Terrorism: Domestic or International Fight?
April 8, 2012
Professor Jennifer Moore
Terrorism: Domestic or International Fight?
Terrorism attacks are nothing new to the world. They have existed since the beginning of civilization, from a random attack of a different kingdom or country to random suicide bombings in the Middle East. A terrorist attack can be viewed from different perspectives, but Americans have changed their view on what a terrorist attack is and have even misconstrued that terrorists are solely Middle Eastern people. Ever since the catastrophic attack on U.S. soil on September 11, 2001, Americans have seen an increase of terrorist attacks targeting U.S. These attacks range from being committed on U.S. soil to foreign lands targeting U.S. troops, but Americans have not been the only targeted group. People often ask themselves questions that leave them wondering of the cause that they are getting attack for or a certain area is targeted for what reasons. Certain areas are targeted though, because of either a certain ethnic group lives there, they are somehow involved in that area or even just because of religious background. Religious conflicts have been occurring in the Middle East for centuries because of the multitude of religious views; there are Jews, Christians, and Muslims, all who worship the same god but extremists believe their ideals are better than others and feel a necessity to take action. Such example was the failed attempt to shoot an Israeli jetliner in Kenya (CNN, 2002). They were probably targeted because of Israel’s connection with the U.S. and accepting assistance from the U.S. There are a variety of terrorist groups, but the prominent one that has targeted Americans since 9/11 has been al-Qaeda. They were linked to the attempt to shoot down the airliner with shoulder-fired missiles. Al-Qaeda has also been linked to multiple terrorist attacks across the globe, attacking any group that supports...
Running Head: TERRORISM: DOMESTIC, INTERNATIONAL, AND CYBER
Terrorism: Domestic, International, and Cyber
Terrorism is one of the most remembered and feared occurrences in the world. Terrorism changes the lives and hearts of everyone that it affects. This paper explores the different types ofterrorism, who commits the acts, how it affects the surrounding world, and what can be done to prevent it. This review of the different types of terrorism focuses primarily on the specific types of terrorism. This paper then tries to relay to the reader the understanding of all types, and the differences between them.
Terrorism: Domestic, International, and Cyber
Terrorism is defined as any action taken to cause fear in order to achieve a social, religious, or political goal. There are different types of terrorism, primarily domestic, international and cyber. Domesticterrorism is when the terrorist is a member of the state of which he or she terrorizes. Internationalterrorism is defined as terrorism done to another country of which is not the terrorist's native...
...DomesticTerrorism in the United States
Thomas A. Salisbury
Survey of Homeland Security and Emergency Management
Professor Erick Stone
January 22, 2012
DomesticTerrorism in the United States
Domesticterrorism is a real threat to this country. This type of attack is nothing new to this country but until the threat of internationalterrorism became prominent, there was not a large focus on domesticterrorism. With a look at history, domestic terrorists are a greater threat to security than international terrorists. Some of these threats are easily preventable and others are more difficult to see coming. The Department of Homeland Security needs to focus on domestic terrorist threats with the same effort as they do for international threats.
The official definition of terrorism according to the Federal Bureau of Investigation is “the unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or
social goals”. (Smith, 1994 p6). This definition guides how the FBI takes defines possible terrorist organizations and takes action against them.
Terrorists may be left or right wing, from any religious background or any race. This is what...
...Terrorism and its Effects on International Relations
Over the years there have been significant changes in how terrorism is carried out. With the changes in how terrorism is carried out there have also been dramatic changes in how countries counter terrorist attacks. The modifications in the way a country counters these terrorist attacks affects international relations of these countries. These issues bring about the question of how have counter terrorism methods affected international relations. To answer this question several things must be addressed which are, methodology, history of terrorism, and a literature review of multiple authors that have discussed this subject.
To evaluate the question, how have counter terrorism methods affected international relations, several variables must be addressed. These variables include; demands made by the terrorist group, the demands made after the attack by the country affected, the country’s enforcement of these demands, and casualties of the attacks. These variables will change the outcome what counter terrorism method will be used and this will in turn affect international relations. For this question three cases will be looked at to show how these variables affect the outcome of this question.
Some words must first be...
...Globalization and InternationalTerrorism
Audrey Kurth Cronin
he coincidence between the evolving changes of globalization, the inherent weaknesses of the Arab region, and the inadequate American response to both ensures that terrorism will continue to be the most serious threat to U.S. and Western interests in the twenty-ªrst century. There has been little creative thinking, however, about how to confront the growing terrorist backlash that has been unleashed. Terrorism is a complicated, eclectic phenomenon, requiring a sophisticated strategy oriented toward inºuencing its means and ends over the long term. Few members of the U.S. policymaking and academic communities, however, have the political capital, intellectual background, or inclination to work together to forge an effective, sustained response. Instead, the tendency has been to fall back on established bureaucratic mind-sets and prevailing theoretical paradigms that have little relevance for the changes in international security that became obvious after the terrorist attacks in New York and Washington on September 11, 2001. The current wave of internationalterrorism, characterized by unpredictable and unprecedented threats from nonstate actors, not only is a reaction to globalization but is facilitated by it; the U.S. response to this reality has been reactive and anachronistic. The combined focus of the...
...has nothing to do with Religion. Much has been said about Palestinian terrorism being a result of Islamist radicalism involving the creation of a unified Muslim state in the Middle East. Equally prevalent in this discussion is the Israeli use of terrorism in the name of Zionist movement. Religion has been the guise for the justification of this “rational” terrorism, when in fact there is nothing rational about it. In this context, rationalterrorism is defined as violence against civilians as a clear means to an end. The religion is distorted, sold to the world as sympathetic propaganda to mask the politically motivated terrorism it really is. The use of terrorism by Israel and Palestine is falsely ascribed a rational religious context. When examined closely, the use of terrorism can only be defended rationally through a political context, finding that a religious justification proves irrational and antithetic.
This disillusionment of rational religious terrorism in this conflict must begin with an expanded discussion of rational versus irrational terrorism. As previously stated, rational terrorism involves using violence against civilians as a clear means to an end. Irrational terrorism is the use of violence against civilians for no clear end. Irrational terrorism can include violence for the sake of...
...Relate InternationalTerrorism with Ethno-National Identity Problem
What is the root cause of terrorism? What drives a terrorist group to commit acts of violence? Is it the environment they are born in to or is it a trait that is developed over time as a result of their upbringing? The term ethno-nationalism can be defined as “the combination of both ethnic and national identities in some way for a political purpose, usually to infer superiority over some other group or groups”. This identity is what brings a terrorist group together and serves to invigorate their extremist actions. Through an ethno-nationalism identity terrorists are able to not only empower their case of taking on the identity of “freedom fighters” but also to recruit and retain supporters willing to join their cause. Across the globe the ethno-nationalism identity problem is responsible for the dilemma of internationalterrorism.
Terrorism can be defined as the systematic use of terror, especially as a means of coercion. It is an act intended to cause fear perpetrated in the name of some type of political, ideological, or religious goal and is not concerned with the safety of civilians. Terrorist acts throughout the centuries have been performed with the goal of spreading a system of belief, viewpoint or opinion. Internationalterrorism is evident in almost every nation at one point in...
Ryan M. Faught
Arkansas Tech University
Terrorism has been a major topic of research for many years. We’ve learned a lot about terrorism and terrorist groups, but there are still major questions to be answered. What exactly is a terrorist? What causes ordinary people to become terrorists? What attracts people to terrorism? How do terrorist groups in the Middle East recruit and radicalize people from all over the world? In this paper I will discuss these questions and more according to the knowledge I’ve gained from reading these five research papers.
Terrorism is the use, or threat, of action which is violent, damaging or disrupting and is intended to influence the government or intimidate the public and is for the purpose of advancing a political, religious or ideological cause (De Zulueta, 2006). This or any definition of terrorism is still subjective depending on the “terrorist” and the situation. For instance, most Americans don’t consider the founding fathers as terrorists, but freedom fighters. In the same way, radical Muslims may look at al Qaeda as freedom fighters, although most of the world would view them as terrorists. The deciding factor that separates freedom fighters from terrorists appears to be the intentional murder of innocent people. Terrorist groups, such as al Qaeda are well known for such murders. Rather than merely fighting for freedom, they wish to create a...
DomesticTerrorism Term Paper
What are some of the arguments for or against the use of the internet as an intelligence-gathering tool?
The internet is serving as virtual meeting for billions of users. The intelligence-gathering is leveraging the internet using hard data for online links. The social networking sites are the main complementary link to any information. The social networking sites provide the most important information for communication with anyone and joining different groups. It can identify terror-threats and incipient plots. The internet can provide quantum and quality of information by any member of the group. The internet penetration of digital trails is very much difficult to learn. The concept of encryption is most famous on the Internet and is found useful in the intelligence gathering tool. Every datum can be encrypted and protected.
1. Do you think law enforcement agencies should place undercover agents in suspected domestic terrorist organizations? Explain in detail why or why not.
From the report of national survey, the threat of terrorism can be perceived by the agencies and they can identify the counterterrorism. The agencies help to develop program to counter the threat. Target-hardening, command and control, provide medical services, local security and damage mitigation are the most provided...