In her poem “The Sound Of Night”, Maxine Kumin recalls an experience outside with other people at night time when a whole other world comes out. She describes the many animals that thrive in the night and make noises that can be interpreted as threatening. The author appears scared of the unknown and what could be lurking in it’s dark depths.
The title, “The Sound Of Night”, makes the reader begin to ponder what sounds they associate with night. I associate night with chirps and whistles and creaks and rain drops. Many people may think of night as silent and serene while actually a lot happens during the night. As in the poem, animals such as birds, frogs, bats, fish, and others continue their lives impervious to the setting sun or come out to begin their days in nocturnal happiness. Kumin uses her title to relate to her theme of fearing the unknown that can be hiding where you can’t see.
In her poem, Kumin uses the literary device of imagery to create the fearful vivid picture in the mind of the reader. For example, Kumin describes the as “our firework bright and hot” in a stark contrast against the cold dark night she has described so far. The author also uses imagery while describing waiting for “the crease of first eye-licking light”, or sunrise. Again, the appearance of light and warmth is such a contrast to the night that the rays would lick the author’s eyes.
The author also uses the device of personification to make the night seem more alive than it already is. In having the dark doing the action of coming on, Kumin makes the dark something capable of action or “verbing”. The active dark is suddenly more frightening than the stable, stagnant one. Again, the dark is personified when Kumin says “we defend ourselves from dark.” Now that dark needs defending against, the night is even more foreboding and unwelcome to Kumin and her fellow adventurers.
Kumin’s poem explores the night that we don’t know. She enlightens us to the kind of animals thrive...
...MaxineKuminMaxineKumin, who experienced many different views of the world through
travel, feels the most comfortable in New Hampshire, her rural home. In any area
that she travels, she always makes a similarity to her home, as expressed in her
In her poem, "The Long Approach", she is driving in her Saab hatchback
from Scranton to her farm in New Hampshire. She also discusses her plane ride
back from Orlando to New Hampshire the week before. Throughout the poem she
makes references back to the animals she cares for and comes in contact with on
the farm. Her knowledge of rural life is shown, by describing details of
animals; such as, "eel-thin belly", "life as loose as frogs", "slag heaps stand
like sentries shot dead", and "I'm going home with the light hand on the reins".
Next in her poem, "How It is", she puts on a blue jacket that belonged
to her recently deceased friend, whom played a major role in her life. By
putting on the jacket, she tries to relive the past by, "...unwind(ing) it,
paste it together in a different collage...". In this poem, MaxineKumin, uses
plants to describe her feelings, as in; "scatter like milkweed" and "pods of the
soul". These similes show what she sees and feels.
"The Longing to be Saved", is a dream, where her barn catches fire. "In
and out of dreams as thin as acetate." She visualizes herself getting the
horses out, but they "wrench free,...
...history textbook, the mindset that made such atrocities acceptable to Nazis under Hitler’s regime remains a mystery to many. MaxineKumin admirably conveys the thought process behind this oppressive outlook through the seemingly simplistic poem “Woodchucks”. The purpose of the poem is to align the readers with the narrator’s apparently reasonable yet somewhat sociopathic view of the woodchucks as an inferior life form while building an allegory to the Nazi’s justification for mass extermination that will shock the audience when made explicit by the poem’s end.
In the first stanza, Maxine introduces the narrator’s problem with the woodchucks and how she justifies attempting to gas them. The narrator states how killing the woodchucks with gas “didn’t turn out right” (1). This phrase emphasizes how the narrator views killing the woodchucks as a mundane and emotionless task, the same way a batch of cookies or pot of coffee may not “turn out right”. Gassing has connotations of a slow agonizing death, but the poem continues: “the knockout bomb from the Feed and Grain Exchange / was featured as merciful, quick at the bone” (2-3). This contrast in connotation and given definition is meant to show how the narrator is striving to justify their deaths.
The second stanza begins to make the narrator’s view of the woodchucks as lesser clearer to the audience. Maxine uses alliteration to draw attention to the words cyanide,...
...Term | Definition | Visual Representation |
Cover | Fist impression- sets the stage for the theme and info held within. | |
Endsheets | The heavy paper between the cover and the first and last pages. Often compliment the cover and/or contain the table of contents. | |
Title Page | Reiterates the theme and provides critical reference info: school name, address, and student population. | |
Opening Section | Introduces the story of the year and explains the book/theme concept. | |
Dividers | Indicate new sections and provide continuity throughout the book. | |
Section | Are the coverage areas of the book: fall, winter, spring, people, seniors, ads, sports. | |
Closing | Finishes the story of the year and brings the book to a close. | |
Dominance | Making a content element significantly larger so it becomes the focal point. | |
Eyeflow | The goal is to keep the reader moving from element to element. | |
Hieracrchy | Creates order and indicates importance through size and placement. | |
Contrast | Opposing elements spark the visual interest. | |
Caption | Placed to the outside: left,right, above, or below photos. | |
Content Module | Display for quotes and photos, highlighted with a pale color. | |
Cut-out background photo | COB: the cut-outs are placed on a pale color block to define the space. | |
Dominant photo | Noticeably larger than the other photos: design further emphasized by partial COB. | |
Drop cap | Serves as an...
“Woodchucks” by MaxineKumin is a poem that describes the gardener annoying and disturbing situation with woodchucks in his farm. Woodchucks were eating and destroying vegetables; therefore, he really attempted to get rid of them and solve his problem. This poem is apparently the story about the difficulties of one farmer; however, it has a deeper meaning and relate to the Holocaust. Besides, the gardener demeanor changed, and the violence increased from stanza to stanza.
In the first stanza, he tried to kill woodchucks by cyanide gas, but this plan did not work. Moreover, he thought this way is the quickest one to stop them. Woodchucks dug their burrow in sub-sub-basement, so they survived from the first massacre. In the second stanza, life for woodchucks went on like before and noting changed. They continued their “brought down the marigolds”, “took over the vegetable patch” and “nipping the broccoli shoots, beheading the carrots”. The gardener was enraged by woodchucks destroying action; thus, his decision in order to kill them was strengthened.
In the third stanza, the poet explain another reason for killing woodchucks “the food from our mouths, I said, righteously thrilling”. Now, it is necessary to kill them. In other words, it is obsession to get rid of them. If there is no food for my family, we will die. As a result, he decided to kill them with a gun. It is clear that violence is going to higher level. He justified...
...MaxineKumin definitely has a very shocking way of portraying her poetry. It can easily be seen that she has a deep love for nature and animals. However, it goes to a much further distance than your average person. In the poem “Morning Swim” and “To Swim, to Believe” she describes swimming, as obviously mentioned in the title. In “Morning Swim” she describes becoming one with the body of water as she travels through it. In “To Swim, to Believe” she describes Jesus walking on the water, as described in the Bible. She states about how Peter had doubt about what Jesus told him to do, and thus as a result fell into the water. This poem demonstrates the importance of believing. “Heaven as Anus” is a very strong poem. It describes the multiple horrors and atrocities that animals face while they are facing testing and experiments. The poem really stabs at you and expresses its opinion with feeling. For example, “The whitewall labs fill up with the feces of fear.” (Kumin) “Requiem on I-89” describes the carcasses of animals being devoured on the road. She shirks in no details at all. The putrid, split carcasses strewn across the road are explained in vivid detail. For example, “lies on its side, bust open.” (Kumin)
Kumin uses very interesting rhyme schemes. In “Morning Swim” it is pretty straightforward. Every line rhymes with the one following it. In “Heaven as Anus” I can really only...
Sound is a mechanical wave an oscillation of pressure transmitted through a solid, liquid, or gas, composed of frequencies within the range of hearing and of a level sufficiently strong to be heard, or the sensation stimulated in organs of hearing by such vibrations.
Sound is a sequence of waves of pressure which propagates through compressible media such as air or water. (Sound can propagate through solids as well, but there are additional modes of propagation). During their propagation, waves can be reflected, refracted, or attenuated by the medium.
Sources of soundSound can travel through any medium
The mechanical vibrations that can be interpreted as sound are able to travel through all forms of matter: gases, liquids, solids, and plasmas. The matter that supports the sound is called the medium. Sound cannot travel through a vacuum.
PROPOGATION OF SOUND
The behavior of sound propagation is generally affected by three things:
* A relationship between density and pressure. This relationship, affected by temperature, determines the speed of sound within the medium.
* The propagation is also affected by the motion of the medium itself. For example, sound moving through wind. Independent of the motion of sound through the medium, if...
...J. Howard Miller produced the “We Can Do It” poster in 1943, during World War II, as propaganda for woman in America. For century’s woman were perceived as weaker than men, this poster started to press into ideas of feminism as it introduced the concept that men and woman could do the same things. The image evokes connotations of patriotism, masculinity, and strength. The poster is clearly targeted to the housewife demographic of America and collects its persuasion from empathy towards their husbands being at war. The woman in the poster is portrayed as a symbol of strength, which assists with the pain of their men being at war, and to convince them to work. Although the message surrounds ideas of strength, it still maintains strong undertones of femininity to reassure viewers that American woman can be both. This essay will observe and examine the different techniques and effects used within this imagery to create the ideological and conceptual state. Specifically this essay will focus on the meanings that are generated from the visual content and attempt to explain there significance to the environment the poster was produced in.
With concern to the interpersonal meaning the image is very interactive with the viewers not suggesting but demanding that “(They) Can Do It”. This phrase combined with the image of the strong woman conduct a high level of engagement with the reader as they receive this call to action. The idea of doing men’s jobs or positions could be an...
... In Elie Wiesel’s memoir, Night, holocaust survivor Eliezer suffers from one of the most painful events in human history: the Jewish Holocaust. As a result of his suffering, he is radically changed from a devout Jew, to a devout cynic. His religious fervor is lost, and little hope is provided for its salvation.
The definition of holocaust is mass destruction; this is usually associated with the mass destruction of human life. Another definition, although horribly ironic, is a burnt offering. Perhaps ‘burnt offering’ is an accurate definition because this is exactly what happens to many Jews: they are thrown in a crematorium. Before Eliezer is violently shoved into the destruction, he lives a normal Jewish life in the town of Sighet. Like many, he has an interest in the religious aspect of his life. He states, “By day I studied the Talmud and by night I would run to the synagogue to weep over the destruction of the Temple” (3). He asks his father to find him a master that could guide him in the studies of Kabbalah. Kabbalah is a form of Jewish mysticism. His father does not help him find a master, and tells Eliezer that there are no Kabbalists in Sighet. But nevertheless, he succeeds in finding a master on his own, Moishe the Beadle. Moishe the Beadle is a poor man, yet an insightful person.
“Man comes closer to God through the questions he asks Him,” he liked to say. “Man asks and God replies. But we do not understand His replies. We cannot...