10 October 2014
Have you ever been in a panic? In 1689 and in the 1940’s-50’s there was chaos with the Salem Trails, and the Red Scare. In 1689 with the Salem Trails people were accusing others of being a witch. During the 40’s and 50’s though people were accusing others of being a communist.
The two events are similar because in each event, people were accusing people of something. In Salem, there were people accusing others of witchcraft and the people were hung or burned. In similarity during the Red Scare, famous people like celebrities were accused of being communist and they got negative publicity and most lost jobs. A major difference in the trials was that in Salem they were murdered for the accusations and the Red Scare they weren’t killed, just frowned on and punished. Though all the people involved were hurt in a way.
A dramatic event I feel is similar to these is 9/11. After 9/11 people who were like or looked like the terrorist were frowned on and labeled. This educed panic in people and cause them to fear and want to eliminate the people they thought to be “terrorist”. People wouldn’t want to work or be around the people that reminded them of the people who had cause the catastrophic event.
In conclusion this shows how similar, but also different these events are. They both have accusations but some were worse than the others. They both involve sadness and horror, but also a lesson to be learned. You can just judge people because of fear.
The harsh cold winters in Salem, Massachusetts brought inevitable boredom; especially for teens. Present day winters are filled with cuddling up to the television or playing video games, but finding something interesting to do in Salem winters was more than difficult; the year 1692 changed all of that. The SalemWitch Hysteria brought sheer terror through out the town as well as surrounding towns. Men and women were being accused of being witches and wizards based on spectral evidence given by a group of girls that started it all. There are many plausible theories as to why this incident can be deemed a hysteria such as sheer boredom and teen angst, women’s roles in the Puritan society, and fear.
Reverend Samuel Parris’ family was comprised of his wife, daughter Betty, niece Abigail, and West Indian slave Tituba. Abigail’s parents passed away and as a result the Puritan community did not accept her because she was an outsider. There was little for the girls to do because they did not attend school due to their house duties. They were expected to tend the house and nothing more. Betty, Abigail, and some friends would sneak out to find Tituba so they could hear her fascinating stories. In Tituba’s spare time she liked to tell fortunes and practice magic; it was apart of her culture in her homeland of Barbados. The girls in the Parris household heard many of the...
An infamous episode in American history, the Salemwitchtrials of 1692 resulted in the execution by hanging of fourteen women and five men accused of being witches. In addition, one man was pressed to death by heavy weights for refusing to enter a plea; at least eight people died in prison, including one infant and one child; and more than one hundred and fifty individuals were jailed while awaiting trial. Due to the survival of many relevant records, including notes, depositions, and official rulings, the main facts of the accusations, arrests, trials, and executions are known. What has always engaged scholars is the search for the causes of the "witch hysteria." The proffered explanations for the witchcraft occurrence are many and conflicting. In this essay I will explain when the Salemwitchtrials started, how it’s relevant to our lives today, and also what caused it.
First, The Salemwitchtrials began during the spring of 1692, after a group of young girls in Salem Village, Massachusetts, claimed to be possessed by the devil and accused several local women of witchcraft. As a wave of hysteria spread throughout colonial Massachusetts, a special court convened in...
Attention Getter: During the SalemWitchTrials, about 200 people would be accused of Witchcraft, 19 would be executed as witches, and one man is his 80's would be put to death by stacking stone upon stone on his chest.
General Purpose: To educate my audience about the SalemWitchTrials.
Specific Purpose: My purpose is to display to you the power of fear in a place like Salem, or any place when they have the “witch hunt mentality.”
Thesis Statement: The witchtrials was a product of great fear, the want to stomp out evil, along with a story that will live on forever.
Establish Credibility: I may not be an expert, however I have learned lots of the history that was the SalemWitchTrials, the Puritans, and witch hunts in general. I did this by reading books from our library, along with a teaching guide, several scholarly articles, along with a history channel movie.
Preview Main Points: First, I will explain who the Puritans were along with, what they believed in. Secondly, I will explain how the hunt of witches started in Salem Village. Thirdly, how it progressed. Lastly, I will explain how it ended.
Transition Sentence: First off, to prepare you for...
...say that the SalemWitchTrials were less a religious persecution than economic in purpose, using religion as a guise to gain property. I believe that the Salemwitchtrials were less a religious persecution than economical. I believe this for several reasons; one being that the accused witches were using their witchcraft on other people in the town and it was affecting them. Many people were accused of performing witchcraft and were persecuted for doing so. But I believe that people in towns accused others of "witchcraft" whenever something went wrong, because "witchcraft" was such a common thing back than. When the witches that were accused of this so called witchcraft, usually the rest of their family, if they had one, would have to sell their house and this gave the people in the town more land and gave other people outside of the town to move into the town. Since there were two distinct parts to Salem, it is believed that the rich people of Salem accused the poorer people so they could take over their land.
Salem did have two distinct parts: Salem Town and Salem Village. Salem was actually part of Salem Town but was set apart by its economy, class, and character. Residents of Salem Village were mostly poor farmers who made their living cultivating crops. But...
From June through September of 1692, nineteen people convicted of practicing witchcraft in Massachusetts. The SalemWitchTrials took place only in America, but the idea of witches has existed in many parts of the world. In Europe witches were believed to be anti-Christian, and to have sold his or her soul to the devil in order to obtain magical abilities, usually to harm others. However, witches in Africa and the West Indies involved concepts other than the devil. From the 1400’s to the 1700’s, the annihilation of witches and witchcraft in England, France, Germany, Italy, Scotland, and Spain was promoted by church officials. Between 1484 and 1782, around 300,000 women were accused of practicing witchcraft, and were put to death. People who practiced “white magic” were hardly punished at all, because it only consisted of luck charms and love potions Only the people who practiced “black magic” – witchcraft that was intended to injure or kill other civilians – were executed. Hysterical fear of witchcraft spread through Europe like wild fire between the 1600’s and 1700’s. When English colonists began the new American colonies, they brought the fear of witchcraft with them across the sea. Before the American colonies had even begun, England experienced a similar witch hunting phase. In 1484, Pope Innocent VIII issued a papal bull called the "Summis...
... Fear of Devil-worshipping and witchcraft swept through Salem, Massachusetts, like a plague. During the years of 1692 and 1693, more than 200 people—men, women, and even children—were accused of witchcraft (Blumberg). Words of friends, neighbors, and even complete strangers put many people's lives in danger. Nineteen people were hanged, one person pressed to death, and four known deaths occurred in prison. The accusations, the trials, the executions, and the events leading up to and after the deaths, kept Salem, Massachusetts on its toes in this mass paranoia.
It was 1689, according to Blumberg, when Reverend Samuel Parris became the first ordained minister of Salem Village. The attempt to search for a new minister had failed, since the town of Salem had split to form small outskirts known as Salem Farms and the original Salem Village, and several Reverends and ministers before Parris were opposed against, or strongly disliked by the people. Parris answered to the call of ministry and moved to Salem Village with his wife, daughter Elizabeth "Betty" Parris, age 9, niece Abigail Williams, age 11, and his Barbados slave, Tituba and her husband John (Gribben).
Gribben wrote about Parris's daughter and niece spending time alone with the Barbados slave, Tituba, while unattended by any other adults. Parris trusted the slave for he had known her since he had...
... Ikran Abdisalam
In the United States, up until the lethal injection was introduced in 1980, execution by hanging was the most popular legal and some times unlawful form of putting criminals to death. In some cases, innocent people were irrationally hung or lynched with no evidence of criminality. This occurred in a more recent historical event, The Duluth lynching’s. The 1920 Duluth lynching occurred on June 15, 1920 when three black circus workers were attacked and illegally lynched by a mob in Duluth, Minnesota. Those innocent deaths led by false accusations supported with no evidence, fear and motives can relate to those wrongfully and legally hung in The SalemWitchtrials.
Even though the trials took place three centuries ago, similar unjustified deaths and persecution of people based on fear and social instability continued on to the 20th century. In the year 1920, America was in the midst of a violent period of racial discrimination and conflicts. One summer night June 14, 1920,Irene Tusken, age nineteen, and James Sullivan, eighteen, went to the circus in Duluth. Sullivan’s father, James Sullivan, called the Duluth Police Chief John Murphy the next morning saying six black circus workers had held the pair at gunpoint and then raped Irene Tusken. The news of the alleged rape spread very quickly and six blacks were immediately arrested and held at the Duluth city...
...The famous SalemWitchTrials took place during the early months of the year 1692 and into the first month of 1693, in the small village of Salem. Salem Village was part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, which was located on the coast of Massachusetts Bay, north of present day Boston, where the present day city of Salem stands now. Salem was an “important seaport in Massachusetts.” (Burgan, 4) The population of Salem was around 550 people. Of the 500 plus people living there practically the whole population was involved with the witchtrials somehow. Many innocent citizens, who were not able to defend themselves properly, were accused of being supposable witches during the SalemWitchTrials.
The people, who were affected by the disease most in the city of Salem, were the citizens who were named to be “witches” by the young girls. The girls who were afflicted by the disease ranged between the ages of four to upper teens. Magoon says that the girls started having “disturbing fits” (6)
What is believed to be the reason for what triggered the ‘fits is called Egotism. Egotism is a disease which is produced by the fungus Ergot. Ergot is a fungus which forms in grains and grasses, mostly in damp, warm and rainy environments. The conditions of Salem were identical to this,...