While the civil war was in Afghanistan, the Taliban was grouping in Pakistan.
They were small religious schools for orphans and refugee children.
With the influence from Mullah Omar, the schools got bigger until they were a political force.
The Taliban started to take control of Afghanistan.
September 1996, they came to power and renamed it to Islamic Ermiate of Afghanistan.
At first the people liked the Taliban, they told them that they would bring back culture the Soviets threatened to take away.
The Taliban was extremely strict about the Islamic laws.
They forbid music, kites, clapping at sports, or any cultural expression.
Women had no rights.
Men had to have long beards and had to wear turbans.
Punishment was cutting off arms if accused of stealing, beatings, and public executions at sporting events.
Human rights no longer existed.
Taliban supported terrorist training camps (Al Qaeda) to set up in Afghanistan.
Before the Taliban Afghanistan was torn because of the Civil War and the Soviet war.
The Taliban gained control in the mid 1990s
Taliban wanted Afghanistan to be a total Islamic state.
"The Taliban enforced strict adherence to their interpretation of Islamic laws. These laws included restrictions on most modern forms of entertainment. They also included personal restrictions on dress and grooming. For example, the Taliban forced men to wear beards and women to wear veils. Those who violated the Taliban's law were punished."
The Taliban began in 1994. They used Islamic children from Pakistan as their forces.
"The group sought to end the lawlessness and suffering that had resulted from years of civil war in Afghanistan."
The Taliban captured Afghanistan's second largest city, Kandahar, in 1994. In January 1995, the Taliban captured the province of Ghazni, northeast...
By Ahmed Rashid
Ahmed Rashid's Taliban was the best book on the history and ideology of the Taliban when it was first published in 2000. It still is. In three sections that read easily and fluidly, Rashid oulines the ideological and historical origins of the Taliban, the Taliban's interpretation of Islam, and the Taliban and Afghanistan's place in "the new great game," a competition between regional and western powers for that region of the world.
In 2000, the Taliban was still a relatively mysterious militia that had managed to take over most of Afghanistan in 1996. The Taliban ended a four-year civil war that had shredded the country even more than the Soviet occupation of 1979-1989. The Taliban applied the most extremist interpretation ofSharia law through edicts, prohibitions and repression that stunned the world. Only three countries recognized the new regime: Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, each of which had funded and armed the mysterious, turbaned bands of "Talibs" (the word means student in Arabic, as talibs were students of Pakistan's madrassas). Few western reporters ventured into Taliban territory.
Among them was John Burns of The New York Times, who won a Pulitzer Prize in 1997 "for his courageous and insightful coverage of the harrowing regime imposed on Afghanistan by the...
In one of the harshest countries in the world, both socially and geographically, a notorious regime emerged to fill the leadership void left by years of war. At first, they were greeted as bringers of hope to a hopeless society, but soon after brought oppression and fear to all. The Taliban, or “students,” were only brought to the attention of most westerners after the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. However, they have a much deeper history rooted as far back as the Soviet Union’s invasion and occupation of the region. In order to comprehend the rise, fall and re-emergence of the Taliban, three men must be mentioned: Mohammad Omar, Ahmad Shah Massoud, and the most famous terrorist alive, Osama bin Laden.
During the last days of the Afghanistan Soviet Union conflict, it was apparent that the less equipped and heavily disadvantaged Mujahedeen, or freedom fighter, were going to be victorious. This was due mainly to the convert help that they were given by the United Stated of America in the form of money and arms. One anonymous prayer leader became a legend on the battlefield for his bravery and tenacity against his Russian foes. Mohammad Omar or Mullah Omar, left his madrassa, took up arms, declared Jihad on the invading Soviet Union, and even lost his right eye in a legendary battle with the Soviets. Also, there were many volunteers from all over the Islamic world arriving in Pakistan to join the Mujahedeen in their...
...AFGHANISTAN-TALIBAN AND THEIR DOWNFALL
5. Geo-Strategic Importance of Afghanistan. Afghanistan is Central Asia’s land locked country, spread over an area of 253, 861 miles. Bordered on the North by the Republics of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, North-East by the Chinese province of Sinkiang, on the South-East by Pakistan, and on the West by Iran. Afghanistan’s geopolitical importance has been that of a buffer state first between the Tsarist Russian and the British Indian Empires and later between the Soviet Union and the American allies. In addition to it’s close proximity to the oil rich Persian Gulf and the erstwhile Soviet Union’ soft under belly added to its geopolitical significance. Though landlocked, Afghanistan’s Southern most tip is a mere 350 miles from the Arabian Sea, thus providing an anchor for any potent force heading towards the warm waters of the Arabian Sea.
6. Sociological Features of Afghanistan. The inhabitants of Afghanistan mostly are Muslims. 80% of population belongs to Sunni Sect, 18% are Shias, and 2% are of Ismaili Sect. It seems that religion is the real force in Afghan’s life, permeating complete social structure.
7. Ethnic Division. Afghanistan is one of the poorest countries in the world, ranking 170th out of 174 in UNDP’s Human Development Index. The ethnic division of Afghanistan is as under:-
a. Pashtuns 51%
b. Tajiks 27%
c. Hazaras 7.5%
d. Uzbeks 7.5%
e. Other 7%
...Taliban Regime Vs the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
Afghanistan is a mountainous land-locked country, which is one of the central Asian countries. In addition, it is an Islamic country that Islam religion has played a significant role in governing it. In Afghanistan Many governments had been changed in past several decades. For instance, the Kingdom of Amanullah Khan, the Kingdom of Mohammad Nadir Shah, Mohammad Zahir Shah, The Communist Regimes, the Islamic State of Afghanistan, Taliban Regime, Interim Government, Transitional Government, and the Islamic Republic Governments. As most of us agree that the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan changed very much in contrast to passed governments, especially Taliban Regime. This piece of writing concentrates on similarities and differences of Taliban Regime and the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. The similarities are fewer among the mentioned governments; however, the differences between them are several. First the similarities will be discussed; secondly the differences will be pointed.
The first similarity between these two governments is that in Taliban Regime laws and regulations of Islam was implemented and maintained in according with Sharia’s laws. It always tried to carry on the Islamic laws on people and disputes. There were three types of courts such as, Primary Court, Appealing Court, and Supreme Court. In a similar way, the Islamic Republic of...
The US Department of State has never labelled or listed the Taliban in its foreign terrorist
Organization list. In this paper, I will show that the Taliban is a terrorist organization and need
to be labelled as such by the US Department of State. The US Federal Bureau of Investigations
has defined international terrorism as follows:
“Involve violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that violate federal or state law;
Appear to be intended (i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population; (ii) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or (iii) to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping; and
Occur primarily outside the territorial jurisdiction of the U.S., or transcend national boundaries in terms of the means by which they are accomplished, the persons they appear intended to intimidate or coerce, or the locale in which their perpetrators operate or seek asylum.” 18 U.S.C. § 2331
The Taliban has been a major terrorist organization in Afghanistan for the past two and half
decades. During this period, they have ruled and played the role of society cleanser for the
Afghans and the Pakistani people. They have killed, maimed, flogged, abused, kidnapped, and
conducted terrorist activities throughout the Afghanistan,...
...that all. Everything that the citizens of Afghanistan knew, their entire way of life would change. The cause? The Taliban. The Taliban are an extremist Muslim group from Afghanistan. The Taliban, who call themselves Jihad or “freedom fighters” are the most brutal extremist Muslims in the world. To understand the Taliban you must understand how they where able to gain control of Afghanistan, there rule during the time period they controlled Afghanistan, and how they were overthrown by opposition groups.
2)During the 1980s Afghanistan was being over run by the Soviet Union. During this period the citizens of Afghanistan believed anyone would be better rulers then the foreign Soviet Union. This mind set is what allowed for the Taliban to take power. At the beginning of the Taliban take over, and rule, the citizens of Afghanistan supported the Taliban. To the villagers, who had not seen peace in over fourteen years, the Taliban where a group of organized Muslims who wanted to recreate Afghanistan to its former glory. Which is exactly what they had longed for. The citizens of the capital, Kabul, also had high hopes for the Taliban who they thought could rebuild the economy and create a centralized government (Stewart 30). The Taliban emerged as a united entity when they were asked by the Pakistan government to protect a trade route from...
...were stripped of their basic human rights when the Taliban seized control of their country. (“Revocation of Rights”). A practice of gender apartheid was instituted against the women of Afghanistan whereby the life of women had basically no value and they were forced to live in a society in which a violation of the simplest day to day activities we take for granted could lead to death. Under the Taliban’s rule, a women life was worthless. In today’s world, no one ever thought people could be treated this way. The story of the Woman of Afghanistan opened the eyes of not only the United States, but the entire world to ensure as best as possible, that human rights of all people be protected.
Afghanistan has always been a country in turmoil. During the 1980’s, the Soviet Union invaded and occupied Afghanistan. With aid from the United States, militia forces called the Mujahedeen, or soldiers of god, forced the Soviets out of Afghanistan. However, soon thereafter, there was tremendous internal fighting and a number of groups were fighting for power. A group of young men and boys of Afghan descent emerged from this fighting as a powerful group. This group did not live in afghan society. They were raised in refugee camps and trained in ultra conservative religious schools mainly in Pakistan. This group became known as the Taliban and once in power they vowed to restore order and enforce strict Islamic law in Afghanistan. (“The...
...Taliban - the world's most extreme and radical Islamic organization that inspires fascination, controversy, and especially fear in both the Muslim world and the West - has been brought into sharp focus in Ahmed Rashid's book "Taliban". This enormously insightful book gives an account of Taliban's rise to power, its impact on Afghanistan and the Central Asian region. The book also analyzes the wider regional and geopolitical implications of the Taliban's advent to power and the role that Taliban has to play in oil and gas companies decisions. The author also discusses about the changing attitudes of various countries like America and Saudi Arabia towards Taliban and its effects on Afghanistan.
The word Taliban has been derived from the term talib, which means a student of an Islamic seminary. These seminaries have existed for thousands of years and Islamic boys have gone to these schools to study the Koran, Islamic law, in order to become preachers. The Taliban took this name because it is a symbol of Islam, and a symbol of doing good, and bringing people around to an Islamic viewpoint, and imposing law and order. It was a name that was initially welcomed by the Afghan people.
To understand the enmity between the Hazaras and Iran and the Taliban it is very important to clarify here that the Hazars and Iranians are Shias while the Taliban are mostly Sunnis. And...