REDISCOVERING TEACHER’S ROLE IN ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION
This article aims to highlight the crucial and challenging role that teachers have in entrepreneurship education. We will introduce a piece of data gathered during a project “Measurement Tool for Entrepreneurship Education”. A group of teachers (n 29) in 2008 were asked to describe their aims and results concerning entrepreneurship education. The results indicate teachers were familiar with entrepreneurship education, but, there is a remarkable lack of cohesion in definitions of basic concepts and, most of all, in between the aims and results. Moreover, when describing the aims of entrepreneurship education teachers “out source” themselves but describe the aims for the pupils / students. We argue, since the learner centred education has been in focus during the last decades, teachers’ role in education might have been neglected and hence we could “rediscover” teachers’ role again. In order to develop this point of view in research and in implications for practice we would like to stress 1) the development of teachers’ learning in terms of their reflection, 2) developing practical tools for their self reflection, 3) realizing changes of education, like curricula reforms, from the point of view of teachers’ learning and 4) realizing the links between aims and results in the context of entrepreneurship education. Key words: entrepreneurship education, teacher’s learning, teacher’s reflection
The strategy of the European Union highlights the importance of the development of entrepreneurial culture by fostering the right mindset, entrepreneurship skills and awareness of career opportunities (Commission of the European Communities 2006). Finland in particular has extensively promoted entrepreneurship education mainstreaming at all education levels. This process has been supported administratively. For example, The Ministry of Education 1
announced an initiative entitled The Clarification and the Action Program of Entrepreneurship Education in 2004. The cross-curricular themes represent central emphasis of the educational and teaching work and the educational challenges of the time are met through them (The Finnish National Board of Education 2004). In line, In Finland entrepreneurship education has long been included in the national core curriculum and the latest curricula reforms at all education levels point out the development of entrepreneurship education. The entrepreneurship education theme is called “Participatory citizenship and entrepreneurship”. The National Core Curriculum is the basis which the local and regional education providers follow but they may put own emphasis in their curricula. (Finnish National Board of Education 2004) However, there is a long distance from the international and national policy making level to the future realization of outcome of entrepreneurship. A journey consisting two different processes: first, from the goal setting in education system, starting from the EU strategies and national curricula, to the altered daily teaching work of all teachers, and secondly, from the teaching to the altered behaviour of the students in the years to come. These processes are illustrated in the following picture.
Picture 1: Teacher executing the aims of entrepreneurship education.
Nevertheless, teachers have at times had difficulties in identifying contents and means by which to respond to challenges posed by entrepreneurship education
(Seikkula-Leino 2006; 2007, Fiet 2000a; 2000b). We propose a view that teachers are in a crossroads of several transformation processes embedded in entrepreneurial education. Teachers are living through the overall aims of entrepreneurship education into increased...
Date: November 20, 2014
Assignment no: 4
The role of education in Standard of living
It has always been the common expression in my family how important education in human life, whether in achieving your personal dream or building a good future. Education provides not only knowledge to the person but it also cultivates the person´s ability through learning experience. In addition to education offers opportunity of achieving good life to those citizens (like for example women and person with physical or mental disabilities) who are denied to have access in well –being elements like education, health, mobility and political participation. It also assists the person to create a better understanding and a good perspective of what life is about and what matters the most.
Education important role is not only in improving the quality of people´s life and their community but it also serve as a powerful key in eliminating gender inequality and reducing poverty. In this paper I will examine how education can help to improve the standard of living of an individual by giving an example based on my family experience. Then, I will discuss in what ways education can help to eliminate gender inequality and reduce poverty rate.
In Philippines most of the people believe that education is the key of...
...Student number: 201324544
Module: Educational studies 1B
The role of critical thinking in education
This essay talks about the importance and the role of critical thinking in the education context. Many people believe that only intelligent people have critical thinking skills, which is not true. This essay will look at the importance of critical thinking in the classroom context as well as in the South African education as a whole. It will firstly discuss the link between critical thinking and education as well as their interconnection. Furthermore it will discuss in detail the success of combining them in a classroom context. The society is what it is today because of the decisions that the society participants make depending on their level of power and authority, that also requires thinking. Critical thinking is not only important in the education context but it is the most important tool when it comes to shaping the society and addressing the imbalances in it. Shaping the society begins with having a distinguished body of knowledge, in other words education is another tool to dress the social ills but it cannot do that on its own and that is where critical thinking comes in. Without critical thinking the education that is being given to learners would be pointless because without critical thinking skills they will not be able to use it in anyway...
...made to the education system due to the demands of a fast changing and increasingly competitive global economy. The need to provide quality education that maximizes the potential of every child and raise standards of pupil performance has increased the demand for education assistants and broadened the range of responsibilities they perform. In the past, an education assistant’s role involved preparing materials for the classroom, childcare and pastoral care. However in today’s teaching environment, an education assistant is also required to support students with special needs, implement lesson plans, assess pupil progress, manage challenging behaviours and much more. It is important to note that many of these challenging responsibilities vary and would depend on the requirements of individual schools and classes. Accordingly, Kay (2005) states that an education assistant can only be successful in their role if they understand and clarify their individual responsibilities as they move from class to class. The essay discusses the importance of the role of an education assistant and the challenges they face. It also explores the skills they require to not only problem solve issues faced in the position but to achieve success in their roles.
Education assistants play an important role in...
Student number: 20134571
Science 1 in the Early Years
Assessment: Item 1- Views of teaching and promoting science of young learners
The pedagogy of play can be hard to understand and part of the reason for this is it’s so difficult to explain how children learn by play because play isn’t simply; it is complex. Each child begins their early childhood education with a set of skills and prior knowledge that is influenced by their family, culture and past experiences (Fellows &Oakley, 2010). The past knowledge should become the foundation for developing an understanding of scientific concepts (Duschl, Schweingruber & Shouse, 2007). Children are naturally inquisitive, creative and aware of the world around them (Campbell & Jobling, 2012). Play is an important development tool and an effective way to teach children scientific concepts while using their prior knowledge (Preston, Mules, Baker & Frost, 2007). Learning science through play shows children that science is useful and enjoyable and is a significant aspect of the real world (Bulunuz, 2013). This essay will review teaching science through play, theorists who support play and the way in which the Australian curriculum and EYLF support play pedagogy.
Science and Play
Play pedagogy is a context for learning through which children organise and make sense of their social worlds, as they engage actively with people, objects and representations. Research shows...
...THE ROLE OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN INDIA’S
FUTURE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
The progress of Indian economic development from 1947 to the present
provides further evidence that individuals do respond to incentives in their pursuit
of self-survival and accumulation of wealth. Further, the nature of this response
depends on the economic climate, particularly the role of the government. India’s
economy struggled as long as it was based in a system of government regulation
with little interaction with economic forces outside the country. The economic
reforms of the early 1990s set the stage for substantial improvements in the Indian
economy. As was stated earlier, India’s economy grew at an average of 6.3 per
cent from 1992-1993 to 2000-2001 (Acharya, 2001). Further, its rate of inflation
and fiscal deficit both decreased substantially (Bhalla, 2000). Improved exchange
rate management led to improved financing of the current account deficit and
higher foreign exchange reserves. Finally, India’s GDP and per capita income both
increased substantially from 1990-1991 to 1998-1999.
India can do more, however, to further advance its economic development.
Indeed, one of the more recent microeconomic approaches to economic growth is
the promotion of entrepreneurial activities. Entrepreneurial efforts have been found
to generate a wide range of economic benefits, including new businesses, new
jobs, innovative products and...
...EntrepreneurshipEducation in Bangladesh: A Study Based on Program Inputs
M Tahlil Azim* and Mohammad Muzahid Akbar**
ENTREPRENEURSHIPEDUCATION IN BANGLADESH: A STUDY BASED ON PROGRAM INPUTS
The study attempts to conduct an input-based evaluation of the Entrepreneurship Development courses offered at BBA and MBA level in different public and private universities in Bangladesh. It has used primary data collected through a survey by using a structured questionnaire prepared based on an EntrepreneurshipEducation Model proposed by Azim (2007). It is observed that the entrepreneurship courses in different universities in Bangladesh as a whole operates with medium level of effectiveness.
Thus, ‘entrepreneurship’ is widely recognized as a critical factor in economic development. Schumpeter viewed entrepreneurship as the major conducive factor to economic growth (Schumpeter, 1934). McClelland treated entrepreneurship as the causal factor of development (McClelland, 1961). Cole and Cochran also emphasized the critical role of entrepreneurship in economic growth (Kilby, 1971). In describing the significance of entrepreneurs in the process of development of a country, Maslow (1968), a Psychologist known for his epoch-making theory of human needs, points out, “The most valuable...
Entrepreneurship is the attempt to create value through recognition of business opportunity, the management of risk taking appropriate to the opportunity and through the communicative and management skills to mobilize human financial and material resources necessary to bring a project to fruition.
According to A. H. Cole, "Entrepreneurship is activity of an individual, undertaken to initiate, maintain or aggrandize profit by production or distribution of economic goods and services."
According to Schumpeter, "Entrepreneurship is based on purposeful and systemic innovation. It included not only the independent businessman but also company directors and managers who actually carry out innovative functions".
Need For Entrepreneurship Development:
Economic development essentially means a process of upward change whereby the real per capita income of a country increases over a period of time. Entrepreneurship has an important role to play in the development of a country. It is one of the most important inputs in economic development.
The economic history of the presently advanced countries like USA, Russia and Japan supports the fact that economic development is the outcome for which entrepreneurship is an inevitable cause. The crucial and significant role played by the entrepreneurs in the economic development of advanced...
...differently, more appropriately, more adventurously. They have “carried out new combinations”. They are entrepreneurs” – Joseph Schumpeter (Lumsdaine and Binks, 2007). Entrepreneurship is a procedure through which individuals identify opportunities (problems that need to be solved or unmet needs) in the market place, allocate resources, initiate change by being innovative and creative and create value through solutions. One of the Factors of Production to produce goods or services is Enterprise with Land, Labour and Capital; an entrepreneur combines all other factors of production by enterprise, which is actually problem solving, risk taking and creativity, to come up with innovative products or services. “Innovation is the ability to see change as an opportunity - not a threat”. (Steve Jobs,2010). It is not necessary that Innovation is something completely new which is stated as ‘Discrete Change’ by Joseph Schumpeter, it can also be a ‘Gradual Change’, that is a product or service which is better than what was there before (Lumsdaine and Binks, 2007). It can be called a process by which an Idea or invention is translated into a product or service for which people will pay and perceive it as being new. Entrepreneurship is incomplete without Innovation as Steve Jobs said, “Innovation is the specific instrument of entrepreneurship. The act that endows resources with a new capacity to create wealth.”. (Steve Jobs,2010). Economic...