PEOPLE in ORGANISATIONS
Assignment Topic 2010/11
“To what extent is Taylor’stheory of scientificmanagement still useful for managers today?”
Word limit: 1,500 words (10% variation either way accepted)
Submission deadline: Monday 13th December 2010 before 10am
• Please submit your assignment in person in hard-copy (do not email your assignment) to the post-box in P28, the Undergraduate Enquiries office, on the ground floor of the Aberconway Building.
• Please number your pages and complete the front-sheet overleaf and attach to the front of your assignment.
• Your assignment must be bound securely, either by stapling the pages together or by placing in a secure plastic folder. Please do not place loose pages in a plastic wallet because they can easily get separated.
• The lecture on 16th November will explain more about the format and referencing required for the assignment.
• A ‘drop-in’ assignment advice session on 30th November is available if you have any brief queries you wanted to ask the lecturer (Note: this is not a lecture and is not compulsory).
• The final tutorial (weeks commencing 15th Nov and 22nd Nov) will cover two aspects relevant for your assignment:
(a) What makes a ‘good’ and a ‘bad’ assignment?
(b) How do I cite references in my assignment?
• You can also ask...
...1) How and why are Taylor’s ideas still useful today?
Frederick W. Taylor is known as “The Father of ScientificManagement” and his philosophy of management lies in the scientific approach to decision making, which means that it is based on proven fact /experimentation, research/ rather than on tradition, guesswork, rule of thumb or precedent. (Taylor, 1911/1967)
In my opinion, what makes Frederick W.Taylor’s ideas relevant even nowadays, is the fundamental principle to secure maximum prosperity for the employer, coupled with maximum prosperity for each employee. (Taylor, 1911/1967) Regardless of era or century, this is a condition that will make everybody happy when exercised properly. Deriving from this fundamental perception, Taylor’s ideas and techniques made him one of the most influential management thinkers of the twentieth century, and with respect to standardization of work, time and motion studies, goal setting, money as a motivator, rest pauses, scientific selection and management’s responsibility for training his ideas were generally accepted and exercised in modern management as well.
Time and motion study and standardization are widely in use now. Time and motion study suggests breaking down the work task in order to determine the best way to carry them out, while standardized tools and procedures ensure greater...
...Frederick W. Taylor’sscientificmanagementtheory has been used to solve it and even gain more benefit. It is the intention of this literature review essay to define scientificmanagementtheory. Secondly, it is the intention of this essay to discuss how Taylor’s system used during the industrial revolution. Thirdly, it is the intention of this literature to review the reasons why scientificmanagementtheory gained importance in the first place. Fourthly, it is the intention of this literature to learn how scientificmanagement which effect organization, use in modern day.
Firstly, it is the intention of this review essay to define scientificmanagementtheory which is given by Frederick W. Taylor. Generally, scientificmanagement is distinctively scientific, which aims to correlate and systematize all the best of modern developments in factory, and to push development further by developing a “science” for each element of a worker’s job, scientifically selecting workers, scientifically training and developing workers. Nyland (1996) gave that “ Scientificmanagement is a system devised by industrial engineers for the purpose of serving the common interests of employers, workmen and...
...ScientificManagement- Fredrick Winslow Taylor
ScientificManagement is a managementtheory that analyzes work flow to improve economic efficiency, mostly labour productivity, also referred to as Taylorism.
Some major components of scientificmanagement include analysis, synthesis, logic, rationality, empiricism, work ethic, elimination of waste, and standardized best practices, These combined components focus on the efficiency of the worker, not on behavioural qualities.
Taylor was not the only person who developed the scientificmanagementtheory. (Boundless, 2014) While taylor was conducting his studies, Frank and Lillian Gilbreth completed their own work in motion studies. The Gilbreth’s based the analysis of work motions, such as filming the details of a worker’s activities and recording the time taken to complete the activities. The videos helped to emphasize areas for improvement in work, and also to help train workers to perform their best.
The scientific method allowed the Gilbreth’s to build upon their best elements of the workflow and create a standardized practice to further build on. To implement new work methods, time and motion studies were used together to achieve rational and reasonable results in finding the beat practice.
Taylor’s and the Gilbreth’s work are...
Management Studies I
29 October 2014
ScientificManagement and the
“Illustrating your analysis with examples, including those from the course syllabus,
examples raised in the seminar discussions, and your own private research, discuss
the influence of the theory of ScientificManagement in the design of the modern
organisation, making reference to both its strengths and weaknesses in relation to its
impact on organisational design.”
Ana Isabel Narciso da Silva
1 | Page
Ana Silva, 13001764
Management Studies I
29 October 2014
The foundation of Taylor’s principles are as applicable today as they were almost a
century ago, although the methods he recommended for applying the principles have
been improved to a large magnitude.
Opening with an introduction to Taylor’s principles of scientificmanagement, the
usefulness of his principles for managing modern organisations will be explored and
concluding remarks to support the thesis will be presented.
An Introduction to Taylor’s Principles of ScientificManagement
Foreign Trade University
7th April, 2013
Scientificmanagement (also called Taylorism or the Taylor system) is a theory of management that analyzes and synthesizes workflows, improving labor productivity. The core ideas of the theory were developed by Frederick Winslow Taylor in the 1880s and 1890s. Frederick Taylor believed that decisions based upon tradition and rules of thumb should be replaced by precise procedures developed after careful study of an individual at work. Its application is contingent on a high level of managerial control over employee work practices. A central part of the study of organization and management is the development of management thinking and what might be termed managementtheory. The application of theory brings about change in actual behavior. Managers reading the work of leading writers on the subject might see in their ideas and conclusions a message about how they should behave. This will affect their attitudes towards management practice. The study of managementtheory is important for the following reasons:
It helps to view the interrelationships between the developments of theory, behavior in organizations and management practice. An understanding of the...
...THE EVOLUTION OF MANAGEMENT
For thousands of years, managers faced the same issues and problems confronting executives today. Around 1100 B.C., the Chinese practiced the four management functions—planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. Between 400 B.C. and 350 B.C., the Greeks recognized management as a separate art and advocated a scientific approach to work. The Romans decentralized the management of their vast empire before the birth of Christ. During the Medieval Period, the Venetians standardized production through building warehouses and using an inventory system to monitor the contents.
But throughout history, most managers operated strictly on a trial-and-error basis. Communication and transportation constraints hindered the growth of earlier businesses. Improvements in management techniques did not improve performance. However, the Industrial Revolution changed that. As companies grew and became more complex, minor improvements in management tactics produced impressive increases in production quantity and quality.
The evolution of management thought is divided into two major sections: classical approaches and contemporary approaches. All the approaches attempted to explain the real issues that the managers are facing and provide them with tools to solve future problems.
This lesson might be more appropriately called “The Revolutions of...
...Evolution of management thought Introduction:
Modern managers use many of the practices, principal, and techniques developed from earlier concepts and experience.
In 1975, Raymond E. Miles wrote Theories of Management: Implications for organizational behavior and development. In it, he evaluated management includes classical, human relations, and human resources management.
__The development ofmanagement thought has been evaluated in nature under the following four parts:
1. Pre-ScientificManagement Era (before 1880)
2. Classical management Era (1880-1930)
3. Neo-classical Management Era (1930-1950)
4. Modern Management era(1950-on word)
Classical Management: includes
1. ScientificManagement School
2. Administration Management school
3. Bureaucracy Management.
Neo- classical Management: includes
1. Human relation school
2. Behavioral Management School
Modern Management: includes
1. Social system school
2. Decision theory school
3. Quantitative Management school
4. System Management school
5. Contingency Management school.
Bureaucracy Management: Max Weber known as father of...