How does Barker convey Burns' experience/regeneration in Chapter 4?
The extract opens with Burns standing by the window, looking out on a bleak and depressing landscape, “sky and hills together in a wash of grey.” The pathetic fallacy reflects on Burns’ mood; downcast, depressed. He feels the need to escape; but is trapped. A sense of darkness and connotations of conflict seem to surround him, both outside, in the form of the stormy weather, and inside the hospital in the form of the crowded room and the men talking in “strained or facetious tones about the war the war the war”. Through the repeated phrase and lack of punctuation, there is a sense that Burns is overwhelmed and feels a desire to break away, “somehow or other he was going to have to get out”. In this extract he is able to make his first steps towards recovery; literally by walking out of Craiglockheart and mentally in his longing to be rid his depression. Once outside, Burns struggles to gain clarity; he feels almost euphoric in his power to make a decision for himself, but is confused, “…the possibilities seemed endless.” This is the first time that he has gained control in his life since his time in the army, where decisions would have been made for him, and he is almost overwhelmed by the sense of choice he has. The character’s extremely nervous state becomes evident on the bus. Surrounded by people, he becomes anxious. His repulsion is evident through the repeated olfactory and tactile imagery, “People smelling of wet wool jerked and swayed against him,” his senses are almost overloaded. Dealing with the normal situation seems too much Burns as past experiences flood back to him, “the lanes were narrower now”. The imagery seems to reflect the trenches, and the pre-modifier “narrower” suggests a sense of claustrophobia and panic. A branch “rattles” against the bus window, “like machine gun fire”. Through this simile we see that, as in battle, Burns is alone. He facing his journey to...
...We all have those moments when we run away from our problems. Some may try to skip a school day in order to miss a test, while others try to hide themselves to avoid being picked to openly discuss a topic in front of the class. Although we try to run away from the problems we face in our lives, the only way to solve the problem is to embrace it. PatBarker reveals this theme not only to our general lives but to those of soldiers facing war neurosis in WWI. Her novel, Regeneration, portrays the various characters' struggles with combating the effects of war neurosis at the psych ward, Craiglockhart. Through escape, homosexuality, and the striving for masculinity, the responses of three major characters, Siegfried Sassoon, Dr. W.H.R. Rivers, and Billy Prior, are examined to show their struggles toward the traumas of World War I.
Each character emphasizes the need to escape from their war neurosis close to and upon arriving at Craiglockhart. "The social environment determines how [each character] will cope with trauma"(Vickroy). Sassoon and Prior's trauma initially begins in France while Dr. Rivers' begins at Craiglockhart. Siegfried Sassoon escapes through his avid interest in poetry. Sassoon is able to relate his own feelings in a manner unlike any other way. Being a respected platoon commander in France, Sassoon has much responsibility. As a leader, he must show dignity and strength. He forces himself not to succumb to crying...
...The extract begins with a scene of relief and joy, a large contradiction to how it ends where there is sadness, anger and fear. The writer seemed to have purposely used this contradiction as a way to contribute to the mood of the passage and of its readers; to give a sense of how easy feelings change and how our mood depends greatly on our environment. We can observe these signs of relief and joy mentioned earlier through the way the writer describes how the patients in Ward Fourteen behave. Even though the ward is overcrowded with injured men, they are still happy. Sarah felt like "the object of amused appreciation from all parts of the ward" meaning the men were still the same as they were before going into war; young men out to get girls' attention. Relief is also seen through Madge when she inspects her injured lover and see that he still has his arms and legs.
Although in some parts there are feelings of panic and nervousness, which is experienced by Madge as she walks past beds looking for her lover, and also jealousy which Sarah feels when Madge and her lover plan on what to do on his leave. The writer cleverly uses the terms green' and hairy' implying Sarah was beginning to turn into a jealous monster. The writer includes these feelings again as a contradiction, this time between the feelings of the two girls and the rest of the men. As the reader, we are torn, not knowing whose feelings to trust and leaving us vulnerable in a way.
The language the writer...
...In the novel "Regeneration", the psychological effects of World War I imposes a huge dilemma among psychiatrist Dr. Rivers; regarding his patients. He realizes it is his
duty to give proper care to his patients, hopefully resulting in sending them back to war. Unfortunately, throughout the novel he begins to question whether or not healing his patients only to send them back to war and possibly be killed is the right thing to do.He struggles to come to a conclusion about the assumptions society holds concerning madness, and begins to wonder whether or not he himself may be mad.
This novel focuses on several war-patients who are sent to a mental facility - Craiglockhart War Hospital, where they are treated for a variety of symptoms that may
not even revolve around actual mental issues. Instead, they are symptoms of change in beliefs, fear of blood, and just simply thinking that there may be something physically wrong with themselves when there is not, like paralysis. It is psychiatrist Dr. Rivers job along with his patients to help fight and overcome this sort of war neuroses in order to heal/be healed and return back to the war. Rivers tries to heal each patient's nerves by
encouraging them to express their memories about the war.
Throughout the process of treating each one of these patients, Dr. Rivers slowly begins to recognize changes in his beliefs about the war. The severe issues that his patients must face are beginning to take part in a...
...Discuss the significance of chapter4 in “Regeneration” and in Wilfred Owen’s “Anthem for doomed youth”
Chapter4 of Pat Barker’s “Regeneration” concentrates on the specific neurological impact of war on the individuals that appear in the novel, from hallucinogenic experiences, to a full mental episode. The Great War was a travesty on a scale which many civilians couldn’t begin to comprehend, though it was the horrific reality for thousands of young men. This reality is depicted very carefully by Barker in this chapter, as it starts from the perspective of a patient at Craiglockhart hospital; a former surgeon called Anderson. The horror of this daily life is too represented in an audial fashion by Wilfred Owen in his poem “Anthem for doomed youth”.
Anderson’s opening narrative reflects to the audience a typical symptom of war neurosis, dream abnormalities. During his explaining of the dream to Rivers, many significant images and inferences are raised, one of which was his being naked. Significantly this could be interpreted as a soldier feeling naked without his position in the army, though also, Anderson’s wife and her friends were wearing white. This provides a clear cut boundary between Anderson and the ladies, signifying the purity of civilians who haven’t been tainted by witnessing the massacre of The Great War, while Anderson has been...
...How does Fitzgerald tell the story in Chapter4
Fitzgerald opens the chapter with more rumours around the infamous Mr Gatsby that we still know little about, such as 'he once killed a man', we met him briefly in the previous chapter but still find him mysterious, as even Jordan, who claimed to know him didn't believe he was' an oxford man'. Nicks own perception of the character is not fixed as he juxtaposes between flattery and resentment. Nick goes on to name and describe all the characters he has met whom had visited Gatsby, the array of ages and backgrounds of these people only further our frustration to comprehend Gatsby as we cannot place him within any structured group of relation.
Nick narrates how Gatsby appears at his doorstep and shows off his car, the input of the car shows Fitzgerald subtly placing significance on it, foreshadowing the death of Myrtle. Nick's detailed description of the car furthers its significance but illustrates the materialism that it contains with 'green seat leathers' green symbolic of money itself. Gatsby then pursues to clear the rumour regarding his history when exclaiming how he was 'educated in oxford' however, even here Fitzgerald makes it apparent how Nick does not trust Gatsby, telling how he 'swallowed' his words, even wondering if there was something 'sinister' in him. As Gatsby reveals his war hero status Nick narrates how he was 'surprised' when he sees the medal is...
...How does Barker present the effects of war on men?
In the novel Regeneration, PatBarker examines how the war altered and affected the men involved. Throughout the book, she explores how the horrific experiences of the war caused breakdown and mental illness for many soldiers by including characters that display a number of different neuroses. As well as this she closely looks at relationships and how they were altered over the course of the war.
The most prominent way Barker presents the effects that war had on men is through both the psychological and physical damage it inflicted upon them. Barker uses the fictional characters Prior, Burns, and Willard to explore different aspects of the effect of war; that being mutism, starvation, and paralysis respectively. Through the character of Prior, Barker explores the way mutism can stem from the conflict of a soldier ‘wanting to say something and knowing if they do, the consequences will be disastrous’. Barker uses this to show how many men were psychologically damaged due to the war and their wanting to speak out against it due to the horror, but knowing they can’t due to the repercussions. Barker writes Prior as an officer, meaning he has authority, but in spite of this, he still has higher powers to answer to and is therefore restricted from what he can say, ultimately resulting in him becoming...
In-DepthAnalysis: Best Buy (BBY, AMZN, WMT, BKS, BGP)
Best Buy (NYSE: BBY[FREE Stock Trend Analysis]) reported fourth quarter and full year earnings yesterday and failed to meet analysts' expectations. Best Buy reported revenue of $16.26 billion in the fourth quarter compared to $16.55 billion in the same period a year ago, or a decrease of 1.8%. Net income decreased by 16.4% from $779 million to $651 million. Thus, earnings per share fell from $1.82 to $1.62.This decrease largely reflects Best Buy's decision to spend $222 million in restructuring charges to focus its international efforts and drive supply chain efficiencies.
Excluding restructuring charges, earnings per share rose for the quarter to $1.98 which beat analyst estimates. Nonetheless, Best Buy's stock price showed that investors were less than thrilled with the earnings news. Best Buy's share price fell 5.4% on the release of the earnings information.
Best Buy struggled domestically: revenue fell 4% versus the prior-year period. Most notably, there was double-digit decline in sales of entertainment hardware and software and TVs. Consumer demand for new television technologies was not a significant revenue-generator. Where the domestic segment declined, it was offset by the 4% increase in the international segment. This increase is mostly due to new store openings and a favorable fluctuation in currency exchange...
...assertion that will
enforce this constraint.
4. Write SQL definition commands for each of the following queries:
a. How would you add an attribute, CLASS, to the STUDENT table?
b. How would you remove the IS_REGISTERED table?
c. How would you change the field for FACULTY_NAME from 25
characters to 40 characters?
5. Create an SQL command that will modify the name of course ISM 4212 from
‘Database’ to ‘Introduction to Relational Database’.
6. Write SQL queries to answer which students have an ID number that is less than
7. Write SQL queries to answer which faculty members have qualified to teach a
course since 1993? List the faculty ID, course, and date of qualification.
8. Write SQL queries to answer which students are enrolled in Database and
9. Write SQL queries to list the courses available. Group them by course prefix.
1. Write a database description for each of the relations shown, using SQL DDL.
Assume the following attribute data types:
2. Use SQL to define the following view:
3. Before any row can be entered in the SECTION table, the COURSE_ID to be
entered must already exist in the COURSE table. Write an SQL assertion that will
enforce this constraint.
4. Write SQL definition...