Society has certain requirements which must be met if it’s to survive; hence the role of education in society is examined in terms of how it helps to meet those needs. Firstly, society needs a certain degree of social solidarity or unity. People must feel a sense of belonging to society and a sense of loyalty to the social group. Common norms and values provide this. Secondly, every society requires a system for socializing new members. In an industrial society in which occupational status is largely achieved, young people must learn to value individual achievement. Thirdly, every society requires a system for placing people in roles best suited to their talents and abilities. This is particularly true in industrial society with a specialised division of labour. The right people must be matched with the right jobs. Lastly, for society to operate efficiently and effectively, its members must possess the necessary skills to perform essential tasks. (Harambos et al, 1986) Education attempts to develop the personality of the pupil and prepare him for membership into society. This function corresponds to the double role a person has to play in life, both as an individual and as a member of society. Schools in western societies emphasize individual achievement. The student achieves his/ her status based on their ability, talent, determination and effort. Achievement is measured by the student’s performance in examinations. Education can be seen as a system for sifting, sorting and grading people in terms of their ability. Students leave school having been thoroughly tested. In theory, the most talented will achieve the highest qualifications; the least talented will come away with little or nothing to show for their efforts (Harambos et al, 1986) The vision for the Ministry of Education, Science, Vocation Training and Early Education (MESVTEE) is “to guide the provision of education for all Zambians so that they are able to pursue knowledge and skills, manifest...
...Essay on the role of education in societyEducation, has a great social importance specially in the modern, complex industrialised societies. Philosophers of all periods, beginning with ancient stages, devoted to it a great deal of attention.
Accordingly, various theories regarding its nature and objective have come into being. Let us now examine some of the significant functions of education.
1. To complete the socialization process.
The main social objective of education is to complete the socialization process. The family gets the child, but the modern family tends to leave much undone in the socialisation process. The school and other institutions have come into being in place of family to complete the socialization process.
Now, the people fell that it is “the school’s business to train the whole child even to the extent of teaching him honesty, fair play, consideration for others and a sense of right and wrong”.
The school devotes much of its time and energy to the matter such as co-operation, good citizenship, doing one's duty and upholding the law.
Directly through text books and indirectly through celebration of programmes patriotic sentiments are intimates and instilled. The nation's past is glorified, its legendary heroes respected, and its military ventures justified.
(2) To transmit the central heritage :
All societies maintain themselves,...
...EDUCATION AND SOCIETY: WHAT TYPE OF RELATIONSHIP?
AJANI Oluwatoyin Ayodele
Sociology of Education(M.Ed)
Department of Educational Foundations
Lagos State University, Ojo.
This paper focuses on the relationship between education and society. It acknowledges a strong relationship between the two concepts. Education is sees as a means of cultural transmission from one generation to another in any given society. Society is defined as the whole range of social relationships of people living in a certain geographic territory and having a sense of belonging to the same group.
The relationships between the two concepts are so strong that it is not possible to separate them because what happens to one affects the other. Educational institutions are micro-societies, which reflect the entire society. The education system in any given society prepares the child for future life and instills in his those skills that will enable him to live a useful life and contribute to the development of the society.
Education as a social phenomenon does not take place in a vacuum or isolation; it takes place in the society and this normally begins from the family, which is one of the social institutions responsible for the...
Date: November 20, 2014
Assignment no: 4
The role of education in Standard of living
It has always been the common expression in my family how important education in human life, whether in achieving your personal dream or building a good future. Education provides not only knowledge to the person but it also cultivates the person´s ability through learning experience. In addition to education offers opportunity of achieving good life to those citizens (like for example women and person with physical or mental disabilities) who are denied to have access in well –being elements like education, health, mobility and political participation. It also assists the person to create a better understanding and a good perspective of what life is about and what matters the most.
Education important role is not only in improving the quality of people´s life and their community but it also serve as a powerful key in eliminating gender inequality and reducing poverty. In this paper I will examine how education can help to improve the standard of living of an individual by giving an example based on my family experience. Then, I will discuss in what ways education can help to eliminate gender inequality and reduce poverty rate.
In Philippines most of the people believe that education is the key of...
...Asses the functionalist role of education in society
The role of education is to educate individuals within society and to prepare them for working life in the economy, also to integrate individuals and teach them the norms, values and roles within society. There are many different sociological theories that differ within the role of education within society that attempt to try and explain how society or aspects of society work together. There are several perspectives on the sociology of education that are important. The perspective in which we are going to be looking at and testing is Functionalism. We will also be examining arguments and evidence against the functionalist perspective such as Marxism and the New Right perspective.
The French sociologist Emile Durkheim (1903), the founder of functionalist sociology, identified two main functions of education; creating social solidarity and teaching specialist skills to children. By social solidarity, Durkheim means that he thinks society needs some sense of solidarity where members can feel themselves to be part of a single body or community. Durkheim argues that without social solidarity, social life and co-operation would be impossible because each individual would pursue their own desires and...
...the role of education in society?
The sociology of education is the study of how public institutions and individual experiences affect education and its outcomes. It is most concerned with the public schooling systems of modern industrial societies, including the expansion of higher, further, adult, and continuing education.
Education has always been seen as a fundamentally optimistic human endeavour characterised by aspirations for progress and betterment. It is understood by many to be a means of overcoming handicaps, achieving greater equality and acquiring wealth and social status (Education and Sociology 1992). Education is perceived as a place where children can develop according to their unique needs and potential. It is also perceived as one of the best means of achieving greater social equality. Many would say that the purpose of education should be to develop every individual to their full potential and give them a chance to achieve as much in life as their natural abilities allow (meritocracy). However some take a particularly negative view, arguing that the education system is designed with the intention of causing the social reproduction of inequality and creating a workforce for society.
One of the main sociological approaches that use theory to explain the...
...Education in a cosmopolitan Society
Multiculturalism is being challenged by new theories of cosmopolitanism. Discuss in relation to education.
Theories of multiculturalism and cosmopolitanism have had a profound effect on Australian curriculum and education. Issues such as racism and secularisation have been a prominent feature of discussion in relation to the way it shapes the Australian curriculum and the shaping of oursociety. Multicultural education has been incorporated into the Australian curriculum since 1983. Rooted into the curriculum were multicultural perspectives and intercultural education, as an attempt to change attitudes towards a multicultural society. “Multiculturalism, in this sense, is ideologically inscribed in the very core of the "new Australia"(Ang, I. & Stratton, 1998).
“In Australia as in Canada, multiculturalism is a centrepiece of official government policy, that is, a top-bottom political strategy implemented by the state to improve the inclusion of ethnic minorities within the national culture and to "manage cultural diversity". (Ang, I. & Stratton, 1998) Since its introduction multiculturalism has been a policy that worked to accommodate the needs of immigrants. Multiculturalism became a theory that expressed the personality of the emergent ethno-cultural diversity of society in the final decades of the twentieth...
...Student number: 201324544
Module: Educational studies 1B
The role of critical thinking in education
This essay talks about the importance and the role of critical thinking in the education context. Many people believe that only intelligent people have critical thinking skills, which is not true. This essay will look at the importance of critical thinking in the classroom context as well as in the South African education as a whole. It will firstly discuss the link between critical thinking and education as well as their interconnection. Furthermore it will discuss in detail the success of combining them in a classroom context. The society is what it is today because of the decisions that the society participants make depending on their level of power and authority, that also requires thinking. Critical thinking is not only important in the education context but it is the most important tool when it comes to shaping the society and addressing the imbalances in it. Shaping the society begins with having a distinguished body of knowledge, in other words education is another tool to dress the social ills but it cannot do that on its own and that is where critical thinking comes in. Without critical thinking the education that is being given to learners would be pointless because without critical...
...of Functionalist Sociology to an Understanding of the Role of Education in Society
Works Cited Missing
''Schools serve a function in a complex industrial society that family
and peer groups cannot'' ( Durkheim,1956)
Education is important in society. The structure and processes of
education systems are related to the general process of socialisation.
All sociologists agree with this, but sociologists have many different
views about how societies are structured. They have many different
views about the role of education in society. The following research
will focus on the role of education from a Functionalist, Marxist and
an Interactionalist's perspective.
Functionalists think of education as a positive function for all
individuals in society, which has a powerful influence over it. The
aims of education in functionalism are to maintain social stability,
keep society in consensus and resolve any conflict. Durkheim and
Parsons saw education as an essential agency of socialisation whose
function is to transmit common values to the next generation. Parsons
argued that schools act as a bridge between the family and a wide
society within the role of...