Approximately 13.3 percent of the population experiences a form of social phobia at some point in their lives. Social phobia is any fear associated with situations that you are subject to criticism by others. Eating, public speaking, or even walking in a public place can be devastating and bring on such reactions as headaches or stomachaches to more severe symptoms of panic attacks and dysphoria. Although adolescent girls are expected to show more withdrawn behavior than adolescent boys, social phobia shows an even distribution between genders. With an onset of early adolescents in most cases, the condition can carry on through the subject’s adult lifespan if not discovered and treated early on.
Speculated to be most likely genetically transmitted, the cause of social phobia is not yet known for certain. Although considered to have an onset in early teenage years, signs of it have been known to appear in ages as early as eight years old. Social phobia in children and adolescents tends to show similar symptoms to that found in Socially phobic adults. Anything that may be perceived as humiliating or embarrassing, including: fear of speaking, eating or writing in public, going to parties, using public restrooms, and speaking to authority figures, playing games with children or joining in at recess may be feared by a social phobic. Many report loneliness, depression, very restricted range of social relationships, and deficient skills. In adolescents this can create a school attendance or behavioral problem.
With an onset as early as childhood, a child may experience withdrawn social behaviors due to anxiety. A child with social phobia may not have many friends due to the fact that they fear negative ascertain, the fear of trying and failing. This can impact the persona of a social phobic greatly. They may fear going to dances, parties, or social gatherings that adolescents would normally make friends at. A social phobic will...
...Strange and ridiculous phobias:
Leukophobia - Fear of the color white
Genuphobia - Fear of knees.
Octophobia - Fear of the figure 8.
Papyrophobia - Fear of paper.
Random stuff- fear of phobia- phobophobia
Names — Nomatophobia
The fear of names.
Phobia - the mere mention of it can make some people's hair stand on end. Yes, there is such a thing as fear of phobias. Called phobophobia, it happens to a person who dreads being frightened by everything. This type of phobia is different from the fear of everything, which is termed panophobia. Phobophobia, unlike other types of phobia, is more anxiety-related than being based on fear of a single object or situation. People with phobophobia think they most likely have a phobia, but they cannot figure out just what it is. They worry too much about not understanding what causes their fear of being afraid. Simply put, phonophobia is the worry of fear itself.
Fear of phobias can develop from other types of phobias. The intense fear that a person feels toward the other phobia may cause him or her to believe that the condition can lead to something worse. Fearing one's phobia may aggravate the impact of that phobia. When anxiety disorders are left untreated, phobophobia may also develop. This type of phobia may also be a result of a traumatic...
...Module 5 Essay
Discuss the relationship between stress, anxiety, habits and phobias and describe how you would treat these issues with hypnotherapy
Word Count 2150
In This essay I shall describe in detail the individual elements, Stress, Anxiety, Habits and Phobias. Firstly I shall describe how these issues manifest within the subconscious, and then I shall address the relationship between the conditions, and how these can come about. Following this I shall discuss the treatment process of my chosen element in more detail (anxiety).
Beginning with Stress. Stress can often over lap with anxiety, but I shall try to describe them individually before divulging into their inter-relations. The dictionary describes stress as “ a state of mental or emotional strain or tension resulting from adverse or demanding circumstances.” Stress is linked to our ‘fight of flight’ survival instinct; it has been present from our prehistoric ancestors, as a survival technique. This technique created a sense of fear, and arousal in the subconscious to help flea from harm. Nowadays, we face different threats, as modern day survival depends on our placement in society, and the role of hunter-gatherer has been replaced by earning through means of occupation to supply for our families. This modern day way of life has created more complex threat, and a more deep-rooted variety of stresses such as our social standing, job status, high expectations and...
...Your best friend suffers from a phobia of buttons. Describe the symptoms that he/she displays in the presence of buttons, suggest possible causes for the phobia, and outline potential treatments.
Irrational fears come in all sorts of shapes and sizes, from the peculiar to the seemingly absurd. These phobias can take a hold of a person’s life and create barriers preventing them from achieving their goals and hold them back a great deal not to mention the self loathing that may occur as a person comes to term with this disorder they live with. My best friend suffers one of the more unheard of, but still reasonably common phobia ‘Koumpounophobia’, the fear of Buttons.
As far back as I remember, from the very beginning of our relationship it has been present in her everyday life. Upon seeing a button, she will instantly feel nauseas therefore having to remove either herself or it from the situation. Upon a chance contact she will have the compulsion to immediately wash and sanitize the area of exposed flesh that’s touched.
A phobia can be described as “a fear not based on reality”, so without any traumatic experience or reason they can just manifest in ones head. My friend has told me on countless occasions she has no explanation for it. When we were at school together, especially primary school she would get teased and bullied by uninformed children who just didn’t understand the seriousness of...
Explaining PhobiaPhobias are very common. The Association of Psychiatry defines phobia as an excessive and persistent fear of a specific thing (American Psychiatric Association, 2012). Sally, who has a dog phobia since she was in second grade because of a negative experience has anxiety when she meets someone and is asked to go to a new place where she does not know if there is a dog present or not. To explain Sally’s phobia and how it was developed theories are used on how or why she developed the fear of dogs. Phobias can be explained by classical conditions, operant conditioning, and observational learning. Overcoming phobias can be done with extinction and cognitive theory.
Phobias Are Created
Sally seems to have had a negative experience with dogs at a young age. She could have had an operant conditioning. Operant conditioning could have occurred if there was a negative reinforcer for a behavior she did. Maybe her parents punished her with a negative punishment that included dogs.
If Sally is scared of dogs it could be a classical conditioning. Her parents or someone she was close to may have told her that dogs are mean and that she needed to be afraid of dogs. She could have created this phobia from others telling her that she...
...Phobias and Addictions
Phobias and Addictions
In today’s society, many individuals suffer from phobias and addictions. Phobias and addictions are typically paired because those with an addiction began with a phobia they were unaware of. Phobias and addictions should be fragmented into two groups of conditioning with the effects each partakes on an individual: classical and operant conditioning. Classical conditioning occurs when an individual discovers how to respond to a stimulus in their atmosphere. Operant conditioning is when one responds to a reward or penalty. The foremost difference between classical and operant conditioning is the response and a stimulus, which can lead to addictions and phobias.
An addiction is a determined behavior in wanting and needing something. Most know it can have unsympathetic consequences, but the individual will continue this behavior because of the addictions. Furthermore, the majority of addictions start with a satisfying involvement with something and desires to prolong or recreate the act. The addictive individual will endure the behavior with very little, if any self-discipline, even when it can become damaging or has already taken over their body. A person who is addicted will familiarize with desires and cravings to connect with the behavior and this need will build up, until the behavior kicks in...
Dental phobia, dental fear, and/or dental anxiety have been used interchangeably in the dental literature to describe the overwhelming discomfort that some youth and adults experience in dental situations. (1) People can fear a specific activity, object or situation. People with dental phobia often put off routine care for years or even decades. To avoid it, they will put up with periodontal disease, pain, or even broken and unsightly teeth. People often use the words "anxiety" and "phobia" to mean the same thing, but they are different. Those with dental anxiety will have a sense of uneasiness when it is time for their appointments. They will have exaggerated or unfounded worries or fears. Dental phobia is a more serious condition. It is an intense fear or dread. People with dental phobia are not merely anxious, they are terrified or panic stricken.
People develop dental anxieties and phobias for many different reasons. The fear of pain is most common in adults 24 years and older. Approximately 5 to 10 percent of U.S. adults are considered to experience dental phobia; that is, they are so fearful of receiving dental treatment that they avoid dental care at all costs.(4) Many people develop phobias about situations such as flying in an airplane in which they feel they have no control. When they are in the dental chair, they have...
...Dog Phobia Case Study
University of Phoenix
Psych /504 Personality Theories
February 4, 2013
Dog Phobia Case Study
A phobia is an “irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that leads to a compelling desire to avoid the subject of the phobia” (Ankrom, 2009 pg.325). Phobias are a type of anxiety disorder that may leave an individual with a strong irrational fear of something that poses very little or no danger to the individual. Phobias, to the individual may cause physical symptoms such as panic, fear, rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, trembling, or a strong desire to avoid a specific situation or object altogether. To the individual affected by a phobia, his or her fear is not only rational but also very real. Overcoming a phobia can be a lifelong process in identifying the true nature of the phobia, finding the origins of the phobia, and possible extinction of the specific phobia. Regardless how a phobia is acquired the individual suffering with this type of anxiety disorder identifies the phobia as real and at times can become debilitating.
In this case study of Sally, the topics of operant and classical conditioning and observational behavior are explored as it pertains to the case of Sally and her fear of dogs. In addition, this paper will...
... Phobias and Addictions 2
Phobias and Addictions as related to Classical and Operant Conditioning
Distinguish between classical and operant conditioning
Classical conditioning is one of the major theories of human behavior. It involves a natural stimulus in relation to the response; thus a previously neutral response creates the response even without the presence of the natural stimulus. On the other hand operant conditioning involves a relationship between a behavior and its consequence. In classical conditioning a neutral signal is placed before a reflex while in contrary to operant conditioning the reinforcement is after the behavior. Classical conditioning on the other hand focuses on the forced behaviors whereas operant conditioning dwells on the voluntary behaviors. Thus we find out that classical conditioning can cause a phobia; and according to American Psychiatric Association, a phobia is an irrational and excessive fear of an object or situation. In most cases, the phobia involves a sense of being endangered or a fear of harm. Yates (2012), ``specific phobia is characterized by extreme and persistent fear of specific objects or situations that present little...