To explain the theory of this article I will use the theoretical perspective of conflict. In this article it gives details about the racial and ethnics of injustice. The theory of this article is to let the reader know that society is not fair. If the White respondents of this article would come to the same agreement of the Hispanics and African Americans about injustice, then the crime and experiences would be excluding in the world that we live in today. However, in the article, it also explains that the Hispanics that have had contact with previous negative encounters of criminal justice will distinguish more of the injustice than African Americans with almost the same type of prior criminal justice. While using the social conflict theoretical perspective, I have chosen the two assumptions that helped me determine why I will deliberate the source of this article. My first deliberation is on Hispanics and the reason they are the largest minority in the United States, and the racial and ethnics of injustice. Hispanics now are intolerant of unfairness by the criminal justice system, although law enforcement will cooperate with Hispanics more often if they are political and assertively aware of their likelihood. Secondly, my conflict theory on this article would be the racial and ethnic division hypothesis. “Hagan et al. (2005) argued that African Americans and Hispanics experience more injustice than Whites because of their relative lack of social, political, economic, and cultural power” (Journal of Criminal Justice 36, 2008), which gives reasons why the differences of each race and ethnicity are now segregated in different communities. With my first assumption of this theory I will give more knowledge on the Hispanics. Besides the Hispanics being the minority, it comes to the indication that their perception and construction to explore justice and injustice ways of living is impossible. Some interactions of injustice issues are being emerged to the Hispanics...
...Theories in sociology provide us with different perspectives with which to view our social world. A perspective is simply a way of looking at the world. A theory is a set of interrelated propositions or principles designed to answer a question or explain a particular phenomenon; it provides us with a perspective. Sociologicaltheories help us to explain and predict the social world in which we live.
Sociology includes three major theoretical perspectives: the structural-functionalist perspective, the conflict perspective, and the symbolic interactionist perspective. Each perspective offers a variety of explanations about the causes of and possible solutions for social problems (Rubington & Weinberg, 1995).
The structural-functionalist perspective is largely based on the works of Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim, Talcott Parsons, and Robert Merton. According to structural-functionalist, society is a system of interconnected parts that work together in harmony to maintain a state of balance and social equilibrium for the whole. For example, each of the social institutions contributes important functions for society: family provides a context for reproducing, nurturing, and socializing children; education offers a way to transmit society's skills, knowledge, and culture to its youth; politics provides a means of governing members of society; economics provides for the...
...OVERVIEW OF THEORIES OF
HUMAN BEHAVIOR & THE SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT
APPLICATIONS TO SOCIAL WORK GENERALIST PRACTICE
The following is a very general outline summarizing the theories covered in the NCSSS foundation classes of SSS
571: Human Behavior & the Social Environment. Theory application & integration with practice are demonstrated.
This outline is only a summary of highlights; all theorists, ideas, and concepts are not included.
Because human behavior is complex and the social work profession is broad, numerous theories are utilized for
social work practice at the micro-meso-macro levels. These theories focus on human growth and development,
psychological and social functioning, and social service delivery. Some theories emphasize social and economic
justice. All theories are value-laden and come out of a socio-historical context. Thus, all theories should be critiqued
with attention paid to their cross-cultural applicability.
Theory—interrelated sets of concepts and propositions, organized into a deductive system to explain relationships about
certain aspects of the world (e.g., the theories listed below).
Perspective—an emphasis or point of view; concepts at an earlier level of development (e.g., a “strengths perspective”) or at
a broader and higher level of abstraction (ex: a “humanistic perspective” or a...
Esperanza A. Collado
A Review: Sensemaking and
Structuration Theory: Giddens Explored
Esperanza A. Collado
A Review: Sensemaking and
Structuration Theory: Giddens Explored
Dr. Lalaine Ocampo
Dr. Lalaine Ocampo
An in-depth background should form the reader's foundation regarding the materials on hand. In the items given, considering we are discussing theories, I believe it should be enlightening at the least. However, the lack of specifics and the vagueness of the thoughts expressed and the examples stated altogether create an obscure picture of the topics.
The authors, and their articles for that matter, has left much to be understood as it becomes a prerequisite to know firsthand and perhaps to read for one's self what he has read and that which is under evaluation.
Fortunately, after being thrown off at the beginning, a clearer account awaits as the pages turn, as more articles are read and more sites are browsed.
A Review on Sensemaking:
To start with a quote, “The activities of organizing are directed toward the establishment of a workable level of certainty. An organization attempts to transform equivocal information into a degree of unequivocality with which it can work and to which it is accustomed.” (Weick, K., 1969)
Karl Weick developed a theory that communicating and...
...Social Identity Theory
We all are deeply influenced by the society that we are surrounded by and the social relationships that follow it which makes us all unique individuals. We all respond differently to life’s circumstances far different from others. This is image of our personal identity that allows us to encounter our life experiences in a way that is different from others. It allows to all having different views of the world and this play a big role in social identity theory. Social Identity Theory was developed by Tajfel and Turner in 1979. The theory was originally developed to understand the psychological basis of intergroup discrimination. Tajfel attempted to identify the minimal conditions that would lead members of one group to discriminate in favor of the in-group to which they belonged and against another out-group. In the Social Identity Theory, a person has not one, “personal self”, but rather several selves that correspond to widening circles of group membership. Different social contexts may trigger an individual to think, feel and act on basis of his personal, family or national “level of self” (Turner 1979). Apart from the “level of self”, an individual has multiple “social identities”.
The motivations and environmental variables that shape social relationships have always been a core issue in social psychology. Thus, there are several theories that offer...
Contextual Relevance of Modern Sociological Perspectives: an Analysis on the Three Main SociologicalTheories
Abstract: When taking into consideration all social sciences, numerous behavioral and cognitive theories have been developed and revised over the years. Although this is true, some of the more influential and accurate theories have remained almost completely unchanged yet they still envelope modern day perspectives. Symbolic interactionism, functional analysis, and the conflict theory are among these main theories; they have been used to described various factors in society and still continue to hold true to their definitions. With further exploration and research, an overview on these concepts will be given with contextual evidence.
Keywords: symbolic interactionism, functional analysis, conflict theory, social science, sociology, behavioral, cognitive
Sociologicaltheories are used to describe and explain just about any occurrence in society. From cultural customs and traditions, to street and white collar crime, to changes in social norms, the main perspectives can be used to find out their true purpose and origin. Every established sociologist has their own views, but for the most part they will fall into categories having to do with the main three perspectives. For each topic, there are also...
...Structural Functionalism (Herbert Spencer) is a sociologicaltheory that attempts to explain why society functions the way it does by focusing on the relationships between the various social institutions that make up society (e.g., government, law, education, religion, etc)
Structural Functionalism is a theoretical understanding of society that posits social systems are collective means to fill social needs. In order for social life to survive and develop in society there are a number of activities that need to be carried out to ensure that certain needs are fulfilled. In the structural functionalist model, individuals produce necessary goods and services in various institutions and roles that correlate with the norms of the society.
Thus, one of the key ideas in Structural Functionalism is that society is made-up of groups or institutions, which are cohesive, share common norms, and have a definitive culture. Robert K. Merton argued that functionalism is about the more static or concrete aspects of society, institutions like government or religions. However, any group large enough to be a social institution is included in Structural Functionalist thinking, from religious denominations to sports clubs and everything in between. Structural Functionalism asserts that the way society is organized is the most natural and efficient way for it to be organized.
Gender inequality offers a good illustration. According to Structural Functionalist...
There are many theories people create and analyze on how we as a society would become obsolete. If we lived in a perfect world, there would probably be one solution or sociologicaltheory that could solve all our problems. With all of the sociologicaltheories created over centuries, I believe that the three main theories, structural functionalism, the conflicttheory, and symbolic interactionism, are all important attributes to what make us successful as individuals and society, play an important part in what makes us fail and all consist in the United States today.
The structural functionalism approach is a framework for all parts of society to work and function together. This theory points to social structure, which gives our lives shape in families, workplace, classroom, community, etc., and is the pattern of our social behavior. As one pioneer of this approach, Herbert Spencer, began to explain in more detail how social structure works was by using an example of the human body. He argued his point by stating muscles, bones, and organs in our body work interdependently to help the entire body to survive. He compared this to social structure by exclaiming that just like the functions of our organs, bones and muscles help the body to survive, social structures work together to preserve society. How one can say how this...
...Sociological Perspectives - Family
February 28, 2010
Family can be defined in many ways through many different theories. Family can also be a main area of where socialization skills for individuals and society develop. The following will help in the explanation on how you can apply Functionalism, Conflict and Interactionism theories to family and society.
Sociological Perspectives - Family
Families, what is the term family? What does it mean? Who decides what makes up a family? The definition of family means “A fundamental social group in society typically consisting of one or two parents and their children” (thefreedictionary.com). This might include anyone related to by blood or by adoption such as: step parents, grandparents acting as parents, and even brothers and sisters sometimes sharing the same household. The term family has been believed to coincide with the word “marriage”. If you were to have a family, you were also thought to have a husband or wife. This was thought to be the norm for many centuries. This was named the “institutional family”. But the word family has been reinvented. A family can consist of single parent family, step family, or a first marriage family. It seems that in all societies the first major agent of socialization for most individuals is the family. The role of the American family is much the same as in any other country....