Revelation And Compilation Of The Quran
The Quran is a book that was sent to the whole of Mankind as a means of Guidance and Mercy. It is the final revelation of the books from Allah (swt) and was revealed through the final Prophet Muhammed (peace be upon him)
The word “Quran” comes from the root word Iqra which means to read or to recite. The majority of Muslim authorities hold the origin of the word is ķara`a (Arabic: قرأ), itself, among the earliest meanings of the word Quran is the "act of reciting. So we can see that the word “Quran” can mean to recite, to read. In the large majority of contexts, usually with a definite article (al-), the word is referred to as the "revelation" (tanzīl), that which has been "sent down" at intervals.
The Revelation To The Prophet Muhammed (pbuh)
The Quran (the book of Allah) was first written and kept in safe custody in Looh-e-Mehfooz. It was first sent down to Bait-ul-Mamoor by Allah (swt) which is considered to be situated within the first level of heaven (first sky). “It is a Glorious Quran, on a well-preserved tablet".
Surah Al-Buruj 85:21-22
From there, it was revealed to the Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him) on earth via the angel Gibraeel. The first revelation took place on Lailat-Ul-Qadr (The night of power) which is widely agreed by many scholars to fall in the month of Ramadhan and in particular the last 10 days of Ramadhan, with most scholars believing that it falls on the 27th night of Ramadhan. Hazrat Aisha Radi’Allah Anha stated that Rasool-ul-Allah peace be upon him said, "Look for Lailat-Ul-Qadr in the odd nights of the last ten days of Ramadhan." (Bukhari) First Revelation
The first Wahy (Revelation) of the Quran revealed to the Prophet Muhammed (pbuh) were the following verses:
Read! In the name of your Lord and Cherisher, Who created, created man out of a clot. Read! And your Lord is most bountiful; He who taught (the use of) the pen; taught man that which he knew not".
The Holy Quran, Surah Alaq (96, Verse 1-5)
These verses were revealed to the Prophet Muhammed (pbuh) in the cave of Hira, when he was 40 years old (610CE) by the angel Gibraeel. The Quran was revealed over a further period of 23 years at different locations, periods of time and at certain events.
This is the account, as reported in the Sahih of Bukhari:
Aisha the mother of the faithful believers narrated: The commencement of the divine inspiration to Allah's apostle was in the form of good dreams which came like bright daylight (i.e. true) and then the love of seclusion was bestowed upon him. He used to go in seclusion in the Cave of Hira', where he used to worship (Allah alone) continuously for many days before his desire to see his family. He used to take with him food for the stay and then come back to (his wife) Khadija to take his food likewise again, till suddenly the truth descended upon him while he was in the cave of Hira. The angel came to him and asked him to read. The Prophet replied 'I do not know how to read'. The Prophet added, 'The angel caught me (forcibly) and pressed me so hard that I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read and I replied, "I do not know how to read". Thereupon he caught me again and pressed me a second time till I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read, but again I replied, "I do not know how to read" (or what shall I read?). Thereupon he caught me for the third time and pressed me, and then released me and said: "Read, in the name of Your Lord, who created, created man from a clot. Read! And Your Lord is the most bountiful" ... [Bukhari, I, No. 3; VI, No. 478; Muslim I, No. 301.] The narration goes on to tell us that the Prophet (pbuh) went back to his wife Khadija and recounted to her his experience. She comforted him and both of them consulted Waraqa, Khadija's relative and a learned Christian, about it. Waraqa told Muhammed (saw) that he had...
...Revelation, Hermeneutics, Pluralism and Practice - RHPP
Module Leader: Dr. Marodsilton Muborakshoeva Salima Gulamali
Critically analyse the early debates around compilation of the Qur’an as a book
Word count: 1493
Master of Teaching (MTeach) / MA Education (Muslim Societies and Civilizations) Institute of Education, University of London
S GULAMALI 2 Introduction Muslims believe that the Quran, considered to be a reference for secular and spiritual life, contains the foundations of religious beliefs, such as laws, rituals, advices and guidance. (Watt & Bell, 1997; Lapidus, 2002). There are however some controversies about the compilation of the text. The traditional Islamic view can be summarized as follows. During the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad the so called “recorders of the revelation” (kuttab al‐waly), would write the verses after the revelation in primitive materials such as palm trees, stones, and animal skin. (Gilliot, 2006; Aslan 2005; Modaressi, 1993). The first collection of these verses took place during the time of the first Caliph, Abu Bakr. The second collection is the standard codex that is followed today, which comes from the compilation made by Uthman the third caliph, and is therefore known as the Uthmanic codex (Gilliot, 2006). ...
...given) and date in your parenthetical citations.
Follow sources with more commentary and interpretation in your own words.
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Make an original title that reflects your thesis statement.
The Qur'an is recognized as the last literal words of GOD given to his people by Muhammad the last prophet, or messenger of GOD (Quran recitations and translation online, 2006-2009). TheQuran is without a beginning, middle, or ending, and consists of 114 chapters of varying lengths called “Sura”. Each ‘Sura’ is titled dependant on the message being portrayed (Hooker, 1996). It also reveals the following “five pillars of Islam” (Five Pillars of Islam, 2009) or standards that define Muslim religious belief and practice. These pillars are the foundation of Muslim religion. Good introduction and thesis statement.
“Shahada” means the acceptance of no other GOD but ALLAH and that Mohammad is the prophet of Allah (Five Pillars of Islam, 2009). This same theme is reinereated thoroughout the Quran is is the single most important basis of Muslim religion. Develop paragraph further.
“Salat” is the requirement to pray daily starting at dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and night facing toward the Mecca. (source?) This time is seen as a personal conversation with Allah expressing gratitude and worship as well as asking for assistance if needed. It is...
...The key issue that this text contains is the timing of the millennium; and why God released Satan from the abyss.
The only hope of understanding this section is in the light of close parallels in Revelation and elsewhere in the New Testament.1 The closest parallel of this section occurs in Revelation 12 and 20; this is shown in both language and structure.2 This connection gives us insight into the role of the blood of the lamb in overcoming evil and the inauguration of the new heavens and earth.3 Boring suggests that instead of understanding Revelation in sequential order, we look at it through the lens of seven pictures each showing the victory of Jesus.4 This section falls into the larger literary section extending from 17:1 to 21:8.5 The first sections of this unit have been the announcement of the fall of Babylon the end times; Christ’s judgment on the ungodly world forces at the end of this age and the inauguration of the age to come.6 The direct relationship between chapter 19 and 20 is hotly debated; this exegesis will argue that 20:1-6 refers to the church age and temporarily precedes the final judgment that has been narrated in chapter 17-19 and was recapitulated in 20:7-15.7
This text contains one of the most difficult texts in revelation; and one of the most disputed sections in the bible, the issue of the millennium.8 Issues are found in both biblical interpretation, and...
12 February 2015
Essay Analysis: Revelation
1. The title of this short story is Revelation and was published in 1965.
2. The author’s name is Flannery O’Connor, 1925-1964.
3. Mrs. Turpin is the main character of this short story and proves to be a dynamic character. In the beginning of the story Mrs. Turpin immediately starts judging everyone in the waiting room of the doctor’s office. While observing these people she was thinking to herself how grateful she was that she was a white woman with a nice home and land as opposed to being “white trash” or black. She even says that she believes that poverty stricken black people cannot get into Heaven because they don’t measure up to certain standards. She views poor and black people to be lesser than her until the very end of the story. At the end of the story, she finally realizes that God sees all of his children the same when welcoming them into the afterlife, regardless of race, social standing, or how much money and land they obtained while on Earth. Although it took hateful words and violent acts to make Ruby see this, she changed into a woman who knows what true equality among the human race is and what it should be.
4. The setting of the story was somewhere in the South after the Civil War based on context clues. The white trash woman’s daughter was in town for the summer from college in the North so that made it clear to the reader that Mrs. Turpin resided in the South. Also, it was...
...convictions that in the entire world there is only one deity, Allah (God), He was the ruler of the universe, that idolatry and the recognition of other gods amounted to wickedness, and that Allah would soon bring his judgment unto this world. (Text, Page 207)
Muhammad underwent a massive change due to the spiritual awakening, from a normal merchant, to a great prophet and messenger of Allah. Prophet Muhammad started experiencing visions, which he understood as messages orrevelations from Allah, delivered through the archangel Gabriel, instructing him to spread his faith to the world. Because the Prophet did not know how to read or write, he presented oral recitation of the revelations he received during his visions, and his followers prepared written text of his teachings. The Muslims compiled the magnificent poetry, the written versions of the Prophet’s revelations and issued them as the Quran, the holy book of Islam. (Text, Page 207)
Memorizing the Quran is a journey of a lifetime. To solidify over 600 pages, containing 6,236 verses, comprised in about 9,050 plus lines of pure Arabic text down to every letter and syllable is a miraculous feat. Some, like myself, may not even understand a single word in the entire book because of the language barrier, but persistently and painstakingly continue to memorize it. It's not something easy nor...
...The Quran is a Book of Guidance. The Holy Quran was presented to Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu 'alahi wa Salaam) through angel Jibreel alaihissallam. The Quran was given to Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu 'alahi wa Salaam) by Allah in the month of Ramadan. Allah also revealed three more books called Taurat, Zaboor and Injil . The Surahs which were revealed in Makkah were called Makki surahs while the surahs which were revealed in Madinah were known as Madani surahs.
The Quran has 114 surahs altogether. The Quran has 6666 ayahs or verses. It also has 30 juz in it. The Quran has 14 sajdahs. The Quran teaches about Allah's message. The Quran teaches Muslims about respect. It also explains about Islam. In the Quran, the words are written in the Quraishi dialect. The language of the Quran is sweet. The first surah of the Quran is Surah al-Fatiha. The last surah of the Quran is Surah An-Nas. The 99 names of Allah or the Asma al-Husna are mentioned in the Quran. The Quran has four different names; they are Furqan, Quran Majeed, Quran Sharif and Quran Karim. Quran is in the Arabic language. It is translated in all the other major languages. All of the words that are in the Quran are Allah's words.
If you listen to the...
...end of 3rd Century
Sally Al Nazer-36794
The importance of the Quran in influencing the literary Arabic genres
Quran is a very influential masterpiece in terms of religion, Islamic sciences and other Arab literary genres. In fact, Quran was not only restricted to spreading and prompting Arabic as a critical language to Muslims, but also Quran influenced the Arabic literature as we can highlight some differences between the pre Islamic and Islamic Arabic literary genres, such as the differences in poets. Thus, the unique relationship between Arabic and Quran is framed by the importance of the Qur’an in influencing the literary history of Arab-Islamic civilization and the various literary genres.
Quran is the sacred text of Islam; it was orally recited to the prophet and remained orally transmitted throughout the lifetime of the prophet Muhammad and his companions. As Gabriel recited Quran to Mohammed, the followers found it unnecessary to write down the Quranic verses since they were memorizing and retaining them. However, the necessity to transfer Quran from oral to written was after the death of Muhammad when Quran was no longer recited to him. Another reason to write down Quran was due to the Yamama battle where numerous numbers of Muslims were killed. Also, the diversity of language among new Muslims was a...
...In the beginning of the 7th century Prophet Muhammad (sallahu alahi wasalm) received his first revelation from Allah (subhanahu wa tala). Over the next 23 years, Muhammad (sallahu alahi wasalm) has been given revelation from Allah. This is the belief of over one billion Muslims. Muslims believe the Quran to be the verbatim speech of God. Muslims don’t make this bold clam without proof. There are many reasons that support that Muhammad (sallahu alahi wasalm) was not a mad man and he did actually receive revelation from the Almighty. Among the innumerable facts, this writing will contribute two facts only: First, the Quran contains many scientific facts that are only being found out recently. The Quran’s linguistic style is far superior then any other form of writing. Without a doubt men have negated and contested the truth and revelation from God including the Quran revealed to prophet Mohamed (sallahu alahi wa salaam). For that reason, men in their objection and adamant behavior suggested that the Quran is word of Mohamed or the Quran is created by Mohamed; such statement is away from the truth. Allah (subhanahu wa tala):
وَإِنَّهُ ۥ لَتَنزِيلُ رَبِّ ٱلۡعَـٰلَمِينَ (١٩٢) نَزَلَ بِهِ ٱلرُّوحُ ٱلۡأَمِينُ (١٩٣) عَلَىٰ قَلۡبِكَ لِتَكُونَ مِنَ ٱلۡمُنذِرِينَ (١٩٤) بِلِسَانٍ عَرَبِىٍّ۬ مُّبِينٍ۬
And truly, this (the Quran)...