‘Sex trafficking is a serious violation of human rights’. For Lee (2011), there is a common-sense assumption, due to media promulgation and massaged statistics, that immigrants, trafficked women and prostitutes are affiliated; this essay will highlight that this rhetoric is nonsensical and, that while migrants and autonomous sex-workers often retain their own agency, trafficked women are owned and dehumanised (George, 2012). Victims are generally the most vulnerable and face degradation and abuse which autonomous sex-workers and migrants may never experience (UNODC, 2013). For Lee (2011) trafficking is a global problem and equates to ‘modern-day slavery’; it is based on greed and its revenue exceeds both illegal drugs and arms trafficking (McKelvey, 2004). Probably the most serious violation of Human Rights, it is substantially different from ‘agentic’ prostitutioni : “wherever they operate, traffickers are motivated by profit” (op cit: 201). Confusion also surrounds smuggling and trafficking which stems from unreliable statistics and rhetoric: “border authorities do not always distinguish between trafficking, smuggling and irregular migration” (Lee, 2011:19). Notwithstanding, smuggling is a migration concern, almost always involves consent and contact usually ceases after transportation. For Bales (1999) trafficking relies on deception, violence and exploitation long after transportation culminates and is a serious Human Rights concern, not least because it defies article 3 of the Human Rights Act: the prohibition of torture and of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishments (justice.org). Solving the ‘problem’ of trafficking is allegedly high on the agenda for many countries yet stopping it altogether is questionable: “Human Trafficking is a complex and hidden crime” and there is “no ‘one size fits all’ solution” (Winterdyk: 291). ‘Owning’ humans is hardly a modern-day concept; slavery was widely accepted until it was formally abolished in the 19th century (Monzini, 2005). However, due to patriarchal hegemonyii (Carlen, in Barton et al, 2007) the trafficking of young women for sex-slavery continued until it was recognised as a real problem in the twentieth century; in 1902 it was labelled the ‘white slave trade’iii (op cit). Many laws were introduced but The Palermo Protocol 2000 was the most widely ratified. Article 3 describes trafficking as: “the recruitment, transportation, transfer… of persons, by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion … or of the giving or receiving of payments…having control over another person for the purpose of exploitation” (in Monzini, 2005). This includes whether or not consent was given for movement, as victims only agreed to be moved and not enslaved but traffickers are ruthless both in the way they treat victims and the victims they insidiously pursue (Winterdyk et al, 2012). There are various factors which ‘push’ people into transit including civil war, natural disasters and disparities in economic wealth (Bales, 1999). Pull factors include guaranteed migration, economic rewards and the promise of education amongst others. This makes trafficking relatively simple if the right people are targeted. The most poor and vulnerable are offered a chance to enter the ‘land of plenty’ and many are duped by the false promises of regular work and high salaries; this does not rest at sex-workers but extends to all labour markets. If a country’s nationals shun ‘menial’ jobs for low pay, migrants are happy to take up new employment. They soon realise that they have been duped but are helpless to resist; the work is hard, the pay is meagre and there are dangers to health and life as was witnessed with the tragedy of 21 Chinese cockle-pickers who drowned at Morecambe Bay (Lee, 2011). Notwithstanding, the majority of trafficked people are women and for Lee (2011:6) “globalisation is highly gendered”; since the 1960s many have experienced a ‘feminisation of migration’iv...
...$50 to $1,000. But you can sell them each day, every day, over and over again. The markup is immeasurable." This quote from the 2005 Lifetime film "HumanTrafficking", however chilling and horrifying, is true. Humantrafficking is the commercial trade of human beings who are subjected to involuntary acts such as begging, sexual exploitation, or involuntary servitude. Humantrafficking is an umbrella term used to describe all forms of modern-day slavery. No longer is this a term from the past, but a horrific reality in our present and, unfortunately, our future. Every 10 minutes, a woman or child is forced into labor (McGill 12). Even though we live in a free country, this business deprives people of their humanrights. It not only affects individual victims, but it challenges the safety and security of all nations it touches. Humantrafficking is a very serious global issue and due to the huge revenue made by traffickers, the market is growing and stopping this illegal activity seems almost impossible.
Sexual trafficking is one of the most common forms of the trafficking epidemic. It is most common in regions with the greatest population growth including, southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent, Africa, and the Arab world. However it is not constrained only to impoverished...
...1. Define the Issue
• What rights are being violated?
HumanTrafficking is a crime against humanity. It involves an act of recruiting, transporting, transferring, harbouring or receiving a person through a use of force, coercion or other means, for the purpose of exploiting them. Every year, thousands of men, women and children fall into the hands of traffickers, in their own countries and abroad. Trafficking is defined as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.
• Where in the world is this occurring?
Currently, the regions of the world with the most severe trafficking problems are Southeast Asia, South Asia, the former Soviet Republics, but every country in the world is involved in the web of humantrafficking. Most of the victims come from poorer countries, which serve primarily as ‘source...
...SexTrafficking is HumanTrafficking
As I prepared for this assignment I wanted to research the subject matter of HumanTrafficking, I believed this was an international issue that would prepare me for working with issues in third world countries. Instead I was confronted with the realization that this occurs not only in the United States, but in my own state of Wisconsin. The issue at hand, sexual trafficking of minors occurring every day and our role as therapists within this traumatic realm.
Experts estimate that nearly 300,000 children are at risk of sexual exploitation in the environment of prostitution every year. Youth who are homeless, neglected, abused by their family members, and runaways are the target of “pimps” who bring them into the world of prostitution, drug abuse, and further physical and mental abuse.
United Stated Federal Law states that prostitution is a form of humantrafficking, and yet many states do not offer legal protection for minors who are victimized, but rather treat our youth as criminals bringing further trauma to them. (PolarisProject.org)
Summary of the Case:
A landmark legal case took place in 2010 in the state of Texas when a Supreme Court ruling was handed down that children in prostitution are victims, not criminals and that child victims of...
11 December 2012
HumanSexTrafficking in the United States
When people think of slavery, they most often imagine the 1800's and The Civil War. Some think of the Romans or Greeks taking slaves for work after winning battles. For the most part, we don't believe that slavery still exists today. Most would be surprised to hear that it is still going on, and it occurs right in our own neighborhoods. The type of slavery I'm talking about is humansextrafficking. The sex-slave trade has been in the United States for as long as we have been a nation and is a growing concern for Law Enforcement agencies around the country. Sen. Sam Brownback, R-Kan, as quoted in our textbook, states that, "Humantrafficking is the third-largest illegal-income source in America today, [only] behind drugs and gunrunning. The dark side of humantrafficking is that, unlike drugs, human beings can be resold and reused, thus making them a more profitable commodity" (374). In a bulletin released by the FBI, they say that "it [humansextrafficking] is the fastest-growing business of organized crime and the third-largest criminal enterprise in the world" (Walker-Rodriguez, and Hill).
What exactly is human...
7 December 2012
Selling Children into HumanTrafficking
Every American knows and learned that when the Civil War ended slavery ended. Internationally there were several agreements and treaties to end the practice of slavery beginning from 1926. However, slavery for many in other countries has still not come to an end. Sex and humantrafficking is finally being realized by many. There is an estimation of about 27 million people currently in slavery.
Even though people are getting more knowledge on trafficking, perhaps they don’t know enough about it still. There are many articles about how millions of women and children are abducted a year into humantrafficking. Trafficking can be defined by the 2000 United Nations Trafficking Protocol as,
“… the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power, or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.”.
Notice how the definition focus more on the movement of trafficking rather then the exploitation. There should be more focus on the slavery and the...
...SexTraffickingSextrafficking is a problem around the world. The United States State Department estimates that roughly 700,000 to 2 million women and girls are smuggled across borders every year. Eastern Europe is where much of the initial selling occurs. This black market's sales are comparable to the slave trade in United States history, and is equivalent to the sale of cattle. Sextrafficking refers to the movement of women and children for purposes of prostitution or some other form of sexual slavery. According to Interpol, it includes "the recruitment, transportation, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, abduction, fraud, or deception. [Also used is] the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of one person having control over another, for the purpose of exploitation." Women and children are trafficked for sex or sexually related things.
How does this happen? If the women who become victims of this crime knew what their fate would entail, they would be less than willing to pursue such a career. Trickery and manipulation lands them in this position. These girls are promised an abundant and fulfilling life if they leave their families and travel to other countries. These girls are lured by job offers such as that...
...HumanTrafficking and Slavery
English 101, Semester 1
November 19, 2012
One of the least recognized, yet largest world-wide crime, is humantrafficking. It is the act of exchanging people for money, through the use of illegal networks that the annual cost of humantrafficking is $32 billion U.S. Dollars (Connolly para. 7). With such a high amount of money being brought in, every year, it is surprising to believe that this is an underground business. What would you do if you saw a 9-year-old child walking the streets selling themselves for money? Could you walk away and pretend it was nothing? People refuse to accept the fact that this is going on in our society, but we need to face the fact that there are little kids that are forced to sell their bodies. This is a 9 million dollar industry, which makes the trafficking industry in the top three of criminal activity. Child SexTrafficking is the modern day slavery. It is the holding of people against their will. It is mainly used with children under the age of 16. It is usually an ignored crime and victims rarely escape or seek for help. They are dependent on others to help them because they are scared. These victims that are caught by the authorities are usually just looked at as prostitutes and get arrested. There are not enough programs out there to help these victims....
...Humansextrafficking and prostitution are both serious problems within our world today, but when they involve the lives of children they turn into even more serious problems for our society. The children that are forced into living their lives having sex with multiple men (and sometimes woman) every day of their lives are victims of a serious crime that is being committed in our world and they deserve all the help that they can get. We need to see these children as victims and not as children that are committing crimes. After all they are only children and they deserve to live their lives as children and deserve a chance at a better life just as much as the next child. I have researched many ways that the world is coming together to try and help the problem of humantrafficking and child prostitution as a whole while also developing programs for the victims and cracking down harder on the traffickers.
Humantrafficking is defined as the sale, transport, and profit of human beings who are forced to work for others. This could range from being forced to beg for money, working in a sweatshop or having to prostitute yourself. This has turned into our modern day slavery. I am going to focus on the humantrafficking and prostitution in our world today while focusing most of my...