In reviewing the different functions of education, of which there are several. From formal to informal each is important as the next in an individual’s development and future function in society. The function of formal education consists of learning skills and gaining knowledge, i.e., reading, math, history, science, languages to name just a few. Outside of the more necessary function of education is socialization, future preparation, and economic functions. My K-12 education has spanned from primary school both private and public, secondary, and vocational.
Starting my educational career in private school led to not only the more formal aspects of learning but also informal. Religion though not the main focus of the school played a heavy part in the first years of my socialization and integration into educational atmosphere. This was widely shown in the hidden curriculum of the private school I attended. A hidden curriculum is where administrators, teachers, and school counselors for example have standards of behavior that they want students to adhere too (Manza et al., 2013, p. 416). There were many hidden rules within this school from dressing a certain way, prayer, establishing gender roles, and obeying authority. Looking back through the lens of a sociological perspective the hidden curriculum is plain to see and understand. These things were not written rules, were not told to us, or taught in the formal curriculum they were examples that were shown with subtle words, looks, and attention.
Six months into the third grade my parents moved me to a public school. This brought a drastic change to my education and future preparation. Public school was vastly different and shocking to me as large parts of my formal education, informal education, and hidden curriculum changed. This set me up for future issues that could not have been foreseen at the time. My socialization in the public schools was difficult; on the...
...requirements which must be met if it’s to survive; hence the role of education in society is examined in terms of how it helps to meet those needs. Firstly, society needs a certain degree of social solidarity or unity. People must feel a sense of belonging to society and a sense of loyalty to the social group. Common norms and values provide this. Secondly, every society requires a system for socializing new members. In an industrial society in which occupational status is largely achieved, young people must learn to value individual achievement. Thirdly, every society requires a system for placing people in roles best suited to their talents and abilities. This is particularly true in industrial society with a specialised division of labour. The right people must be matched with the right jobs. Lastly, for society to operate efficiently and effectively, its members must possess the necessary skills to perform essential tasks. (Harambos et al, 1986)
Education attempts to develop the personality of the pupil and prepare him for membership into society. This function corresponds to the double role a person has to play in life, both as an individual and as a member of society.
Schools in western societies emphasize individual achievement. The student achieves his/ her status based on their ability, talent, determination and effort. Achievement is measured by the student’s performance in examinations. Education can be seen as a...
...Education is a co-current state level subjects and under the Indian Constitution education is made a Fundamental Right and Directive Principles of State Policy further needed free education and other facilities to children. There is no discrimination among the people on the basis of religion, caste or creed/faith etc. However, the minorities are given right to run their own educational institutions with financial aid from Government and they are free to introduce their religion, language in their institution. Education is compulsory and free upto primary standard.
Indian education system has a wide structure and the educational institutions can introduce the education or learning pattern as below VA years in pre-nursery schools, in the primary schools upto V class or so. Education is further upgraded upto 10+2 system where the examinations are conducted by the Board at 10 and 12. Thereafter, students are free to choose the courses of their own at any stage, i.e. primary, secondary, senior secondary level.
Schools are of different levels. Local Boards run the schools upto Primary, V standard, both in mother tongue and English medium. Thereafter the schools may upgrade themselves upto X known as Secondary schools. They can also be upgraded upto 12, called Senior Secondary schools. The education is a co-current (state level) subject and the Central Government...
Sociological Foundations of Education
Welcome to the study of another important subject in the Bachelor of Education Curriculum. By the end of this course the student will be able to:
1. Define, sociology and sociological foundations in education.
2. Identify any five important points about the relevance of Sociological foundations in education.
3. Examine indigenous GhanaianEducation System and its influence on Western Formal Education.
4. Draw a distinction between educational sociology and sociology of education.
5. Analyze the dichotomy between rural and urban education delivery.
6. Discuss the dynamics and import of culture.
7. Define socialization and its relevance to Western Formal Education.
Definition of Sociology and Sociological Foundations in Education
1. Vander Zanden sees Sociology as the scientific study of human organization.
2. Agyeman (1992, p.47), sees “Sociology” as “ a discipline which studies the nature and functions of human societies and the changes that take place within them.” He believes that sociology is largely concerned with understanding the relationships that exist between people which ultimately govern their behavior within the society.
3. Metta Spencer...
This essay is an attempt to discuss the content of indigenous education in Zambia stretching further on how it affected the various social, economic, political and technological activities of the people. Systematically, the paper will envisage to define the key concepts afterwhich a careful outline will be drawn on explaining the contents of indigenous African education and its impacts on the society.
The term education has many definitions. According to Snelson (1974:1), education is "A condition of human survival. It is the means where by one generation transmits the wisdom, knowledge and experience which prepares the next generation for life's duties and pleasure." This definition helps us to have a wide knowledge about all aspects of education. This also helps us to act with more insight and more intelligence in moulding the youths in an acceptable manner. As human beings, the kind of personality one becomes will depend very much on the home he/she is born into, on his parents, on his village in which they are brought up. Kelly (1999:1) defines education as a lifelong process in which the older generation impart skills, values and knowledge into the young ones for their own survival. "Education is not the same as schooling, but it is a life long process conducted by many agencies". Education is...
...the control of individual students” such as “socioeconomic factors, housing patterns, community structures, (and) parental decisions” (p. 13). I am particularly fond of their definition of equality of educational opportunity because it is straightforward, in providing a viable solution (providing equal content coverage) to a historic quandary (providing equal opportunity). Amidst a vast array of deeply vetted sociological of education research we have covered in class, such as James Coleman’s thorough analysis in “Equality of Educational Opportunity,” Schmidt, Cogan, and McKnight are distinct in their basic, yet very insightful research in simply focusing on “what mathematics topics are taught” and how this influences student opportunity (p. 13). While I am in agreement with the authors’ explanation, I contemplate how emphasis on equal content coverage may underplay other very influential external factors in student opportunity. Additionally, I assess how the definition may affect the pattern of future studies in the field of sociology of education, specifically regarding the shift to or from individual emphasis (Schneider 2003). To account for fluidity, I critique this definition in sections to highlight, compare, and/or contrast to the course readings reviewed thus far. I intend to specifically focus on the implications this definition may create for our current educational system if the concept of equal content coverage...
...special education roster of 32 students in self contain with over 90% of the students being African-American. This paper will address the large number African-American students in the special education system. Attention will be focus on the social economic roles that play a part in placement. When done properly and in appropriate perspective, special education is beneficial for students with a real disability, but special education services are inappropriate when a student receives it when it is not needed. African-American students are being placed in the special education system at an alarming rate. They are being labeled with disabilities at ages as early as five years old, because they progress slower than the rest of the class, bias in assessment instrument, discrimination in society reflected in the school or they may present some behavior issue. Special education is appropriate placement for students with real disabilities, but minority blacks are being disproportionately place in special education. This unjust placement at early ages are causing these children to be stereotyped as slow learners causing low self esteem and low achievement rate during and after school. This is a major problem when addressing special education for African Americans. Many attempts have been made to solve the issues but there have been no satisfactory results.
Introduction to Education Studiesp
Discuss the reasons why you think that Education Studies is a relevant field of study for anyone wishing to become a teacher.
For many centuries, teaching has evolved to become a science rather than a practice. It is safe to argue that both teachers and students have changed their approach towards education in order to optimize their potential and efficiency (Mellado 1998).
These adaptations can be partly attributed to the demands from the economically driven society, which do not necessarily believe in traditional approaches to teaching and learning. In fact, the demands from the market driven society is such that products of education do not necessarily gain recognition unless the products are compatible with the demands of the market (Olssen et al 2005).
At the same time, education has become an industry of its own, which strives on novelty and innovation rather than adherence to tradition (Tooley 2005). This meaning, the role of the teacher has changed from being a person who passes his or her knowledge and skills to students to now being a much less clear cut role of being a moderator and a facilitator of learning. However, being just a moderator or a facilitator does not fulfill the demands from the society for teachers and therefore teachers need to equip themselves with the necessary skills other than teaching, to help them become efficient and...
...Education in our day to day life plays an integral part in the development of a society and a nation at large. In today's environment, education provides individuals with a better chance of employment, which in turn leads to a better lifestyle, power and status. Education is a long life process, intended to serve individuals, social and economic well-being to enhance the quality of life for all. According to Farrant (2005) Education is a systematic, scientific way of passing on skills, impart knowledge and train faculties from one generation to the next, with intent to influence social and psychological behavior of individuals or groups of people to discover better ways of doing things and adding value to and improve way of life.
This context will take an analytical approach to discuss the types of education that exist in Zambia as an introduction and will further give details education types in its main body, eventually the conclusion will express opinions of the writers view about the types of education offered in Zambia.
Zambia’s education can be categorized into three main aspect, these are; formal, informal and non-formal educations. According Ezewu (1983)Formal Education, this is a completely structures education systems in which learning programmes are fully described in terms of content as provided in...