UN CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child was brought into effect to recognise that Children needed their own set of specific human rights that should be protected and that these were a universal right not a privilege. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child was drawn up and accepted by the UN in 1989. The UK government agreed to abide by the principles in 1991 and it was fully implemented in 1992. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child is the most universally recognised set of standards for protecting the rights of children and numerous countries have agreed to abide by it. The Convention forms a set of articles that highlight the minimum entitlements of all children. These articles have been split into four main categories: the general requirements for all the rights; the basic rights to life, survival and development of one’s full potential; being kept safe from harm; and respecting the views of the child. The Convention also sets out minimum standards in areas such as health care, education and social services to protect those children’s rights. There are 54 articles in total that apply to all children with no exceptions, here are two examples; Article 19 states that all young people have the right to be kept safe from experiencing violence, mental abuse, physical abuse or neglect by any adult they come into regular contact with e.g. parents, carers etc and Article 34 gives the right for all young people to be kept safe from any form of sexual abuse or exploitation.
When the UK government agreed to abide by the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child it meant it had promised to not act in a way that would infringe any of the rights and it agreed to ensure they were fully implemented in a non discriminatory manner. Accordingly the government is responsible for ensuring people act in the best interests of the child and that children are treated as individuals within a family whose views should be...
The Rights of the Child
* Children's Rights in India
1. Children right of protection
Child sexual and emotional abuse in India
hildren abuse is considered as a serious phenomenon in many countries around the world in which a person below the age of eighteen is being emotionally and sexually maltreated. I had chose India because India as in other countries lacks the understanding of the extent and trends of the problem. India has to acknowledge the consequences of the child abuse, which absolutely has serious physical and psychosocial that affect the health and overall well-being of a child. The issue of child abuse and violation is one of the most critical matters on the international human rights agenda. Hence, in Indian the acceptance of childrights as primary inviolable rights is fairly recent, as is the universal understanding of it. Therefore, the Ministry of Women and Child Development, and the government of India, in 2005, attempts to understand the extent of the problem, its dimensions as well as its intensity.
A. Child emotional abuse:
The World Health Organization has defined this issue as "Emotional abuse includes the failure to provide a developmentally appropriate, supportive environment". In addition, the main forms of...
...of the ChildRight Act 2003’, the article is poised to examine the various legal impediments in the practical implementation of the Act since it has been legislated. It included an in depth analysis of its content and other circumstances that could either facilitate or hinder its implementation both nationally and internationally. The Act took cognizance of every person and individual concerned in the care and concern of children. Its basic provision could be said to follow fundamental human rights contained in Caption IV of the 1999 Constitution with specific focus on the children. It is important to note that there are other areas and issues covered by the Act, such as the responsibility of a child, parental responsibility, child justice and other important issues. The Act could therefore be described as an innovative and commendable one. He concluded without making a reference to the unborn.
Years backs the extract on injuries to unborn child by the law commission report has a great relevance to this topic of discussion, in this journal analysis of causes of medical injury to an unborn child was analysed. This includes Drugs, poisonous waste, effect of illness and disease of parents on unborn child, injury caused during the attempt of abortion others. It also looks at the difficulty in proofing the occurrence of all this events. Recommendations were made...
DEFINITION OF CHILD AND MEANING OF CHILDRIGHTS
(ChildRights and Social Action)
3rd Year Hons.
Topic: Definition of a child and meaning of childrights
INTRODUCTION TO CHILDHOOD
Children and childhood across the world, have broadly been construed in terms of a ‘golden age’ that is synonymous with innocence, freedom, joy, play and the like. It is the time when, spared the rigours of adult life, one hardly shoulders any kind of responsibility and obligations. But, then, it is also true that children are vulnerable, especially when very young. The fact that children are vulnerable, they need to be cared for and protected from the ‘harshness of the world outside’ and around. This being so, the adult-child relation, parents in particular, is said to provide ‘care and protection’- serving thereby the ‘best interests of the child’ and meeting their day-to-day ‘needs of survival and development’. The adult is presumed to be the guardian and in that respect expected to take the responsibility of child’s welfare and development. Whether or not, the premise underlying this is correct or not, the childhood ‘reality’ on the whole is questionable, demanding critical evaluation. Accordingly, idealistic notions and representations associated with children and childhood have been...
Belong to an individual or group of individuals as a consequence of being human. They refer to a wide continuum of values or capabilities thought to enhance human life and declared to be universal in character, in some sense equally claimed for all human being.
Refer to persons below 18 years of age or those over but are unable to fully take care of themselves or protect themselves, from abuse, neglect, cruelty, exploitation, or discrimination because of physical or mental disability or condition.
LEAGUE OF NATIONS
4 categories of childrights
1. Survival (mabuhay)
2. Development (umunland)
3. Protection (Maproteksyonan)
4. Participation (Makilahaok)
Rights of EVERY CHILD
* To be born, have a name and a nationality
* To have a family who will love and care for him/her
* To live in peaceful community and a wholesome environment
* To have a adequate food and a healthy and active body
* To obtain a good education and develop one’s potential
* To be given opportunities for play and leisure
* To be protected against abuse, exploitation, neglect, violence and danger
* To be defended and given assistance by the government
* To be able to express my own views
KINDS OF CHILD ABUSE
Child Abuse – refers to a maltreatment whether habitual or not to a child...
...“Who is a child?” A child according to the Convention on the Right of a Child “is any human being that is under the age of eighteen years.” ChildRights are supposed to apply to every living child on this earth under the declaration of The Child Act, that every child should be treated equally and no different. But for some reason there are still children in this world being exploited because they are so weak and do not have a voice in the adult world they are constantly taken advantage of because they are not responsible for themselves. Children are the most vulnerable ones in our society. They are the unheard voices and the unrecognized members of the community.
Children's rights cover four main aspects of a child's life: the right to survive which include the right to life and to have the most basic needs met for example adequate standard of living, shelter, nutrition, proper health care; the right to develop includes enabling children to reach their fullest potential for example education, play and leisure, cultural activities, access to information and freedom of thought, conscience and religion; the right to be protected. This aspect of childrights is essential for safeguarding children and adolescents from all forms of abuse, neglect and...
...Violation of ChildRights
First of all, if we want to talk about violation of childrights we have to define childrights, what they are, and to whom they are intended.”A child is any human being below the age of eighteen years, unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier.", World leaders in 1989 decided that children needed a special convention, because children often need special care and protection that adults do not. The leaders also wanted to make sure that people under 18 year old have human rights too.
UN Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989 and entry into force on September 2nd 1990. The Convention spells out the basic human rights that children everywhere have: the right to survival; to develop to the fullest; to protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation; and to participate fully in family, cultural and social life. The four foundation principles of the Convention are non-discrimination; devotion to the best interests of the child; the right to life, survival and development; and respect for the views of the child. Every right spelled out in...
...Convention on the Rights of the Child
Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by
General Assembly resolution 44/25
of 20 November 1989
entry into force 2 September 1990, in accordance with article 49
The States Parties to the present Convention,
Considering that, in accordance with the principles proclaimed in the Charter of the United Nations, recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,
Bearing in mind that the peoples of the United Nations have, in the Charter, reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights and in the dignity and worth of the human person, and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,
Recognizing that the United Nations has, in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in the International Covenants on Human Rights, proclaimed and agreed that everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth therein, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status,
Recalling that, in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the United Nations has proclaimed that...