Swedish Business School Informatics, Orebro University Sweden Project work thesis
Knowledge based sustainable development-case Gilgit-Baltistan Pakistan. Spring Semester: 2010
Supervisor: Assistant professor Anders Avdic
Author: Liaqut Ali
E-mail Address: [email protected]
I would like to extend many thanks to my Assistant professor and supervisor Anders Avdic for his kind guidance and continues support for carrying out this study and helping me throughout. My thanks go to SPIDER Sweden for granting me travel expenses for my field visit to Pakistan and I would like to thank Aga khan Rural Support Program (AKRSP) Pakistan for helping me to conduct Interview sessions during my field visit in Pakistan.
Last but not least, I would like to thank and express my appreciation for my kind, devoted sister Nabat Ali for her encouragement and immeasurable support throughout my life and educational career. Without her love and support I would have never been able to make it through this journey.
Sustainable development is a knowledge-based set of practices. A knowledge based society and knowledge sharing environment can make the development process sustainable and goals of the development process achievable. Gilgit-Baltistan is a remote region of Pakistan situated in the north part of the country. Being a rural area it has been subject to the development process by many NGO’s, donor agencies and government agencies. For the past two decades many projects have been initiated on various scales but these initiatives need sustainability. The modern day’s information and communication technology has gradually become parts of the development process. There is need of a platform for information resource sharing and integrative way of development activities to sustain the rural development process. This study aims to analyze the requirements for a knowledge management system (KMS) in the rural development of the region Gilgit-Baltistan Pakistan. The study has been designed by analyzing the stakeholder’s interest and information needs of the development process and system requirement analysis of knowledge management system (KMS). In this regard Interviews were conducted from 15 organizations in the region. Qualitative method has been approached through a conceptual framework of ICT on development activities. For analyzing of the data, plate form concept of OCROSAN has been selected together with two concepts of ICT artifacts, knowledge as proxy and ICT as supporting development by Sein & Harindranath (2004). This study shows by identifying stakeholders, information on development activities, ICT oriented activities as knowledge enabler, the rural telecommunication infrastructure and digitization process as the initial requirements of the KMS.
Keywords: knowledge management, Requirement analysis, rural sustainable development, information and communication technology, 3 Contents
Acronyms............................................................................................................................ 5 Introduction:........................................................................................................................ 6 Theory ................................................................................................................................. 7 Knowledge management................................................................................................. 7 Knowledge Management system...
...The word 'sustainable' means maintainable or bearable. Hence sustainabledevelopment refers to that development which may be prolonged for a considerable period of time or which may be bearable by the system and the society.
It refers to a type of development that meets the needs of the present generation, maintains same level of development for a longer period of time, conserves the existing resources for the future generation so that same level of development could continue and causes very little or no damage to the environment.
As the bio-physical system has a limit to assimilate input, output cannot be indefinitely raised. After a certain limit production not only becomes uneconomical but it causes damage to the environment. Accordingly the sustainabledevelopment has been defined as a production System in which technological and management inputs do not adversely affect the bio-physical system (Chattopadhyay and Carpenter, 1991). Sustainabledevelopment of natural resources usually means exploitation of resources up to that limit which could be recouped by the natural system and help in raising the quality of life of the people. Hence, environment and human beings are the two sides of the same coin of sustainabledevelopment.
The World Commission on Environment and...
By the year 2200 there will be a lot more people living on this planet
then there are now. Estimates range anywhere from 15 to 36 billion people.
Where will these people live? How will they live? The answer is sustainabledevelopment. Sustainabledevelopment, "meets the needs of the present without
compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. " It
also, "requires meeting the basic needs of all peoples and extending to them the
opportunity to fulfill their aspirations for a better life. A world in which
poverty is endemic will always be prone to ecological and other catastrophes."
Sustainabledevelopment is being ignored in Chile, the Philippines, and Siberia,
practiced in Madagascar and in Alaska, and examined in the Lake Baikal region of
Russia. These Countries must learn from each other's failures and success to
discover what sustainabledevelopment involves in their own country.
Sustainabledevelopment has three divisions, economic, environmental,
and social. If sustainability is to occur it must, meet these three divisions.
In Chile, none of these divisions is being met. Economically speaking, almost
40% of the population is poor and as a result many make a living directly from
the land clearing forests. In the IVth region of Chile, forest...
...To ordinary people, the word sustainable is an adjective that means the activity the word describes can continue forever. For example, since biblical days, farmers practiced sustainable agriculture by leaving their fields fallow every seventh year. In early America, farmers knew that for agriculture to be sustainable, the same crop could not be planted in the same field year after year. Sustainable agriculture has always been practiced by successful farmers. Farmers who didn’t practice sustainable agriculture inevitably failed.
Just like an article I read that stated “The United Nations has given the word sustainable a new definition. Introduced to the world in “Our Common Future,” the report of the 1987 U.N. Commission on Environment and Development, and further defined in the U.N.’s “Agenda 21″ at the U.N. Conference on Environment and Development, the term “sustainable” was married to the term “development,” and a brand new concept entered the world. The term “sustainabledevelopment” means any activity that has economic impact, and is equitable, and has no negative environmental impact. All three elements are required to qualify as 'sustainabledevelopment.'”
There can be no development without economic impact, of course, nothing new here. “Equitable,”...
...Science, Medicine and Technology
What is sustainabledevelopment?
Sustainabledevelopment has been defined in many ways, but the most frequently quoted definition is from Our Common Future, also known as the Brundtland Report:
Sustainabledevelopment has various definitions; a well-known definition is that of the Brundtland Report.
According to the Brundtland Report, "Sustainabledevelopment is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It contains within it two key concepts:
* the concept of needs, in particular the essential needs of the world's poor, to which overriding priority should be given; and
* the idea of limitations imposed by the state of technology and social organization on the environment's ability to meet present and future needs."
Sustainabledevelopment then is the ability to fulfill the current needs while not halting the ability of generations to come to fulfill their needs.
What is sustainability?
Sustainability is the ability of an object to renew itself so that it will always be available. Sustainability means that, the object is available in the present and can continue into the future while still accessible in the future.
Sustainability of the earth
Sustainability, relating to the...
Ans:. Sustainabledevelopment refers to a mode of human development in which resource use aims to meet human needs while preserving the environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present, but also for generations to come. The term 'sustainabledevelopment' was used by the Brundtland Commission which coined what has become the most often-quoted definition of sustainabledevelopment: "development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs."
Sustainabledevelopment ties together concern for the carrying capacity of natural systems with the social challenges faced by humanity. As early as the 1970s, "sustainability" was employed to describe an economy "in equilibrium with basic ecological support systems."Ecologists have pointed to The Limits to Growth, and presented the alternative of a "steady state economy" in order to address environmental concerns.The concept of sustainabledevelopment has in the past most often been broken out into three constituent parts: environmental sustainability, economic sustainability and sociopolitical sustainability. More recently, it has been suggested that a more consistent analytical...
...degradation democracy, human rights and peace and development, especially in finance discipline. To begin with discuss the definition of sustainability and sustainabledevelopment should be concerned. The paper (IISD 2012) outlines sustainabledevelopment (SD) refers to the development that meets human needs and benefits not only for present but also for future generations. Especially, sustainability is widely known in finance area through higher education.
In the case of sustainability in higher education, generally speaking ‘education for sustainability’ (EFS) and ‘education for sustainabledevelopment’ (ESD) regards to "the knowledge, skills and values which students are expected to learn" to help them contribute in working place through sustainable ways of living and working(Tilbury, D., Ryan, A, 2011, pp.137-150). Gerald, D., Rolf, J & Stephen M (2005) examined the concept of sustainabledevelopment strategy. It emphasizes that education can play a important role in "both raising awareness among young people about sustainabledevelopment and giving them the skills to put sustainabledevelopment into practice". UNESCO (1997) concludes that education for SD allows every human being to acquire the knowledge, skills, attitudes and values necessary to shape a...
...definitions of Sustainable Tourism Development; 2) provides a list of possible policy interventions and guidelines designed to induce the tourist industry to adhere to the principles of SustainableDevelopment; 3) illustrates, using real world examples, the practical implementation of such policies and guidelines.
Tourism is one of the world's largest industries and has a multitude of impacts, both positive and negative, on people's lives and on the environment (1). For society to continue developing in the way it has done in the past, it is important to pay more attention to our environment. How this is best achieved is often a matter of opinion rather than fact, dependent upon different perspectives of the environment and views of nature. Recently, a concept has emerged that has attempted to bring together the best aspects of these different viewpoints, and to harmonise the development of mankind with the protection of nature. This is the concept of "SustainableDevelopment" (2). One of the most common understandings of this concept is that it involves maintaining our current rate of development whilst still leaving a suitable quantity and quality of resources behind for later generations to continue to develop. As one of the fastest growing sectors of the economy, tourism has a key contribution to make to sustainabledevelopment....
...Essay for Debate
Achieving sustainabledevelopment in Jamaica is unattainable given the present cultural norms of the country.
A recent study conducted by the World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) defines sustainabledevelopment as “a process of change in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development and institutional change are made consistent with the future as well as present needs of a nation.” Sustainabledevelopment requires a country to be able to grow economically while protecting the natural environment at the same time, so that a stable relationship exists between human activities and the natural world. Cultural norms can be identified as the as the behaviour patterns that are specific to a particular group of people. Within this essay I will discuss three factors that are present in the cultural norms of the country, which makes the achievement of sustainabledevelopment in Jamaica unattainable.
Sustainabledevelopment in Jamaica is unattainable based on the continuous exploitation of our environmental resources, the rigorous impacts of globalization on the country’s economy and the poor social norms practiced by the citizens of the country.
Firstly, the environmental resources of Jamaica are...