In one of the harshest countries in the world, both socially and geographically, a notorious regime emerged to fill the leadership void left by years of war. At first, they were greeted as bringers of hope to a hopeless society, but soon after brought oppression and fear to all. The Taliban, or “students,” were only brought to the attention of most westerners after the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. However, they have a much deeper history rooted as far back as the Soviet Union’s invasion and occupation of the region. In order to comprehend the rise, fall and re-emergence of the Taliban, three men must be mentioned: Mohammad Omar, Ahmad Shah Massoud, and the most famous terrorist alive, Osama bin Laden.
During the last days of the Afghanistan Soviet Union conflict, it was apparent that the less equipped and heavily disadvantaged Mujahedeen, or freedom fighter, were going to be victorious. This was due mainly to the convert help that they were given by the United Stated of America in the form of money and arms. One anonymous prayer leader became a legend on the battlefield for his bravery and tenacity against his Russian foes. Mohammad Omar or Mullah Omar, left his madrassa, took up arms, declared Jihad on the invading Soviet Union, and even lost his right eye in a legendary battle with the Soviets. Also, there were many volunteers from all over the Islamic world arriving in Pakistan to join the Mujahedeen in their quest for freedom. Among them was a wealthy Saudi named Osama bin Laden who brought much needed money and construction techniques that aided the Afghanis greatly. Also emerging in the conflict was a military genius named Ahmad Shah Massoud. His strategies and battle prowess earn him the nickname “Lion of Panjshir” and the post of defense minister in 1992. Now all three major players are in line to bring about events that will ultimately bring about attacks and wars that will affect the entire world.
The beginning of the meteoric rise of Mullah Omar began sometime in the spring of 1994 when a local warlord kidnapped two teenage girls and brought them back to his headquarters. There, they were repeatedly raped and humiliated by the warlord commander, who controlled the area with fear and intimidation. There was nothing the residents could do but request the aid of the prayer leader in the local Madrassa, the one-eyed Soviet war veteran, Mullah Omar. Mullah Omar organized 30 Taliban members armed with only 16 rifles and stormed the stronghold in a tank they had commandeered. Eventually, the girls were freed and the warlord killed and hung from the barrel of the tank for all to see. According to the Pakistani journalist Rahimullah Yusufzai, Mohammad Omar had a vision from Allah, to pick up arms and fight the various warlords oppressing the citizens of Afghanistan. Thus begins his quest for leadership of this unstable country. Momentum quickly picked up for the Taliban as they began systematically taking parts of Afghanistan that were outside the reach of the government situated in Kabul. Within a three month period, Omar and his small army of Islamic students overtook twelve of the thirty four provinces not controlled by the central government. Upon each conquest, the Taliban imposed Wahhabism on the residents of that area. Wahhabism is a radical interpretation of Sharia law that follows the teachings of Muhammad ibn Abd-al-Wahhab, which promotes the purging of all things considered “impure” within the Islamic faith. Women were restricted severely under the Taliban. They were not allowed to work, wear revealing clothing, take a taxi without a close male relative, not allowed to have an education, not allowed to receive any kind of health care, and they were not allowed to laugh loudly enough for others to hear. They were also required to wear a burqa, a dress covering the entire body except for the eyes at all times. Beheading and other forms of execution were common place in a public...
The US Department of State has never labelled or listed the Taliban in its foreign terrorist
Organization list. In this paper, I will show that the Taliban is a terrorist organization and need
to be labelled as such by the US Department of State. The US Federal Bureau of Investigations
has defined international terrorism as follows:
“Involve violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that violate federal or state law;
Appear to be intended (i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population; (ii) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or (iii) to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping; and
Occur primarily outside the territorial jurisdiction of the U.S., or transcend national boundaries in terms of the means by which they are accomplished, the persons they appear intended to intimidate or coerce, or the locale in which their perpetrators operate or seek asylum.” 18 U.S.C. § 2331
The Taliban has been a major terrorist organization in Afghanistan for the past two and half
decades. During this period, they have ruled and played the role of society cleanser for the
Afghans and the Pakistani people. They have killed, maimed, flogged, abused, kidnapped, and
conducted terrorist activities throughout the Afghanistan,...
...The word Taliban means students of religion, and that is exactly what the Taliban is made up of. Many members came from schools in Pakistan. The group surfaced in Afghanistan in 1994 during a civil war in Afghanistan. Their goal was to establish an Islamic State of Afghanistan. The Taliban had a perverse interpretation of Sharia law, law guided by the Qur’an. Because of the Taliban’s perverse interpretation of Sharia law the Taliban hampered Afghanistan.
The Taliban’s origins come from Muslim seminaries. The word Taliban literally means students of religion. They chose this name because it reflects the history of many of its members. Many of the Taliban were students of Muslim seminaries. Even more were born in Pakistani refugee camps, and attended school there. The schools they attended are called Madrassas, or Muslim seminaries and schools. These schools taught about the Islamic ideal society, the society that Muhammad created 1,400 years ago. Many of the members of the Taliban studied the Qur’an. Numerous members were drawn and recruited from the Madrassas set up in Pakistani refugee camps.
Mullah Omar, the leader of the Taliban, and his followers were Sunni and Pashtun. The Pashtun ethnic group is the largest of Afghanistan, with a forty-percent share of the population. Pashtuns ruled for a consecutive 300 years in Afghanistan until a brief period just...
...The Taliban is a religious group formed in Afghanistan in 1994 consumed of mostly Pashtuns from Afghanistan who took control of the Afghanistan government in 1996 and ruled them until the attack of September 11, 2001 . “The Taliban's promise - in Pashtun areas straddling Pakistan and Afghanistan - was to restore peace and security and enforce their own austere version of Sharia, or Islamic law, once in power (BBC News).” Members of the Taliban help out al-Qaeda, they are dangerous, and they give strict orders to other countries besides their own.
“The group Taliban is known for having provided safe haven to al-Qaeda and its erstwhile leader Osama bin Laden” (Bajoria) to protect him from invaders, the Taliban has not been very active for the past few years but is planning on making a debut on rising back up into the world again soon. “This year, the Taliban's annual declaration of increased violence--coinciding with the break from harsh winter weather--is widely considered an especially crucial test for President Hamid Karzai's government as it prepares to assume control of the nation's security from coalition forces.” (Mott) With the planning’s of attacks from the Taliban, surrounding countries should be aware how powerful and dangerous that they have been in the past, that they will most likely come out stronger than before.
In the past, the Taliban has been very dangerous to other...
...History Final Research: Taliban
While the civil war was in Afghanistan, the Taliban was grouping in Pakistan.
They were small religious schools for orphans and refugee children.
With the influence from Mullah Omar, the schools got bigger until they were a political force.
The Taliban started to take control of Afghanistan.
September 1996, they came to power and renamed it to Islamic Ermiate of Afghanistan.
At first the people liked the Taliban, they told them that they would bring back culture the Soviets threatened to take away.
The Taliban was extremely strict about the Islamic laws.
They forbid music, kites, clapping at sports, or any cultural expression.
Women had no rights.
Men had to have long beards and had to wear turbans.
Punishment was cutting off arms if accused of stealing, beatings, and public executions at sporting events.
Human rights no longer existed.
Taliban supported terrorist training camps (Al Qaeda) to set up in Afghanistan.
Before the Taliban Afghanistan was torn because of the Civil War and the Soviet war.
The Taliban gained control in the mid 1990s
Taliban wanted Afghanistan to be a total Islamic state.
"The Taliban enforced strict adherence to their interpretation of Islamic laws. These laws included restrictions on most...
By Ahmed Rashid
Ahmed Rashid's Taliban was the best book on the history and ideology of the Taliban when it was first published in 2000. It still is. In three sections that read easily and fluidly, Rashid oulines the ideological and historical origins of the Taliban, the Taliban's interpretation of Islam, and the Taliban and Afghanistan's place in "the new great game," a competition between regional and western powers for that region of the world.
In 2000, the Taliban was still a relatively mysterious militia that had managed to take over most of Afghanistan in 1996. The Taliban ended a four-year civil war that had shredded the country even more than the Soviet occupation of 1979-1989. The Taliban applied the most extremist interpretation ofSharia law through edicts, prohibitions and repression that stunned the world. Only three countries recognized the new regime: Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, each of which had funded and armed the mysterious, turbaned bands of "Talibs" (the word means student in Arabic, as talibs were students of Pakistan's madrassas). Few western reporters ventured into Taliban territory.
Among them was John Burns of The New York Times, who won a Pulitzer Prize in 1997 "for his courageous and insightful coverage of the harrowing regime imposed on Afghanistan by the...
...that all. Everything that the citizens of Afghanistan knew, their entire way of life would change. The cause? The Taliban. The Taliban are an extremist Muslim group from Afghanistan. The Taliban, who call themselves Jihad or “freedom fighters” are the most brutal extremist Muslims in the world. To understand the Taliban you must understand how they where able to gain control of Afghanistan, there rule during the time period they controlled Afghanistan, and how they were overthrown by opposition groups.
2)During the 1980s Afghanistan was being over run by the Soviet Union. During this period the citizens of Afghanistan believed anyone would be better rulers then the foreign Soviet Union. This mind set is what allowed for the Taliban to take power. At the beginning of the Taliban take over, and rule, the citizens of Afghanistan supported the Taliban. To the villagers, who had not seen peace in over fourteen years, the Taliban where a group of organized Muslims who wanted to recreate Afghanistan to its former glory. Which is exactly what they had longed for. The citizens of the capital, Kabul, also had high hopes for the Taliban who they thought could rebuild the economy and create a centralized government (Stewart 30). The Taliban emerged as a united entity when they were asked by the Pakistan government to protect a trade route from...
...your house by yourself to get groceries or go to the doctors without being flogged or raped. This is what every woman had to suffer through, when the Taliban seized control of Afghanistan. They stripped all women of their basic human rights; their ability to work, education, healthcare, and transportability. If the women of Afghanistan did not obey Taliban’s decrees they were brutally beaten and punished for their violation of Taliban’s laws.
Under the Taliban regime girls were denied of education and knowledge, the most important factors of growing for young women. They were prohibited from studying, going to a university, or receiving any sort of knowledge that would make them dominant or less vulnerable. Data obtained by Amnesty International shows that 74 schools were destroyed or closed down from March to December 2010 as a result of violence, including rocket attacks, bombings, poisoning of students, arson and threats. Of these attacks, 26 targeted girls' schools (Amnesty International). Many women even tried to secretly start homeschooling. They taught many kids in their own homes, ordering their sons to buy books and materials. This secretive way of passing knowledge to young girls was a smart tactic but had terrifying consequences. An article on Taliban Reality for Women and Girls states that one woman who defied Taliban orders by running a home school for girls was killed in front of her family and...
...AFGHANISTAN-TALIBAN AND THEIR DOWNFALL
5. Geo-Strategic Importance of Afghanistan. Afghanistan is Central Asia’s land locked country, spread over an area of 253, 861 miles. Bordered on the North by the Republics of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, North-East by the Chinese province of Sinkiang, on the South-East by Pakistan, and on the West by Iran. Afghanistan’s geopolitical importance has been that of a buffer state first between the Tsarist Russian and the British Indian Empires and later between the Soviet Union and the American allies. In addition to it’s close proximity to the oil rich Persian Gulf and the erstwhile Soviet Union’ soft under belly added to its geopolitical significance. Though landlocked, Afghanistan’s Southern most tip is a mere 350 miles from the Arabian Sea, thus providing an anchor for any potent force heading towards the warm waters of the Arabian Sea.
6. Sociological Features of Afghanistan. The inhabitants of Afghanistan mostly are Muslims. 80% of population belongs to Sunni Sect, 18% are Shias, and 2% are of Ismaili Sect. It seems that religion is the real force in Afghan’s life, permeating complete social structure.
7. Ethnic Division. Afghanistan is one of the poorest countries in the world, ranking 170th out of 174 in UNDP’s Human Development Index. The ethnic division of Afghanistan is as under:-
a. Pashtuns 51%
b. Tajiks 27%
c. Hazaras 7.5%
d. Uzbeks 7.5%
e. Other 7%