This was an eye opening documentary that identifies the symbolism of Mecca, experience, and meaning of Hajj. The camera follows three individuals from different countries on their spiritual journey to Hajj, located in Mecca. All three went to Mecca to participate in Hajj, an extremely large group of people gather for a quest of redemption as Islamic pilgrims. The people involved in this documentary are very serious about their faith; they go to great lengths to make this spiritual journey. The documentary expresses that the ones that make it to Hajj are changed spiritually forever.
Hajj is a five day quest which takes place in Mecca, and it includes many spiritual rituals. Mecca is located in the western Mountains of Saudi Arabia, it has been considered as sacred territory even before Islam. People not allowed to hunt or cut the trees in this area. The Kaba, known as the celestial house of God, is a simple stone building covered in a beautiful hand sewn cloth made with gold, standing 50 feet high, and is located in the center of Mecca. Muslims believe that Adam built the Kaba with cosmic plans handed down by God, and re-built by Abraham after the great flood. The South East corner of the Kaba embraces a black stone within silver, some believe it fell from the heavens, and Abraham used it during construction. Islam believes that Abraham started the pilgrimage, he is also known as the father to Jews, and Christians. Abrahams story is the core of the pilgrimage, and the annual rituals displayed in mecca during Hajj were established by him. The main purpose of Hajj is submission to one god. It is known that pre- Islamic Arabs practiced the pilgrimage to Mecca; this practice is older than Islam.
The annual Hajj celebration brings millions of people to Mecca during the season. It has been the exclusive domain for Muslims for 14,000 years; it’s the reason why Mecca is a famous place. Mecca is...
...One of a Muslim's duties, as described in the Five Pillars of Islam, is to go on Hajj at least once during his or her lifetime. This is a pilgrimage to Makkah (Mecca) in Saudi Arabia. Approximately two million Muslims went in 1999, of which about one million were from Saudi Arabia, and 6,000 were from the U.S. 1 Council on American-Islamic Relations estimated in 2006 that "some 10,000 American Muslims go on Hajj each year." 7 The number of American pilgrims is increasing yearly. Followers of Islam who cannot go on a Hajj because of ill health or lack of money are excused from the obligation. If one assumes that Muslims go on Hajj a maximum of once during their lifetime, that the number of Muslims in America are about 6.5 million, and that the typical age span for pilgrims is 60 years, then fewer than 10% of American Muslims take part in the pilgrimage.
The Council on Islamic Education states:
"The Hajj consists of several ceremonies, meant to symbolize the essential concepts of the Islamic faith, and to commemorate the trials of prophet Abraham and his family...Prophet Muhammad had said that a person who performs Hajj properly 'will return as a newly born baby [free of all sins].' The pilgrimage also enables Muslims from all around the world, of different colors, languages, races, and ethnicities, to come together in a spirit of universal brotherhood and sisterhood to worship the One God together
The Hajj formally begins on the eighth day of Dhul-Hijjah...
...Once a year, Muslims of every ethnic group, color, social status, and culture gather together in a sacred journey to Mecca; the historical and cultural center of Islam, to perform the Hajj, one of the five pillars of Islam. The Hajj is the longest running congregation of humans annually on planet earth; it draws three million Muslims from around the world who perform rituals that have been practiced for over 1,400 years.
Being the fifth and final pillar of Islam, the hajj is a religious duty that must be carried out by every able-bodied Muslim who can afford to do so at least once in his or her lifetime. It occurs in the month of Dhul Hijjah, which is the twelfth month of the Islamic lunar calendar. It is a demonstration of the solidarity of the Muslim people, and their submission to Allah. The Hajj is associated with the life of Prophet Muhammad from the 7th century, but the ritual of pilgrimage to Mecca is considered by Muslims to stretch back thousands of years to the time of Abraham (Ibrahim).
During the Hajj, male pilgrims are required to dress only in the ihram, a garment consisting of two sheets of white unhemmed cloth, with the top draped over the torso and the bottom secured by a white sash; plus a pair of sandals. Women are simply required to maintain their hijab. The Ihram is meant to show equality of all pilgrims, in front of God. Ihram is also symbolic for holy virtue and pardon from all past sins. While wearing the Ihram, a...
When I first picked up Inside Rikers by Jennifer Wynn, I could not help but notice a disturbing image of the book cover; it was an image of an inmate locked up in his cell; he had one hand holding the bar, while having the other hand out of the cell, with a cigarette in his hand. Then I read the Publisher Weekly’s description of the book in the cover page, which read, “a penetrating exploration of inmates’ lives in New York’s ‘vast penal colony’… unusually stirring.” Based on this image and Publisher Weekly’s description, I thought this book was going to talk about inmates’ involvement in criminal activities inside Rikers Island, i.e. fights between the prison gangs. Nevertheless, once I started reading, I came to realize my presumption was totally wrong.
Prior to reading this book, I have been thinking that all criminals are just like any other “normal” persons in this world: they are smart people capable of making rational choices, and they, like “normal” people, have an equal opportunity to succeed, but they ended up being incarcerated because they made a “rational choice” to engage in criminal activities. Nevertheless, this book clearly and evidently proved to me how naive I had been. I did not take into account the factors, such as poor and devastated social environments in which criminals were born and raised, that leaves someone no other choice but to resort to criminal activities. Another thing I learned...
...The Road to Mecca
The Road to Mecca is the story of a man’s European discovery of Islam and his integration within the Muslim Community. 1 Leopold Weiss was born in Austria to a Jewish family in the 1900s; in 1926 he converted to Islam and changed his name to Muhammad Asad.2 He converted from Judaism to Islam because he wanted to find happiness, peace, purpose for living, and a sense of belonging. The Road to Mecca is best understood as a spiritual autobiography and why Muhammad Asad chose the Islamic Way of life.
Muhammad Asad found his Islamic faith and community as one big spiritually family. He saw violence wasn’t the answer, and with the spirit of God anything could be solved. The life of an Islamic family was all about God and Muhammad Asad found that during his spiritual journey. For Example, on his journey with Zayd they cross paths with a Muslim family who greet them “peace be with you” and Asad answers “and with you be peace and the grace of God.” 3 In the West you would rarely see Christians cross paths and greet them by saying a prayer, you would normally just say hello and move on. But this is what Muhammad Asad wants us readers to see, that the Islamic faith is so much different than anything else in the world, the spirit of God is always with you and especially whenever you call upon him to help you.
The Koran is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims consider the verbatim word of God. The...
...The pilgrimage to Mecca during the Hajj is the defining moment in a Muslims life. Every Muslim is required to visit Mecca and participate in the rituals. The pilgrimage to Mecca is one of Islam’s Five Pillars of Faith. This pilgrimage shows a Muslim’s devotion to Allah (God). In the Muslim religion, Mecca is considered the holiest city. It is regarded so highly that non-Muslims are not allowed to enter Mecca. The celestial house of God, the Kaaba, is located in the center of Mecca.
“Mecca, known to the Muslim faithful as ‘the mother of all cities,’ is the holiest place in the Islamic world” (Steiger). It is the destination of the Hajj, or pilgrimage. The pilgrimage to Mecca is the fifth pillar of faith that all Muslims are required to do at least once in their lifetime. Mecca is also the sacred city were the Prophet Mohammed was born and grew up. The Great Mosque is located in the heart of the city of Mecca. Outside the mosque, there is a courtyard. Inside the courtyard is the most sacred place of Islam, the Kaaba. The Kaaba is “the house of god, believed by Muslims to have been built by Abraham and his son, Ishmael” (Religion Facts). The "the black stone" plays a very important part in the Koran. According to the Five Pillars of Faith, Muslims must pray five times a day facing the Kaaba.
On each day of the Hajj,...
...of Mecca |
Coordinates: 21°25′0″N 39°49′0″ECoordinates: 21°25′0″N 39°49′0″E |
Country | Saudi Arabia |
Province | Makkah Province |
Founded by | Prophet Ismā'īl, son of Abraham (Islamic tradition) |
• Mayor | Usama al-Bar |
• Provincial Governor | Khalid al-Faisal |
• Urban | 850 km2 (330 sq mi) |
• Metro | 1,200 km2 (500 sq mi) |
Elevation | 277 m (909 ft) |
Population (2012) |
• City | 2,000,000 |
• Density | 4,200/km2 (2,625/sq mi) |
• Urban | 2,353,912 |
• Metro | 2,900,000 |
| Mecca Municipality estimate |
Time zone | AST (UTC+3) |
• Summer (DST) | AST (UTC+3) |
Postal Code | (5 digits) |
Area code(s) | +966-2 |
Mecca (/ˈmɛkə/; Arabic: مكة, Makkah, pronounced [ˈmækkæ]), also transliterated as Makkah, is a city in the Hejaz and the capital of Makkah Province in Saudi Arabia. The city is located 70 km (43 mi) inland from Jeddah in a narrow valley at a height of 277 m (909 ft) above sea level. Its resident population in 2012 was roughly 2 million, although visitors more than triple this number every year during Hajj period held in the twelfth Muslim lunar month of Dhu al-Hijjah.As the birthplace of Muhammad and a site of the Muhammad's first revelation of the Quran (the site in specificity being a cave 3.2 km (2 mi) from Mecca), Mecca is regarded as the holiest city in the religion of Islam and a...
...Joshua K. Cruz 3/3/2015
The documentary feature Inside Job showcased the appalling buildup and aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis of 2008. Through several interviews with economists, journalists, and prominent professionals, it was made clear how investment banks, financial service corporations, and rating agencies exploited collateralized debt obligations and engaged in predatory lending. Deregulations reinforced by certain politicians further supported the personal gain of these firms. The financial corruption taking place was blatant, but efforts were not enough to put a stop to it.
I was only thirteen years old during the year 2008. I did not know anything about this crisis back then, and honestly, before watching this film, I still had no idea that so many people had gone through this experience. When I did learn of the grave consequences that followed the selfish actions of those discussed in the documentary, I was utterly taken aback. I could not understand how the employees of the banks, the conglomerates, and rating agencies can take advantage of all those who needed their services. People would trust them and rely on their understanding of the economy and finances, yet they fooled investors and those in need of loans just to benefit themselves. Until now actually, I have no idea how even after seeing the repercussions of what they have caused, those responsible still have the audacity to insist...
...Reflection Paper Two
On the film
Submitted to: Prof. Elma M. Lumantas
Submitted by: Cresinte Gumilao
Subject: History 3
Day and Time: T-Fr 4:00-5:30
Date: March 10, 2011
Inside Islam’s background comes from this often misunderstood faith back to its tradition origins before and within the Hebrew Bible, also providing information about on how the religion's central constituents helps spread Islam religious belief throughout the world. This video provides information on what the Qu'Ran says about topics ranging from violence to suicide, and how many aspects of Islam have been distorted by religious cons. Experts such as Khaled Abou el Fadl, author of -Speaking in God's Name, offered his insights regarding on the challenges facing this controversial religion nowadays, among them being a crisis in authority and deep divisions among many subparts. Islam is the second largest of the world's predominant religions, as well as the fastest growing.
Topics include Islam's connections with Judaism and Christianity, the life of Muhammad, the Five Pillars of Islam (the profession of faith, prayer, charity, fasting during Ramadan, and the pilgrimage to Mecca), the history of Islam, women in Islam, European colonialism, Islamism, the Nation of Islam, and jihad.
The facts presented in this film are indeed very useful for the undergraduates and high school students as...