Summary of the Article III of the 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines Bill of Rights
Article III enumerates the fundamental rights of the Filipino people. The Bill of Rights sets the limits to the government's power which proves to be not absolute. Among the rights of the people are freedoms of speech, assembly, religion, and the press. An important feature here is the suspension of the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus which have three available grounds such as invasion, insurrection and rebellion. PRINCIPLES
Section 1. No person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, nor shall any person be denied the equal protection of the laws. - no person shall be deprived of life or principles and dignity without due Process of law or guidelines should be fair then all the protection of each. Section 2. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures of whatever nature and for any purpose shall be inviolable, and no search warrant or warrant of arrest shall issue except upon probable cause to be determined personally by the judge after examination under oath or affirmation of the complainant and the witnesses he may produce, and particularly describing the place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized. - human rights and protection to their property and themselves against the search warrant without evidence against them except to prove that when probable cause to determine personally the judge after examination under oath or affirmation the complainant and the witnesses he may produce, and particularly describing the place to be searched and the persons or things to be taken.
Section 3. (1) The privacy of communication and correspondence shall be inviolable except upon lawful order of the court, or when public safety or order requires otherwise, as prescribed by law. - The private communications and correspondence shall be inviolable except by court or when public safety requires otherwise as prescribed by law. (2). Any evidence obtained in violation of this or the preceding section shall be inadmissible for any purpose in any proceeding. -If there is evidence that violation of this or in the next section that is impervious to any purpose. Section 4. No law shall be passed abridging the freedom of speech, of expression, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and petition the government for redress of grievances. - no law can be passed or people can assemble and petition or said to the government for redress of grievances that can be able to abridging the freedom of speech or expression. Section 5. No law shall be made respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination or preference, shall forever be allowed. No religious test shall be required for the exercise of civil or political rights. -There is no law to prevent an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise of its civil or political rights. Section 6. The liberty of abode and of changing the same within the limits prescribed by law shall not be impaired except upon lawful order of the court. Neither shall the right to travel be impaired except in the interest of national security, public safety, or public health, as may be provided by law. - The liberty of abode and of changing the same within the limits prescribed by law shall not be made except when disabled according to the law of the court, which may not be impaired except in the national or public man safety as maybe that has been provide by the law. Section 7. The right of the people to information on matters of public concern shall be recognized. Access to official records, and to documents and papers pertaining to official acts, transactions, or decisions, as well as to government research...
...A constitution is a set of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is governed. These rules together make up, i.e. constitute, what the entity is. When these principles are written down into a single document or set of legal documents, those documents may be said to embody a written constitution; if they are written down in a single comprehensive document, it is said to embody a codified constitution.
Constitutions concern different levels of organizations, from sovereign states to companies and unincorporated associations. A treaty which establishes an international organization is also its constitution, in that it would define how that organization is constituted. Within states, whether sovereign or federated, a constitution defines the principles upon which the state is based, the procedure in which laws are made and by whom. Some constitutions, especially codified constitutions, also act as limiters of state power, by establishing lines which a state's rulers cannot cross, such as fundamental rights. An example is the constitution of the United States of America.
In 1986, following the People Power Revolution which ousted Ferdinand E. Marcos as President, and following on her own inauguration, Corazon C. Aquino issued Proclamation 3, declaring a national policy to...
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty God, in order to build a just and humane society, and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote the common good, conserve and develop our patrimony, and secure to ourselves and our posterity, the blessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and a regime of truth, justice, freedom, love, equality, and peace, do ordain and promulgate this Constitution.
The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein, and all other territories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its terrestrial, fluvial and aerial domains, including its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the insular shelves, and other submarine areas. The waters around, between, and connecting the islands of the archipelago, regardless of their breadth and dimensions, form part of the internal waters of the Philippines.
DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES AND STATE POLICIES
Section 1. The Philippines is a democratic and republican State. Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them.
Section 2. The...
...on the standards provided in this section.
It’s all about the apportionment or distribution of elected representatives throughout the Philippines in each provinces and cities. In our constitution we have standard conditions to be followed in the apportionment. First, it shall be made in accordance with number of inhabitants. Meaning the distribution of elected representative is based on the number of legislative districts. Each legislative district shall have a population of at least 250,000. For example, in a province having a population of 500,000 divided by 250,000 so we have two legislative districts. Also legislative district shall have one representative. In this case, this province has 2 representatives
Second, it shall be made on the basis of uniform and progressive ratio. Uniform meaning in every legislative district all over the Philippines must have a 250,000 number of inhabitants and each of legislative districts shall have 1 representative. Progressive meaning in each legislative district increases its population but not be too big as to be unwieldy, say from 250,000 to 300,000 inhabitants for each legislative district.
Third, each legislative district shall comprise as far as practicable, contiguous, compact and adjacent territory. It is important that a legislative district can fight their territory and rights, to ensure the security and safety of the people, all of the member must...
...ArticleIIIBill of rights - declaration and enumeration of a person’s right and privileges which the Constitution
is designed to protect against violations
Basis: social importance accorded to the individual in a democratic or republican state
Classes of rights
1) Natural rights – right possessed by every citizen without being granted by the State for they are given to man by God
Ex. Right to life, right to liability, right to property, right to love
2) Constitutional right – rights which are conferred and protected by the Constitution; cannot be taken away
3) Statutory rights – rights which are provided by laws promulgated by the law-making body and may be abolished by the same body
Ex. Right to receive a minimum wage, right to adopt a child
Classification of constitutional rights
1) Political rights – rights of the citizens which give them the power to participate
2) Civil rights – rights which the law will enforce at the instance of private individuals for the purpose of their happiness
3) Social and economic rights – rights which are intended to insure the...
• RENALDO LINA
• ARCHIE CAAYAMAN
• ANAROSARIO MACABENTA
• RENE OSMENA
Bill of rights may be define as a declaration and
enumeration of a person’s right and privileges which
the Constitution is designed to protect against
violations by the government, or by an individual and a
limitation upon the power of the State.
Classes of rights
Classification of constitutional rights
Social and economic rights
Rights of the accused
)State authority and individual freedom
a) State, an instrument to promote both
individual and social welfare.
b) Conflict between individual rights and group
c) Role of judiciary
No person shall be deprived of life,
liberty, or property without due process
of law, nor shall any person be denied
the equal protection of the laws.
Meaning of due process of law.
a)Under the authority of a law that is valid
( not contrary to the constitution or the constitution
b) After compliance with fair and reasonable
methods of procedure prescribed by law.
Aspects of due process law.(two-fold aspect)
1) Procedural due process
Bill of Rights of the Constitution
Bill of Rights of the Constitution
The Constitution, which establishes the powers and structures of the three branches of government, is very significant. More though is the Ten Amendments known as the Bill of Rights. These amendments focus on our basic rights as citizens and are the standing ground for the Constitution. In this paper, I will share the views of four individuals from Team B. Our rankings will vary depending on each person’s perspective. First, we will explain what we believe is most important and why. Next, we will describe what we feel is least important and least threating. Lastly, we will be exploring anything that we feel has been left out or should be added to the amendments.
Unanimously it is agreed in Team B that the most important and significant is the First Amendment. The First Amendment includes the rights of free speech, a free press, and peaceful assembly (Madison, 2007). The First Amendment allows all of these freedoms to everyone and limits government and guarantees freedom. In our opinion, without these fundamental rights America would not be the land of the free. Ashley McDonald (personal communication, July 31, 2015) people would be limited to speak up for themselves and their beliefs.
...1987PhilippineConstitution, ArticleIII, Section 6
The liberty of abode and of changing the same within the limits prescribed by law shall not be impaired except upon lawful order of the court. Neither shall the right to travel be impaired except in the interest of national security, public safety, or public health, as may be provided by law.
Bill of Rights
Humanrights or civil liberties form a crucial part of a country's constitution and govern the rights of the individual against the state. A bill of rights is a list of the most important rights of the citizens of a country. The purpose of these bills is to protect those rights against infringement. Most jurisdictions, like the United States, France and the Philippines, have a codified constitution, with a bill of rights.
ArticleIII of the PhilippineConstitution is the Bill of Rights. Being part of the Constitution necessarily means the Bill of Right is a constitutional law; and because the Constitution is the fundamental law of a state unto which all other laws must conform, it is also a...
...1. Constitution of the Philippines(1973)
2. 1973 Constitution of the Philippines The Constitution of the Philippines ( Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas in Filipino) is the supreme law of the Philippines. The 1973 Constitution, composed of a preamble and 17 articles, provides for the shift from presidential to parliamentary system of government. TheConstitution vests the legislative power in the National Assembly. A Prime Minister is elected from among the members of the National Assembly and serves as the head of government and commander-in-chief of the Philippine Armed Forces. A President is elected from among the members of the National Assembly and serves as the symbolic head of state with a six-year term. The judicial power is vested in the Supreme Court, composed of a Chief Justice and 14 Justices. The National Assembly exercises the power to define, prescribe and apportion the jurisdiction of the lower courts. All justices of the Supreme Court and judges of the lower courts are appointed by the Prime Minister.
3. This Constitution retains the independence of the Commission on Elections and establishes two independent Constitution al bodies [Civil Service Commission and the Commission on Audit] as well as the National Economic Development Authority [NEDA]. On 24 August 1970, Congress...