Secure communities: A fact sheet
Keller Graduate School of Management
PA 582, Week 3 Project, Spring A 2011
Secure Communities is a Department of Homeland Security (DHS) program designed to identify immigrants in U.S. jails who are deportable under immigration law. ‘The Dallas County Sheriff's Department is one of more than a thousand activated jurisdictions participating in Secure Communities (S-Comm). For the uninitiated, here's how it works: Say a man is arrested for driving without a license by the Dallas Police. He gets booked into a Dallas County jail and his fingerprints are scanned and sent to the FBI's biometric database, which will determine if he has a criminal history. With S-Comm it doesn't stop there. The prints are also transmitted to an ICE database that ostensibly will return a hit if the guy is undocumented. If he is, ICE may issue a detainer and” request" 48 hours' notice before he's released on bond so they can pick him up. According to updated language, holding him is no longer "required," it's "requested," which is a pretty fascinating change-up no doubt arrived at by the Justice Department given the language in the statute” (Hargrove, 2011). The program was established to remove the most dangerous criminal aliens and repeat immigration offenders. Through Oct. 31, 2011, more than 110,000 immigrants convicted of crimes, including more than 39,500 convicted of aggravated felony (level 1) offenses like murder, rape and the sexual abuse of children were removed from the United States after identification through Secure Communities. These removals significantly contributed to an 89 percent increase in the overall percentage of convicted criminals removed by ICE, and a 29 percent reduction in the removal of people without a conviction, from October 2008 until the end of FY 2011("Secure communities: A," 2011).
This policy implementation had some problems related to its establishment...
Final Report on community service at St. Rose Nursery
Before actually partaking in community service, I always thought of it as a means of overworking students for the employers to save money, but after actually getting myself involved in it...I realized that doing community service is actually a privilege for us the volunteers. It gives us an opportunity to gain experience, widen our skills and get a better understanding of the hard labour and it is a process that essentially goes into the outcome of a product or service. Community service has literally made me realized how little I contribute to my country, how little I know about my country and has brought to my attention and conscience that I should try my best to assist more—free of wage—in the continuous growth of my economy. Doing my service at St. Rose Nursery, has opened my eyes to the not so easy process of growing flowers, plants and trees; for example how important fertilizers are and what a big difference the right fertilisers make—and also the different types of fertilizers and their functions . Before I never really understood the beauty of them nor did I realize how much work went into nurturing and harvesting them, but now I am more aware and more concerned about the health of trees and how they are treated and even situated in a pot or the ground.
On my first day at St. Rose Nursery, I was given a tour...
...Community service constitute an apologetic reparation that the person is now required to make to the community what he has wronged. The Indian Penal Code was the enacted in 1860 by virtue of the classic legal draftsmanship of Lord Macaulay. If there would have been a concept of community service prevalent at that time then the authors are sure that there would have been no need to urge the inclusion of the same in the Indian Penal Code. But since this exclusion by Macaulay is because of no fault of his it is our duty to incorporate such to meet the demands of the time and to make the IPC a living social document. Section 53 of the IPC  provides for the various types of punishments. But these are old and do not meet the exigencies of the present day globalised world. The authors yearn for inclusion of community service as a mode of punishment. Indian draftsmen have not overlooked the necessity of such a restorative mode in recent enactments. We find the inclusion of community service in The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000  (Section 15  ).Community service is defined as an order that requires an offender (who must consent and be aged at least 16) to perform unpaid work for between 40 and 240 hours under the supervision of a probation officer. Formerly known as a Community Service Order. It can also be defined as
...The concept of Community-based Tourism (CBT) can be found in the work of Murphy (1985), where aspects concerning tourism and developing local communities are analyzed, and in a further study by the same author in 2004 (Murphy and Murphy, 2004). Along with these two studies, there are several other research papers analyzing the relationship between tourism and local communities (such as Richards and Hall, 2000). This concept paves the way for new lines of investigation and for the possibility of tourism development together with other alternatives such as Pro-Poor Tourism (PPT); Community Benefit Tourist Initiatives
(CBTIs) (Simpsons, 2008); or Community-Based Enterprises (CBEs) (Manyara and Jones, 2007). To summaries, all these initiatives agree that the destination community should be included in the tourism planning and management decision-making process, owed to three main reasons: it considers them to be part of the tourist product, local communities adapt to changes easily, and it helps to open their minds. Several projects based on CBT can be found in scientific literature: in Africa (Lepp, 2007; Manyara and Jones, 2007; Kibicho, 2008), Asia (Nyaupane et al., 2006; Okazaki, 2008; Kayat, 2010), Oceania (Dyer et al., 2003), and in different countries of Latin America such as Brazil (Guerreiro, 2007), Ecuador (Ruiz etal., 2008), Mexico (Bringas and Israel, 2004) and Peru...
...Community Work Service with Adult Offenders
The focus is on Community work service as an alternative sentencing. Community work service allows the offender to contribute to the community. This type of work can be considered a win-win situation, because the offenders provide the service and the community benefits from their work. There are all kinds of work activities for offenders. The points that are going to be addressed are: community work service, probation officers, taxpayers, overcrowding and the benefits each party gains. It can be concluded that community work service is here to stay. Hence, it can be seen as a second chance to repair the damage done by making right out of wrong.
Community service is when someone performs an action which benefits his or her community. However, community work service can be a form of alternative sentencing. The offender is ordered by a court or probation officer to perform community work service as part of a sanction. Through community service, offenders are offered the chance to “give back” to the community by providing a service that enriches the lives of others. “The offenders are placed into unpaid community service positions with non-profit or tax supported community agencies”...
...Community as partner model
To gain access to the community, the community must:
- Perceive that a need exist
- Believe that the CHN can help address this need
- Perceive that its information and contributions are valued
- Be assured of confidentiality for non-public information
- Be involved from the beginning in this partnership
Compare Neuman System Model & Community as Partner Model
- the inner circle represents thecommunity
- the dotted circles represents resistance
- spiritual, psyschosocial, physiological
- the other circles represents line of defence
Look up Appendix 11
Community as a partner looks at the 8 sub groups, and if one of them is distorted; everything will also be impacted.
Determinants of health and community
The determinants of health relevant to the community
- chn need to consider the determinants of health that might exists in their community, such as crime, social and physical environments, education level, socio economic status, poverty. WHY?
- Every community that you go to has individuals strengths and crisis, as the chn investigate a community
- Social system
Name of community/ neighbourhood
Water and sanitation
Individuality and Community
Individuality shapes people and forms our communities based on the way people think.
These communities are made up of various cultures and traditions, as well as, races and ethnic
backgrounds. Culture is what unites us as human beings; it also divides us into different ethic
neighborhoods. Even though each community is unique, some share similar aspects of different
areas. Each community has to deal with certain hardships like stereotyping or bigotry.
Understanding and appreciating cultural differences will better prepare people to live in a
In Superman and Me the author Sherman Alexei revealed that “His father was an avid
reader of westerns, spy thrillers, murder mysteries, gangster epics, basketball player biographies
and anything else he could find” (208Alexie). His father gives him a tradition for reading;
together with his father’s love and devotion for books it also gives him a dedication for books
too. So then, at an early age he begins to read a Superman comic book. However, it is different
for students in Bodega Dreams. In Bodega Dreams their culture and race gave them the ability
to speak two languages. Their science teacher, Jose Tapia, who was young and Latino wanted his
students to succeed in life, as he had with the help of his community....
...PBH 611: Independent Field Study Community Diagnosis in Public Health
Question 1: What do you mean by “Community” or Write down the definition of Community?
A cluster of people with at least one common characteristic (geographic location, occupation, ethnicity, housing condition……). Community is a group of people with a common characteristic or interest living together within a larger society.
Question 2: What do you mean by “Community Diagnosis?”
Community diagnosis is a comprehensive assessment of health status of the community in relation to its social, physical and biological environment. Community Diagnosis generally refers to the identification and quantification of health problems in a community as a whole in terms of mortality and morbidity rates and ratios, and identification of their correlates for the purpose of defining those at risk or those in need of health care. The purpose of community diagnosis is to define existing problems, determine available resources and set priorities for planning, implementing and evaluating health action, by and for the community.
Community Diagnosis Process: “A means of examining aggregate and social statistics in addition to the knowledge of the local situation, in order to determine the health needs of the...
...guide for community psychology
1. A count of the current number of drug addicts in a community is a measure of
2. A person who says, “everyone knows that…” is referring to – anecdotal evidence
3. A placebo is – the controlled group gets the placebo; doesn’t get TX but similar side effects
4. A positive correlation is a reflection of one dependent variable-
5. A powerful source of solidarity in communities as seen in the Harvard narrative is
6. A researcher found that clients who were randomly assigned to same-sex groups participated more in group therapy sessions than clients who were randomly assigned to coed groups. In this experiment, the dependent variable was- how much they talked and felt comfortable in the therapy session
7. According to the authors of Better Together in making their argument for community psychology, the advantage of using stories – we identify with stories and they help us understand
8. Anecdotal evidence is weak and should probably be dismissed unless- until there is better evidence to rely on
9. Another drawback of social capital common in community relationships is-
10. Any variable an experimenter manipulates is a/an (Independent) variable
11. Any variable that is allowed to vary freely is a/an variable
12. Communities that are connected by relationships of affinity rely more on...