1.1, Explain the impact of key legislation that relates to fulfilment of rights and choices and the minimising of risk of harm for an individual with dementia
Human Rights Act of 1998
Mental Capacity Act of 2005
Mental Capacity and Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards 2005
Adults with Incapacity (Scotland) Act 2000
Mental Health Act 2007
The Disability Discrimination Act 1995
Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006
Carers(Equal Opportunities) Act 2004
Together these legislations formed the fundamental rights and freedom of an individual. These affect the rights of everyday life of an individual including what they can say and do, their beliefs, right not to be tortured and right to a fair trial. These rights have limits to ensure that other people's rights are upheld.
1.2, Evaluate agreed ways of working that relate to rights and choices of an individual with dementia
Policies and procedures :
Health and Safety
Risk Assessment (performed every month in my work placement) Safeguarding
Person Centred Care Planning
Safety and Security
Moving and Handling
1.3, Explain how and when personal information may be shared with carers and others, taking into account legislative frameworks and agreed ways of working
Consent from the individual should be taken into account in cases of emergency, abuse or neglect is suspected, decisions, treatment or information that is of best interest to the individual. If the resident is mentally incapable, informed consent should be given to the family or next of kin. Information shared to an advocate should be of individual’s best interest. Exchange of information from one health professional to the other should be done securely and access to it is carefully controlled.
...STUDENT ID: 21162896
MODULE TITLE: SAFEGUARDING AND PROTECTING VULNERABLE ADULTS.
MODULE CODE: NS40018/W
ESSAY TITLE: SAFEGUARDINGVULNERABLE ADULTS WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES WHO COME IN CONTACT WITH THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM.
The aim of this essay is primarily to identify and discuss the reasons for and factors contributing to the vulnerability of adults with learning disabilities who come in contact with the criminal justice system.
This essay will offer the rational for selecting this particular group and critically discuss their vulnerability. This essay will also discuss the factors that relate to their vulnerability as well as the impact this has on their overall health and wellbeing. This will be followed by discussions of the support available from the multi-disciplinary/multi-agency teams with specific emphasis on the role of the social worker, relating these to relevant safeguarding policies and legislation. The essay will conclude by summarising the key issues discussed within the content.
There generally appears to be a lack of consensus between theorists and academics as to what constitutes ‘Vulnerability’. The Chamber’s Dictionary (1990) cited by Hoff master (2006) defines Vulnerability as the “Individual’s propensity to experience harm”. “Capable of being physically or emotionally wounded or injured”; “open to successful attack or “Capable of being persuaded or...
What is Safeguarding?
Safeguarding is the protection of a vulnerable individual and the prevention of abuse and neglect against them. It means empowering an individual and giving them full support in order for them to maintain a happy life. It exists so that everyone has equal opportunities to access care and health providers in order for them to maintain a positive attitude and good health.
Who is a vulnerable adult?
‘’A person who is 18 years or over, and who may be in need of community care services by reason of mental or other disability, age or illness and who is or may be unable to take care of themselves, or unable to protect themselves against significant harm or serious exploitation’’
(Caerphilly Country Borough Council, 2009)
Human Rights Act 1998- Came into force in the UK in October 2000 It is composed of sections that are protected by the European Convention on Human Rights. All public bodies have to carry out these rights. Individuals can take human rights cases into domestic courts. (Equality and Human Rights Commission, 2014)
Mental Capacity Act 2005 amended 2007- Designed to protect people who cannot make decisions for themselves or lack the capacity to do so. Under this act it is presumed that a person can make their own decisions unless proven...
Safeguarding and Protection of Vulnerable Adults
Candidate Linda Goldsmith
It is a tragic fact that that almost all disclosures of abuse are true. It is a care workers responsibility to contribute to the protection of individuals from abuse. In order to ensure good professional practice it is essential for workers in care settings to know how society handles abuse, how to recognise it and what to do about it. It is important for care workers to respond effectively to any concerns of, or disclosures of abusive situations.
Safeguarding is everybody’s responsibility, and includes measures to prevent or minimise the potential for abuse occurring. Protection is considered a statutory responsibility in response to individual cases where risk of harm has been identified POVA or Protection of Vulnerable Adults was changed and implemented to SOVA or Safeguarding of Vulnerable Adults in 2007. This meant that the SOVA register was to replace the POVA and other individuals who were deemed unsuitable to work with children and vulnerable adults.
Safeguarding means to safeguard an individual to promote and prompt the safety of a vulnerable child or adult. We have to ensuring that we have the appropriate measures in place to maximise the safeguarding of other’s. Safeguarding is everyone’s responsibility that comes...
...Safeguarding a vulnerable older adult
This essay will discuss the older adult whose illness referred them to palliative care and onto safeguarding. I will first explain what safeguarding a vulnerable adult on palliative care is and explain my scenario and discuss what had happened and what could have helped the patient who was at the end of life care.
The Department of Health, (2011) definesSafeguarding as a multi-disciplinary work that works together to minimise and manage risks to vulnerable adults. A framework is put in place which brings all aspects of investigation into an allegation of abuse or neglect against a vulnerable adult.
A vulnerable older adult is someone who may be in need of community services due to age, illness, mental or physical disability who is also unable to take care of themselves against significant harm or exploitation. (US Department of Health, 2012)
The patient I will be talking about is a 94year old lady and all names will be changed in accordance with the NMC, (2008) code of conduct.
Whilst on placement, working as a Community Nurse, I spent a day with the Palliative Care Specialist Nurse. I understood that palliative care requires an active holistic care of patients who are in the advanced stages of a progressive illness. Management of pain and other symptoms and provision of psychological, social and...
...Who is Vulnerable?
An individual with a learning disability or mental heath problems.
A disabled individual
Anyone who is different
Who may abuse?
Paid staff or volunteers
Neighbors, friends or others in the vulnerable adults/children network.
What may make you suspicious?
A change in an individual’s behavior, such as withdrawing, self harm, aggressiveness, conflict of stories, fear or abusive towards others etc.
Unexplained injuries, such as bruising, abrasions, cuts, bed sores, scars or broken bones.
Physical appearance, such as unwashed, dirty/soiled clothes or unkempt. Covering up in an attempt to hide injuries etc. Weight loss through malnutrition, unexpected or prolonged illness.
Poorly dressed, no money for activities, reduction in savings or unexplained withdraws from bank accounts. Little food or low quality foods in home.
Identifying Types of Abuse
Physical This can include actual physical harm to another through beating, hitting, kicking, punching or slapping.
Sexual This involves any nonconsensual intimate touching, sexual acts or verbal sexual innuendo towards another person.
Emotional/psychological Sometimes hard to identify, this form of abuse can include: threats or humiliating behavior, putting someone down, ‘telling them they are worthless’ or removing aids such as walking sticks or frames etc.
Financial Inappropriate use of an...
...of pornographic material or watching sexual activities.
Possible signs and symptoms include:
A vulnerable adults suddenly behaving in a sexual manner e.g. showing sexual knowledge or behaviour that is inappropriate, not wanting to be touched, using inappropriate language suddenly, Genital itching/soreness, Bleeding, Urinary tract infections, Sexually transmitted infections, Stomach pains or discomfort walking or sitting. Emotional abuse Emotion abuse is the persistent emotional ill-treatment of an individual which could cause severe effects on the vulnerable adult’s emotional development. This may involve telling a person that they are worthless or inadequate. It could also involve causing a person frequently to feel frightened or in danger. It can also be when the person receives constant rejection and denial of affection and humiliation. Emotional abuse can lead to behavioural, learning, emotional or mental disorders. Possible signs and symptoms may be: That the individual is withdrawn or too eager to do everything that they are asked, An individual not being able to do things they used to be able to do easily, Not being able to focus or concentrate, It may be that the person has unexplained changeable emotions such as depression, anxiety or severe aggression, Self-depreciation and overreaction to mistakes. Neglect Neglect is the persistent failure to meet the vulnerable adults’ physical, emotion and/or psychological...
Principles of safeguarding in health and social care
Recognising possible indicators of harm or abuse
Ways to reduce likelihood of abuse
Responding to suspected or disclosed abuse
National and local context of protection from harm and abuse
CIS Assessment Induction Workbook – Six
Principles of safeguarding in health and social care
Recognising possible indicators of harm or abuse
1.1 Know the main types of abuse
Through your induction period, including the Skills for Care Common Induction Standards in
this workbook, you are learning about the different things that make up your job role.
You are learning about codes of conduct, values, policies, procedures and ways of
working, duty of care and your responsibilities to the individuals you support.
Abuse is likely to occur if you do not comply with these
An adult at risk is anyone over the age of 18
who is in need of or in receipt of social care and support services
You will also be in a position of trust and the individuals you are supporting may see you as
more powerful than they are. All of the individuals you support are adults at risk.
Any betrayal of trust and power, would make you an abuser
Abuse is about a person inappropriately using their power over another individual.
Abuse is treating someone with disrespect in...
...Research Task 3
Safeguarding the welfare of children and young people (2.0)
1) Children and young people have a right to be provided with physical and emotional needs to maintain the health, safety and their development in society. Without food, water or shelter, these needs are not met, and therefore the child/young person cannot develop. It is therefore, important that safeguarding is in place in order that every child./ young person is reaching their full potential in life. Children/young people deserve to be treated respectfully and appropriately. Any signs of abuse, whether it is physical, emotional, sexual or neglect must be recorded and acted on in the appropriate manner. Protecting these children/young people from harm will allow them to become more confident and develop socially and physically. Children with a disability are more likely to be abused, and the signs and symptoms must be recognised by those in contact with these vulnerable children/young people. It is very important that all professionals who work in settings dealing with children and young people have a key role in safeguarding and supporting their welfare.
Safeguarding children can be done through a variety of methods. It is not only about protecting a child from physical harm, therefore ensuring their physical safety in school and on visits away, but protecting children on the internet. There have been many...