Abram Van Engen
Literature and the Question of Relgion
Short Engagement Paper: Satanic Verse
"They mock us everywhere, and you call us dangerous," he cried. Now Hamza looks worried. "You never worried about their opinions before. Why now? Why after speaking to Simbel?" Mahound shakes his head. "Sometimes I think I must make it easier for the people to believe." An uneasy silence covers the disciples; they exchange looks, shift their weight. Mahound cries out again. "You all know what has been happening. Our failure to win converts. The people will not give up their gods. They will not, not." He stands up, strides away from them, washes by himself on the far side of the Zamzam well, kneels to pray.” (Rushdie 111)
This quote from the novel takes place during one of Gabreel's dreams after he has fallen out of the plane that was taken over by Sikh terrorists. He has the vision of Mahound, a prophet, who tells his people that they must accept three other goddesses into their once monotheistic religion. Although this angers many of Mahound's followers, he explains that they must accept these goddesses if they want to be accepted into the community.
At first look this seems like a very simple request by the prophet Mahound. However, after some analysis, one can decipher that Mahound actually represents Muhammad, the prophet for the religion of Islam. Thus, when Mahound states that there is not only one god, Allah, its almost as if Muhammad is saying that Islam is not a monotheistic religion. When Mahound acts like business man rather than a prophet by suggesting that his people must accept the other three goddesses just to be included in the society, it is as if Muhammad is acting like a business man. This is one of the main reasons that this book critiques the Islamic religion. Rushdie suggests that Muhammad was barely a prophet and was only trying to gain acceptance for his people, not actually preaching the words of God or the...
...The SatanicVerses is Salman Rushdie's fourth novel, first published in 1988
. The frame narrative, like many other stories by Rushdie, involves Indian expatriates in contemporary England. The two protagonists, Gibreel Farishta and Saladin Chamcha, are both actors of Indian Muslim background. Farishta is a Bollywood superstar who specialises in playing Hindu deities..Chamcha is an emigrant who has broken with his Indian identity and works as a voiceover artist in England.
At the beginning of the novel, both are trapped in a hijacked plane flying from India to Britain. The plane explodes over the English Channel, but the two are magically saved. In a miraculous transformation, Farishta takes on the personality of the archangel Gibreel, and Chamcha that of a devil. Chamcha is arrested and passes through an ordeal of police abuse as a suspected illegal immigrant.
Both characters struggle to piece their lives back together. Farishta seeks and finds his lost love, the English mountaineer Allie Cone, but their relationship is overshadowed by his mental illness. Chamcha, having miraculously regained his human shape, wants to take revenge on Farishta for having forsaken him after their common fall from the hijacked plane. He does so by fostering Farishta's pathological jealousy and thus destroying his relationship with Allie. In another moment of crisis, Farishta realises what Chamcha has done, but forgives him and even saves his life.
...Salman Rushdie's The SatanicVerses addresses much more than the infamous controversy within Islam. It is about nationalism, migration, religion, postmodernism, politics, rebirth, hybridization, transformation, compromise, and Islam. However, the great controversy of the Satanicverses, as portrayed in Rushdie's novel, serves as the template from which all the other issues can be examined. Ayatollah Khomeini's fatwa, likewise, can be seen as an expected response that seems to fit the themes addressed in the novel. The typical Western opinion that the Ayatollah's reaction is representative of "backwards" Islam is also an ironic manifestation of the novel's themes.
Rushdie is best described as a chef who concocted an elaborate recipe for controversy. Like a bitter apostate Christian who attends church to ask blasphemous questions, he even intended to cause this controversy in order to bring more public attention to the themes he addresses in his novel.
It never happened and then it did, maybe then or maybe not.
Rushdie's recipe starts with three main ingredients: three ongoing plotlines that could exist independently. The first is Saladin Chamcha and Gibreel Farishta's ordeal, initiated at the beginning of the novel with their fall and miraculous survival from the terrorist attack on the jumbo jet Bostan Flight AI-420 (the significance of the flight number is up for interpretation). Rushdie then adds...
The SatanicVerses: Religion vs. Politics
Perhaps one of the most controversial novels of our time is The SatanicVerses, by Salman Rushdie. To some people it is just another novel that has to do with religion, but then to others, for example the Ayatollah Khomeni, it was a novel that tried to make the Muslim religion look bad by saying that some parts of the Quran were from the devil and not holy. This novel sparked much debate and many problems, especially for Rushdie, Which he claims was not the reason he wrote this book.
The book follows the lives of two characters, Gibreel and Chamcha, who morph from two regular people who grew up Muslim, into two devil like creatures. In the beginning, neither characters really wanted to be Muslim so as adults they stray away from the religion, each in their own way.
In general, where you are from influenced how you felt about this book. For example, people here in America and European countries didn’t see what the big deal about this book was. They didn’t see it as Rushdie was trying to make Islam look bad. They didn’t take it as an insult. It was just another novel that intertwined with religion and maybe took a different
approach to how the story was told. Back in eastern countries that have a strong Muslim base however, this book is going against the Muslim religion. It is questioning the authority of the Prophet Muhammad, which under no circumstances is...
Mantle Convection, The Forces Behind Plate Motion
PHSC 210-Spring B Term, Elements of Earth Science
Mantle Convection, The Forces Behind Plate Motion
The paper is about plate mantle convection, the forces behind plate motion. Lutgens & Tarbuck (2014) found “Convection is a type of heat transfer that involves the actual movement of a substance” (p. 177). Plate mantle convection is described by Merriam-Webster's Online Dictionary, as the slow creeping motion of Earth's solid silicate mantle convection currents: the concerted, collective movement of groups or aggregates of molecules within fluids and rheids, either through advection or through diffusion or as a combination of both; carrying heat from the interior of the Earth to the surface. The paper will briefly depict how mantle convection works, its methods of study, tools used, any new discoveries, and unanswered questions.
Most geologists accept convection currents as the most likely mechanism for plate motions. The cover of convective modes may appear as resulting from plate tectonics: large-scale flows driven by plates causing small scale convection in the upper mantle or held captive in a low viscosity zone underneath the lithosphere. The start of secondary flows could be responsible for the...
...The Food Bank was the perfect place to offer our services and it was an honor to participate with my fellow peers on this particular volunteer experience. The staff and volunteers welcomed us with warm, open arms. Due to prior registration through one of our students, those arms were overly outstretched. As a class, we had an opportunity to participate in the packaging of the foods that were being donated to those families in need in the Houston area. It was our job to sort these foods in their designated containers. These containers needed to be separated for items such as canned foods, sweets, bottled drinks, and household items just to name a few. Before the rules of engagement were discussed, the people facilitating the whole movement provided us with general rules we needed to adhere to promote the overall experience. In this beginning, proper instruction was given to all concerning the Do’s and Don’ts of doing such a task. This task required us to be active, and to remain on our feet while adhering to a few rules. Ultimately, they wanted to make sure the process would be a smooth one. There were tons of boxes in the back, where we had to go and retrieve them, separating the contents in the bins. After the bins were filled up to the top, we now transferred them to on movable shelves that stacked bins into the back. This process ran smoothly and we had no problems assisting others. As time progressed, we had opportunities to get to know some of the...
...Employee engagement nowadays plays a more and more crucial role in workplace, as a powerful measurement of individual performance. Engaged employees are able to fully understand organisation’s objectives and goals, align with its interest, maximise their productivity. Regardless its importance, the literature theories of employee engagement are only been developed over the past two decades. Therefore, how to better apply the theories and link them to practice in workplace gets more and more concerns. The aim of this article is to explore different factors that are able to significantly affect employee engagement through the studies of nine long-term care (LTC) facilities in Italy and the delivery business of New Zealand Post, moreover the study of FMCG Company in India helps to support the arguments statistically. Furthermore, we will seek corresponding strategies to improve employee engagement. In particular, effective leadership and developing opportunity have direct effects on increasing work engagement. Furthermore, positive work environment and other factors also play a significant positive role in stimulating work performance.
Employee engagement is defined as a partnership relationship between employees and organisation, which requires an individual’s involvement and enthusiasm for work, as well as active support from organisation. The concept of employee engagement...
In the short story called “Optimists” written by Richard Ford, tells a story about Frank a fifteen-year-old boy who lives in Great Falls, Montana who learns how life can completely change in an instant. In the “Optimists” there are two major events that shape the story. Franks father Roy Brinson who works on the great northern railway see’s a homeless man die in front of him while at work. Another event is when Roy Brinson comes home and explains what happened to his wife, and kills his wife’s friend Boyd Mitchell. In order to completely understand this story it is important to analyze each major event.
Roy Brinson not only saw the hobo die, but in a way felt he could of done more to help save him. Roy was at work when all a sudden he sees’s a man die. “ We were pushing into that old hump yard on Ninth Avenue. A cut of coal cars. It wasn’t even an hour ago. I was looking out my side, the way you do when you push out a curve. And I could see this one open boxcar in the cut, which isn’t unusual. Only this guy was in it and was trying to get off, sitting in the door, scooting. I guess he was a hobo. Those cars had come in from Glasgow tonight. And just the second he started to go off, the whole cut buckeled up. It’s a thing that’ll happen. But he lost his balance just when he hit the gravel, and he fell backwards underneath. I looked right at him. And one set of trucks rolled right over his foot.” (Ford) Roy Brinson has just...
...WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT #2
Prof. Morgan Deane
American Military University
March 14, 2014
LINCOLN’S EMANCIPATION PROCLOMATION
President Abraham Lincoln originally opposed emancipation as a means for war, however in 1862 he drafted a Proclamation for Emancipation. Throughout the first year of the Civil War slavery was not a main issue. Despite a vocal Abolitionist movement in the North, many people and many soldiers, in particular, opposed slavery, but did not favor emancipation1. Once Lincoln implemented Emancipation, it became a controversial topic of the time which would lead to great loss of life and despair for the newly developing United States. Lincoln said this conveyed this very thought in conversations with Francis Carpenter; “...it is the central act of my administration and the great event of the nineteenth century”2.
Lincoln was quoted as saying “If I could save the Union without freeing any slave, I would do it, and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves, I would do it’3. On September 22 1862, Lincoln issued a temporary proclamation of emancipation, using his authority as Commander in Chief to suppress the rebellion developing in the South4. The proclamation stated that the States had until the first day of 1863 to abolish slavery with the option of secession. None of the States chose to secede from the Union and continued their rebellion....