“Most Muslims are not fundamentalists, and more fundamentalists are not terrorists, but more present day terrorists are Muslims and proudly identify themselves as such.” writes Bernard Lewis in ‘The Crisis of Islam’. But Dr. Martin Luther King logically said, “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.” Terrorism has no absolute and globally accepted definition and its interpretation can easily be used or abused to suite particular needs. The adage that “one man’s terrorist is another’s freedom fighter” reveals the wide range of variations in its interpretation but, if simply stated, terror is extreme or intense fear. It is a psychological state, which combines the physical and mental efforts to create dread and insecurity. GLOBALLY ACCEPTED DEFINITIONS:
“Acts committed with the aim of seriously intimidating a population, forcing a government or international organization to abstain from performing any act, or seriously destabilizing or destroying the fundamental political, constitutional, economic or social structures of a country or an international organization.” “Any action constitutes terrorism if it is intended to cause death or serious bodily harm to civilians with the purpose of intimidating a population or compelling a government or an international organization to do or abstain from doing any act.” State Terrorism to counter terrorism:
when the whole world is in the cruel jaws of it, this reality cannot be curtailed through the more terrorism by the state ; as many countries of the present world are trying to do it in this way. The obvious examples of Kashmir and Palestine speak horrors of inhuman acts. The relative term ‘one man’s terrorist is another man’s freedom fighter’ is also fully involved here. The freedom movements ofPalestinians, Kashmiris and the Chechens have been branded through the Western media as terrorist movements. In order to counter terrorism countries are unilaterally adopting the same attitude (definition), which the US has set for them – pose the opposition as terrorists in front of the world and attack them unilaterally. Israel as well as India’s state-terrorism falls in this scenario. As in the current imbroglio of Middle East Crisis, Israel’s unilateral attack over Lebanon – just to search its two beloved and loyal soldiers – has further deteriorated the situation. Interior Motives Of US War On Terrorism:
If we take a look of Political disputes like Iraq, Afganistan, the Interior motives of war on terrorism are: To get hold of natural resources of Muslim countries, either by the policy of friendship or confrontation. To malign Muslim freedom struggles like movements going on such as in Kashmir, Chechnya, Palestine. To damage the ideologies of Islam specially Jihad to project Islam as a religion of intolerance. The fear factor is that Islam still is spreading in the West at a faster pace, 4500 embraced Islam after 9/11. To stop the rise of orthodox Muslim governments. They are doing it in the name of democracy. They are changing the elected governments. e.g. Iran’s government, is being isolated by imposing sanctions. They are there to protect monarchies in Gulf States and a Military rule in Pakistan. To ensure a greater Israel on Arab Land for the satisfaction of American jewfish lobby. To spread its own culture. If a nation dies it’s a national death but if a nation dies of cultural death, it’s all over. The United States is permeated its culture in the countries on the name of terrorism. As in Iraq, they made dance clubs in the Green Zone. The uniform of new force of Iraq i.e. identical as it matched with USA. To check the nuclear technology of the Muslim countries like Iran and Pakistan.
Cause of terrorism in Pakistan:
The sectarian anti-Shiite militant groups like the Sipah-i-Sahaba Pakistan were preaching hatred against the Shiite Muslims and employing some terrorist activities. The extremist sectarian intolerance came to Pakistan only after the 1979...
...Terrorism in Pakistan; Causes, Effects, Solutions
Once a convicted "terrorist", Nelson Mandela, wrote in his autobiography: "the hard facts were that 50 years of non-violence had brought (my) people nothing but more repressive legislation, and fewer rights".
If the world leaders do not believe that global fairness, peace and human dignity is in the best interest of the global community, then our fate may indeed be akin to the vision of Shelley's
And each dweller, panic-stricken,
Felt his heart with terror sicken....
Terrorism- either by the state or by the non state actors, is the cruelest of crimes which kills less criminals but more innocent citizens. Terrorism has no absolute and globally accepted definition. If simply stated, terror is extreme or intense fear. It is a psychological state, which combines the physical and mental efforts to create dread and insecurity.
Globally Accepted Definition:
Acts committed with the aim of seriously intimidating a population, forcing a government or international organization to abstain from performing any act, or seriously destabilizing or destroying the fundamental political, constitutional, economic or social structures of country or an international organization.
State Terrorism to counter terrorism:
When the whole world is in the cruel jaws of it, this reality cannot be curtailed through the more terrorism...
...Terrorism in Pakistan
The term "terrorism" comes from French terrorisme, from Latin: 'terror', "great fear", "dread", related to the Latin verb terrere, "to frighten". Though terrorism has no accepted definition, yet it can be defined as the use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aim or the calculated use of violence or threat of violence against civilians in order to attain goals that are political or religious or ideological in nature, this is done through intimidation or coercion or inciting fear. According to FBI’s definition, Terrorism is the unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objective. As is known, for centuries, various acts of terrorism have been carried out in different parts of the world by different groups
for a variety of purposes. Sometimes a communist organization, sometimes a fascist group, and sometimes radical and separatist factions assume responsibility for these
acts. The nature of terrorism changes with changing world conditions and increases its impact and power with the new means made possible by developing technology. Terrorism is the cruelest of crimes. The universal revulsion at the events of September 2001, the "War on Terror" has magnified many...
...Terrorism in PakistanTerrorism in Pakistan has become a major and highly destructive phenomenon in recent years. The annual death toll from terrorist attacks has risen from 164 in 2003 to 3318 in 2009, with a total of 35,000 Pakistanis killed as of 2010. According to the government of Pakistan, the direct and indirect economic costs of terrorism from 2000-2010 total $68 billion. President Asif Ali Zardari, along with former President ex-Pakistan Army head Pervez Musharraf, have admitted that terrorist outfits were "deliberately created and nurtured" by past governments "as a policy to achieve some short-term tactical objectives". The trend began with Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq's controversial "Islamization" policies of the 1980s, under which conflicts were started against non-Muslim countries. Zia's tenure as president saw Pakistan's involvement in the Soviet-Afghan War, which led to a greater influx of ideologically driven Afghan Arabs to the tribal areas and increased availability of guns such as the AK-47 and drugs from the Golden Crescent. The state and its Inter-Services Intelligence, in alliance with the CIA, encouraged the "mujahideen" to fight a proxy war against the Soviet Union. Most of the mujahideen were never disarmed after the war and some of these groups were later activated at the behest of the state in the form of the Lashkar-e-Taiba, the Harkat-ul-Mujahideen...
...War on Terror and its economic effects on Pakistan
Ever since the catastrophic attacks on the Twin Towers in the United States of America on 11th September, 2001, the lives of millions have changed. The entire world has been in a state of chaos. United States of America initiated the War on Terror, involving several other countries. This has spread like plague all over the globe. This epidemic is the root cause of all the prevalent problems at this point in time i.e. political crisis, economic turmoil, social issues, health crisis, etc. Pakistan has been in the centre of all these issues and has suffered the most due to this insurgency. Not only has this resulted in loss of lives, but has negatively impacted the already crippled economy of Pakistan. This war on terror has greatly changed and shaped the relations between USA and Pakistan for the better or for worse.
Terrorism is viewed by some as a form of war, without the rules of conventional conflict. Terrorism, which has existed for decades, is a means of making a government or group aware of the desire that they have to change something by creating intimidation, devastation and fear. Many countries in today’s world are targets of terrorist attacks and have the put the lives of many at stake. There has been a growing concern and fear among...
...PA K IS TA N
TER R O R IS M
Various acts of terrorism have been carried out
in different parts of the world by different
for a variety of purposes. The nature of
terrorism changes with changing world
conditions and increases its impact and power
with the new
means made possible by developing technology
But Fact Remains That
TERRORISM IS THE CRUELEST OF
R etrospective V iew
The growing of “non-state” terror is
an old phenomenon lately
International terrorism became a
prominent tool of political agenda in
the late 1960
It was applied by Palestinians for the
attainment of their legitimate
It is adopted as a “weapon of the
R etrospective V iew
Bombing of Afghanistan is not a revenge for New
York and Washington. It is an act of terror
against the people of the world.
The US is pursuing its War on Terror without
addressing its root causes which are social,
economic and political in nature and not military.
US invasion of Afghanistan in 2001, forced AlQaeda and Afghan Taliban sought refuge in
Pakistani tribal belt due to the porous nature of
the international border and started organizing
their resistance to US forces in Afghanistan from
R etrospective V iew
Socio-economic and politico-religious
complexion of the tribal region also
favored these militants.
Many criminal groups also started...
...When analyzing the world's current situation concerning terrorism, it is difficult to say whether the global war on terrorism has been a successful one. Since the September 11, 2001 attack on the World Trade Centers in New York City, George Bush, former president of the United States, vowed to defeat terrorism. Eight years later, this promise has yet to be fulfilled, and even with the help of many countries globally, the threat ofterrorism is still evident more then ever, which questions whether the global war on terror is succeeding. Moreover, to entirely grasp the subject, one must be familiar with the definition of terrorism and it can be defined as an act of violence or threatened violence intended to spread panic in a society, and to bring about political change. Terrorists do not necessarily live in their native states, they also migrate to neighboring countries, and countries abroad and often go undetected. The logistics and man power it takes to combat terrorism is immense, and it seems more evident that the global war on terrorism is not succeeding due to essentially three factors. First, that The United States has created a terrorist haven in the Middle East. Second, international support for the global war on terrorism is decreasing. Third, terrorism has been on the constant increase since September 11, 2001.
On March 19, 2003, former...
...Terrorism is the systematic use of terror, often violent, especially as a means of coercion. In the international community, however, terrorism has no legally binding, criminal law definition. Common definitions of terrorism refer only to those violent acts which are intended to create fear (terror), are perpetrated for a religious, political or, ideological goal; and deliberately target or disregard the safety of non-combatants (civilians). Some definitions now include acts of unlawful violence and war. The use of similar tactics by criminal organizations for protection rackets or to enforce a code of silence is usually not labeled terrorism though these same actions may be labeled terrorism when done by a politically motivated group. Perhaps, it is less oppressive in itself than through the effects of the precautions taken to protect its likely victims.
Terrorism has been practiced by a broad array of political organizations for furthering their objectives. It has been practiced by both right-wing and left-wing political parties, nationalistic groups, religious groups, revolutionaries, and ruling governments. An abiding characteristic is the indiscriminate use of violence against noncombatants for the purpose of gaining publicity for a group, cause, or individual. The symbolism of terrorism can leverage human fear to help achieve these goals. ...
...Terrorism in PakistanTerrorism in Pakistan has become a major and highly destructive phenomenon in recent years. The annual death toll from terrorist attacks has risen from 164 in 2003 to 3318 in 2009, with a total of 35,000 Pakistanis killed between September 11, 2001 and May 2011. According to the government of Pakistan, the direct and indirect economic costs of terrorism from 2000-2010 total $68 billion. President Asif Ali Zardari, along with former President ex-Pakistan Army head Pervez Musharraf, have admitted that terrorist outfits were "deliberately created and nurtured" by past governments "as a policy to achieve some short-term tactical objectives" The trend began with Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq's controversial "Islamization" policies of the 1980s, under which conflicts were started against soviet involvement in Afghanistan. Zia's tenure as president saw Pakistan's involvement in the Soviet-Afghan War, which led to a greater influx of ideologically driven Muslims (mujahideen) to the tribal areas and increased availability of guns such as the AK-47 and drugs from the Golden Crescent.
The state and its Inter-Services Intelligence, in alliance with the CIA, encouraged the "mujahideen" to fight a proxy war against Soviet forces present in Afghanistan. Most of the mujahideen were never disarmed after the war ended in Afghanistan and some of these...