Human trafficking is identified as “the sustained physical and psychological abuse of the victim solely for financial gain. It starts the moment the individual is deceived, persuaded, abducted or otherwise forced into the hands of the traffickers and can continue long after the victim escapes” (Europole, 2005). It can be classified into two categories - sexual exploitation and forced labour. This paper is focused on sex trade as a crime against humanity from the global perspective. Every country is involved in it; however, some major destination points can be identified such as Europe, U.A.E. and South Asia. The deeper understanding in the roots that cause sex trade, who is targeted, how does it happen and what measures need to be taken is important to achieve the success in eliminating the crime against humanity.
The roots that cause sex trade.
The roots causing human trafficking for sexual exploitation differ from country to country; however, some general factors can be identified. Poverty, globalization, domestic violence and gender discrimination, political and economical instability, lack of education and cultural issues are just a few of those. Orlova discusses that social dislocation can also impact on human trade (Orlova, 2004). Women affected by gender discrimination or job reduction are attracted by seemingly sound jobs that promise beautiful and better life; although, many of victims do not realise what these jobs actually are and what risk they are likely to face (Orlova, 2004). In the matter of culture, it also has a great influence. Using example of Asian culture Chung observes that it is a male dominated culture with a value of financial contribution to family (Chung, 2009). Such morals result in considering girls as poverty or items being sold or trafficked (Chung, 2009). This example can be applied to many other cultures and religions. Furthermore, globalization has caused an increase in human trade. The...
Dean of Edinboro University
What should be done with Professor Smut? Professor Smut should be fired from Edinboro University. For the following reasons he violated the First Amendment, academic freedom, and may have caused damage to the students. The First Amendment states that, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.”
Professor Smut violated academic freedom, “The standard established in these cases requires a plaintiff who alleges a hostile environment to prove that sexual advances and comments are “sufficiently severe or pervasive ‘to alter the conditions of [the victim’s] employment and create an abusive working environment (Rutherglen 1)’” It’s problematic to categorize what is considered sexual harrasment. Men and women take and view harrasment differently. What men may find acceptable, women may find it offensive, and classify it as sexual harrasment. Academic freedom is the belief that the freedom of inquiry by faculty members is essential to the mission of the academy as well as the principles of academia, and that scholars should have freedom to teach or communicate ideas or facts without being targeted for repression, job loss, or...
...into a country. It is a tax which is levied on imports across national boundaries or other geographical regions and exports in a few cases (Lv, 2000). Originally, applying tariffs was first based on financial purpose, so it is a regular but most significant source of fiscal revenue to governments. Generally, a country with strong economy and lying in an advantageous position tends to pursue a free trade policy. At that time, the principal function of tariffs is tax collection. By contrast, a country with weak economy and lying in a disadvantageous position tends to pursue policy protectionism. Under such circumstances, Tariff protection may become the most important or even major function to governments. So high tariffs will barrier the imported goods and hinder the development of internationaltrade. Moreover, with the heavy government intervention in the economy, tariff has been endowed with the function of economic regulation. Thus, tariffs have become an important macroeconomic policy. It follows that countries’ tariff level will directly affect their interests in the foreign trade. The essay argues that the government tariffs have a significant impact on imported goods in terms of changing their quantity, in addition to providing benefits to the national economy such as protecting domestic products and adjusting economic growth rate. Despite the disadvantages of tariffs on damaging customers’ interests and...
Analyze and comment about RCA of Vietnam based on data from Trade Map in 2012.
Introduce about RCA
Analyse of some VN’s industries
Evaluation of statistics
Case study of Rice: RCA of Vietnam Rice in comparision with Thailand
Coefficient of Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA).
• Represent comparative advantage or disadvantage of a certain country in a certain goods or services.
• It is based on the Ricardian comparative advantage concept.
EX1 : Export value of commodity X of a nation (in a year)
EC: Total export value of a nation (in a year)
EX2: Export value of commodity X of the world (in a year)
EW: Total export value of the world (in a year)
To evaluate comparative advantage of 1 commodity of a nation:
RCA ≤ 1: the nation does not have comparative advantage in commodity X.
1< RCA < 2.5: the nation has comparative advantage in commodity X.
RCA ≥ 2.5: the nation has vey high comparative advantage in commodity X.
Analysis of some VN’ industries
HS code Description Ex1 (thousand $) Ec Ex2 Ew Ex1/Ec Ex2/Ew RCA
1006 Rice 2635382.0 124,155,913 22,593,429 18,058,027,326 0.0212 0.0013 16.9654
901 Coffee 3475120.0 124,155,913 33419787 18058027326 0.0280 0.0019 15.1241
2709 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, crude 8603379.0 124,155,913 1,670,528,603 18,058,027,326 0.0693 0.0925 0.7491
6204 Women's suits, jackets,dresses skirts etc&shorts 2,028,166 124,155,913 53,226,046...
Human Growth and Development ResearchPaper
The following researchpaper will be written on schizophrenia. I will discuss what schizophrenia is. I will discuss the history behind this chronic disease. Also, who is affected by it? In addition, how common it is in some people. And, I will talk about the different types. Furthermore, I will discuss the causes of schizophrenia. If schizophrenia is hereditary? And the different types of symptoms. Also, how it is diagnosed. Lastly, I will talk over the treatment for people with schizophrenia.
What is Schizophrenia? Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental illness. It is considered one of the psychotic mental disorders and is described by symptoms of thought, behavior, and social problems. The thought problems associated with schizophrenia are described as psychosis, in that the person's thinking is completely out of touch with reality at times. An example of this would be, the sufferer of this disease may hear voices or see people that are not actually present or feel like bugs are crawling on their skin when there are none. The individual with this disorder may also have disorganized speech, behavior, physically rigid, significantly decreased feelings, and delusions, which are ideas about themselves or others that have no basis in reality (for example, the individual might experience paranoia, in that he or she thinks others are...
...Scientific SexResearch by Dr. Kinsey
According to evolutionary theory, the fundamental goal for creature is the reproduction of its species. Sexual activity is the only natural way to reproduce next generations in all animal and also human. Different from wild animal, we are protected by an educated and law restricted society, in which we should behave morally and legally correct. Then, how to define the proper sexual activity, because of its relation to family and the life of everybody, is critical to our society. In old times, people established plenty of rules to educate young people what was the proper sexual activity. At mean time, to prevent people having morally incorrect sex activities, people also established some rumors such as masturbation would lead to severe disease and punishment. In this way, everyone’s sexuality is restricted to be the same and people are shamed about talk about sexuality. However, things have changed after Alfred Kinsey, whose story has come to public as a movie Kinsey.
The movie Kinsey describes the life and research of Alfred Kinsey, the first scientist studying the sexual behavior in human race. As a biologist, when he had some problems about sexual activity, he went to the experts for advice. He was brave and brilliant in which stage people are shamed of talking about sex publicly. The young people’s misunderstanding to...
Human Trafficking In Our Wallets
By: Kimmie Anderson
Dr. West and Ms. Wells
23 April 2015
Human Trafficking In Our Wallets
The exploitation and trafficking of women, men, and children is a humanitarian problem on a global scale in which “worldwide, there are between 12 million and 27 million trafficking victims… the International Labor Organization estimates that more than 20 million men, women, and children are victimized by forced labor and sex trafficking worldwide, including the United States.” (Zurita) The United Nations Office of Drug and Crime defines human trafficking as:
The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude, or the removal of organs.
There are two different types of exploitation: Consensual and nonconsensual. The next section, section 2, will inaugurate a communal vocabulary and...
...Human trafficking is a lucrative industry. It is second only to drug trafficking as the most profitable illegal industry in the world. In 2004, the total annual revenue for trafficking in persons were estimated to be between $5 billion and $9 billion.
Human tracking often involves school aged children - particularly those not living with their parents - who are vulnerable to coerced labor exploitation, domestic servitude, or commercial sexual exploitation.
As opposed to many other forms of crime, the trauma experienced by children who are trafficked is often prolonged and repeated, leading to severe psychological impacts.Trafficked children often suffer from depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder, among other conditions.
Children who are able to successfully return to their families often pose a significant financial burden, due to their lack of education, and the illnesses and injuries they may have incurred during trafficking work. There are major costs associated with the rehabilitation of these trafficked children, so that they are able to successfully participate in their communities.
Children who work on the streets typically have little or no knowledge of their rights, leaving them especially susceptible to exploitation both as juveniles and later as adults. Children who beg have also been found by UNICEF to have much higher instances of HIV-infection due to lack of awareness and supervision on the streets....
...for many years and is known to affect mostly women. Sexism is viewed as discrimination or devaluation based on a person’s sex. The concept of sexism involves a theory known as ambivalent sexism. This theory distinguishes between two of its subtypes known as hostile and benevolent sexism. Researchers suggest that this theory is considered a truism that traditional attitudes about women’s roles go hand in hand with hostility toward women. However, Glick and Fiske (1997) argue its misleading because traditional attitudes are associated with highly positive as well as highly negative evaluations of women. Benevolent sexism is defined as a set of interrelated attitudes toward women that are sexist in terms of viewing women stereotypically and in restricted roles but that are subjectively positive in feeling tone and also tend to elicit behaviors typically categorized as prosocial or intimacy-seeking (Glick & Fiske, 1996). Hostile sexism is defined as the belief that men are more competent than women and thus are deserving of higher status and more power (Becker & Wright, 2011). Many people tend to have different definitions regarding the types of sexism. The way researchers examine the construct of sexism varies from study to study. Many factors such as operational definitions, methodology, and results play a role in the differences or similarities that research studies on sexism discuss.
For starters, Glick and Fiske (1996) argue that sexism is...