Sadly and commonly throughout the world of today with its immense technology, and stature lies an ever growing and simple problem soon becoming an epidemic. Through tyranny styled governments, ignorance and even a lack of awareness and care sits 20 million refugees thrown from their countries simply because it is not safe, to a place where they are unknown. These people are children, mothers and fathers dying endlessly with nowhere to go and without a future.
Under international law, a refugee is a person who is outside his/her country of nationality or habitual residence; has a well-founded fear of persecution because of his/her race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion; and is unable or unwilling to avail himself/herself of the protection of that country, or to return there, for fear of persecution. They are subgroup of the broader category of displaced persons. ... en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Refugee
A refugee can be defined in a variety of means and in many ways is a definition that often faces misconception with the general public. In many cases it is the way in which the circumstances arise that leaves people confused. Wether or not they were forced and also wether it is simply a home or a country that you become forced out of. A refugee is a person or persons that have been forced out of there natural habitat wether it simply be there home or there country and are left with no other option but to run away, out of fear of persecution, death, or because of natural disaster. They do not necessarily run away from there nation of citizenship but just to another location other then there ordinary home to take refuge. If it is decided that they are either accepted into a country or run into a country for refuge then they are to receive the same freedom and rights as any other ordinary legal resident. However this doesn’t allow them to become immediate citizens or have an extended period of refuge in the country, if and when there country of origin returns to a state of decency they are then forced to return. These rights include; basic civil rights, freedom of thought, freedom of movement, and freedom from torture and degrading treatment. As with any other individual these people are entitled to have the right to: work, medical care, social and economical rights, and every child must have the right to schooling. We must keep in mind that these people aren’t asylum seekers or immigrants, they simply leave to take refuge and safety.
Causes of extended refugee numbers.
GOVERNMENT: often in third world and poorly funded nations people are forced to leave as a result of a tyranny styled government. These corrupt officials often associate with terrorists, guerrillas, and drug barons, making the country unsafe and unliveable.
FARMING: poorly funded or corrupt nations often lack sufficient land and equipment for farming practices. This is made worse by a lack of education and farming knowledge. With this, food numbers and the economy is bought down. The farmers themselves as well as all countrymen and women are left with little food and money and are forced to leave.
WAR: Corrupt and poor nations are often at the greatest threat of terrorist and war activity thanks to the government and lack of money. Terrorists prey on these areas with poor security, education and with a wide array of religions. Civilians are at great risk. This is also added to by religious and race fuelled wars.
NATURAL DISASTERS: countries often with poor financial backing are worst hit by natural disasters. Farms, the lifeblood of the area as well as buildings which were poorly built originally become demolished. Furthermore infrastructure such as sewerage and water as well as electricity become unsafe and unclean as these nations lack the money not only to fix it but to have had sufficient facilities to begin with. These people are again forced to leave to avoid death....
...HumanRights: Treatment of Refugees
1. Outline the domestic/international contemporary humanrights issue you have chosen (see syllabus for suggestions)
A refugee is defined within the 1951 Refugee Convention as any person who:
"Owing to well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it."
There are three main groups of people on the move; classification is based upon the circumstances which caused the individual/s to leave either domestically or internationally their country of nationality. These groups include Refugees, Internally Displaced Person (IDP's) and Migrants. The definition between these three groups is highly important, as their legal rights differ, however every day the groups are increasingly confused and increasingly treated the same.
Refugees: Refugees fleeing war or persecution, have no protection from their own state. Without the assistance of other countries, they may be...
...LEGAL STUDIES – HUMANRIGHTS REPORT:
TREATMENT OF REFUGEES/ASSYLUM SEEKERS.
Humanrights are universally recognized liberties for each human in the world granted by birth. Just the fact that you are born entitles you the right to be treated in a comfortable and respectable manner. The important part of these rights is that they are undeniable and inalienable. Meaning nohuman being should be denied of them, and that no-one can be alienated from them. These rights are equal to all cultures and ethnic groups. Gradually, with the help of protesting, campaigning, support groups and organizations, these rights are being reflected in legal systems with acts and laws with means of enforcement, protection and promotion of the importance of these rights, as well as ongoing education to teach future generations the importance of humanrights. However, despite major moves forward in the recognition of humanrights over the years, there are still frequent abuses of rights in many countries that choose to ignore these basic human needs. In many cases there is no legislation to support these rights, and even when there is, it has proven difficult to enforce. We are increasingly becoming aware of the importance of...
...Refugees, Asylum Seekers & Detention Centres
1.Do you think Australia is a ‘just’ society? Why/Why not?
Australia is a just society in a way. As Australia does let in refugees into the country but not let in asylum seekers even though they have rights.
2.Define the terms: Refugees, Asylum Seekers & Detention Centres.
Asylum Seekers: An asylum seeker has unauthorized entry.
Refugees: Someone who is entitled to enter a country, they have documents.
Detention Centers: Where refugees are held, until they are authorized.
3.Which agreements did Australia sign with the UN concerning Refugees and Asylum Seekers?
Australia signed the UNHCR agreement
4.How many refugees does Australia take in each year?
5.What rights do asylum seekers and refugees have under UN law?
Refugees have the exact same rights as citizens but they cannot vote.
6.Why does Australia have detention centers of asylum seekers?
It is a first place of refuge for asylum seekers and a place they can stay until visa is accepted
7. Where are the Detention Centres in NSW?
Villawood Detention Centre
8. Who is sent to detention centres?
Unauthorised refugees i.e. asylum seekers
9. Whys is it a concern that children are being kept in detention centres?
Because they are growing up like that knowing no...
The term refugee is defined in 1951 Convention of Refugees. Article 1 of the Convention defines a refugee as: ¡§A person who is outside his/her country of nationality or habitual residence; has a well-founded fear of persecution because of his/her race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion; and is unable or unwilling to avail himself/herself of the protection of that country, or to return there for fear of persecution¡¨ (p. 6). When civilians cross international border, they are usually afforded food and shelter, and also protected by the laws of their host country.
Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) are ¡§individuals or groups of people who have been forced to flee their homes to escape armed conflict, generalized violence and humanrights abuses. Millions of other civilians who have survived natural disasters such as floods are also generally classified as IDPs¡¨ (Internally Displaced People, 2005, p. 6). They do not fall within the operational capabilities of UNHCR and are depended on ¡¥protection¡¦ of their own government.
Summary of Research Findings
According to the data collected by the United States Committee for Refugees World Refugee Survey at the end of 2002, the total number of refugees together with Asylum seekers was 13.0 millions throughout the world. The number of internally...
...Are humanrights innate and universal?
Post WWII on the 10 December 1948, the Universal Declaration of HumanRights (UDHR) was espoused by the General Assembly of the United Nations in order to agree on the notion that such atrocities that occurred throughout the Great War and the Second World War would not ever be reciprocated. The document that was drawn up in less than two years by the UN and Western states, and although ambitious it would guarantee a premise for life and living for every individual all over the world. The UDHR are founded on nobility, equality and reverence, and are said to be aimed at all cultures and religions within the West and East of the globe. However there is great discrepancy regarding the justification and practicality of humanrights all over the world due to political, economic and cultural differences and limitations. Universal means that ‘something’ affects, applies or is completed by everyone all over the world – there is no distinctive bias shown and equal policies are applied. Innate, in relation to humanrights, means that people are given natural rights purely based on the fact that he/she is human and alive. Therefore, are humanrights universal and innate or is the Universal Declaration of Human...
...Humanrights in today’s world have become pivotal to the functioning of our society as a whole, largely due to the increased occurrences which in turn have led to greater awareness and repudiation of the same in the world community. In present times the humanrights field encompasses a broad range of civil, political, economic and social rights which shows its all pervasive nature, and the accountability for the violation of these rights by state and non-state actors alike. The scope of humanrights in today’s day and age has thus widened considerably as gradually the individual becomes an end in himself and is recognized as being of primordial concern.
Humanrights law is a subset in the field of humanrights. Humanrights are what define a society; hence the humanrights law takes primacy over all the laws. There is nothing more important than the development of humanrights in an evolving society
Humanrights and criminal law are closely inter - related. My personal interest lies towards humanrights as under the criminal law. Today we see all kinds of crimes being committed- state or non-state, say torture of prisoners, child labour, or most importantly...
...CATER TO REFUGEES THAT APPEAR ON ITS SEA
A refuge is defined as a person who is outside or fled their own country and unwilling to return due to a well-founded-fear of being persecuted because of their race, religion, nationality, opinion etc. Since World War Two ended Australia has accepted more than 70,000 refugees and people in humanitarian need. The question is, should Australia continue to do so? According to the Universal Charter ofHumanRights, “Everyone has the right to seek refuge in another country”. Refugees and Asylum seekers can’t wait for a proper refuge visa so they seek the aid of smugglers. Australia has enough space and land, yet they are refusing to do so which is inhumane.
A peaceful and prosperous world is one in which people can feel safe and secure in their homes, with their families and in their communities. It is a world in which they can feel confident in their country, their culture and in the family of nations and peoples on our common planet. But when nature intervenes in the form of natural disasters people's homes are washed away, blown away, or shaken to the ground, uprooting entire communities. When war or civil unrest ravages a community, masses or people are forcibly displaced or simply flee to protect life and limb. At the extreme, they are left with two options, death by privation, assault or genocide and watch their family be killed,...
...Background of RefugeeRights Political Movement
Since 2000, both the refugeerights political movement in Australia as a whole as well as the Australian National Committee on Refugee Women (ANCORW) have primarily been focused on key issues such as the differential treatment of asylum seekers based on how they arrived in Australia or apply for protection, the Pacific and Malaysian solution, the detention of asylum seekers and combating the view that boat arrivals are not ‘genuine refugees’. Although there are many other concerns, the issues listed above are the major ones.
In the first instance, refugeeright groups are trying to minimize the difference in the way onshore and offshore asylum seekers are processed. Currently, under the Migration Act 1958, onshore asylum seekers can apply for refugee status while offshore asylum seekers are deprived of this opportunity. Although implemented in 1958, this differential treatment still remains controversial in the 21st century. On the other hand, the Pacific solution which has been criticized for being both costly and inhumane by refugeeright groups, was first implemented in 2001 with bipartisan support, abandoned by the Australian Labor Party government in 2007 and reintroduced in 2012 by Julia Gillard. Refugeeright groups...