During a catastrophic, historic event, people often try to find meaning behind it and look towards their own faith for unanswered questions. Bruce Lincoln’s book “Holy Terrors” shows amidst a horrific catastrophe where that line of politics and religion can be drawn between parties, and how one’s interpretation of events can be skewed when maximalist religion begins to overpower politics. Jerry Falwell, a Catholic maximalist states about the September 11th attacks,
“I really believe that the pagans, and the abortionists, and the feminists, and the gays and the lesbians who are actively trying to make that an alternative lifestyle, the ACLU, People for the American Way, all of them who have tried to secularize America. I point the finger in their face and say: ‘you helped this happen. This could be if we all fast and pray this could be god's call to revival. ’”
Falwell’s Maximalist religious views caused him to find meaning behind these attacks, fueled by the religious beliefs he stood behind, and blamed those who “sinned” against God as the cause of the attacks of September 11th, 2001 at the Pentagon and the World Trade Centers. He claimed that God had lifted his “veil of protection” and that the planes crashing into the World Trade Center buildings were what the bible calls a time for ‘religious revival’ and God was allowing these atrocities to happen to prove a point. Lincoln, shows that Falwell was in fact not the only religious maximalist speaking out for answers and blame, but the political leaders President George W. Bush of the U.S and al-Qaeda’s Islamic leader Osama Bin Laden prove that there was more than politics and government law behind the “political” war following the aftermath of September 11th, and that even before the attack, Maximalist religion was used as an excuse for terror and destruction and although more subtle and less militant, Bush was equally Maximalist.
Lincoln begins by explaining the differences between his views on...
...Elements of Religion
April 17, 2013
Elements of ReligionReligion is a way of life for much of mankind, and though all religions are not the same, do all religions do the same thing? Can religion be considered as a way to unite mankind, or viewed as a way to segregate them. Lines are drawn by religions even though many look to religion as a way of life. To join again is the linguistic meaning of the word religion. To search or find the divine or sacred is what drives mankind to follow religion in all its shapes and forms. From Christianity to Buddhism, to indigenous religions such as the Native Americans, or Igbo tribes of Africa, while studying religion what components will be deemed critical to the composition of a religion, and what issues will be faced while studying what a religion does, and how. What are some of the ways a religion will honor the sacred, to include different rights of passage in a religion. (Malloy, 2010)
The basic concepts of religion seem to bind most religions together. There are eight all together, the belief system, community, central myths, ritual, ethics, characteristic emotional experiences, material expressions, and sacredness. When humans are raised...
Rev. Ronald Daye
Week Three Questions 1-5
1. What is the significance of the so –called “we passages” in the second part of Acts?
The most significance features of Acts are the parts of it that were written in the first-person. These are the so called "we passages." On the face of them, the author seems to be claiming to have been a part of the story. In other words, the author of Acts appears to be claiming to have been at times a companion of Paul.
2. In what ways does the designation “disputed or undisputed”, affect how one reads the New Testament letters? Does “authenticity” affect the importance power of these texts as “scripture” in the Christian faith? Does the designation affect the role of certain texts as historical evidence in the historian’ task?
Some ways disputed or undisputed how someone reads the New Testament letters are they cannot be proven to us, you have to only believe. The authenticity affect of the scriptures makes you wonder did someone really write the letters and could they be true to what has been written by the authors of the letters. Yes, the designation can affect the roles of texts from historian’s point of view.
3. How do scholars proceed with reconstructing the conversational exchange between Paul and the churches in Corinth? What is the role of Chloe’s people? How do letters play a part? How do we know (what is the evidence for these letters and their...
...“Religions have developed systems of beliefs to respond to the big questions in life.”
The Protestant Christian Tradition has a set of rituals and beliefs that set the foundation for their faith. The acceptance in a triune God, that is; God as three persons that are collectively one, God; the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, is a fundamental part in the Protestant Christian Traditions understanding of the Characteristics of God. His nature is also understood as being transcendent –existing out of space and time, and immanent – being present within space and time. God’s image is present in humanity and thus these beliefs in God and his character enable us to get a clear understanding of our purpose in life, and the responsibility we hold as result of our personal relationship with God.
In the Protestant Christian Tradition, God is understood as having a transcendent aspect within his nature, that is; God is wholly other in the sense that he is unlike his creation and stands above and beyond the fallen created order as one who is perfectly holy. God the creator, is portrayed as being above and beyond his creation “ For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities--all things have been created through Him and for Him (Colossians 1:16). God’s transcendence separates him from his creation in the sense of separating himself from the sin that is present in the...
...Religion and Violence
What is religion? Religion is the belief in a god or in a group of gods, or an organized system of beliefs, ceremonies, and rules used to worship a god or a group of gods, or it can be an interest, a belief, or an activity that is very important to a person or group. How does religion and violence coexist and why are they connected together? Since September 11th, 2001, the United States and possibly the world have put these two categories together. For some of the hard-core people in the world, like Chris Kyle, they say “God, Country, Family.” These words could be used in almost any country when it comes to war and/or violence. Kyle was a highly decorated Navy Seal sniper; he served in four tours to Iraq. In his book American Sniper (2012), Kyle says, “My shots saved several Americans, whose lives were clearly worth more than that woman’s twisted soul. I can stand before God with a clear conscience about doing my job.” Myself included, I have seen and done thing in the heart of battle that would make the normal civilian person say, what the heck! These people that Kyle had to kill posed threats to his fellow comrades. But does religion make violence okay to commit? First, lets look at what George W. Bush and Osama bin Laden both said after the September 11, 2001 attacks.
According to Osama bin Laden, “Fight in the path of Allah, you are not charged with the responsibility except...
...‘And this is the instruction-the laws and the rules-that the lord your god has commanded (me) to impart to you, to be observed in the land which you are about to cross into and occupy… hear O Israel!
The lord is our god, the lord alone, you shall love the lord your god with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might. Take to heart theses instructions with which I charge you this day’.
In Jewish law, sex is not considered shameful, sinful or obscene. Sex is not thought of as a necessary evil for the sole purpose of procreation. Although sexual desire comes from the yetzer ra (the evil impulse), it is no more evil than hunger or thirst, which also come from the yetzer ra Like hunger, thirst or other basic instincts, sexual desire must be controlled and channeled, satisfied at the proper time, place and manner. When sexual desire is satisfies between a husband and wife at the proper time, out of mutual love and desire. Sex is a mitzvah (Ex21:10) and is an act of holiness.
The requirements of marriage before sex ensures that sense commitment and responsibility. Jewish law also forbids sexual contact short of intercourse outside of the context of marriage, recognizing that such contact will inevitably led to intercourse. Jewish law says that man commits himself to three major obligations in marriage. He owes his wife food, clothing and sex. Since martial relations are a mitzvah, Jewish law also details the frequency of sex in marriage, based on the...
...THIS IS OUR WAR!
“We must not harbour any doubts, it is Pakistan’s war”, says Gen. Kayani
It is our history that whenever is finally united on something, a propaganda is produced to create confusion. Ever since the restoration of democratic system in Pakistan, a debate has been started on the topic that “Is war on terror our war or not?” The whole nation was supporting the Pakistan army until our beloved political parties like Pakistan Muslim League (N), Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf, Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F) and Jamaat-e-Islami decided to come up with mix-up statements like “This is America’s war” or “We were forced into joining this war”. These parties act like the political wing of Tehreek-e-Taliban and are constantly trying to manipulate the minds of people by forcing them to believe that if Pakistan stops supporting USA and NATO Forces in this war against terror, the lives of the innocent Pakistani people will be saved and there will be no more bombings and killings in the country. If people really believe that this is not our war and peace will find its way back into the country once we withdraw from it then they are the biggest fools.
Patricia Briggs said in Dragon Bones, “Stupidity will kill you more surely than your opponent's blade”
I am afraid the future of this nation won’t be pretty until and unless our people learn to difference between right and wrong. Our people need to understand that by disowning the war against terrorism not...
...War on terror refers to the ongoing military campaign led by U.S and U.K against organizations identified as terrorists. Terrorism can be defined as an unlawful violence or war deliberately targeted to civilians. It can also be defined as a systematic use of terror to coerce or violent acts intended to create fear. This threat is normally perpetrated for religious, political or ideological goals. The conflict as also called by other names. They include World War III, The Long War, War on Terrorism, Bush’s War on Terror, The Global War of Terror and War on Al-Qaeda, (Coaty, 2010).
Terrorism became popular in 1996 when Al- Qaeda network was formed by the late Osama Bin Laden. The network was formed by the World Islamic Front for Jihad against Jews and their Crusaders. They declared war on the West and Israel. Immediately after its formation, there were bombings in U.S embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998. Osama then plotted for the 2000 millennium attacks. There was an attempt to bomb Los Angeles International Airport but it was stopped. In October 2000, USS Cole bombing occurred. This was immediately followed by the renowned September 11 2001 terror attack. This marked the genesis of war on terror.
The essay explores on the topic understanding the war on terror by Patrick Coaty. This is done by an elaborate discussion on the measures of preventing...
Religion and Terrorists
I didn't know the word “terrorist” until September 11th in 2001. That day is the day when people all over the world couldn't believe their eyes. Who had ever seen the moment when two airplanes crashed into the towers? It was the very shocking moment. I just came home from school and turned on TV, and then all the channels were filled up with the emergency news of that unexpected incident. Even though I was only nine years old on that time, I was old enough to understand how unusual it was and how terrible it was. I’m not sure whether the world has been going to a right direction or a wrong direction since then, but I’m sure the world has changed greatly since then. I haven’t had any week that I didn't hear the word “terrorist” since 9/11; without fail, something about terror is happing right now somewhere in the world, so I think that everybody cannot ignore this issue, and that everybody is related to this issue in some way.
Yet the incident was big enough to be spread all over the world at once, not many people see it by an outsider’s view. People, especially American, tend to condemn it only as the tragedy brought by the terrorists, like saying, “we are the victims of the tragedy, they are the terrorists who killed our family.” Yes, I think it is hard for them to think about it as an outsider because they were actually involved in that tragedy. In fact, about 3000 people died in the attack. But...