The limits of Social Capital: An Examination of Immigrants’ Housing Challenges in Calgary: Immigration, Social capital, housing, homelessness
Social capital as theory and policy intervention: Social capital has been credited with the ability to cure most social ills. It helps people resolve collective problems with more ease facilities development, heightens awareness of our globally interconnected fate, fosters the flow of useful information and improves people’s health and resilience and productivity. Despite the fanfare, some believes that not all social capital is “good” and can lead to less than desirable outcomes. Too much social capital for example, can result in closed ethnic communities where tight bounds became barriers to integration into mainstream. Social capital theory is of particular interest of policy makers. Dominant public discourse on social capital is based on the idea that strong participation in social networks, community organizations and sense of trust and solidarity facilitate cooperation between citizens. In turn, this reduces poverty and crime, whilst increasing political participation to allow for a better government. Research result was “governments inevitably affect patterns of social capital development. Taking into consideration the role of social (and interaction between social relationship and policies) in a more systematic way can potentially make significant difference in the achievement of policy objectives. Social capital, Immigration and Housing:
Although the struggle for adequate housing is a well-known experience of migrants throughout various historical periods, it is notable that immigrant housing outcome in Canada have been deteriorating for the past 20 years. Studies have demonstrated that since 1980 immigrants’ rate of home ownership has decreased, prior to this, immigrants high level of homeownership prompted the researchers to examine why they had more successful housing careers than Canadian –born person....
The concept of socialcapital on poverty alleviation; In reference to Kudumbashree program of Kerala
Sayyid Abdulla Shakir
The objective of this paper is to put forward a broad idea about socialcapital and its implication in experience for socio-economic empowerment of women through self help groups (SHGs) like Kudumbashree program in Kerala. The word Kudumbashree in Malayalam, denotes that prosperity of family. The happiness and economic sufficiency among women influence family-the basic component of society directly and whole society indirectly. It is a flagship program of Kerala state government, for poverty eradication which provides self-employment opportunities to women below poverty line. It has been acknowledged in enumerable studies that the social and economic empowerment of women have a significant positive impact on the poverty eradication and economic development of the state and society. In this paper, it is focused on concept of socialcapital and its liability in implementation for socio economic empowerment of society.
There had been increasing research in concept of socialcapital recent years in social sciences .Generally, it is defined as, social organization such as networks, norms, and social trust that facilitate coordination and cooperation for...
...In recent decades, many social scientists have drawn attention to the importance of “socialcapital.” Socialcapital is meant to capture the value, economic and otherwise, that comes from social networks, through which people frequently interact with one another. But what if socialcapital ends up contributing to the rise of extreme movements, including fascism?
It is well-established that individuals and societies can gain a great deal from civic institutions, such as parent-teacher associations, athletic leagues, churches and music clubs. High levels of socialcapital have been associated with numerous social benefits, including improvements in health, promise-keeping, trust, altruism, compliance with the law, child welfare and individual happiness.
Harvard University political scientist Robert Putnam has done a great deal to explore the beneficial effects of socialcapital. In his book “Bowling Alone,” he documented what he saw as its decline in the U.S., connecting that decline with a wide range of social problems.
Pointing to research by Putnam and others, many people have argued that the U.S. and other nations should make a sustained effort to measure and increase socialcapital, with particular attention to civic associations that help to...
...Birds of a Feather:
Socialcapital of non-traditional students
The number of undergraduates enrolled in higher education in the United States has risen to new heights (NCES, 2012). Between 1999 and 2009 alone, US college matriculation increased by 38 percent, three times the rate of the preceding decade (Rosenbaum, Deil-Amen, & Person, 2006). This stunning growth is driven in large part by record enrollments of “nontraditional” students: defined as older, minority, of lower income, and often the first generation in their family to attend college (NCES, 2011). Their numbers have been increasing since the 1970s, while the “traditional” definition of a college student as young, financially dependent, and living on campus now describes only about 14% of current undergraduates in the U.S. (Attewell & Lavin, 2012). While the bulk of undergraduates engage in higher education as commuters, however, most research on higher education (with the exceptions of Chang, 2005; Pascarella, Duby & Iverson, 1983) continues to focus on traditional, residential institutions. Urban commuter colleges, such as community colleges and the new, for-profit career colleges, have attracted the most challenged segments of the non-traditional population (Baum, Little, & Payea, 2011; NCES, 2012). Compared to other four year colleges, urban commuter and career colleges have a significantly larger percentage of students below the poverty line, a larger percentage of single...
...What is socialcapital? Why is it important for a society?
The sociological concept of socialcapital is developed in conjunction with the concepts of human capital and physical capital which has clear distinctions among them to explain theory of social relations (Jackman and Miller, 1998). Unlike human capital and physical capital which has clear and united explanation, socialcapital has no unified and undisputed definition due to its weak palpability as it comes “from changes in the relations among individuals that facilitate action” (Jackman and Miller, 1998). Be that as it may, we can still find they commonly define socialcapital as “the value of social networks, bonding similar people and bridging between diverse people, with norms of reciprocity” (SocialCapital Research, 2012). In another words, socialcapital is a set of informal norms and values shared among members of a group that permits them to cooperate with one another. In most cases, socialcapital centers around “networks of relationships, reciprocity, trust, and social norms” - anything that facilitates manner of action for betterment (SocialCapital Research, 2012); thereby some...
...building socialcapital and addressing some of the difficulties associated with struggling communities.
school gardens may help students and communities address some of the issues they struggle with in growing healthy learning environments.
School gardens are becoming increasingly popular in urban areas. Advocates see these gardens as a learning opportunity for students, a source of sustenance for neighbors, and a means of buildingsocialcapital that can serve as a catalyst to developing strong, unified communities capable of generating greater social supports. Detractors believe that school gardens divert limited resources away from more important needs such as instructional time, supplies, and facilities maintenance while perpetuating racial and ethnic stereotypes.
Schools are inextricably tied to their surroundings, making it reasonable to assume that healthy communities and healthy schools go hand in hand. Schools in low-income communities face a number of challenges on the road to securing the resources students need to be successful, and may benefit from community partnership intended to reach shared goals. No single action can solve the problems of poverty, insufficient health care, and unstable living conditions, but school gardens may help students and communities address some of the issues they struggle with in growing healthy learning environments. This paper...
Labor Force and Employment
Employment, SocialCapital, and Health:
An Empirical Analysis
The United States labor force has been undergoing massive changes in over the past 30 or so years. More people are working as the population continues to rise, but even more so people with more diverse backgrounds and demographics are entering the work force or clamoring for jobs, as how the economy is currently structured seems to predict that individuals who would like to enter the labor force won’t be able to. Sociologists White and Cunneen contend that “structural unemployment and underemployment, privatization of state services and withdrawal of income support” (White and Cunneen) inherently exist in neo-liberal ideologies, making this disparity between the employed and the unemployed seemingly unavoidable. With this increase in size and diversity of the labor force and the accompanying restrictions to entry, the effects of employment merit analysis. One could possibly make the argument that of employment's causal relationships, perhaps none are more important than employment's affect on one's health. Indeed, “occupational conditions have consequences for physical health outcomes” (Wickrama Lorenz 363). Further, “A central theoretical proposition of sociology states that social...
Socialcapital refers to the institutions, relationships, and norms that shape the quality and quantity of a society's social interactions. Increasing evidence shows that social cohesion is critical for societies to prosper economically and for development to be sustainable. Socialcapital is not just the sum of the institutions which underpin a society – it is the glue that holds them together.
A narrow view of socialcapital regards it as a set of horizontal associations between people, consisting of social networks and associated norms that have an effect on community productivity and well-being. Social networks can increase productivity by reducing the costs of doing business. Socialcapital facilitates coordination and cooperation.
Vertical and Horizontal Associations
A broader understanding of socialcapital accounts for both the positive and negative aspects by including vertical as well as horizontal associations between people, and includes behavior within and among organizations, such as firms. This view recognizes that horizontal ties are needed to give communities a sense of identity and common purpose, but also stresses that without "bridging"...
...The impact of Cultural Capital on advertisement
The French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu first proposed the concept of cultural capital. Since the 1980s, socialcapital has become a popular concept in many disciplines concerned and analysis of important starting point. Hofstede (1980) published a study in the field of cultural significance of the research results. In 1980s, scholars did a large number of cross-cultural consumer behavior based Hofstede’s cultural construct. After the 1990s, globalization and technological revolution in the joint action, cultural issues in all areas of marketing, reflected in all directions, the impact of cultural capital on advertisement journals were seen everywhere.
"Advertising." The word of foreign origin, derived from the Latin word “Adteurture”; its basic meaning is the meaning of attention and induce the latter evolved into the English language “Advertise”. In recent years, advertising fills of people’s lives. From the television’s ads, newspaper’s ads, outdoor walls’ ads, to the network, advertising are seen every where. But in different cultural background, consumer values, consumption patterns and consumer behavior are different. Cultural capital has a deep impact on advertising, which cannot be ignored.
Today's society is in economic globalization; all the advertising companies cannot separate from...