Realist thought on international relations fit comfortably within the context of the great wars of the twentieth century. Powerful nations possessing massive military forces took aim at one another to affect the hierarchical structure of the international system for the good of their own security and power. These wars, however, differ greatly from today's unconventional war on terrorism. Therefore, the realist theories of yesterday, while still useful, require at least some tweaking to fit the present situation.
Probably the most obvious critique of realism with regard to the war on terrorism is that it is a theory that deals with international relations. The belligerents in the war on terrorism are not always conventional nation-states. Therefore, any theory that seeks to explain international relations must be amended to fit the framework of a situation in which nations are not the only players. This is not simply a matter of diction either. Non-state actors do not always act like states possessing a cohesive foreign policy and a desire for self-preservation and advancement. Furthermore, terrorist organizations are not tied to any specific area of land surrounded by well-defined borders that are protected with conventional military forces. This is not to say that terrorist organizations like Al Qaeda and Hezbollah are entirely devoid of the motivations on which traditional nation-sates act like the desire for power, wealth, and security; because, to at least some degree, they must possess these to continue their mission, but it is reasonable to assume that their actions will not always follow the same paths as states.
On the other hand, one area in which realism is valuable to the war on terrorism is with regard to the notion that raw military might is one of the best, if not the best way for nations to ensure their security and prosperity. While it is a bit dubious to assume that conventional military forces will be able to effectively...
...Can America win the war on terror?
Just to comment briefly on the question, America's war on terror is a highly simplistic characterisation of something so complex. Saying war can be easily waged against terror makes it seem as if it can be easily won. America's war on terror is like waging a war on littering or waging a war against racism (which still goes on in the US and most parts of the world) . It cannot be fully won but it can be controlled to an extent.
If the US aims to win this war on terror the US has to look at the why and how question of terrorism, the underlying causes, and it has to find a solution. America also needs to re-examine its foreign policies in the Middle East and to the rest of the world, America needs to change it strategies towards dealing with threats, crisis and conflicts, and until it does, the US wouldn't be terrorists prime target.
However, just to keep a balance view, one should look at the series of events that led the US to wage this war on terror, one has to examine the strategies for winning this war and whether or not this war on terror has been a success in relation to the question.
According to the US federal statute, "terrorism means premeditated politically motivated violence perpetrated...
...War on terrorism, is that right strategy?
Table of Contents
War on terrorism’ what is that
Budget on war on terror
Since September 11, the world has been changed. It did not a matter for just Americans, but also it became a matter to the world. American government announced a War on terrorism and its allies engaged in that plan. After 7 years, they still fight against terrorism but now we do not know what the war on terrorism and what that is for. Every single time when we watching TV, most victims are American or its allies’ soldier or citizen of Afghanistan or Iraq. Terrorists still are out of the surrounding area and they are planning another attack. I’ll look for the way of how we are going to plan for fight against terrorists and effectiveness of war on terror to explore whether it is working or not. And it needs to be defined why the world choose ‘war on terror’ option as a counterterrorism from several options. There have been huge incidents happened by terrorist but most of them were very small damaged to the public. They can choose another options such as hiring more police officers or spend more money on the analyze them. I will explore what impact ‘war on terrorism’ has brought to...
...War on terror refers to the ongoing military campaign led by U.S and U.K against organizations identified as terrorists. Terrorism can be defined as an unlawful violence or war deliberately targeted to civilians. It can also be defined as a systematic use of terror to coerce or violent acts intended to create fear. This threat is normally perpetrated for religious, political or ideological goals. The conflict as also called by other names. They include World War III, The Long War, War on Terrorism, Bush’s War on Terror, The Global War of Terror and War on Al-Qaeda, (Coaty, 2010).
Terrorism became popular in 1996 when Al- Qaeda network was formed by the late Osama Bin Laden. The network was formed by the World Islamic Front for Jihad against Jews and their Crusaders. They declared war on the West and Israel. Immediately after its formation, there were bombings in U.S embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998. Osama then plotted for the 2000 millennium attacks. There was an attempt to bomb Los Angeles International Airport but it was stopped. In October 2000, USS Cole bombing occurred. This was immediately followed by the renowned September 11 2001 terror attack. This marked the genesis of war on terror.
The essay explores on the topic...
What is Terrorism?
"Terrorism" comes from the French word terrorisme, in turn derived from the Latin verb terreō meaning “I frighten” and referred specifically to state terrorism as practiced by the French government during the Reign of terror. Although "terrorism" originally referred to acts committed by a government, currently it usually refers to the killing of innocent people by a non-government group in such a way as to create a media spectacle. This meaning can be traced back to Sergey Nechayev, who described himself as a "terrorist", founded the "People's Retribution" in 1869. It was also used by the Bolshevik leader Leon Trotsky in a book published in English as In Defence of Terrorism.
Terrorism is not new, and even though it has been used since the beginning of recorded history it can be relatively hard to define. Terrorism has been described variously as both a tactic and strategy; a crime and a holy duty; a justified reaction to oppression and an inexcusable abomination. A highly complex and constantly changing phenomenon, terrorism stands at the forefront of national and international agendas. Taking on many forms, terrorism is associated with a wide variety of groups and motivations. In simple terms, terrorism is the threat or use of violence for political, religious or ideological purposes designed to influence the attitudes and behavior of a group or to achieve objectives that are otherwise...
...POL SCI 180
WAR ON TERROR
I, myself, before September 11, 2001 did not know what terrorism was. It is completely a new term for me, and I could never figure how terrible it is. But then, experiencing and witnessing the feeling of losing the one you loved who was a victim of that disaster, I recognized that the world is no longer as safe as before. Today, not only America but also Britain, Spain, Indonesia…became the target of terrorists. The terror tissue is the most challenged thing for all the governments to solve. Even though after September 11, 2001, US has attacked and destroyed a lot terrorists’ bases in over the world, the terrorists still survive and keep aiming to US and its allies.
There is an old proverb of ancient Asian military: “understanding yourself and your enemies is the key to win every battle.” Thus, in order to annihilate terrorism, we need to comprehend what it is. From the book “War on Terror” of Patrick Coaty, we will be able understand deeply how and why terror has an influence in our society by basing on 3 perspectives: terror and international environment, terror and state, and terror with individual.
Terror was first used From the French revolution to the end of World War II as a tool to clean the monarchy in a society by the Jacobins, terrorist groups of...
...Lectures 11 & 12
American Short Stories: From
Postmodernism to Dirty
John Barth on the short story
‘Less really is More… there are narrative
ideas suitable only for a short story: quick
tales, epiphanies that even a novella
would attenuate…. You can hold a short
story in your hand, like a lyric poem; see it
whole; examine the function of individual
sentences, even individual words, as you
can’t readily do with Bleak House’.
Ihab Hassan: Modernism vs Postmodernism (from
The Dismemberment of Orpheus, 1971)
• Form (conjunctive, closed) Antiform (disjunctive,
• Art Object/Finished
Hassan: Modernism vs
• Narrative/Grande Anti-narrative/
Hassan: Modernism vs
Peter Hansen on poststructuralism
The French poststructuralists ‘showed human
interiority split apart, fragmented… into a
decentred, dispersed and fluid subject, not so
much speaking as being spoken by language.
Without a “genuine” or essential being,...
...terrorize America, primarily the American Government. It is my belief that more people need to know more about why the United States should continue its war on terror. More people need to know about those organizations that terrorize the United States, such as Al Qaeda and how terrorism affects America.
What is the United States “War on Terror”? The term “War on Terror” was created one day after the September 11th, 2001 terrorist attacks when 2,995 innocent people were killed in the United States. In response to the terrorist attacks on September 11, the Bush administration created a descriptive dynamic strategy that could be used for assembling resources and support to combat the terrorist who carried out the September 11 attacks and those who supported them. The attacks of September 11th traumatized our nation and the response by our government needed to be immediate and aggressive. The War on Terror was used to justify and fast-track changes to our foreign policy that would ensure that there would never be another 9/11 in the United States again. The War on Terror continues to serve as a powerful primary vehicle used to sway political communication, shape public opinion, assemble resources and support and influence public policy change in the United States. (academia)
If the United States would not have enacted a...
...The War on Terror
Afghanistan and Iraq
• To understand the concept of the ‘War on Terror’.
• To analyse speeches given by former President Bush and Prime
• To evaluate America role in the post-Cold War era.
Who is America’s Enemy?
• By yourself, create a list of nations you think are considered enemies
of the United States of America in the post-Cold War era (1991-2004).
Who are terrorists?
• In pairs/small groups draw your idea of what a terrorist looks like.
• British Soldiers shot 26 unarmed Irish civilians in 1972 during a
protest. 14 were killed.
• The IRA (Irish Republican Army) bombed numerous locations across
the British Isles for the best part of the 1970s and 1980s.
• Crimes committed against Irish citizens.
• Ku Klux Klan have committed countless acts of terrorist activities
against minorities in America.
• In pairs, discuss those two speeches
• What did you think of them?
• Was there anything you disagreed/agreed with?
So what is the War on Terror?
• It relates to the international military campaigns that occur after 11
September 2001 terrorist attacks.
• Spearheaded by the United States it also included both NATO and
non-NATO nations in actions to destroy al-Qaeda and other militant