Human Rights Research Task|
Stoning In Iran|
Daleen Conradie 11(O)|
“You are a human being. You have rights inherent in that reality. You have dignity and worth that exists prior to law.” Lyn Beth Neylon
Human rights are the basic freedoms as well as rights that all humans are entitled to. These human rights include the right to life, freedom of thought and expression as well as equality.
Human Rights Violation:
A violation of Human Rights is when someone has been discriminated against or has made it unable for someone to receive their basic freedoms or rights.
Cultural Relativism is the principle when someone’s activities and beliefs have to be understood according to their own individual cultures.
Religious Relativism is the principle when someone’s activities and beliefs have to be understood according to their own individual religions.
Stoning In Iran
What is Stoning?
Stoning is a way of punishment where stones are thrown at the victim until they die. As a group complete this punishment no one can be held responsible for killing the person. This form of execution can be seen as a form of torture as it is slower than other forms. It is also said to be one of the oldest forms of execution that has been practiced in many areas of the world however most commonly in the Middle East and sub-Saharan Africa.
There are certain crimes that by the law of the country or community are punishable by death from stoning. If someone is accused and it is agreed by the people in power of the community they are put to death by stoning, even if there is no evidence to support the accusation. If the victim is a male they are buried up till their waste while a female is buried up until her shoulders. They are then thrown with stones by the volunteers in the community. These stones are picked specially to their size as they must be able to cause physical pain without causing death immediately. The stoning lasts until the person has died which on average is between 10 to 20 minutes.
The family of the victim are forced to watch as well as sometimes take part. It all depends on what the punishment entails. The law of stoning however also allows the person to go free if they are able to escape however this is not always followed as many that escape are then shot.
Human Rights Violation:
When someone does not allow them to have their human rights it is seen as they treat them as if they are less than human. It creates the sense that they do not deserve respect or dignity. All individuals are entitled to justice, life and physical safety in order to grow in a safe and nurturing environment. There are many ways to violate rights but governments have created laws to restrict the “crimes against humanity” however individuals as well certain groups of people till break these law for their own selfish reasons.
Unfair trial: In cases of stoning the judges are allowed to someone sentence someone to stoning without asking for permission from the government as well as often without proof of the crime. Iran law allows a judge to sentence someone based on their “knowledge.” This means that someone will be put to death not based on evidence but rather on the feelings of the judge. This means that many cases are unfairly tried. Abuse towards Women: “Right to life, liberty, and security of person without distinction of any kind, including sex” (Articles 2 and 3 of the UDHR) (http://stop-stoning.org/node/10)
Most of the victims of stoning are women who have been discriminated due to their statutes, customs or values. In actions that can be seen as violating normal behaviour, women are more likely to be assigned the guilt especially in the cases of adultery. The women in these relationships have a higher chance of being stoned to death while the men will receive less severe or even no punishment.
...Crime (Sex) and Punishment (Stoning)
By ROBERT F. WORTH
Published: August 21, 2010, The New York Times
It may be the oldest form of execution in the world, and it is certainly among the most barbaric. In the West, death by stoning is so remote from experience that it is best known through Monty Python skits and lurid fiction like Shirley Jackson’s short story “The Lottery.”
Yet two recent real world cases have struck a nerve: a young couple were stoned to death last week in northern Afghanistan for trying to elope, in a grim sign of the Taliban’s resurgence. And last month, an international campaign rose up in defense of an Iranian woman, Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani, who had been sentenced to death by stoning on adultery charges.
Much of the outrage those cases generated — apart from the sheer anachronism of stoning in the 21st century — seems to stem from the gulf between sexual attitudes in the West and parts of the Islamic world, where some radical movements have turned to draconian punishments, and a vision of restoring a long-lost past, in their search for religious authenticity.
The stoning of adulterers was once aimed at preventing illegitimate births that might muddy the male tribal bloodlines of medieval Arabia. But it is now taking place in a world where more and more women demand reproductive freedoms, equal pay and equal status with men — in parts of the Islamic world as well as...
...Iran. Breaking stereotypes.
Iran is one of the world’s oldest continuous civilizations, with settlements dating back to 4000 B.C. Thus an eclectic cultural elasticity is defining characteristics of the Persian spirit .To best understand Iran, their related societies and their people, one must first attempt to acquire an understanding of their culture. Wander one of the many bazaars, and experience the organized chaos of sights, sounds, and smells that will tempt you at every turn. Discover the 2,500-year history of Persian carpets. Iranians have woven beautiful rugs for over 2,500 years. When creating rugs, Iranian weavers often make a mistake intentionally. They want to show their belief that “only God is perfect.” After oil, Iran’s second largest export commodity is carpets. Iran currently produces more rugs and carpets than all other countries in the world put together.
Marvel at the bridges and squares and other gathering places, and witness a thriving culture where people enjoy spending time together. Consider life under a theocracy, with no separation of church and state, where actions are closely controlled. Meditate at one of the mosques or temples, reflecting what daily spirituality means to this culture. Experience the history, the architecture, the ruins, and their inspiration. Take pleasure in the landscape, from grandiose mountains to high plateaus to desert valleys, baked in the sunlight and...
...Middle East :: Iran |
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Introduction ::Iran |
Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling monarchy was overthrown and Shah Mohammad Reza PAHLAVI was forced into exile. Conservative clerical forces established a theocratic system of government with ultimate political authority vested in a learned religious scholar referred to commonly as the Supreme Leader who, according to the constitution, is accountable only to the Assembly of Experts - a popularly elected 86-member body of clerics. US-Iranian relations have been strained since a group of Iranian students seized the US Embassy in Tehran on 4 November 1979 and held embassy personnel hostages until 20 January 1981. During 1980-88, Iran fought a bloody, indecisive war with Iraq that eventually expanded into the Persian Gulf and led to clashes between US Navy and Iranian military forces between 1987 and 1988. Iran has been designated a state sponsor of terrorism for its activities in Lebanon and elsewhere in the world and remains subject to US, UN, and EU economic sanctions and export controls because of its continued involvement in terrorism and its nuclear weapons ambitions. Following the election of reformer Hojjat ol-Eslam Mohammad KHATAMI as president in 1997 and a reformist Majles (legislature) in 2000, a...
... AP World History
Change Over Time: Iran
The Persian Empire, now known as Iran, was the most powerful empire in the Middle East. It’s located in southwest Asia with Iraq, Afghanistan, Turkey, and the Caspian Sea as its borders. Iran broke apart of the Persian Empire in 1930. The country still managed to maintain its identity by keeping its own language and interpretation of Islam.
Khomeini was an Iranian religious and political leader who made Iran the world's first Islamic republic in 1979. In 1962, Khomeini was arrested for his opposition to the pro-Western regime of the Shah. His arrest raised him to the position of national hero. In 1964, he was exiled, living in Turkey, Iraq and then France. He still urged his supporters to overthrow the shah. By the late 1970s, the shah became hated and there were riots, strikes and mass demonstrations across the country. In January 1979, the shah's government collapsed and he and his family fled into exile. February 1st, Khomeini returned to Iran in accomplishment. There was a national vote and Khomeini won. He declared an Islamic republic and was appointed Iran's political and religious leader for life.
Mohammed Reza Shah Pahlavi ruled Iran from 1941-1979. He devoted most of his rule building a stronger Iranian army. During the 1970’s Iran was insisting change. Students were killed by the army protesting...
The Stoning of Soraya M
Carolina Jimenez, RN
Miami Dade College
Culture in Nursing Practice
Dr. Deborah Robinson
The Stoning of Soraya is an American film from 2008 based on the adaptation from French Iranian journalist Freidoune Sahebjam's 1990 book, which is based on a true story. The story is about a woman named Soraya; she is falsely accused of being unfaithful by her own husband, who has been trying to divorce her in order to marry a 14-year-old girl. Soraya is condemned to be stoned to death by her whole village. The French journalist comes to the village the day after the stoning; he hears the story told by her aunt and promises her to inform the world about what had happened there and publish a book with Soraya’s death for the world to know.
The Stoning of Soraya M
Iran has one of the richest art heritages in world history and encompasses many disciplines including architecture, painting, pottery, calligraphy, metalworking and stonemasonry. In the culture of Iran, religion has been a major source of power that has ruled the way that women have been able to live their lives. There is a common theme of subordination that comes from the fact that religion has placed strict rules on the actions of women in Iran.
The Iranian political structure is composed of two sections: The Iranian Government and...
...regional and global relations; fear of deadly confrontation of religious, ethnic and national identities; fear of institutionalization of violence and extremism; fear of poverty and destructive discrimination; fear of decay and destruction of life-sustaining resources; fear of disregard for human dignity and rights; and fear of neglect of morality. Alongside these fears, however, there are new hopes; the hope of universal acceptance by the people and the elite all across the globe of "yes to peace and no to war"; and the hope of preference of dialogue over conflict, and moderation over extremism.
The recent elections in Iran represent a clear, living example of the wise choice of hope, rationality and moderation by the great people of Iran. The realization of democracy consistent with religion and the peaceful transfer of executive power manifested that Iran is the anchor of stability in an otherwise ocean of regional instabilities. The firm belief of our people and government in enduring peace, stability, tranquility, peaceful resolution of disputes and reliance on the ballot box as the basis of power, public acceptance and legitimacy, has indeed played a key role in creating such a safe environment.
Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen,
The current critical period of transition in international relations is replete with dangers, albeit with unique opportunities. Any miscalculation of one's position, and of course, of others,...
April 13, 2013
Iran is a country that very few American tourists would consider visiting. Iran is considered to be almost the age of history; it was home to one of the most ancient civilizations in the world. There is evidence of the current and historical impacts of Iran’s culture from the heart of Europe to the Nile River. Iran is a nation located in the Middle East; it is bodied by the Caspian Sea, the Gulf of Oman, and the Persian Gulf (Travel.State.gov, 2013). Iran is central to many conflict ridden nations. Iran’s eastern boarder is Iraq and Afghanistan on the west, and Pakistan comprises its southwest border. Every United Nation’s country have an advisory about traveling near these boarders due to the intrinsic risk of extremely high levels of violence and crime (UNDSS, 2013)
The United States CIA warn Americans against tourism to the country of Iran due to government tensions over the Nuclear Development programs in Iran (CIA.gov 2013). Irepedia.com estimates that on average 1,000 US citizens will travel to Iran. It is required that citizens obtain a visa, which must be obtained through a UN host country (UNDSS, 2013). “The U.S. government does not have diplomatic or consular relations with the Islamic Republic of Iran and therefore cannot provide protection or routine consular services to U.S. citizens in Iran. The Swiss...
...rights in the Middle East have always been a controversial issue. Although the rights of women have changed over the years, they have never really been equal to the rights of a man. This poses a threat on Iran because women have very limited options when it comes to labor, marriage and other aspects of their culture. I believe that equal treatment for women and men is a fundamental principal of international human rights standards. Yet, in some places like Iran, discriminatory practices against women are not only prevalent, but in some cases, required by law. In this essay I will explain to you the every day life of an every day Islamic woman living in Iran. You will be astonished by what these women have endured through the centuries.
The rights granted to women in the Quran (the Islamic Holy Book) and by the Islamic prophet Muhammad were an improvement to the rights prior to the birth of Islam. In fact, the Quran states that "God treats men and women as spiritual equals". The Quran also states the dress code for the believers but does not support or advocate it. It was innovations and fabrications that introduced the Hijab (veil) to the Islamic religion. The Hijab is a veil that is a traditional, not religious, head cover that dates back to the ancient civilizations. In Iran, the law is that all women MUST wear a Hijab in all public places, regardless of citizenship, religion or choice. Those in contravention...