Social phobia among teenagers and adults in America
Public speaking, meeting new people, dating, and performance arts can be normal behavior for most people, but for more than 5 million Americans, it is a problem as they have social anxiety disorder or social phobia (Donohue, 2013). There has been no stated cause for the condition, though some scientists have attributed it to genetics. However, it is a very common condition which the researcher found to be in a large number of the subjects or respondents in the study. The study below sought to identify the most common phobia among a selected group of subjects, which was found by the researcher to be social phobia. The study then sought to examine the factors influencing social phobia, and using the direction from an article by the American Psychological Association, Volume 36, Issue 7, determine the level of penetration of social phobia, its treatment options, and how people who had the condition coped with it.
Table of Contents
1.0 Background Information1
2.0 Research Hypothesis3
3.0 Methods and Procedures for the Study3
4.0 Results of the Study4
4.1 Descriptive statistics4
5.0 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION10
List of Tables12
1.0 Background Information
Nearly every person is afraid of social situations to some extent; however, for a large number of people, this fear is excessive. According to the American Psychological Association, 5.3 Million people in America suffer from social phobia. Phobia can be defined as an absurd and excessive fear of an object or situation. Specifically, social phobia refers to as an extreme fear of becoming apprehensive and possibly embarrassed in social circumstances such as public speaking, dating, meeting new people, eating, and drinking in public places, performing in sports, inter alia. Social phobia is also referred to as ‘social anxiety disorder’ and was first given the term in 1980 after Dr. Heimberg released a publication under the American Psychiatric Association where a study was carried out to determine the causes and effects of social phobia. Before, then there was no emotional term to define the condition and many people assumed people with the conditions were shy. In fact, to date, many people commonly misidentify social phobia as shyness, whilst the two are completely different. Shyness is not a psychological disorder while social phobia is an extreme psychological condition. People with social phobia tend to be afraid of the perception of others towards their behavior, and according to Dr. Heimberg, this is the main reason behind their anxiety. Based on a publication by the Northern Illinois University, there are two types of social phobia, generalized social anxiety, and specific social anxiety. Generalized social anxiety involves almost all social situations and is considered an interaction anxiety. Specific social anxiety refers to the type of phobia that is specific to certain situations such as public speaking. The person with a particular condition is only affected by the one situation and not at all by other circumstances. According to a study performed by the National Institute of Mental Health, there is no specific cause for social phobia, though the study found that some of the respondents had the condition because of genetics. The study concluded that the area of the brain that controls fear and anxiety was due for more study under the subjects in order to achieve better results. The institution placed the number of Americans with the condition at 15 million. Further, based on a study funded by the institution, social phobia was described as being the main reason behind alcoholism and depression with many subjects finding alcoholism as a way to cope with their anxiety.
Since the publication of DSM-III by Dr.Heimberg, psychologists have attempted...
...Social Anxiety Disorder: SocialPhobia
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders defines social anxiety disorder as a marked and persistent fear of social or performance situations in which embarrassment may occur (DSM). Exposure to these situations provokes an immediate anxiety response such as a panic attack (DSM). In order to be diagnosed, fear or avoidance of these situations must interfere significantly with the person’s normal routines, occupational or academic functioning, social activities or relationships, or a person must experience marked distress about having the phobia (DSM).
In 400 B.C., Hippocrates described a young man that displayed the symptoms of a social anxiety disorder. “He dare not come in company for fear he should be misused, disgraced, overshoot himself in gesture or speeches, or be sick; he thinks every man observes him” (Burton 2009). Throughout the 20th century, psychiatrists described extremely shy patients as having socialphobia and social neurosis. British psychiatrists Isaac Marks and Michael Gelder proposed that socialphobias be considered a distinct category separate from other simple phobias (Hope, Heimberg, Juster, & Turk 2005).
In 1980, the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders...
...Writing Assignment: SocialPhobiaSocialphobia, also known as social anxiety disorder, is a psychiatric disorder characterized by anxiety about being in public or social gatherings. People with socialphobia have an intense fear of being judged by others and of doing something that will humiliate or embarrass them. They become extremely self conscious and anxious during everyday social situations, which makes it difficult to make and maintain healthy relationships. Although this disorder sounds similar to being shy, people who suffer from socialphobia have physical reactions such as nausea, sweating, and dizziness when put in social situations. Shy people tend to feel uncomfortable in the same situations, but are able to handle them without any physical reactions.
Socialphobia is the most common anxiety disorder in the United States, with approximately fifteen million American’s affected by it each year. According to the A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia, “It can be limited to one situation (such as talking to people, eating or drinking, or writing on a blackboard in front of others). Or, it may be so broad (such as in generalized socialphobia) that the person experiences anxiety around almost everyone other than family members”. This...
...recognizes that phobias are not something to be ashamed of, and that everyone has at least one. But what exactly is a phobia? Simply put, it's an anxiety disorder.
The exact definition of a phobia is a bit different though. A phobia is an anxiety disorder in which a person will experience a strong, irrational fear of a situation, object, or activity. Adults with fears usually realize they are being irrational, but children are the opposite. A phobia will produce a feeling of anxiety that will range anywhere from mild, to downright severe. People with mild symptoms don't usually worry about it too much because it doesn't interfere with their day to day activities. People with a severe phobia, however, sometimes have no choice than to seek help. Some phobias, if left un-dealt with, can become so severe that the person won't even leave their bed.
There are three main types of phobias. The first is Agoraphobia. Agoraphobia is a fear of public places. With this fear comes the feeling that the person is trapped or fears having a panic attack in public. The second type of phobia is Socialphobia. Socialphobia is the fear of social situations or performing in public. When people have this fear, they may be embarrassed by symptoms of having a panic attack or anxiety....
Good morning everybody. I hope that all of you are doing well. So let get started. Do you have ever heard a term phobia? Phobia can be define as an extreme or irrational fear of or aversion to something. There are actually many kinds of phobia exist in this world. Start from realistic one until the weirdest and strangest phobia that we all have ever heard.
Ablutophobia – Fear of Bathing
For example, ablutophobia. Do you know what ablutophobia is all about? Abluthophobia is the fear of taking a bath and cleaning. It is weird right, could you imagine how those people with this kind of phobia live in this world. If they don’t get a proper treatment that means they need to grab some deodorant because they probably too scared to take a bath.
I believe that everyone of us has one or more type of phobia. If you want to know what kind of phobia that you experience you need to understand yourself and read information regarding phobia.
Today I don’t want to talk about phobia as general but I would like to focus on socialphobia. In which I have experience with this type of phobia. Hence, I think I would like to share with you what is actually socialphobia all about. I believe that most of you have heard about this type of...
...Phobia. Everyone seems to overlook this word. They think that it’s just a fear of something or some people are overreacting. If you’re not in those people’s shoes, you will never understand how horrifying having a phobia could be. You might think that they are just timid but let me tell you, it is so scary that you will start panicking and your whole body will start to sweat while facing the situation that you are fear of. Therefore, today I would be talking about a phobia that I used to have when I was young and it’s quite a common phobia that a lot of people in this world would have. It is called Social Anxiety Disorder or also known as SocialPhobia.
According to the Malaysian Psychiatric Association, Social Anxiety Disorder is the third largest mental health care problem in the world. It’s said that individuals with this phobia or disorder are very shy throughout their life but many say that the problem started to develop in early adolescence or in adulthood.
So what is SocialPhobia? Socialphobia is actually the fear and anxiety of being judged and evaluated by other parties in social situations but the respective person might be just fine when left alone.
I used to have this phobia when I was in secondary school. It was a very hard time for me as I had a...
...According to Abnormal psychology (14th ed.) the definition of SocialPhobia is “the fear of situations in which a person might be exposed to the scrutiny of others and fear of acting in a humiliating or embarrassing way”. SocialPhobia is one of the most common individual DSM-IV Disorders (Butcher). Although socialphobia does not usually manifest itself until the teenage years or early adulthood, it can be brought on by many different factors in early childhood, like being bullied or based on genetic or learned behaviors from parents. They are also some different variation of socialphobia; there is generalized socialphobia, socialphobia with agoraphobia, socialphobia with or without panic attacks and also Japanese disorders similar to it called Taijin kyofusho. All these variations of socialphobia come with different effects on people and caused by different factors. SocialPhobia causes people to worry that other people are looking at you and noticing what you are doing, dislike being introduced to other people, find it hard to go into shops or restaurants, worry about eating or drinking in public, feel embarrassed about undressing in public, so you can't face going to the beach, can't be assertive with other...
Depression AmongTeenagers in North America
As Ronald Reagan, the 40th president of America, stated, “Recession is when a neighbor loses his job. Depression is when you lose yours.” (1980). During the Great Depression time, many adults got depressed because they lost their jobs in the economic recession. However, losing a job is not only the cause for depression in 21st century, it can also be caused by many of other things (from physical to mental) he or she has lost; for example, money, health and loved one. Besides adults, teenagers (ages 13 to 18 years old) in North America are also influenced by depression because of two main factors: relationship conflict and school life stress. Meanwhile, one influence of depression is a high number of students dropping out of school.
To begin with, the factor that causes the depression among young North American adolescents is relationship conflict. The most serious relationship conflict is the conflict between parents (marital strife) and this has led to the high rate of divorce in North America. Naturally, this has had a negative influence on the teenagers. 40% of first marriage couples divorced in Canada (National Institute of Mental Health, 2014). Marital discord and divorce can raise teenagers’ depression and weaken the relations with...
... Social networking.
Today I am here to talk about weather 16 years olds should be allowed to use social networking, as everyone is entitled to their own opinion. I strongly agree that they shoud be allowed due to many obvious reasons. Even though there are many reasons they should not be allowed. However I think that there is more positivity than negativity, but as I had said we all have our own opinion.
I’m absolutely certain that not everyone would agree with me, but social networking allows you to communicate with friends and family you cannot see on a daily basis you can skype them. Skype allows you too actually see the person through the screen. However Youngers can be naive and might expose their personal details to unknown people who probably have a bad intension towards them.
Of course every parent/carer has their own right.im sure all have you have come across social networking throughout your life, it’s not bad right? Unfortunately people can steal identies of websites like Facebook and twitter and create fake profiles of you. On the other hand you can share pictures, music, and video s, play games and statuses to people you know and don’t have to meet physically.
Addiction was the most widely word used to describe social networking and children. Addiction is commonly described as excessive use of the internet that interferes with the daily functioning and that can lead to...