
Racial profiling has been ineffective or unnecessary in three regards. First, it undermines the civil liberties of individuals being targeted; second, it alienates these people and increases their risk of affirming the ways of terrorists; finally, it fails to reduce security threats by ignoring other potential profiles that are just as likely to engage in terrorist activities. It will be shown that racial profiling, despite the position of critics remains unsuccessful.
Following the attacks on the World Trade Center and the pentagon, scholars and policy makers suggested the racial profiling of Arabs and Muslims as means towards greater national security...
After many long-lasting years in the history of our world, it is difficult to pick a time frame and place from where the modernworld originated. Although there are many important and dramatic events in history, the birth of the modernworld happened in Europe from 1500-1600 AD because of the incredible renaissance, the defying reformation and the courageous age of exploration. All these critical moments in time shaped the world into what it is today.
Merchants trading, Italian bankers sitting on 22222 benches, this was the birth of Contemporary economy. Commerce exploded during the renaissance, wealth was being held by a new level of people. Now that there was money in hands of this new “middle class” the people had new opportunities in life. More and more middle class people had availability to a variety of education and knowledge. Contrary from the middle ages, brawn does not beat knowledge anymore. The more knowledgeable people there were in Europe the more humanity could advance in a whole being individualistic, yet competition always arises in human nature. For the first time in history, this competition drove the creation of new ways of life. All the Italian city-states were competing to be the prettiest and most powerful state in Italy, because of this competition the best architecture, art, astronomy, and anatomy practices came up. Renaissance Europe introduced...
...As we step back in time, we view life in China from 1668-1672. The stories that are shared have been drawn from historical sources and actual accounts of those who lived in T’an-ch’eng and the surrounding area. The vignettes that are captured portray the life of the common man and woman who had no political connections. Their lives were more difficult, because they could not purchase influence and power. These people are the farmers, farm workers, and their wives. Some of the basic life crises are examined such as tax burdens, how does a widow survive and thrive, violence between feuding families, and a woman’s place in society and the consequences of her rebellion. T’an-ch’eng is a small county in northeastern China, in the province of Shantung. During this time, more than its share of catastrophes fell upon the people who lived there. In 1668, there was an earthquake that did great damage and resulted in the loss of 9000 lives. In turn, this had an impact on the region’s ability to pay its taxes to Peking. The people sought relief from the Board of Revenue, but it was eighteen months before any tax relief was granted. The earthquake was followed by a famine. Actually, a series of famines occurred leaving the people hungry and distraught. Bandits closely followed, as the next disaster. Many committed suicide as life held no joy. Taxes were apportioned per county based on taxes for their land and a tax on individual male adults. Since the taxes were high, and the...
...challenges and move into the world. This is shown by a personal battle with their inner self, personal choice leading to a change in their emotions, different people having different ways of adapting to new challenges, individuals trying to shut off the rest of the world and the help of others an individual's attitude will change as they enter the world. This is shown the the novel The story of Tom Brennan by J.C Burke and in the movie Shrek by (director)
An individual's personal battle with their inner self may hold them back as they try to overcome challenges and enter into the world. The author uses flashbacks throughout the novel from Tom's perspective. These are of the night of the accident and show the reader that Tom is affected by the actions of his brother on that night. It also shows that Tom is held back and has a hard time overcoming the challenges that he faces due to these memories. The use of dialogue between Tom and Chrissy is used when Tom opens up about why he doesn't like to visit Fin. This conversation shows the reader that he is finally opening up about his old life that has help him back for so long. By Tom talking about this with Chrissy he has changed his personal choice and decided he doesn't want to be held back by his old life anymore. Once a person gets control of their inner self then they overcome challenges that they face in their new life as they move into the...
...Modernterrorism, as deduced from this literature, is acts to violence strategically used by secular groups spanning international borders with the aim of achieving a desired outcome. Further, it can be seen as organized activity whose genesis can be traced back to the 1880’s. From then to now there are identifiable traits and patterns observed from different (terrorist) groups which have allowed for the conceptualization of the term modernterrorism. This concept therefore, can be best explained in the context of being a wave or having a life cycle. That means it is a cycle of activity demarked by phases from inception and expands along the way then eventually it declines. The world, thus far, has experienced four waves of modernterrorism each following in chronological order with periods of overlapping. The first was the Anarchist wave followed by the Anticolonial, then the New Left and now the Religious wave. This summary will give a brief history of each of the four waves then the similarities and differences would be discussed.
The Anarchist wave which was the birth of international terrorist activity started in Russia. It resonated at the time of revolt against the Czar Alexander II lead government who could not deliver on his promise to provide funds for the serfs to buy land. There were other social and politic issues that left people dissatisfied with the...
1. What major measures can the international community take to prevent terrorism?
The fight against terrorist organizations and terrorism is not just a fight that the United States must face alone. This is evident from the Madrid train bombings, the bombings in London, and the terrorist attacks that Israel seems to face everyday from Hizballah. Terrorism is, in effect, international. All nations have a responsibility to combatterrorism to protect them and to protect other nations as well.
One of the security measures that can be undertaken is that of securing aircraft and airports. Enders and Sandler cite in their book that between 1973 and 2002, there was an average of ten skyjackings per year (Enders, W. & . Sandler, T., 2012). This was a number that is surprising due to the fact that it seems like most weren't reported or very little coverage was given to the incidences. There are new technologies being developed all the time to aid in securing of air travel. There is new technology in the area of explosive detection devices. One such technology is called micro-tagging. During this process, tiny chips of micro-taggants are blended into explosive substances and color-coded to identify the manufacturer and batch of explosives (IME, 2005). This system would also be beneficial in the reconstruction of bomb scenes and used to gain knowledge and prepare for future terrorist acts. Another...
...According to Webster’s dictionary by definition, terrorism is defined as the systematic use of terror especially as a means of coercion or the unlawful use of violence or threats to intimidate for political purpose or ideological reasons. When the word terrorism is mentioned most Americans will reflect to the attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001. Terrorism involves extraordinary violence. It is intended to create massive fear and involves a planned attack for a purpose, often against something or someone. The art of terrorism is meant to have an audience. While terrorism is meant to be an act of violence to bring about change, it is usually not committed by those officially in the government. Usually, terrorist groups have fewer members than expected. They want to be dramatic and attract attention in hopes to gain power and influence because of the act. Terrorism doesn’t just happen. Terrorism is an advanced stage of a failed political process that begins with inequalities and injustices and moves from frustrated attempts at reform that breed fear and anger to political confrontation that erupts in violence. This definition like most others raises more questions than answers. Is airline hijacking or kidnapping violence? Is a government building a non-combatant?
Recently social scientists who want to understand the causes of terrorism have exploited...