The Right to Information Bill was passed by the Parliament on 13th May 2005. The Bill got the Presidential assent on 15th June 2005 to become the Right to Information Act, 2005. It is an Act to provide for freedom to every citizen to secure access to information under the control of public authorities, consistent with public interest, in order to promote openness, transparency and accountability in administration and in relation to matters connected there with. To bring about transparency and accountability and to implement the provisions of the Right to Information Act, 2005, INDO DANISH TOOL ROOM (IDTR) has made an attempt to provide certain information to citizens to empower them to exercise there right to Information. IDTR has designated Central Public Information Officer (CPIO) for dissemination of information. Appellate Officer has also been designated to provide facility to the public to appeal in case of non receipt of information sought for.
In case Information is not available as provided hereunder the said information can be sought under the Right to Information Act, 2005 by applying in the prescribed format. The format along with prescribed fees may be deposited which shall be forwarded to the CPIO and a date for receiving the information would be given to the applicant. In case the Information can not be made available the cause for not making available such information would be given to the applicant in the prescribed period. If not satisfied to the reply, the applicant can seek redressal of his grievance from the Appellate Authority designated for the purpose.
The National Campaign for People’s Right to Information (NCPRI) was founded in 1996. Its founding members included social activists, journalists, lawyers, professionals, retired civil servants and academics. One of its primary objectives was to campaign for a national law facilitating the exercise of the fundamental right to information. As a first step, the NCPRI and the Press Council of India formulated an initial draft of a Right to Information (RTI) law. This draft, after extensive discussions, was sent to the Government of India in 1996. The Government finally introduced the Freedom of Information Bill in Parliament, in 2002. This was a very watered down version of the Bill first drafted by the NCPRI and others in 1996. Meanwhile, the NCPRI was also campaigning for state RTI acts and supporting the efforts of state governments, like Karnataka, Delhi and Rajasthan. In August 2004 the NCPRI forwarded to the National Advisory Council a set of suggested amendments to the Freedom of Information Act 2002. These amendments, designed to strengthen and make more effective the 2002 Act, were based on extensive discussions with civil society groups working on transparency and other related issues and were in response to the undertaking given by the UPA government, in their Common Minimum Programme, that the “Right to Information Act will be made more progressive, participatory and meaningful.” The NAC endorsed most of the suggested amendments and recommended them to the Prime Minister of India for further action. These formed the basis of the subsequent Right to Information Bill, introduced in Parliament on 22 December 2004. However, this bill, as introduced in Parliament, had many weaknesses. Most significantly, unlike the NCPRI suggestion, it did not apply to the whole country but only to the Union Government. The consequent outrage from civil society groups, including the NCPRI, forced the government to review the changes. The Bill was referred to a Standing Committee of the Parliament and to a Group of Ministers. The standing committee asked several of the NCPRI members to give evidence before it, and ultimately endorsed the stand taken by the NCPRI in most matters. . In the next session of Parliament, the bill was passed after over a hundred amendments introduced by the government to accommodate the recommendations...
...'Information' as a term has been derived from the Latin words 'Formation' and 'Forma' which means giving shape to something and forming a pattern respectively.
Information adds something new to our awareness and removes the vagueness of our ideas. Information is Power, and as the Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee stated, "The Government wants to share power with the humblest; it wants to empower the weakest. It is precisely because of this reason that the Right to Information has to be ensured for all."
The Freedom of InformationBill 2000 was introduced in the parliament on 25th July 2000, there have been earlier instances where a proposition of the similar subject has been moved into the house, and this traces back to as early as in 1966 when the Press Council of India prepared the draft bill in order to secure the right to information then again in 1997 The Institute of Rural Development, Hyderabad also prepared a bill, both these bill had initiated a debate on the national level and a working group was constituted which was to look in to the validity and the constitutionality of the bill. The report of this working group recommended that the right to information is not only feasible but also vital. The Working Group recommended that the bill...
...The right to seek, receive and impart information
Freedom of information is considered a fundamental human right, protected by international and constitutional law, that should essentially be promoted to the maximum extent possible given its critical role in democracy and public participation in political life. Freedom of information refers primarily to the access of information held by public bodies, reflecting the principle that they do not hold information on their own behalf, but rather for the benefit of the public sphere. However, it also includes the right to seek, receive and impart information.
- International standards
The Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the United Nations (UN) in 1948 states that “everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers”. This means that freedom of expression, one of the fundamental freedoms, do not only refers to opinions and thoughts but also to information that can or can not be related to them. Thus, Article 19 brings an expansion of the scope of freedom of expression, since it refers to all the processes...
...Bill of Rights
A democracy must ensure that individuals have certain rights and that the government will always recognize these rights. Therefore it is often a practice in most democratic countries to list the rights of the citizens in the constitution itself. Such a list of rights mentioned and protected by the constitution is called the ‘bills of rights. A bill of rights prohibits government from thus acting against the rights of the individuals and ensures a remedy in case there is violation of these rights.
FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS IN THE INDIAN
The word fundamental suggests that these rights are so important that the Constitution has separately listed them and made special provisions for their protection. The Fundamental Rights are so important that the Constitution itself ensures that they are not violated by the government. Fundamental Rights are different from other rights available to us. While ordinary legal rights are protected and enforced by ordinary law, Fundamental Rights are protected and guaranteed by the constitution of the country. Ordinary rights may be changed by the legislature by ordinary process of law making, but a fundamental right may only be...
...BILL OF RIGHTS: 1ST AMENDMENT
The Bill of Rights : it is the collective name for the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution. These limitations serve to protect the rights of liberty and property. They guarantee a number of personal freedoms, limit the government's power in judicial and other proceedings, and reserve some powers to the states and the public.
The First Amendment (Amendment I) :
Originally, the First Amendment applied only to laws enacted by the Congress. However, starting with Gitlow v. New York, the Supreme Court has applied the First Amendment to each state. This was done through the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, by what is called the Incorporation Doctrine. The Court has also recognized a series of exceptions to provisions protecting the freedom of speech.
Text: “ Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”
* Establishment of religion
* Free exercise of religion
* Freedom of speech : speech critical to the government, political speech ( anonymous speech, campaign finance, flag desecration, free speech zones), commercial speech, school speech, obscenity, memoirs of convicted criminals,...
2. Jan lokpal Bill
5. Environmental issues
7. Right to Reject
8. Right of Information
9. Leadership – do or don’t
Global Warming Vs Global Cooling
11. Indian Educational System
Essay on Terrorism - A Threat to Mankind
Terrorism can be defined as the use of violence to achieve some goals. It is completely different from war and policy.
The evils of terrorism have considerably grown over years. Terrorism has affected not only countries like U.S.A. or UK; it has also affected undeveloped countries like Afghanistan and Kazakhstan by bomb explosions, discriminate killings, hijacking, black mails etc.
All this is executed with terrible cruelty if the demand of money or a terrorists’ release is not accepted. Mainly, terrorist aim against whom they regard as their enemies or those is their obstacles in the path of their goals.
Terrorism can be differentiated into many categories, of which the main are Political terrorism and Criminal terrorism. Political Terrorism is much more dangerous than Criminal Terrorism.
There is also one category of Regional Terrorism, which is the most violent. As terrorism believes in power of guns and bombs over dialogue, so it has become a serious threat to dealt with.
It does not matter that their goals are illegal or unethical. Flight hijacking is one of their most preferred targets to spread terror. In India,...
...THE BILL OF RIGHTS
1. What is and why do we have a Bill of Rights?
2. What rights are Filipinos entitled to under Article III of the constitution?
Bill of Rights
Fundamental characteristic of a republican system
It is “a charter of liberties for the individual and a limitation upon the power of the State”
Classification of Rights
- Based on one’s dignity as a human person
Constitutional- Outlined in a constitution’s bill or rights
. Cannot be repealed through legislation.
- As provided for by law
Political v. Civil v. Legal
- Those that pertain to an individual’s participation in government or the political process
- Basically refer to rights enjoyed to enable individuals to undertake the everyday business of life
Political v. Civil v. Legal
- Rights that apply to individuals when subjected to the law and/or legal procedures and processes
Article III, Section 4
Freedom of speech
Right to a free press
Freedom of assembly
The right of petition
Article III, Section 4
Limitations to Freedom of Speech:
Anything lewd or obscene
... Freedom of Information Act 2002 4
Chapter 2 6
THE RTI ACT 6
Object of the Right to Information Act 7
RTI & THE ROLE OF CIVIL SOCIETY 7
Chapter 3 8
REACHING THE MASSES 8
Chapter 4 11
What is the Right to Information? 11
Chapter 5 13
Whom does the Act apply to? 13
Are private bodies covered? 14
Are non-Government organizations covered? 14
What isInformation? 14
What is a Record? 15
Chapter 6 16
What is a Public Authority 16
Public Information Officer 16
Assistant Public Information Officer 16
Chapter 7 17
Why is the Right to Information Act important for me? 17
Chapter 8 18
What are the salient features of the Act? 18
Chapter 9 20
What are the benefits of the Act? 20
Chapter 10 21
HOW TO APPLY 21
Application Fee 21
Additional Fee 21
What information is exempted from disclosure by public authorities? 22
Chapter 11 25
Disclosure of Third Party Information 25
Chapter 12 27
Suo Motu Disclosure 27
Protection for Work Done in Good Faith 27
Chapter 13 28
How can I apply for Information from a Public Authority? 28
Chapter 14 29
How much time does the authority have to reply? 29
Chapter 15 30
What do I do if my request is rejected or if I do not get the information requested? 30...
2010, April 27
Right To Information Act 2009
M S Siddiqui
A citizen of a free and democratic country has the right to have access to information and know everything happening around him. It is a fundamental right of every citizen as enshrined in the UN resolution in its very first session in 1946, stating that 'Freedom of information is a fundamental humanright.'
It is interesting to note that the right to information laws existed about 200 years before the UN resolution was adopted. Sweden passed its Freedom of the Press Act in 1766.
Access to information is a basic democratic right. The access to information or freedom of expression is the precondition to fulfillment of all other rights in a democratic society.
The developing countries are lagging behind in this respect. There is pressure from media and civil society groups, both domestic and international, for greater access to government information. International bodies, donors such as World Bank, International Monetary Fund etc. are promoting such laws in developing countries and have drafted guidelines or model legislation to promote freedom of information. This is an effort on their part to increase government transparency and reduce corruption. Transparency...