AbstractThe paper summarizes a single-system design aimed at improving the participant's score on the Clinical Assessment of Anxiety through the intervention of meditative breathing. A baseline of three weeks was measured followed by four weeks of treatment phase. During the treatment phase, the participant completed meditative breathing exercise three times daily for five days each week. The participant completed the Clinical Assessment of Anxiety each Friday of the treatment phase. The results indicated improvement in the scores, however the participant's score never got below the clinical cutting score of 30.
Meditative Breathing for the Treatment of AnxietyThe purpose of this paper is to present the findings from an experiment that examined the effectiveness of meditative breathing on the participant's clinical level of anxiety.
AnxietyMood and anxiety disorders are among the most common psychiatric disorders noted in the clinical setting. About 5% of U.S. adults experience generalized anxiety disorder at some point during their lifetime, and about 3% have it in any given year (Toneatto & Nguyen, 2007). Some ways anxiety manifests in persons who suffer from it are gastrointestinal symptoms, sleep disturbances, changes in eating patterns, muscle aches and pains, increased irritability, shortness of breath, and difficulty concentrating (Zinn et al., 1992). Another common symptom of anxiety is racing thoughts, which often stems from difficulty concentrating. A person with a clinically high level of anxiety may not be able to maintain focus on a present task due to his or her fleeting thoughts of future responsibilities needing attention.
Studies have shown that there is a genetic component in persons who are diagnosed with anxiety disorders; however, research also strongly suggests that a person's environment, particularly a consistently stressful one, can influence his or her anxiety level in a negative way (Zinn et al., 1992).
With the increased frequency anxiety is being diagnosed, treatments for the disorder are also being researched and implemented among those experiencing anxiety. Some common forms of treatment for anxiety disorder include cognitive behavior therapy, exposure therapy, medication therapy, exercise, journaling, stress-reduction techniques, hypnosis, and meditation (Annesi, 2005).
Over the past several years, meditation has received increased attention from researchers focusing on alternatives to medication for persons with anxiety.
Meditative BreathingOver the past 20 years, meditation has established a place among common forms of treatment for a wide array of physical and psychological health problems. Meditation has been found to be effective with chronic pain, quality of life, stress reduction, and anxiety disorders (Murphy, 2006). Zinn, et al. noted in one study that meditation is effective in reducing anxiety symptoms, and maintain the reduction. The author further noted that due to the nature of the study it suggested strong generalizability to nonstudy participants (1992).
Meditation is similar to other anxiety reduction techniques in that it teaches people to relax, decrease intrusive thoughts and/or obsessive thinking, and enhance focus and performance. The ultimate goal of meditation leads towards participants having a relaxed, focused state of mind that allows them to then interact with the world in an efficient and calm manner (Murphy, 2006). With the newfound calmness, the person can then refocus his or her energy on the present rather than what may or may not happen in the future and/or any obsessive thoughts they are having; thus meditation is often helpful in reducing racing and/or obsessive thoughts that interfere with the completion of present-moment tasks (Murphy, 2006).
The literature to substantiate continues to increase as researchers and patients alike seeks alternative to medication for treating anxiety.
Meditation is especially useful in then clinical...
4 February 2014
Imagine this, as you walk around the grocery store and precede to shop, suddenly your entire body feels frozen, your chest begins to hurt, you feel as though you cannot breathe. You have an overwhelming feeling of terror for absolutely no reason. Everyone is staring, wondering what is wrong with you, until you finally pull yourself together. Doesn’t sound very appealing now does it? Imagine having to live your day to day life not knowing when or if this was going to happen to you, or even why it happens to you. Panic attacks are very common symptoms in people with anxiety disorders. Upon my research I have found what can cause an anxiety disorder, how to treat it and what the different types of anxiety disorders are.
What is an anxiety disorder you may wonder? An anxiety disorder is a mental disorder in which severe anxiety is a symptom. To experience anxiety is to have the feeling of constant worry or unease. There is a difference in experiencing anxiety and having an anciety disorder. Many people experience anxiety in everyday life, for example, when facing problems at work or before taking a big test you may have a feeling of worry or you may feel nervous. This is normal for most people, but if you begin to feel uneasy all the time while performing simple tasks such as going to the store...
...AnxietyAnxiety is defined as a normal human emotion that is experienced by the majority of people. There are several different levels of anxiety; the most common is General Anxiety Disorder, or GAD. Other types include panic disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias. (Katz MD) When one goes through an anxiety experience, they feel anxious or nervous. Everyone encounters anxiety in their lives; however anxiety disorders cause such stress in the body to interfere with one’s ability to carry on life normally. Anxiety disorders are considered serious mental illnesses, causing constant worry and or fear, which can be crippling. (Katz MD)
GAD is the most common anxiety disorder that primary care doctors find in their patients; about 5% of people will develop GAD within their lifetime. (Dryden-Edwards MD) There is no single cause of GAD. Women tend to develop the condition, along with other anxiety disorders more commonly than men. Those with family history of anxiety and depression are at an even higher risk for developing GAD or social anxiety disorder. (Dryden-Edwards MD) Being Native-American and having a low income can raise the risk of developing social anxiety disorder. Asians,...
AnxietyAnxiety is the brain’s way of telling the body that there is danger and that something painful is coming. It is a biological process that tells us when we can stay where we are, and when we either need to protect ourselves or move to a safer place. When the brain tells the body that it is in danger, the Sympathetic Nervous System starts up, making the person anxious. They increase their oxygen by breathing faster and shallower. It increases the heart rate and the blood rushes to the muscles of the arms and legs (WebMD, 2013). It is also what makes the body focus its attention on running and fighting. The Sympathetic Nervous System is what causes you to have clammy hands and feet, an upset stomach, or a sense of dread when you’re anxious (WebMD, 2013). When studying worry, scientists found more activity in the left-hemisphere (WebMD, 2013). Worry is associated more with obsessing, going over and over something, or making up stories in your head. Anxiety disorders affect about 19 million Americans and most anxiety disorders begin in childhood, teenage years, and early adulthood (Henig, 2009). They also occur slightly more often in women than in men.
When the brain recognizes that you’re not in danger anymore, the Parasympathetic Nervous System starts to work and does the exact opposite, to bring the systems back to normal. Sometimes the brain gets...
...What is anxiety? We have all felt anxiety—the nervousness before a date, test, competition, presentation—but what exactly is it? Anxiety is our body's way of preparing to face a challenge. Our heart pumps more blood and oxygen so we are ready for action. We are alert and perform physical and emotional tasks more efficiently.
It is normal to feel anxious when our safety, health, or happiness is threatened; however, sometimes anxiety can become overwhelming and disruptive and may even occur for no identifiable reason. Excessive, lasting bouts of worry may reflect an anxiety disorder.
Symptoms of anxiety disorders: Anyone may experience these symptoms during stressful times. However, individuals with anxiety disorders may experience them in absence of stress, with more severe symptoms and with several symptoms appearing together.
* Inability to relax
* Unrealistic or excessive worry
* Difficulty falling asleep
* Rapid pulse or pounding, skipping, racing heart
* Nausea, chest pain or pressure
* Feeling a "lump in the throat"
* Dry mouth
* Irregular breathing
* Feelings of dread, apprehension or losing control
* Trembling or shaking, sweating or chills
* Fainting or dizziness, feelings of detachment
* Thoughts of death
Types of Anxiety Disorders:
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is characterized...
...What is Anxiety?
Anxiety is one of the most fundamental emotions shared by all species of animals. When confronted with danger, the fight or flight response of the sympathetic nervous system is triggered so that we are prepared to react and protect ourselves. Without anxiety and its physiological manifestations, such as hypersensitivity to environment and enhanced blood supply to leg muscles, the likelihood of harm or disaster in threatening situations would undoubtedly dramatically increase. A moderate amount of anxiety also has the result of prompting individuals to prepare for certain events, such as exams and presentations, that clearly benefit from this action.
Anxiety is a normal human emotion that everyone experiences at times. Many people feel anxious, or nervous, when faced with a problem at work, before taking a test, or making an important decision. Anxiety disorders, however, are different. They can cause such distress that it interferes with a person's ability to lead a normal life.
An anxiety disorder is a serious mental illness. For people with anxiety disorders, worry and fear are constant and overwhelming, and can be crippling.
Anxiety is an unpleasant state of inner turmoil, often accompanied by nervous behavior, such as pacing back and forth, somatic complaints and rumination. It is the subjectively unpleasant...
Systems Requirements, Design and Implementation Specification
Professor Jennifer Gaddy
March 2, 2015
Brief Description: 4
Who is the Intended User? 4
Project Sponsor: 4
Functional Requirements: 5
Nonfunctional Requirements 5
Section 2: System or Application Design (Week 2) 7
Section 3: Test and Quality Assurance Plan (Week 3) 7
Section 4: Development Strategy (Week 4) 7
Section 5: Integration and Deployment Plan (Week 5) 7
Kronos Corporation (2015) Workforce Timekeeper. Retrieved on 2-21-15 from http://kronos.com/Time-Attendance/Timekeeper-Features.aspx 8
Section 1: System or Application Overview (Week 1)
The project I’ve decided to work on will be a Time Clock System. The clock will be able to manage a team of 10 people who will be working through multiple projects on a job. This clock will not only show how much time each person is putting into each project, but it will also allow the manager to run a report to show the times as well. The filters within will be able to separate by employee or by the job in question.
Who is the Intended User?
The intended users for this system are employees and managers. The employees will need to be able to clock in and out of specific projects...
...solutions, and website design to develop integrated back-end solutions.
It is established to serve small and mid-sized businesses to meet the challenges and demands of their businesses and help them increase their productivity, hence, respond to the needs of their customers better and more efficiently.
It is located at AR1, 2nd Floor, 2.Nable One TBI, Mabuhay IT Park, Ced Avenue, National Highway, General Santos City.
Contact Number: (083) 301-6270 local 201.
Contact Person: Ms. Sheila A. Dayap, CPA – General Manager and Owner
B. History of the Company
Virtuous Business Solutions is an integrated business process outsourcing entity which caters the business side, marketing, information technology, accounting and engineering aspects. It started as a small company owned by Ms. Sheila A. Dayap, CPA. Formerly located at her house in Brgy. City Heights, she started gathering potential clients via local and online. After the successful breakthrough of her career, she expanded her business into a call center facility, employed with 20 agents.
She also caters accounting services wherein she outsourced her accounting agents to different clients in order to help them with their financial accounts and services.
On the other side, the General Manager, Mr. Dayap, is the engineering consultant of the company. He helps to integrate efficient and high quality engineering services. Through the use of modern technologies such as AutoCADD...
...like to thank our ICT instructor Mrs. Dhel Labitan for the perseverance and patience.
Mr. Henry Chua and Mr. Hermie Domenden for accepting the proponent’s invitation because your are the only one who accept our proposal.
Also to our parents for their understanding, endless patience and encouragement.
Finally, to the Almighty God for giving strength and for guiding us to the right path.
Pmc Membership System
By achieving or meeting the objective, there method of membership will be improved by reducing the time and effort. It will perform the same task done by the manual method but in an easier process thus helping the Pmc gym be more organized, more efficient and provide a better service.
This system is consisting of a history table, information about the costumer, information about the staff of gym and can monitor the income of the gym.
To make their work efficient
To make their operation easy
Can monitor the costumer
Can give good service
In development of the system, the proponents used Microsoft access application for storing data.
A Gym is a place which houses exercise equipment for the purpose of physical exercise. Physical fitness is important throughout life to develop and maintain functional capability to meet the demands of living, and promote optimal health. This is a health club. A modern day gym is a facility where...