"SEERAT- UN – NABI”
(May Allah’s Blessings & Peace Be Upon Him)
Muhammad was the humblest at the zenith of his achievements
If a man’s world-admired accomplishments or the wealth and fame he has gained do not change him, if he can remain as humble as he was at the beginning of his career, this shows that person’s strength of character, morality and virtue. Despite his unparalleled achievements, which force even his enemies to place him at the top of the greatest men of human history, the Prophet Muhammad, upon him be peace and blessings, was poorer and more humble when he entered Makka victoriously than he was at the beginning of his mission. Those who saw the Messenger would say: ‘One with such a face cannot lie.’ One’s face reveals one’s inner world and character. Those who saw the Prophet Muhammad, upon him be peace and blessings, could not help but admire his appearance and, if they were unprejudiced, acknowledge his truthfulness. For example, ‘Adbullah ibn Salam, the most renowned Jewish scholar of the time, believed in him at his first sight of him, saying: ‘One with such a face cannot lie.’ If a fire-fly claimed that it is the sun, its lie could last only until the sun rises. Turkish people say that a liar’s candle only burns till bedtime, meaning that a lie has only a very short life. So, a deceitful one pretending Prophethood will soon be discovered and no one will accept him as a true Prophet. Muhammad’s utmost conviction of his cause, together with his sincerity and solemnity prove his Prophethood Even an insignificant man of small standing, in a small group in a disputed matter of little importance, cannot tell a small but shameful lie openly and comfortably without displaying such anxiety and uneasiness as will make his enemies aware of his deception. Since the Prophet Muhammad, upon him be peace and blessings, challenged everybody to come until the Last Day and uttered many important speeches in a large community concerning a great cause, with great ease and freedom, without hesitation or anxiety, with pure sincerity and great solemnity, and in an intense and elevated manner that provoked his enemies, it means that he was certainly a Prophet speaking whatever God revealed to him. Despite being unlettered, the Prophet Muhammad, upon him be peace and blessings, spoke on every issue and has not been contradicted ever since. It is impossible for an unlettered one to speak on a matter requiring expert knowledge, especially before those with specialized knowledge of that matter. However, despite being unlettered, the Prophet Muhammad, upon him be peace and blessings, spoke on every issue from theology and metaphysics to medicine, history, physics and biology and has not been contradicted ever since. Besides, when he was raised up as a Prophet, the arts of literature, eloquence and oratory were at their peak and the Qur’an he received from God challenged all of its opponents to bring the like of a single chapter of its but no one has ever been able to do that. This, again, clearly shows that Muhammad, upon him be peace and blessings, is a Prophet of God. Muhammad had to confront all kinds of hardships and persecutions after Prophethood and spent for his cause whatever he had. For the sake of a deception no one risks his life, wealth and reputation and bears great hardships and persecutions unless he has great aspirations to more wealth and great worldly positions. Before claiming Prophethood, the Prophet Muhammad, upon him be peace and blessings, was well off and had a respected place among his community. However, he had to confront all kinds of hardships and persecutions after Prophethood and spent for his cause whatever he had. His enemies slandered him, mocked him, beat him, expelled him from his homeland and waged war on him. He bore all such cruel treatments and hostilities without complaint and asked God Almighty for the forgiveness of even his enemies. The only cause he pursued was to see everybody...
Distributed database system (DDBS) technology is the union of what appear to
be two diametrically opposed approaches to data processing: database system and
computer network technologies. Database systems have taken us from a paradigm
of data processing in which each application defined and maintained its own data
to one in which the data are defined and administered centrally. This new orientation results in data independence.
The working definition we use for a
distributed computing system or a distuributed processing database states that it is a number of autonomous processing
elements (not necessarily homogeneous) that are interconnected by a computer
network and that cooperate in performing their assigned tasks. The “processing
element” referred to in this definition is a computing device that can execute a
program on its own.
What is a Distributed Database System?
processing logic or processing elements are distributed. Another possible distribution
is according to function. Various functions of a computer system could be delegated
to various pieces of hardware or software. A third possible mode of distribution is
according to data. Data used by a number of applications may be distributed to a
number of processing sites. Finally, control can be distributed. The control of the
execution of various tasks might be distributed instead of being performed by one
a distributed database as a collection of multiple,...
UN- stands for United Nations. It is an organization that keeps different nations together for international cultural exchange, political viewpoints and experience. There are several objectives that UN sticks to, these are; peacekeeping and security, human rights and humanitarian assistance, social and economic development, mandates, greening the blue and many others all around the globe.
The United Nations was established in 1945, right after the League of Nations failed to prevent World War II (1939-1945). It was established to maintain international peace and solve international economic, social, and humanitarian problems. Franklin D. Roosevelt was the first to coin the term “United Nations” as a term to describe Allied countries.
As the most representative inter-governmental organization of the world today, the United Nations' role in world affairs is irreplaceable by any other international or regional organizations. The United Nations has made enormous positive contributions in maintaining international peace and security, promoting cooperation among states and international development. Today, people of the world still face the two major issues of peace and development. Only by international cooperation can mankind meet the challenges of the global and regional issues. The United Nations can play a pivotal and positive role in this regard. Strengthening the role of the United Nations in the new century and promoting the...
...The Mountain Range
It was the end of June. The lambs had already been born earlier that spring and the sheep were sheared. The cattle was making its way up the mountain. Abrán was directing them. I followed alongside the donkeys, which were loaded with supplies. From now on life would be slow and tranquil.
I found a fitting spot. I unloaded the donkeys and pitched the tent. I cut branches for the beds. I began to prepare a meal for when Abrán would return. Already the first flock of sheep was arriving. Sometimes I would get up to stop them, to redirect them, so they could get to know their first campsite.
The grass was tall, fresh, and lush. The aspens, black and white, with shaking leaves, sang a trembling song of life and happiness. The fragrances and the flowers. The icy, crystalline water of the stream. Everything was in peace and harmony. This is why the Gods themselves chose to live in the mountains. The range is an eternal celebration.
Soon I heard familiar laughter and voices. I gave a shout. These were my friends from Tierra Amarilla, the Yellow Land. Abelito Sanchez, accompanied by Clorinda Chávez and Shirley Cantel. The four of us were in ninth grade. We were fifeen years old.
We unsaddled and staked out our horses. Momentarily, we began enjoying ourselves. There was so much to say. Questions. Jokes. So much laughter to resume. Now I shudder to remember it. How beautiful was that moment! We were young. We knew how to love and how to sing....
...THE TIME FOR THE REFORM IN THE UN
Reform of the United Nations (UN) is a hotly debated issue nowadays in the UN. Among those so many academicians and politicians, maybe the loudest voice comes from Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, demand for reform in the structure of the UN because of the ineffectiveness of the UN on certain issues, including humanitarian intervention in some countries or dealing with the issues related with economic crises, climate change and others. This paper claims that UN’s reform is necessary in order to enhance the UN’s global effectiveness as a multilateral organization and strengthen its credibility. However, there are some different points of views. According to Idealist view, it is a great opportunity for change and improvement. On the other side from the realist perspective, permanent five members (P-5) of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) members are further likely to slow down the reform process considering that this process does not fit with their interests. In this state of affairs, the UN, especially the UNSC, has some stalemates with the issues that concern whole humanity and major part of the world is of the opinion that UN should be reformed and this should not take so much time. In this paper I would like to talk about the UN system in today’s world, it is...
...Dumberton Oaks (Washington) (1944) | Representatives of UK, US, USSR and China metLeaders decided and agreed upon the i. Aims of the UN ii. Structure of the UN and iii. Functioning of UN. |
(e) Conference at Yalta: | Attended by US (Roosevelt), USSR Premier (Stalin) and UK (W. Churchill).The use of Veto Power by the five supreme powers was counted on. |
(f) San Francisco Conference : 1945 | Attended by 50 members.Signed the Atlantic Charter.Poland unable to make to the meeting though, yet earns the membership.Totals to 51 membership.Today UN constitutes of 193/196 member states. |
Objectives of the Atlantic Charter: |
Article I | Aims: i. to maintain international peace and security and save the succeeding generation from the scourge of wars. ii. To reaffirm faith in the fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human power. iii. To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the equal rights of the people and to strengthen universal peace. iv. International cooperation in solving economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems. v. To promote respect for human rights and freedom. vi. UN a common platform for deliberation of problems and their redressal. |
Article II | Principles: i. The UN is based on the principle of sovereign equality of...
...diplomatically resolve disagreement between nations before conflicts escalate and to safe guard human rights and dignity globally. Unfortunately, the U.N. has consistently failed to live up to its mandate and will continue to do so because of its blatant failures to prevent genocides, its inability to resolve conflicts and the its dysfunctional structuring that enables the permanent Security Council to dominate the dominate the organization.
Following the end of World War II, there was a general consensus around the leaders main victors in the war and other countries that the world could simply not withstand another global conflict and that an effective international body needed to be created to ensure world peace. On 25 April 1945, the UN Conference on International Organization began in San Francisco, attended by 50 governments whose goal was drafting a charter for the United Nations Charter. The Charter way ratified on June 26th 1945 and consolidated the United Nations as the world’s prominent international organization. In light of the central principle of universal human rights that the United Nations advocated, it was determined to draft a document to highlight this aims. At this end the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was conceived. The Declaration of Human Rights in tandem with the United Nations Charter are two of the central documents of the United Nations.
Despite its implicit commitment to prevent all forms of Genocide human rights as...
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Serving both developed and developing countries, FAO acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy. FAO's mandate is to raise levels of nutrition, improve agricultural productivity, better the lives of rural populations and contribute to the growth of the world economy. FAO is the largest of UN agencies and its headquarters are in Rome, Italy.
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) was founded in 1947. It codifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth. Its headquarters are located in the Quartier international de Montréal of Montreal, Canada.
The ICAO Council adopts standards and recommended practices concerning air navigation, prevention of unlawful interference, and facilitation of border-crossing procedures for international civil aviation. In addition, the ICAO defines the protocols for air accident investigation followed by transport safety authorities in countries signatory to the Convention on International Civil Aviation, commonly known as the Chicago...
Since its inception in 1945, the United Nations has been involved in peacekeeping operations and conflict resolutions in the international system. According to Article 1 of the Charter of the United Nations, the UN is expected “to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring about by lawful means, and in conformity with the principle of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace.” The United Nations has been charged with vast responsibilities for the maintenance of international peace and security. Two organs were created for this purpose: the Security Council (which consists of fifteen members, five permanent members with veto power and ten non permanent members) and the General Assembly (which consist of representatives from all member states). This essay seeks to examine and analyze the role of the United Nations in the maintenance of international peace and security using the Korean War as a case study.
THE UN AND PEACEKEEPING
Peacekeeping is defined by the United Nations as “a unique and dynamic instrument developed by the organization as a way to help countries torn by conflict, create the conditions for lasting peace. The Security Council of United...