Recent Problems of RMG Sector in Bangladesh:
1. Raw materials:
Bangladesh imports raw materials for garments like cotton, thread color etc. This dependence on raw materials hampers the development of garments industry. Moreover, foreign suppliers often supply low quality materials, which result in low quality products.
2. Unskilled workers:
Most of the illiterate women workers employed in garments are unskilled and so their products often become lower in quality.
3. Improper working environment:
Taking the advantages of workers' poverty and ignorance the owners forced them to work in unsafe and unhealthy work place overcrowded with workers beyond capacity of the factory floor and improper ventilation.
Most of the garment factories in our country lack the basic amenities where our garment workers sweat their brows from morning to evening to earn our countries the major portion of our foreign exchange. Anybody visiting the factory the first impression he or she will have that these workers are in a roost.
Solution: The owners should give proper ventilation, rest room, medical service to their workers. The owners should not think profit is the first priority for them, they should care for their workers’ lives.
3. Lack of managerial knowledge:
There are some other problems which are associated with this sector. Those are- lack of marketing tactics, absence of easily on-hand middle management, a small number of manufacturing methods, lack of training organizations for industrial workers, supervisors and managers, autocratic approach of nearly all the investors, fewer process units for textiles and garments, sluggish backward or forward blending procedure, incompetent ports, entry/exit complicated and loading/unloading takes much time, time-consuming custom clearance etc.
4. Gendered division of labor:
In the garment industry in Bangladesh, tasks are allocated largely on the basis of gender. This determines many of the working conditions of women workers. All the workers in the sewing section are women, while almost all those in the cutting, ironing and finishing sections are men.
Women work mainly as helpers, machinists and less frequently, as line supervisors and quality controllers. There are no female cutting masters. Men dominate the administrative and management level jobs. Women are discriminated against in terms of access to higher-paid white collar and management positions.
When asked why they prefer to emply women foe sewing, the owner and managers gave several reasons. Most felt that sewing is traditionally done by women and that women are more patient and more controllable than men.
Solution: Gender discramination should have reduced. Women workers engaged in a variety of occupations from cutting, sewing, inserting buttons, making button holes, checking,cleaning the threads, ironing, folding, packing and training to supervising. They should change their mind that sewing is traditionally done by women. Women can controll every section and they are more patient and more controllable than men.
The government of Bangladesh sets minimum wages for various categories of workers. According of Minimum Wage Ordinance 2012, apprentices’ helpers are to receive Tk2500 and Tk3500 per month respectively. Apprentices are helpers who have been working in the garment industry for less than three months. After three months, Apprentices are appointed as helpers. Often female helpers are discriminated against in terms of wages levels, and these wages are also often fixed far below the minimum wage rate. A survey conducted in 2003 showed that 73% of female helpers, as opposed to 15% of their male counterparts, did not receive even the minimum wage.
6. Insufficient of loan:
Insufficiency of loan in time, uncertainly of electricity, delay in getting materials, lack of communication, problem in taxes etc. Often obstruct the industry. In the world market 115 to 120 items...
... Lack of experience in this field.
Lack of proper authority to conduct the interview program. - See more at:
Problems of the BangladeshRMGsector
By Prof. Sarwar Md. Saifullah Khaled
In recent time it is argued that the crisis in the Ready Made Garment (RMG) sector is not only limited to the wages and allowances of the workers. Productions and exports of the factories have decreased and the price of the apparels is decreasing in the international market. The owners of this industry allege that, the supply of gas and electricity is not continuous, because of which they are to use generators to keep the production process of the factories uninterrupted, resulting in the increasing cost of productions. But it is urgent to reduce the cost of production to comply with the foreign buyers' demand and the competitive international price. Moreover, serious and untoward incidents in the form of chaos and confusions are frequent in this sector on the basis of rumours and petty demands of the workers. It has become a way of frequently destroying factories by spreading news of misbehaviour of the factory owners with the workers.
Even if such allegations are true, it cannot also be denied that there occur frequent abnormal deaths of workers in the garments factories. Major shocking incidents like the collapse of Rana Plaza in Savar on April 24 2013 killing 1130 workers and crippling about...
...courses in the BBA department.
* We are doing this report so that we can analysis the readymade garment (RMG) sector of Bangladesh and find out the problems and remedies of this sector.
Objectives of the study:
The main objectives of this report are
* To gain knowledge about the industrial unrest in the readymade garments industry of Bangladesh.
* To identify the problems of RMGsector of Bangladesh.
* To analysis the problems of this sector.
* To fine out the remedies that could solve the problems of RMGsector.
* To gain in-depth knowledge about the readymade garments industry of Bangladesh.
Data collection method:
This assignment has been completed by taking information from different relevant sources. This assignment also consists of a significant amount of data obtained from some secondary sources. For the secondary data, we have taken some information from the internet. We also collect information from various industries’ web sites.
Limitation of the study:
Though our study is based on secondary data, there is a possibility of getting fake information. This study is weak in some points. The notable ones are as under:
* This report has been made basis only on the secondary data.
* The survey was conducted in a very short time so we were not able to collect...
...Impact of RMGsector in Bangladesh economy
Since the late 1970s, the RMG industry started developing in Bangladesh primarily as an export-oriented industry although; the domestic market for RMG has been increasing fast due to increase in personal disposable income and change in life style. The sector rapidly attained high importance in terms of employment, foreign exchange earnings and its contribution to GDP.
|Major Products Export From Bangladesh And Contribution|
|to GDP |
|RMG |75.65% |
|Frozen Food |4.22% |
|Jute Goods |2.60% |
|Leather |2.19% |
|Chemical Products |1.77% |
|Raw Jute |1.21% |
|Agri Products |0.72% |
|Tea |0.06% |
|Others |11.56% |
|Comparative Statement On Export of RMG And Total Export Of Bangladesh |
|Year |Export of RMG |Total Export of |% of RMG's to|Year |Export of...
...At a time agriculture was the main sector of the country's economy and tea and jute were the main export items. Things have changed in the last 20-25 years and Bangladesh has switched to second gear from agricultural sector to manufacturing sector. Tea or jute is no more the main export- readymade garments (RMG) has replaced them. About 3.0 million people are directly related while another 20 million people are indirectly involved in the RMGsector. According to a World Trade Organisation (WTO) report, Bangladesh ranked fourth in global apparel exports in 2007. In that same year the country exported more than $10 billion of apparel.
Undoubtedly, the garments industry has had a significant impact in the economy and image of Bangladesh. The garments industry is one of the two major foreign exchange generating sources, the other being remittance from expatriates. The garments industry is providing employment to a huge number of people especially women who account for 90 per cent of the work force in this industry. Due to conservative norms and values that exist in the country, women are not able to work in all kinds of industries. The RMG has provided an excellent opportunity for them to get employment, bringing a significant change in the demographics of the work force of the country. In that way a major social change has been brought...
The industry of RMG is one of the most potential and revenue earning sector of Bangladesh. The standing of the RMG market is known worldwide. It was started in the late 1970s. Soon it became one of the major economical strength for Bangladesh. The RMGsector has added very much in earning foreign exchange, balancing export and import, huge unemployment problem for the country and empowerment of women along with giving them financial support.
The main markets of the Bangladeshi RMG products are North America and countries of Western Europe. The prices of the products are reasonable. Some 85 percent of Bangladeshi production was sold to North American customers, and virtually overnight Bangladesh became the sixth largest supplier to the North American market. Business prospered right from the start; many owners made back their entire capital investment within a year or two and after that continued to realize great profits.
The Primary stage of RMGsector in Bangladesh
The early stage was not so good for this industry. Pre independence and for a while after independence, the backbone of this country was totally depended on agriculture and a very little industry which is also related to agriculture. As the policymakers of that time were trying hard to progress the agriculture...
...University of Wollongong
University of Wollongong Thesis Collection University of Wollongong Thesis Collections
A study on labour rights implementation in readymade garment (RMG) industry in Bangladesh: Bridging the gap between theory and practice
M. Monjur Morshed
University of Wollongong
Morshed, M Monjur, A study on labour rights implementation in readymade garment (RMG) industry inBangladesh: bridging the gap between theory and practice, MSocChgDev-Res thesis, Centre for Asia Pacific Social Transformation Studies, University of Wollongong, 2007. http://ro.uow.edu.au/theses/40
Research Online is the open access institutional repository for the University of Wollongong. For further information contact Manager Repository Services: [email protected]
A Study on Labour Rights Implementation in Readymade Garment (RMG) Industry in Bangladesh
- Bridging the Gap between Theory and Practice
A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree
Master of Social Change and Development (Honours)
THE UNIVERSITY OF WOLLONGONG
M Monjur Morshed Centre for Asia Pacific Social Transformation Studies (CAPSTRANS) 2007
I, M Monjur Morshed, declare that this thesis, submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Master of Social...
...ANALYSIS ON A SUCCESSFUL ENTREPRENEUR
This report is prepared as a requirement of the Entrapreneurship course. Our esteem faculty AYESHA SIDDIQUA asked us to choose any entreprneur of our choice and prepare a report. After a brain storming session within the group we decided to study on an entreprneur of Bangladesh. After giving our proposal on this topic AYESHA SIDDIQUA formally assigned us this project.
Followings were the objectives of the study.
Broad objective: To gather knowledge about the overall scenario of an entreprneur
Specific objectives: To attain the broad objective following specific objectives were pursued:
[pic] To know briefly about an entreprneur of Bangladesh
[pic] To identify what factors are affecting an entreprneur
• To identify the performance of an entreprenur
This report is on an entreprneur of Bangladesh. So, mainly we have tried to focus on the following factors:
1) Current scenario of. an entreprneur
2) Reasons for a healthy growth in this business
3) Reasons for having comparative advantages in this industry.
4) Economical and financial effect of this business in our national macroeconomics
Beside these, we also brought several foreign benchmarks and statistics for doing the research work in a better way. The detailed analysis of each segment was...
...Whither Bangladesh’s RMG industry
In beginning of the 1980s, the readymade garments (RMG) sector of Bangladesh caught the eye of the Western producers, who were facing high costs of production and were searching for countries with low manufacturing costs. Taking advantage of low wage and abundant labor, RMGsector of Bangladesh has only flourished since then. Over the last three decades the country has become the second largest global garments exporter annually exporting garments products worth USD $18 billion. The path to success had not been smooth. For example, with the removal of the Multi-Fiber Agreement (MFA) in 2005, fear of imminent doom stroked in the hearts of the garments owners. Despite the adverse predictions of different studies, the RMGsector of Bangladesh managed to pull through the abolishment of the MFA unscathed. Bangladesh later secured a position under the Generalized System of Preference (GSP), which allowed the country to enjoy privileged trade links with the Western producers. However, after the most recent tragedy of Rana Plaza where more than 1200 garments workers lost their lives, the US government suspended the GSP of Bangladesh. Even though EU promised not to withdraw GSP for Bangladesh it comes with stipulations attached. In this circumstance, the...