Disability" means a physical, sensory, mental or other impairment, including any visual, hearing, learning or physical incapability, which impacts adversely on social, economic or environmental participation
All State organs and all public officers have the duty to address the needs of vulnerable groups within society, including women, older members of society, persons with disabilities, children, youth, members of minority or marginalized communities, and members of particular ethnic, religious or cultural communities. Some of the rights for persons with disabilities as entrenched in the Kenya constitution 2010 and Disability act 2003 include:-
A. Right to Education.
One of the Millinium Development goals that was arrived at in Jomtien in 1990 was Education For All by 2015. This meant zero discrimination so even the disabled have a right to education. Its clearly stipulated in the Kenya constitution 2010 that:- (1) No person or learning institution shall deny admission to a person with a disability to any course of study by reason only of such disability, if the person has the ability to acquire substantial learning in that course.
(2) Learning institutions shall take into account the special needs of persons with disabilities with respect to the entry requirements, pass marks, curriculum, examinations, auxilliary services, use of school facilities, class schedules, physical education requirements and other similar considerations.
(3) Special schools and institutions, especially for the deaf, the blind and the mentally retarded, shall be established to cater for formal education, skills development and self reliance. This has been implemented substantially because we have several vocational training institutes with programs geared towards equipping people with disabilities with skills for self reliance. Again the KIE, KNEC have provided appropriate curriculum for people with disabilities and exams set in brail etc.
People with disabilities have fundamental right to medical care and health services as entrenched in the constitution for all citizens in the country. The Ministry of Health has come up with programs on prevention of disability and early identification of disability. Prenatal and Postnatal services have been extended to the village dispensaries to offer guidance to pregnant mothers on how to prevent disabilities on the unborn and young children. In this line Polio and other vaccines are offered free in all levels of health institutions to prevent disabilities.
The Ministry of Health also offers early rehabilitation of persons with disabilities; enabling persons with disabilities to receive free rehabilitation and medical services in public and privately owned health institutions;
Availing essential health services to persons with disabilities at an affordable cost; availing field medical personnel to local health institutions for the benefit of persons with disabilities; and prompt attendance by medical personnel to persons with disabilities are also other services offered by the MOH to ensure that they enjoy their right of health.
C. Accessibility and mobility.
Persons with disabilities are entitled to a barrier- free and disability-friendly environment to enable them to have access to buildings, roads and other social amenities, and assistive devices and other equipment to promote their mobility.
The Kenya Constitution clearly states that:-
(1) No person shall, on the ground of disability alone, deny a person with a disability—...
...Influences on assessment:
(Complex and far-reaching collection of procedures and practices reflect the influence of a number of disciplines and points of view)
* Ethical obligations
* Federal laws
* Multiple tests
* Multiple levels of assessment
* Professional standards
* Contributions from other disciplinesdisciplines
+ Encompasses contributions from many disciplines including psychology, medicine and educational measurement
+ It has also been shaped by federal laws and court decisions
+ Evaluates language and cultural differences as an integral part of the assessment process and attempts to minimize racial and cultural bias in measuring learning ability
+ Ethical obligations and professional standards are considered.
Types of Assessments:
Intelligence Testing - Measure intelligence - IQ; the concept of the mental age as a way of reporting a test result.
- Identify children who would benefit from educational instruction.
- Intelligence tests focus on mental abilities.
- Achivement tests focus on academic abilities.Assessing Large Groups- Testing groups of children - norm
" Proficiency tests, entrance tests, achievement tests"Assessing Adaptive Behaviors* Adaptive behavior is the ability to adapt to the environment by developing independent personal and social behavior and by adjusting to changes in the environment.
- Focuses on functional and practical abilities such as communication, activities of daily living and social interaction.Assessing...
A person is disabled when some part of the mind or body does not work in traditional ways. They only become handicapped when they confront overwhelming barriers that are by architectural design or prejudicial attitudes.
When most people think of the word "disability" they instantly picture someone in a wheelchair. But there are many different types of disability. They include:
* people who are blind or partially sighted
* people with learning or intellectual disabilities
* people who are deaf or hearing impaired
* people with a physical disability
* people with long term illnesses
* people with mental health or psychological difficulties
* people with an acquired brain injury
According to the World Health Organisation, a disability is…
"any restriction or lack (resulting from any impairment) of ability to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being"
Disabled people are people who are physically and/or mentally disadvantaged from doing the things that are required of normal human behavior. They may have difficulty doing things for themselves and as a result, may require the care of other people to assist them.
Access to Services
The disabled may not be able to access services due to their lack of knowledge that the service exists...
...Extreme sports are some special sport disciplines that only a small number of people in the world participate in. The reason for this are the special conditions under which the sports are done. Extreme sports are much more dangerous than ordinary sports. They are done in extreme conditions, for example in places that are remote and inaccessible, or in bad weather. There is a big risk of injury for the sportspeople. They often risk their lives if something goes wrong. However, this is exactly why some people find extreme sports so attractive
Should extreme sports be banned as they put people s lives at risk
Extreme sports have become popular in the last two decades. For may people practising them is the only way of living.For them the adrenaline is the most important thing in their lives and that s why they must try even more and more dangerous things. But, of course, that s not the only reason. Extreme sports are trendy and many people practise them just because of that fact. It s true, that extreme sports, like bungee jumping, canyoning, rafting, ice climbing, snowboarding, surfing, parachute jumping, paragliding or mountaineering always bring a risk. Even if you are very good sportsman you must know that only one, small mistake can be very dangerous and can cause your death.Alhought many people die every year making extreme sports, the number of courageous is higher and higher. But its question of choice what are we doing in ours lives. For many people...
...Consider the impact of a disabledperson in a household. You might contrast the consequences of different disabilities or illnesses on a family. For example, what is the impact on a family of disabled children, adolescents, or adults who may suffer from mental retardation, cancer, muscular dystrophy, or diabetes? Discuss the family as a system with mutual and interactive consequences for each other in their blame, comfort, support, etc. in the care of the disabled individual. What factors promote the positive adjustment of all family members?
According to “mind relief” Disability is usually defined as “a loss or restriction of functional
ability or activity as a result of body or mind”. Considering a person with a disability in a house
hold there are consequences that his/her family has to deal with for example, if someone suffers
from mental retardation the family has to deal with the emotional effects ( psychological
problems), social problems, sleeping problems, depression, guilt, ashamed, and self-esteem
issues. Living with a disabledperson can have profound effects on the entire family–parents,
siblings, and extended family members. It is a unique shared experience for families and can
affect all aspects of family functioning. On the positive side, it can broaden horizons, increase
family members' awareness of their inner strength, enhance family...
...attitudes towards disability and specific requirements helps a person with additional needs to feel more valued and equal to every other child or young person, it also prevents isolation of a child. A positive attitude ensures inclusive and tting. It builds positive relationships so that everyone in the setting and in the world feels respected, safe and happy where they live, and spend their time.
* Explain the social and medical models of disability and the impact of each on practice (CYP3.7 3.3)
The medical model promotes the view of a disabledperson as dependent and needing to be cured or cared for, and it justifies the way in which disabled people have been systematically excluded from society. The disabledperson is the problem, not society. Control resides firmly with professionals; choices for the individual are limited to the options provided and approved by the 'helping' expert.The medical model is sometimes known as the ‘individual model’ because it promotes the notion that it is the individual disabledperson who must adapt to the way in which society is constructed and organised. By labelling a child because of their disability can prevent us from seeing the child as a whole person like their gender, culture and social background the medical models is a traditional view of disability and that through medical...
...What have the Paralympic Games achieved for Disabled peoples Human Rights?
In this essay I will look at the impact the Paralympic Games have had on the human rights of disabled people in specific relation to sport and maintain that whilst there have been significant improvements to the lives of disabled people since the Human Rights Act 1998 what has had the greatest impact on the lives of disabled people and their participation in sport has been the United Nations Convention on the Rights of People with Disability (UNCRDP). All to frequently disabled people although assigned the same rights as non-disabled peopled find themselves outside the framework of the Human Rights Act; nowhere more clearly than in the area of sport. This situation is highlighted perfectly in an extract by Linda Mastandrea of the International Paralympic Committee
“Born with cerebral palsy, spastic diplegia, I grew up sitting on the sidelines watching children play in PE class. I went to the library or study hall. I got to be the team manager, not a player on the team. Unquestionably, this treatment cemented my status as “different”, an “outsider” and someone who could not quite fit in.” Mastandrea(2007 p39).
The Paralympic Games 2012 have shone a light on the excellence that disabled people...
...Jesse LopezPeriod 3
November 8th 2012
Society's View of the Disabled
Discrimination against people with disabilities is one of the greatest social injustices in our country today. Unfortunately it is also one of the least publicized and most neglected social issues in recent history. People with disabilities are generally looked at and talked about in a negative way, and are subsequently treated differently than people who are not seen asdisabled. It is hard to pinpoint the very source of many stereotypes because the issue of disability rights transcends the borders of race, ethnicity, education level, economic standing, and class issues. In fact, disabled people are generally invisible to the public. Out of sight and out of mind is the way in which people tend to deal with the injustices endured by the disabled community. The only way to confront the issue of discrimination against people with disabilities is through social awareness, education, and tolerance of those who have a disability.
One of the most elementary rights that are granted to most in our country is a public education. People who face disabilities tend to learn and grow in a way that is different than what our society typically considers “normal”. Some people take longer to learn than others, this is a fact. Just because someone learns in a way which differs from your own, does that make them any less or...
...Equality and Human Right Commission in relation to Disabled People
1. Introduction 3
2. Aim of this report 4
3. Definitions an legislations 5
4. DisabilityRight Commission as formal body to help people
in their rights 6
4.1 Education, employment and health and social care 7
5. Social community, local authorities and charities relating to
5.1 Local authorities
5.2 Social community
5.3 Charities 8
6. Summary 9
7. Being disability – Summary 2 10
8. Bibliography 11
9. Appendix 12
Our image of disability is usually taken from mass...