Trident University International
ETH 301 – Business Ethics
Module 2 – Case Assignment
August 5, 2013
Justin Ellsworth was a Marine that gave the ultimate sacrifice for his country. Many service men and woman would agree that the fight continues even after death. For the deceased the fight may be over and they could finally rest in peace, but what is left behind when a death is so sudden and not expected. Justin Ellsworth left many wondering what might have been his last words, his last eventful moments perhaps a significant other left behind. His parents wondering this requested for Yahoo to release Justin’s privacy to them. As a company that is protected by laws Yahoo decided not to release Justin’s email credentials to his parents. Only after going through court did Yahoo receive a court order to release Justin’s email information to his parents.
The Right to privacy by definition “is the human right and an element of various legal traditions which may restrain both government and private party action that threatens the privacy of individuals.” The right to privacy protects us from others invading our space. Americans especially are fond of their privacy, and are proud of the power of allowing others into their space when one feels ready. Human beings are naturally defensive when their privacy is being violated, and will quickly close all doors when this happens. In trying to elaborate on the definition of rights to privacy I’ve found that even though we have these rights not everyone abides by it. When does it become ok to violate these rights? I believe no one has the right to violate an individual’s privacy. How could the system work properly if people find loop holes within the system to get what they want? In businesses they have contracts to set forth certain rules and regulations to be followed within the business. This creates a moral work environment for free people to...
...The Right to Privacy
The Right to Privacy by Ellen Alderman and Caroline Kennedy involves many different issues, from drug tests and school searches to workplace and technology issues. To make their points Alderman and Kennedy have chosen interesting sometimes maddening cases involving everything from illegal strip searches by the Chicago police to questionable workplace psychological testing. People have different reactions to these issues and Kennedy and Alderman just don't have the solution that is right for everybody. Their goal is to make people more aware of the problem, of the value of privacy and of what we risk losing. In addition, the more people that know about their rights, the better informed they are, then the more likely they are to participate in the process and in the public debate. They hope to get people thinking about these issues, especially in the area of computers and information technology, where we are at a crossroads. It's important for them to see what they have done about privacy issues in the past and decide whether that has been satisfactory or whether they want to do more.
The word “privacy” does not appear in the United States Constitution. The most explicit section of the Constitution involving privacy is the Fourth Amendment, which prohibits unreasonable search and seizure and has been...
...The Right of Privacy is one of the broadest yet most controversial rights we have, but it is not specifically in the U.S. constitution. There are however, a few Amendments that are the key to defining the right of privacy with the most important consisting of the 1st, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 9th and the 14th. Cases taken to the Supreme Court are also a substantial part of the Right of Privacy in a more specific way in which the highest courts of the United States decide upon the most controversial cases. There are many topics that come with the Right of Privacy such as abortion, religion, sex, sexuality, unlawful searches and medical decisions. These topics can lead to endless debates and every individual will have their personal opinions on them.
The First Amendment of the U.S. constitution addresses basic individual rights such as freedom of the press, speech, religion and peacefully complaining to or asking for assistance from the Government without worry of consequences for doing so. It covers most topics in the Bill of Rights and is essential to any individual’s liberty in the United States. The First Amendment shapes what the rest of the Bill of Rights purpose is. An Amendment that favors the public and is the deciding factor in a lot of court cases is the Fourth. This amendment states that unreasonable...
The right to privacy means controlling your own personal information and the ability to allow or deny access to others. As Americans, we feel it's a right not a privilege to have privacy. IT technology and the events of September 11, 2001 are diminishing that right, whether its workplace privacy or personal privacy. From sending email, applying for a job, or even using the telephone, Americans right to privacy is in danger. Personal and professional information is being stored, link, transferred, shared, and even sold without your permission or knowledge. IT technology has benefited mankind tremendously in so many areas, but its also comes with a price. Advancements in technology make all individuals vulnerable to unwanted probing and monitoring.
Privacy is a fundamental right. According to Supreme Court Justice D. Brandeis (Olmstead v. U.S. 277 U.S. 438 1928):
The makers of our Constitution...sought to protect
Americans in their beliefs, their thoughts, their emotions,
and their sensations. They conferred as against the
Government, the right to be let alone; the most
comprehensive of the rights of man and the right most
valued by civilized men. The principle...
The privacy of the individual is the most important right. Without privacy, the democratic system that we know would not exist. Privacy is one of the fundamental values on which our country was founded. There are exceptions to privacyrights that are created by the need for defense and security.
When our country was founded, privacy was not an issue. The villages then were small and close. Most people knew their neighbors and what was going on in the community. They did not have drunk drivers, terrorist, or any other threat of changing the way they lived. The transportation that most people had access to were horses. Today there are autos that can be fatal if not controlled. Speed limits and licenses are two examples. The government we have in place maintains and organizes our society.
The elements of control are often viewed as violations of privacy. These elements are meant to protect us from irresponsible people and from hurting themselves. The laws that are in place still give privacy without invading personal lives. Privacy is only violated when people feel they are being violated. Jonathan Franzen writes this example of his feelings about privacy.
"One of my neighbors in the apartment building across the street spends a lot of time at her mirror examining her...
Civil liberties are vital and valuable for the American society. The right of privacy is one of the most important rights that a person can have as an individual. The bill of Rights does not have an amendment that mentions a right to privacy, however “the first Congress had the concept of privacy in mind when it crafted the first 10 amendments” (Edwards, Wattenberg, & Lineberry, 2008, p. 131). “Today, one of the greatest debates concerning American’s civil liberties lies in the emerging area of privacyrights” (Edwards, Wattenberg, & Lineberry, 2008, p. 130). Abortion is a topic of controversy, and I decided to write about abortion because abortion is the perfect example to describe a civil liberty. As a couple has the right to family plan, they also have the right to whether have a baby or practice an abortion. Abortion means the interruption or termination of pregnancy.
“The idea that the Constitution guarantees a right to privacy was first enunciated in a court case in 1965, in which a family violated a Connecticut law by disseminating a birth control device” (Edwards, Wattenberg, & Lineberry, 2008, p. 132 ). Pro-life believes in one of the most important American values, which is life and their opinion is that abortion should not happen because that means talking someone’s...
...Employee PrivacyRights in the Workplace
Employee privacyrights have been the topic of great debate in recent years. This essay will examine: the definition of privacy, employers rights to access activities done in the workplace, to whom the resources such as time and equipment belong, and employee monitoring as an invasion of privacy or a performance evaluation tool. These are the core issues of the employee privacyrights controversy. Employee privacyrights should only be applicable to the personal activities that must take place during working hours. Activities occurring on company time are the property of the employer, and therefore, are not the private property of the employee. Employee privacyrights in the workplace should be minimal.
The common law of the United States of America does not speak directly on employee privacyrights, rather to a tort based on the invasion of privacy. A tort is defined as a type of law that doesn't subject the transgressor to criminal penalty but allows the infringed party to seek compensation (MontanÞa, May/June 2005). The invasion of privacy tort is defined as:
One who intentionally intrudes, physically or otherwise, upon the solitude or seclusion of another or his private affairs or concerns,...
...Right To Privacy Under Article 21 and the Related Conflicts
A very fascinating development in the Indian Constitutional jurisprudence is the extended dimension given to Article 21 by the Supreme Court in post-Maneka era. The Supreme Court has asserted that Art. 21 is the heart of the Fundamental Rights. Article 21 has proved to be multi-dimensional. The extension in the dimensions of Art.21 has been made possible by giving a extended meaning to the word ‘life’ and ‘liberty’ in Article 21. These two words in Art.21 are not to be read narrowly. These are organic terms which are to be construed meaningfully.
The Supreme Court has asserted that in order to treat a right as a fundamental right, it is not necessary that it should be expressly stated in the constitution as a Fundamental Right. Political, social, and economic changes in the country entail the recognition of new rights. The law in its eternal youth grows to meet the demands of society.
Right to privacy is one such right which has come to its existence after widening up the dimensions of Article 21. The constitution in specific doesn’t grant any right to privacy as such. However, such a right has been culled by the Supreme Court from Art. 21 and several other provisions of the constitution read with the Directive Principles of...
...Title: Right to Know & Right to Privacy
1. Constitutional and Civil Rights
A constitutional right is a right granted by a country's constitution, and cannot be legally denied by the government. Civil rights are the protections and privileges of personal liberty given to all citizens by law. Examples of civil rights and liberties include the right to get redress if injured by another, the right to privacy, the right of peaceful protest, the right to a fair investigation and trial if suspected of a crime, and more generally-based constitutional rights such as the right to vote, the right to personal liberty, the right to life, the right to freedom of movement, the right to business and profession, the right to freedom of speech and expression. As civilizations emerged and formalized through written constitutions, some of the more important civil rights were granted to citizens. When those grants were later found inadequate, civil rights movements emerged as the vehicle for claiming more equal protection of law and equality before law for all citizens and advocating new laws to restrict the effect of discriminations. Some civil rights are granted in written...