Immigration Policies of the United States and Japan
Why do similar modern democracies like the United States and Japan have strikingly different immigration policies? Despite both countries having post-industrial economies in need of qualified, skilled labor, their policies in regard to this crucial issue remain on complete opposite ends of the spectrum. While one would think that countries as developmentally analogous as the United States and Japan would share similar policies and goals in regard to immigration, this is hardly the case. The United States takes a very liberal approach to immigration and accepts it as a regular and necessary utility of society; Japan, on the other hand, implements a much more restrictive policy and views immigration more as a last resort than anything close to a necessity. In total, the United States accepts between seven and eight times more immigrants than Japan (Hollander). These distinct differences in policy come from two main sources; dissimilarities in both culture and governmental structure play a large role in the variance of immigration policies in these two, otherwise comparable, countries.
The first, and perhaps most significant, factor in the differences in immigration policy between the United States and Japan is the cultural factor relating to the histories of these two countries. Both countries’ immigration policies are primarily built upon how immigration was viewed in the past. For example, the United States has a strong history of immigration; as the first settlers of the nation were immigrants themselves, it seemed only natural for the early established governments to accept and encourage legal immigration. In fact, until 1875 the United States had no national restrictions limiting immigration in any way; this lack of policy coupled with the fact that many policymakers saw immigration as a vital part of economic growth led to widespread immigration throughout the 1800’s and early 1900’s (Adolino 110). This period of mass immigration has led to a continuing tradition of accepting most forms of legal immigration into the country. In fact, this tradition is so strongly ingrained in the country’s history that the United States is one of the few industrialized nations to recently pass legislation further increasing immigration quotas (Adolino 111). This increase led to 9.1 million legal immigrants being accepted into the country during the 1990’s, the most during any decade; as a result, over ten percent of the nation is now foreign-born (Pantoja, Persaud). Clearly, as the United States was built upon immigration, its policies continue to reflect this historical precedent.
On the other hand, Japan has a long history of restricting immigration. This deep rooted rejection of immigration stems from a historical preference for a traditional, homogenous society; this preference has led Japan to have the smallest foreign population of any industrialized country with foreigners making up just over one percent of the population (Adolino 115). Japan’s perceived animosity towards immigration is built upon three central principles: foreign workers should be admitted only as a last resort, unskilled labor will admitted under no circumstances, and all foreigners will be admitted on a purely temporary basis; these principles, most notably the prohibition of permanent settlers, deter many foreigners from applying for immigration into the country (Adolino 115). Even with an increase in immigration during the 1990’s, these old principles still keep legal immigration low despite a low and steadily decreasing fertility rate, declining labor supply, and policies encouraging reduced work hours (Adolino 115). By ignoring the looming labor shortage, it is clear that Japan’s restrictive history still plays a significant role in the formation of immigration policies.
Just as history plays a significant role in the differences in policy between the United States and Japan, public opinion also...
...Difference in Animation in Japan and the UnitedStates
October 25, 2010
Difference in Animation in Japan and the UnitedStates
Animation varies greatly between Japanese culture and that of the UnitedStates. While animation is usually revered as entertainment for children in the UnitedStates, Japanese animation, or “anime” as it is referred to both in Japan and in the West, is a form of media that is enjoyed by people of all ages. Unlike the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles and Spongebob Squarepants, both popular American animations in their times, anime focuses more on drama and varying genres with some even being pornographic in nature. The differing cultures of the UnitedStates and Japan can be considered the attributing factor to the substantial differences in their respective animation styles.
Anime is considered a pop culture phenomenon. Many critics and scholars argue as to whether this form of entertainment is actually “art” or simply a sociological phenomenon. Critics of animation argue whether anime, while extremely popular in Japanese culture today and increasingly so in the West, should be held up alongside famous Japanese traditions such as haiku and woodblock prints. Many see...
...AN ANALYSIS OF THE
More than any other country in the world, the UnitedStates has the largest number of immigrants. The UnitedStates has an estimated 35 million immigrants, far above the second rank Russia at 13 million (Sarin 1).
The UnitedStates was built on immigration when Christopher Columbus landed in Plymouth. The UnitedStates has always had a strong history concerning immigration. Not until the UnitedStates was declared a free country did immigration start to increase. For this reason the constitution was forced to place laws on who could enter, how long they may stay, and when they must leave (Immigration Law 1).
During 1901-1910 the first big peak of immigration came from Europe with 8.7 million immigrants, then in 1981-1990 the last big peak of with 7.3 million (Duignan and Lewis 104). Throughout the history of immigration to America there have been extreme peaks and lows.
The role that we will assume is a person in the working class that is concerned with immigration and its impact on society. The organizational role that the reader will assume will be the head of Congress of...
...Immigration is what has made America and what it is today. In fact, there would be no America if there were no immigrations, because everyone in the country is an immigrant or is directly descended from one. Even the oldest inhabitants, the Native Americans, emigrated from Asia. From “Immigration: Who Is an American”, mainly discusses about the significance of immigrationpolicies in UnitedStates. I believe, immigration is definitely a necessity, however if uncontrolled, to some extent, it can also have devastating affects on the country’s economy.
There could be several obstacles on the nation’s wellbeing due to immigrations. First of all, as the population of immigrants increase, there is a population imbalance problem. Increase in the population density in certain regions might cause excessive use of the resources of one nation that may lead to imbalance of natural resources. Also, the costs incurred in the provision of the resources such as education and health facilities to the immigrants, cause trouble on the nation that hosts immigrants in large numbers. This is because, the economic growth brought by immigration is avoided by the costs that the nation's government has to bear in providing the immigrants with the resources. Secondly, jobs available in the country and the nation's wealth are its property. So, allowing...
...German Immigration into the UnitedStates
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Over a period of three centuries, beginning in the early 1600’s, more than seven million Germans immigrated to America. Some immigrated due to the unstable political situation in their country or forced state religion, while others immigrated due to famine or disputes over inheritance laws which restricted who land could be passed down to in a persons will (German Migration, n.d.).
By the middle of the 18th century German immigrants accounted for one-third of the total population. By the end of the 19th century German culture was generally accepted in American life. German immigrants were less isolated than previous generations and spoke English as their first, rather than their second language. The German language was taught in public schools and was studied by both German and non-German students. Based on the kindergartens of Germany, German immigrants launched the first kindergarten in 1855 as well as introducing both physical and vocational education into the public schools. German immigrants were also responsible for the addition of gymnasiums in school buildings and were leaders in the call for universal education (Immigrants, n.d.).
Due to their introduction of large-scale recreational facilities, picnic grounds, bandstands, sports clubs, concert halls, bowling alleys, and playgrounds, German Americans were...
...Illegal Immigration into the UnitedStates
One of the most controversial political issues is illegal immigration from Mexico. Somewhat overlooked until September 11, illegal immigration became a hot button issue after these events because of the easy access for terrorists to come into the UnitedStates. Illegal immigration into the UnitedStates is a problem that needs to be stopped, because it is unfair to both Americans and to the people of the country that they come from. The majority of the illegal immigrants in the US are from Mexico (Marek, 30). Roy Beck, a former journalist and frequent speaker on population and immigration issues, says "The national consensus is that the UnitedStates should be a post-mass immigration country that has included most leaders of business, religion, labor, academia, and social work." ("Illegal Immigration", 12) Illegal immigration from Mexico must be stopped, because the effects on both Mexico and the UnitedStates are mostly unfavorable.
First, there have already been many policies and ways of preventing illegal immigrants from entering the U.S. that could be strictly enforced now. Proposition 187 is an immigration law clamping down illegal aliens, used in...
Short Paper: Week Five
Saundra D. Hale
In the UnitedStates today, immigration is a hot topic that has left the country divided on how to proceed with immigration reform. Economic factors, nationalism, and politics all contribute to the immigration debate, as the “us” versus “them” becomes a common theme among American citizens and immigrants. Surveys show that 53% of the population favor deporting illegal immigrants, while 40% believe they should be allowed to stay within the country (Sitler, 2010). Though public opinion of Latin American immigrants has risen over the years, other minorities are not seen as favorable. In addition, 52% of the population feel that immigrants take away employment and housing opportunities for American citizens (Sitler, 2010). Others argue that immigrants simply fill the jobs Americans do not want. No matter the view, immigration is a topic that must be discussed and understood.
To better understand immigration, it is best to define exactly what immigration means. At best, it can described as an individual who seeks a new country due to the need for better resources, economic and educational opportunities, and to secure a more positive future for the individual and their descendants. As time passes and nations change physically, politically...
Real facts of immigration
The effects that immigration has on the UnitedStates are limitless. There have been endless debates over these effects since as early as the colonial times. The economic, fiscal and demographic effects are three major topics that tend to rule these debates. Regardless on someone’s political view of immigration, everyone should realize how it has and is shaping the UnitedStates today. Based on both positive and negative essays on immigration by Roberto Rodriguez and Star Parker, one can conclude that immigration is good, but should be limited.
The economic, fiscal and demographic effects are three major topics that tend to rule the debates on immigration and its laws. Rodriguez points out in his essay “The border on our backs” that Mexicans and Central Americans are targeted by shameless politicians. These politicians target groups based on statistics that show crime rates, productivity and gain. Parker states in her essay “Se habla entitlement” that latino immigrants are responsible for most of the gang activity, but fails to say whether it is positive or negative activities.
The most prominent advocate of the “more immigrants, less crime” theory is Robert J. Sampson, chairman of the sociology department at Harvard. A year ago, Sampson...
...Immigration in the UnitedStates
Even though the UnitedStates is over populated, legal immigrants benefit Americans because they provide cultural diversity and having them here does not discriminate against other nationalities. However, illegal immigrants affect the UnitedStates in a negative way. Even though legal immigrants benefit Americans by proving a diver setting for their children, it does not always end in a benefit. Illegal immigrants take away health care and housing that Americans could be receiving. They also, do not pay taxes as all legal citizens do. This affects Americans greatly by not only being cheated money wise but then also lose out because illegal immigrants who do not pay into social security are still able to receive it. Unfortunately, there are two sides to every story so it is up for one’s own interpretation.
Immigration in the UnitedStates can be a positive thing when done legally. Immigrants benefit the American citizens tremendously. By having immigrants in the UnitedStates it provided the nation with cultural diversity. Manali Oak stated, “Immigration leads to an exchange of cultural values. It results in an exchange of knowledge and expertise between two nations. Immigration serves as an opportunity to interact with people of other...