Throughout time women have been seen as inferior to men. For hundreds of years until the end of the 20th century, women were deprived of the natural rights they were born with. Women were observed as socially and politically inferior and unable to function at the same level as men, however; with the rise of the civil rights movement, this finally made women equal as men. The struggle for women's rights extends past just the right to vote, but to the right to a full education, the right to their own property and wage and to even enter the workplace with men. At a young age, Maya Angelou had experienced the discrimination and it influenced her book, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. The Women’s Rights Movement helped them throughout the country by passing laws stating that women could own a part of her husband’s estate. In fact, because of their fight for these rights, women had achieved the right to vote, to help the country grow economically, and politically. The Civil Rights movement was one of the most significant and successful social movements in the modern world. It was a movement for full civil rights and racial equality. The African Americans during this time were struggling with segregation in the South and the racial discrimination that was the legally enforced way of life. In fact, the results from the Civil Rights movement completely transformed the lives of African Americans and helped to integrate public schools, places and help them get their natural rights back.
Maya Angelou, born on April 4th, 1928 lived in St. Louis, Missouri. At the age of three, her parents divorced and she was sent with her younger brother Bailey to Stamps, Arkansas, where she lived with her grandmother. At a young age, Maya faced the racial and gender discrimination of the South. During this time, “Jim Crow Laws” were in place. These laws stated that all bathrooms, buses, schools, drinking fountains and even restaurants were separated by skin color. At the age of 15, Maya...
Running head: CIVIL RIGHTSMOVEMENT 1
Civil RightsMovement and the Impact
On the Chicano RightsMovement
Southern New Hampshire University
CIVIL RIGHTSMOVEMENT 2
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his I Have a Dream speech at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. on August 28, 1963. He spoke about Civil Rights and the rights guaranteed by the Declaration of Independence for all citizens of this country, regardless of race, creed, or color. He said he hoped to see a day when “… children will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character.” Dr. Martin Luther King saw segregation as “one of the root causes of the unfulfilled intellectual and academic potential of so many black children.” Since Brown v Board, numerous studies have demonstrated that one of the best ways to improve the education of poor minority students is to “provide them with a racially and socio-economically diverse school setting.” (Groves & Tegeler., 2011)
In a 1963 interview, King said “… I lean towards the idea that segregation must be removed from schools all over the country. For I do not think that the residential segregation must be used as an excuse for the perpetuation of segregation in educational institutions. (Groves & Tegeler...
The American Civil RightsMovement
Thesis: The Civil RightsMovement was the beginning of true justice for African Americans in the United States, but it may not have been possible without strong opposition, specific outcomes of legal cases, and great leaders.
• People felt very strongly, which made everyone involved
- It was a big enough deal to fight for
• Made it a hit or miss situation
- All or nothing
They weren’t going to “settle”
Outcomes of specific legal cases
• Plessy v. Fergussen
• Williams v. Mississippi
• Guinn v. United States
• Brown v. Board of education
Not Possible without great leaders –
- W.E.B. Du Bois
- JFK All made a difference toward the cause/influenced others
- Rosa Parks
The American Civil RightsMovement is a well known period of American history. It involves the beginning of equality and justice in America. Racism and prejudice are a big problem in the country today, but they used to not only be socially acceptable, but they were a part of the United States Government. The Civil RightsMovement was the time when blacks in America were fighting for their rights and beginning to get them. The Civil Rights...
...THE CIVIL RIGHTSMOVEMENT
THE IMPACT OF WORLD WAR II
• Black American soldiers had fought against Fascism during WWII
• Increased their desire for freedom, especially the south african american.
• While resistance took the form of beatings, shootings, refusal of credit and jobs.
• The Committee of Civil Rights was set up by President Truman inn 1947 and a program of reforms was devised.
• Black Americans moved to the cities and towns from agricultural.
• Children attended all-blacks and mostly inferior schools.
• Not allowed to go to the movies, hotels, restaurants, swimming pools and parks frequented by whites.
• Southern blacks were not allowed to vote and were routinely harassed by the law.
• Blacks were often street cleaners, garbage collectors, restroom attendants, or domestic servants.
WHAT THEY WERE FIGHTING FOR
• To end discrimination.
• Discrimination still evident in the South.
• The right to travel where and when they wanted.
• To share drinking fountains. Share facilities with white citizens.
• Enjoy parks and swimming pools with while citizens.
• To be addressed by their name and title.
• To be served at a lunch counter.
• To have as good of an education as white children.
TO CHANGE ATTITUDES:
• They were fighting to change the behaviour and attitudes of white racists.
• After being attacked during a lunch counter sit-in in...
...formed the basis for state-sanctioned discrimination, drawing national and international attention to African Americans’ plight. In the turbulent decade and a half that followed, civil rights activists used nonviolent protest and civil disobedience to bring about change, and the federal government made legislative headway with initiatives such as the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Civil Rights Act of 1968. Many leaders from within the African American community and beyond rose to prominence during the Civil Rights era, including Martin Luther King, Jr., Rosa Parks, Malcolm X, Andrew Goodman and others. They risked and sometimes lost their lives in the name of freedom and equality.
After World War II, African Americans demanded changes in American society. African Americans fought in World War II for their country, but they returned home to discrimination and inequality. In the late 1940s and 50s American society started to overturn some official discrimination against African Americans The Civil RightsMovement came about after the Great Depression. African-Americans protested against injustice since the earliest slave revolts over 400 years ago. Yet, because of its attempt to dismantle Jim Crow segregation, Brown v. Board of Education can be seen as the spark that ignited the Civil RightsMovement of the 1950s and 1960s. The Court's well-publicized 1954...
CIVIL RIGHTSMOVEMENT ESSAY:
Montgomery bus boycott
Loughborough University May, 2011
In 1865, slavery was abolished throughout the United States, with the vote of the Thirteenth Amendment ("Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly recognized convicted, shall exist within the United States or any place subject to their jurisdiction") and the fourteenth (this ensures the right of suffrage to all citizens of the United States of America), and fifteenth amendments ("The right voting U.S. citizens will be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude") were voted in 1868 and 1870, which guaranteed the civil rights of African-American population, and equality before the law with whites.
However, these constitutional amendments were not heeded. White citizens who were in a perspective where blacks were inferior beings, continued with what is called segregation. We will study one of the major movements that allowed Black Americans to improve their civil rights and the bus boycott in Montgomery that is a social and political campaign initiated in 1955 in Alabama to oppose the policy of racial segregation in municipal public transport. Leading to the arrest of Rosa Parks, who is a black American woman; she...
AFRICAN-AMERICAN CIVIL RIGHTS:
“Being a Negro in America means trying to smile when you want to cry. It means trying to hold on to physical life amid psychological death. It means the pain of watching your children grow up with clouds of inferiority in their mental skies. It means having their legs off, and then being condemned for being a cripple.1”
These were the words of Martin Luther King Jr.. For nearly 80 years after being freed from slavery, African-Americans suffered under the discrimination and segregation of their fellow Americans. After World War II, African-Americans were ready for change and the nation could feel the inevitable Civil RightsMovement coming. With nonviolence and motivation the Civil Rights wheels were set in motion led by determined leaders and brave youth, which would have a permanent effect on American society.
After the Civil War ended on June 22nd, 1865 and the Emancipation Proclamation was enforced in the last states that still had slaves. With the passing of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments, African-Americans had for the first time in history the privileges of citizenship and the right to vote. Unfortunately, with the withdrawal of federal troops from the South, the situation for African-Americans, all across the nation, would only deteriorate until the Civil RightsMovement starting...
...Although the civil rights era would usually be identified between 1954-1965,
starting with the introduction of the “Brown” decision, in truth its roots stems
all the way back to post World War II period. During the War, many black
Americans had committed themselves to the American army, and as a result,
the black community as a whole expected greater civil and political rights. This
was aided further by the emergence of liberal ideas, and the fear the US
government felt of losing respect of other countries if they continued with
segregation while hypocritically declaring themselves “the leader of the Free
World”. However it wasn’t until the infamous Montgomery bus boycott of
1955 that weight and emergency was given to racial issues of the time.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a 381 day-long protest in Montgomery,
Alabama, that galvanized the American Civil RightsMovement and would see
the involvement of 4200 African-Americans. Up to 1955, Montgomery, like
other states, had laws and regulations that were discriminate towards the
black community. With 60% black women working in domestics, and 50% black
men working as domestics or laborers, it’s not surprising that black people
earned half what their white counterparts did. All facilities were segregated;
School, public facilities, houses and transpost such as trains and buses. It was in one of
these buses that Rosa Parks, a...
‘Nothing mattered more to king than being an outstanding preacher. Martin Luther King had an exceptional personal some state. He was a very proud and an outspoken man. He had been ‘conditioned’ from the mere age of nine and ordained in a black church for later life purposes (1). At a young age racism surrounded him and was affected first hand. He was abused by a white mill owner purely on the colour of his skin. He also witnessed other black people suffering from violence when he saw a white mob attack and barbarically murder a black man. King was a very opinionated person and became a lead figure head publicly known on a national scale. This came to be evident from 1955 onwards when he represented the Montgomery bus boycott. However prior to this boycott in 1955, in 1954 he began to work as a pastor in Montgomery. King had a very likeable personality and rarely missed the opportunity to publicly speak in front of large crowds. He even flagged a marathon from Selma to Montgomery just to address a crowd regarding the civil rightsmovement and his feelings representative of many others. It is clear to see that Martin Luther King’s aims were to gain equality for black people. He wanted to draw attention to the racial inequality on a national level and more importantly challenge the status quo with ruthless determination that a majority of black people had accepted but the questions remains how...